Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis

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Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis
Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis.jpg
Born Paulina Kellogg
(1813-08-07)August 7, 1813
Bloomfield, New York, U.S.
Died August 24, 1876(1876-08-24) (aged 63)
Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.
Occupation Suffragist
Abolitionist
Educator
Spouse(s) Thomas Davis
Parents Ebenezer Kellogg
Polly Saxton

Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis (August 7, 1813 – August 24, 1876) was an American abolitionist, suffragist, and educator. She was one of the founders of the New England Woman Suffrage Association.

Early life[edit]

Davis was born in Bloomfield, New York to Captain Ebenezer Kellogg and Polly (Saxton) Kellogg. The family moved to the frontier near Niagara Falls in 1817. Both her parents died, and in 1820 she went to live with her orthodox Presbyterian aunt in Le Roy, New York. She joined the church, although she found it hostile to outspoken women. She wanted to become a missionary but was unable to as the church did not allow single women to become missionaries.[1]

Later life[edit]

She was courted by suitor Francis Wright, a merchant from a prosperous family from Utica, New York; they married in 1833.[2] They had similar values and both resigned from their church to protest its pro-slavery stance and served on the executive committee of the Central New York Anti-Slavery Society. In 1835, Davis and her husband organized an anti-slavery convention in Utica. They also supported women's rights reforms, associating with feminists Susan B. Anthony,[3] Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Ernestine Rose. During this period Davis studied women's health. Francis Wright died in 1845; the couple had no children.[4]

Following her husband's death she moved to New York to study medicine. In 1846 she gave lectures on anatomy and physiology to women only.[5] She imported a medical mannequin and toured the eastern United States teaching women and urging them to become physicians. In 1849 she married Thomas Davis, an Irish-American Democrat from Providence, Rhode Island; they adopted two daughters.[6][7]

In 1850 she started to focus her energies on women's rights. She stopped lecturing and helped to arrange the first National Women's Rights Convention in Worcester, Massachusetts, at which she presided and delivered the opening address.[8] Except for one year, she was president of the National Woman's Rights Central Committee from 1850 to 1858. In 1853, she began editing the women's newspaper The Una, handing over the responsibility to Caroline Wells Healey Dall in 1855.[9]

Davis was one of the founders of the New England Woman Suffrage Association in 1868. When the group splintered, Davis and Susan B. Anthony became involved in the National Woman Suffrage Association.[10] In 1870 she arranged the twentieth anniversary of the Women's Suffrage Movement meeting, and published the proceeds as The History of the National Woman's Rights Movement.[11]

Death and legacy[edit]

Davis died on August 24, 1876, in Providence, Rhode Island. She was eulogized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.[12]

She was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 2002.[13] In 2003, she was inducted into the Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame, along with her husband.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Davis, Paulina Kellogg Wright". American National Biography Online. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Women’s Rights National Park, Seneca Falls, NY". New York Traveler.net. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  4. ^ Talcott, Sebastian Visscher (1883). Genealogical Notes of New York and New England Families. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 743. 
  5. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  6. ^ James, Edward T. and Wilson, Janet (1971). Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume 2. Harvard University Press. p. 444. 
  7. ^ Danforth, Charolotte (2006). American Heirloom Baby Names. Penguin. 
  8. ^ "2002 National Women’s Hall of Fame Inductees". The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Davis, Paulina Kellogg Wright". American National Biography Online. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". National Women’s Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Davis, Paulina Kellogg Wright". American National Biography Online. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". National Women’s Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis". Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Lederman, S. H. Davis, Paulina Kellogg Wright. American National Biography Online Feb. 2000.

External links[edit]