Port of Manila
|Port of Manila|
The skyline of Manila as seen from the top of a ship docked at the Manila North Harbor
|Constructed||9th to 12th Century|
The Port of Manila (Filipino: Pantalan ng Maynila) is a seaport in Manila Bay in City of Manila, Philippines. It is the largest and the premier international shipping gateway to the country. The Philippine Ports Authority, a government-owned corporation, manages the Port of Manila and most of the public ports in the country.
The Port of Manila is also known as Manila International Cargo Terminal and is operated by International Container Terminal Services Inc. It is one of Asia's major seaports and one of the Philippines' most active ports.
The bay entrance is 19 kilometres (12 mi) wide and expands to a width of 48 kilometres (30 mi). Mariveles, in the province of Bataan, is an anchorage just inside the northern entrance, and Sangley Point is the former location of Cavite Naval Base.
The port's main areas are known as Manila North (seaport code MNN), Manila South (MNS) and Manila (MNL).
In 2011, the port of Manila was listed 38th as the world's busiest port with container traffic(TEU) of 3,260,000.
The Port of Manila and the area dates back to Spanish and pre-Spanish rule of the Philippine Islands. It is recorded that Manila and the Philippines had trade relations with most neighboring countries at least as far back as the 9th to 12th centuries. Major trading partners included China and Japan, with ties to India through the areas that are now Malaysia and Indonesia. The Spanish-controlled Port of Manila handled trade primarily with China and other East Asian countries, with Mexico, with Arab countries, and directly with Spain from the 16th to mid-19th century CE when the port was opened to all trade ships.
The port was also the staging point for the Manila galleons, a state-monopoly shipping line running to Acapulco and back, which operated virtually continuously from the 16th to the early 19th century CE.