Dorothy Hansine Andersen

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Dorothy Hansine Andersen
Dorothy Hansine Andersen.jpg
Born May 15, 1901
Asheville, North Carolina
Died March 3, 1963(1963-03-03) (aged 61)
New York City
Known for Identifying cystic fibrosis
Medical career
Profession Physician
Institutions University of Rochester
Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons
Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center
Specialism Pathology

Dorothy Hansine Andersen (May 15, 1901 – March 3, 1963) was the American physician who was the first person to identify cystic fibrosis and the first American physician to describe the disease.[1][2]

She received her B.A. from Mount Holyoke College in 1922, and her M.D. from Johns Hopkins University in 1926. She taught at the University of Rochester prior to joining the faculty of Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, working at Babies Hospital, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York. She developed a diagnostic test of cystic fibrosis[3] in the 1940s, and also contributed to training heart surgeons and to the study of nutrition.[4][5]

Andersen died from lung cancer on March 3, 1963 in New York City.[6]

She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 2002 for her scientific work.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Alumnae Featured in the Exhibit
  2. ^ National Women's Hall of Fame
  3. ^ Andersen, D.H. (1938). "Cyst leiesic fibrosis of the pancreas and its relation to celiac disease". Am J Dis Child 56: 344–399. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1938.01980140114013. 
  4. ^ Columbia biography
  5. ^ Mount Holyoke biography
  6. ^ Machol, Libby (1993). Notable American Women: The Modern Period : a Biographical Dictionary, Volume 4. Cambridge, Mass [u.a.]: Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press. p. 18-19. ISBN 9780674627338. 

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