Port of Manila

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Port of Manila
Pantalan ng Maynila
Port of Manila.jpg
Port of Manila at night.
Location
Country Philippines
Location Port Area, Manila
Coordinates 14°35′48″N 120°57′16″E / 14.59667°N 120.95444°E / 14.59667; 120.95444Coordinates: 14°35′48″N 120°57′16″E / 14.59667°N 120.95444°E / 14.59667; 120.95444
Details
Opened 12th Century
Operated by Philippine Ports Authority
Owned by Government of Manila
Type of harbor Natural/Artificial
Land area 137.5 hectares
Available berths 22
Piers 12
Statistics
Vessel arrivals 20,828(2012)[1]
Annual cargo tonnage 75,058,855(2012)[2]
Annual container volume 3,710,690 TEU(2012)[1]
Passenger traffic 928,753(2012)[1]
Website
http://www.ppa.com.ph/

The Port of Manila (Filipino: Pantalan ng Maynila) refers to the collective facilities and terminals that processes maritime trade function in harbours that serves the Metro Manila Area . It is located in the Port Area and Tondo area of Manila, Philippines facing the Manila Bay. It is the largest and the premier international shipping gateway to the country. The Philippine Ports Authority, a government-owned corporation, manages the Port of Manila and most of the public ports in the country. It is composed of 3 major facilities namely Manila North Harbor, Manila South Harbor and the Manila International Container Terminal.

History[edit]

The Port of Manila and the area dates back to Spanish and pre-Spanish rule of the Philippine Islands. It is recorded that Manila and the Philippines had trade relations with most neighboring countries at least as far back as the 9th to 12th centuries. Major trading partners included China and Japan, with ties to India through the areas that are now Malaysia and Indonesia.[3] The Spanish-controlled Port of Manila handled trade primarily with China and other East Asian countries, with Mexico, with Arab countries, and directly with Spain from the 16th to mid-19th century CE when the port was opened to all trade ships. Manila Bay was the setting for the Battle of Manila Bay in 1898 between United States and Spanish forces, and the siege of Corregidor Island by invading Japanese forces in 1942.

Location[edit]

The bay entrance is 19 kilometres (12 mi) wide and expands to a width of 48 kilometres (30 mi). Mariveles, in the province of Bataan, is an anchorage just inside the northern entrance, and Sangley Point is the former location of Cavite Naval Base. On either side of the bay are volcanic peaks topped with tropical foliage. 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the north is the Bataan Peninsula and to the south is the province of Cavite.

Facilities[edit]

The skyline of Manila as seen from the top of a ship docked at the Manila North Harbor.

Manila North Harbor[edit]

Manila North Harbor (seaport code:MNN)[4], occupying a 53-hectare area in Tondo, Manila and operated by the Manila North Harbour Port Incorporated, has 7 piers namely Pier 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14. North Harbor is accessible by road through Radial Road 10. Modernization of the port facility involves the acquisition of heavy equipment, dredging operations, information technology, container terminal expansion and a recently completed North Port Passenger Terminal that can accomodate more passengers, boost tourism in the country, and replace the old terminal.[5][6]

Statistics
Year Cargo Tonnage Container Volume Passengers
2010[7] 17,207,751 16,146,329 821,983
2011[8] 17,806,136 18,442,473 728,662
2012[9] 19,402,011 19,174,424 766,942

Manila South Harbor[edit]

Manila South Harbor (seaport code:MNS)[4], an 80-hectare port facilty located in Port Area, Manila and operated by Asian Terminals Incorporated, has 5 piers namely Pier 3, 5, 9, 13 and 15. It is accessible by road through Bonifacio Drive has a passenger terminal located between Pier 13 and 15 namely Eva Macapagal Super Terminal. It also houses as the main hub of 2GO ferry company. As of April 29, 2014, The management has installed a new Liebherr quay crane to increase the efficiency of Manila South Harbor.[10]

Statistics
Year Cargo Tonnage Container Volume Passengers
2010[11] 40,816,716 12,958,525 1,004,780
2011[12] 44,067,826 12,612,780 816,839
2012[13] 40,317,702 11,130,626 161,500

Manila International Container Terminal[edit]

Manila International Container Terminal (seaport code:MNL)[4] is operated by International Container Terminal Services Inc. It is one of Asia's major seaports and one of the Philippines' most active ports. It is located between the Manila North Harbor and the Manila South Harbor and can be accessed by road through MICT South Access Road. In 2011, Manila International Container Terminal ranked 38th place in the List of world's busiest container ports with container traffic(TEU) of 3,260,000. Inaugurated on July 07, 2012, Berth 6 became fully operational and increases the Port's annual capacity by 450,000 TEU's.[14]

Statistics
Year Number of Vessel Cargo Tonnage Container Volume
2010[15] 1,942 32,225,795 18,266,554
2011[16] 1,941 34,377,129 18,689,936
2012[17] 1,862 34,345,059 19,966,465

Future Plans[edit]

With the Berth 6 in operations, ICTSI is planning for the construction of Berth 7 that includes the reclamation and construction of 30-40 meters from Berth 6.[18] A 21-hectare inland container depot (ICD) in Calamba, Laguna is also planned to increase MICT's annual capacity by 250,000 TEUs[19] and will be connected to Manila through the revival of the Manila-Calamba cargo intermodal system that ceased operations in 2000s due to company losses brought by lower demand.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.ppa.com.ph/Port%20Statistics/PortPerformance/2013_TEU_4th%20Qtr.htm
  2. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/Port%20Statistics/PortPerformance/2013_TEU_4th%20Qtr.htm
  3. ^ Philippines, The. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07
  4. ^ a b c Seaport Codes and Information
  5. ^ Almonte, Liza (October 10, 2013). "After passenger terminal Manila North Harbour turns to work on container facility". PortCalls Asia. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  6. ^ Amojelar, Darwin G. (October 9, 2013). "Manila North Harbor operator spending another P5 billion to expand terminal". InterAksyon. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/port%20statistics/Annual_2010/2010_NorthHarbor.xls
  8. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/port%20statistics/Annual_2011/PMO%20Manila-North%20Harbor.xlsx
  9. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/port%20statistics/Annual%202012/Manila-North%20Harbor.xlsx
  10. ^ "ATI deploys new quay crane to Manila South Harbor". The Manila Times. April 29, 2014. Retrieved July 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/port%20statistics/Annual_2010/2010_South%20Harbor.xls
  12. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/port%20statistics/Annual_2011/PMO%20Manila-South%20Harbor.xlsx
  13. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/port%20statistics/Annual%202012/Manila-South%20Harbor.xlsx
  14. ^ "President Aquino inaugurates Berth 6 of ICTSI Manila flagship". The Shipping Tribune. June 28, 2012. Retrieved July 2014. 
  15. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/port%20statistics/Annual_2010/2010_MICT.xls
  16. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/port%20statistics/Annual_2011/MICT.xlsx
  17. ^ http://www.ppa.com.ph/port%20statistics/Annual%202012/MICT.xlsx
  18. ^ "Berth 6 in Manila terminal inaugurated; Berth 7 in the works". Port Calls Asia. June 28, 2012. Retrieved July 2014. 
  19. ^ "ICTSI setting aside $300M for Laguna depot, MICT". BusinessMirror. October 7, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  20. ^ "ICTSI to revive Manila-Calamba cargo train". Malaya Business Insight. August 14, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 

Further Reading[edit]

External links[edit]