Plymouth Sutton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Plymouth, Sutton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Plymouth, Sutton in Devon for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of Devon within England.
County Devon
19182010
Number of members One
Replaced by Plymouth Moor View, Plymouth Sutton and Devonport

Plymouth, Sutton was, from 1918 until 2010, a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

History[edit]

Plymouth Sutton covered parts of the city of Plymouth, in South West England, and was first contested at the 1918 general election. In a by-election in 1919, it became the second constituency in the UK (and the first in Great Britain) to elect a female MP: Nancy Astor became the first woman to take a seat in the House of Commons (the first female MP was the Sinn Féin member Constance Markievicz, who did not take her seat). Three of its MPs have been members of the Astor family. A more recent prominent MP was the flamboyant Conservative Alan Clark, who represented Plymouth Sutton from 1974 until 1992.

Abolition[edit]

Following a review of parliamentary representation in Devon by the Boundary Commission for England, constituencies in Plymouth have been reorganised, with both Plymouth Sutton and Plymouth Devonport being replaced by new constituencies of Plymouth Sutton and Devonport and Plymouth Moor View from 2010.[1]

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1974: The county borough of Plymouth wards of Charles, Compton, Crownhill, Efford, Friary, Mount Gould, Peverell, Sutton, Tamerton, and Trelawney.

1974-1983: The county borough of Plymouth wards of Crownhill, Efford, Mount Gould, Plympton Erle, Plympton St Mary, Plymstock Dunstone, Plymstock Radford, and Sutton.

1983-1997: The City of Plymouth wards of Efford, Eggbuckland, Mount Gould, Plympton Erle, Plympton St Mary, Plymstock Dunstone, and Plymstock Radford.

1997-2010: The City of Plymouth wards of Compton, Drake, Efford, Mount Gould, St Peter, Stoke, Sutton, and Trelawny.

The 1997 boundary changes were superficially helpful to Labour in this constituency: what had been a safe Conservative seat became a marginal seat. As such the seat from 1997 until 2010 was closer in its wards to the defunct marginal seat of Plymouth Drake.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1918 Waldorf Astor Conservative
1919 by-election Nancy Astor Conservative
1945 Lucy Middleton Labour
1951 Jakie Astor Conservative
1959 Ian Fraser Conservative
1966 David Owen Labour
Feb 1974 Alan Clark Conservative
1992 Gary Streeter Conservative
1997 Linda Gilroy Labour Co-operative
2010 Constituency abolished: see Plymouth Moor View
and Plymouth Sutton and Devonport

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Waldorf Astor
General Election 1918: Plymouth Sutton[4]

Electorate 43,444

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 17,091 65.9 N/A
Labour William Thomas Gay 5,334 20.6 N/A
Liberal Capt. Sidney Ransom 3,488 13.5 N/A
Majority 11,757 45.3
Turnout 59.6 N/A
Unionist hold Swing N/A
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government
Isaac Foot
Plymouth Sutton by-election, 1919
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Unionist Lady Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor 14,495 51.9
Labour William Thomas Gay 9,292 33.3
Liberal Isaac Foot 4,139 14.8
Majority 5,203 18.6
Turnout
Coalition Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Nancy Astor
General Election 1922: Plymouth Sutton[5]

Electorate 37,696

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor 13,924 47.4
Labour Frederick George Woulfe-Brenan 10,831 36.8
Independent Unionist Hugh Wansey Bayly 4,643 15.8
Majority 3,093 10.6
Turnout 78.0
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Plymouth Sutton[6]

Electorate 37,921

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor 16,114 54.5
Labour Frederick George Woulfe-Brenan 13,438 45.5
Majority 2,676 9.0
Turnout 77.9
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Plymouth Sutton[7]

Electorate 38,300

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor 18,174 58.1
Labour Frederick George Woulfe-Brenan 13,095 41.9
Majority 5,079 16.2
Turnout 81.6
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1929: Plymouth Sutton[8]

Electorate 47,423

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor 16,625 43.2
Labour William Westwood 16,414 42.7
Liberal Thomas Henry Aggett 5,430 14.1
Majority 211 0.5
Turnout 81.1
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Plymouth Sutton[9]

Electorate 47,862

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lady Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor 24,277 63.3
Labour George Ward 14,073 36.7
Majority 10,204 26.6
Turnout 80.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Plymouth Sutton[10]

Electorate 47,540

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lady Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor 21,491 58.3
Labour George Ward 15,394 41.7
Majority 6,097 16.6
Turnout 77.6
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Plymouth Sutton[12]

Electorate 41,493

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lucy Annie Middleton 15,417 51.6
Conservative Brig. Laurence Douglas Grand 10,738 36.0
Liberal Joan Arundell Gaved 3,695 12.4
Majority 4,679 15.6
Turnout 71.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election February 1974: Plymouth Sutton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alan Clark 21,649 45.22
Labour BW Fletcher 13,545 28.29
Liberal S Banks 12,683 26.49
Majority 8,104 16.93
Turnout 47,876 79.07
General Election October 1974: Plymouth Sutton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alan Clark 20,457 44.61
Labour Julian Priestley 15,269 33.3
Liberal S Banks 10,131 22.09
Majority 5,188 11.31
Turnout 45,858 75.17
General Election 1979: Plymouth Sutton[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alan Clark 28,892 54.8
Labour Julian Priestley 17,605 33.39
Liberal J Scannell 6,226 11.81
Majority 11,287 21.41
Turnout 52,723 76.95

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Plymouth Sutton[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alan Clark 25,203 55.12
Liberal A Puttick 13,516 29.56
Labour Frances Holland 6,358 14.3
Ecology S Shaw 470 1.03
Majority 11,687 25.56
Turnout 45,726 76.35
General Election 1987: Plymouth Sutton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alan Clark 23,187 45.76
Liberal B Tidy 19,174 37.84
Labour RD Maddern 8,310 16.4
Majority 4,013 7.92
Turnout 50,674 79.03
Conservative hold Swing −3.8

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Plymouth Sutton[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gary Streeter 27,070 49.5 +3.7
Labour Andrew Pawley 15,120 27.6 +11.2
Liberal Democrat Julian P. Brett-Freeman 12,291 22.5 −15.4
Natural Law Jeremy J. Bowler 256 0.5 +0.5
Majority 11,950 21.8 +13.9
Turnout 54,737 81.2 +2.2
Conservative hold Swing −3.8
General Election 1997: Plymouth Sutton[16][17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Linda Gilroy 23,881 50.1 +11.3
Conservative Andrew Crisp 14,441 30.3 −11.5
Liberal Democrat Steve Melia 6,613 13.9 +0.7
Referendum Party Tim Hanbury 1,654 3.5
UKIP Roger Bullock 499 1.1
Independent Kevin Kelway 396 0.8
Natural Law Frank Lyons 168 0.4 −0.1
Majority 9,440 19.8 +17.8
Turnout 47,650 67.4
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 11.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Plymouth, Sutton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Linda Gilroy 19,827 50.7 +0.6
Conservative Oliver Colvile[19] 12,310 31.5 +1.2
Liberal Democrat Alan Connett 5,605 14.3 +0.5
UKIP Alan Whitton 970 2.5 +1.4
Socialist Labour Henry Leary 361 0.9 N/A
Majority 7,517 19.2 −0.6
Turnout 39,073 57.1 −10.3
Labour Co-op hold Swing −0.3
General Election 2005: Plymouth, Sutton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Linda Gilroy 15,497 40.6 −10.1
Conservative Oliver Colvile[19] 11,388 29.8 −1.7
Liberal Democrat Karen Gillard 8,685 22.7 +8.4
UKIP Robert Cumming 2,392 6.3 +3.8
Socialist Labour Rob Hawkins 230 0.6 −0.3
Majority 4,109 10.8 −8.4
Turnout 38,192 56.8 −0.3
Labour Co-op hold Swing −4.2

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Final recommendations for Parliamentary constituencies in the counties of Devon, Plymouth and Torbay". Boundary Commission for England. 24 November 2004. Retrieved 25 April 2010. [dead link]
  2. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, pp.133, 244 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995).
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  13. ^ UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]
  14. ^ UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  17. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.133 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  18. ^ The 1997 election result has swings relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
  19. ^ a b Oliver Colvile, Official PPC Website

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 

Coordinates: 50°22′N 4°08′W / 50.37°N 4.14°W / 50.37; -4.14