Port of Manila

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Port of Manila
Pantalan ng Maynila
Port of Manila.jpg
Port of Manila at night.
Location
Country Philippines
Location Port Area, Manila
Coordinates 14°35′48″N 120°57′16″E / 14.59667°N 120.95444°E / 14.59667; 120.95444Coordinates: 14°35′48″N 120°57′16″E / 14.59667°N 120.95444°E / 14.59667; 120.95444
Details
Opened 12th Century
Operated by Philippine Ports Authority
Owned by Government of Manila
Type of harbor Natural/Artificial
Land area 137.5 hectares
Available berths 22
Piers 12
Statistics
Vessel arrivals 20,828(2012)[1]
Annual cargo tonnage 75,058,855(2012)[2]
Annual container volume 3,710,690 TEU(2012)[1]
Passenger traffic 928,753(2012)[1]
Website
http://www.ppa.com.ph/

The Port of Manila (Filipino: Pantalan ng Maynila) refers to the collective facilities and terminals that processes maritime trade function in harbours that serves the Metro Manila Area . It is located in the Port Area and Tondo area of Manila, Philippines facing the Manila Bay. It is the largest and the premier international shipping gateway to the country. The Philippine Ports Authority, a government-owned corporation, manages the Port of Manila and most of the public ports in the country. It is composed of 3 major facilities namely Manila North Harbor, Manila South Harbor and the Manila International Container Terminal.

History[edit]

The Port of Manila and the area dates back to Spanish and pre-Spanish rule of the Philippine Islands. It is recorded that Manila and the Philippines had trade relations with most neighboring countries at least as far back as the 9th to 12th centuries. Major trading partners included China and Japan, with ties to India through the areas that are now Malaysia and Indonesia.[3] The Spanish-controlled Port of Manila handled trade primarily with China and other East Asian countries, with Mexico, with Arab countries, and directly with Spain from the 16th to mid-19th century CE when the port was opened to all trade ships.

Manila Bay was the setting for the Battle of Manila Bay in 1898 between United States and Spanish forces, and the siege of Corregidor Island by invading Japanese forces in 1942.

Location[edit]

The bay entrance is 19 kilometres (12 mi) wide and expands to a width of 48 kilometres (30 mi). Mariveles, in the province of Bataan, is an anchorage just inside the northern entrance, and Sangley Point is the former location of Cavite Naval Base.

On either side of the bay are volcanic peaks topped with tropical foliage. 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the north is the Bataan Peninsula and to the south is the province of Cavite.

Facilities[edit]

The skyline of Manila as seen from the top of a ship docked at the Manila North Harbor.

Manila North Harbor[edit]

Manila North Harbor (seaport code:MNN)[4] has 7 piers namely Pier 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14. It is operated by the Manila North Harbour Port Incorporated.

It also has a passenger terminal inaugurated on October 9, 2013. The North Port Passenger Terminal is expected to accommodate more passengers, boost tourism in the country, and to replace the previous old terminal.[5]

Statistics
Year Cargo Tonnage Container Volume Passengers
2010[6] 17,207,751 16,146,329 821,983
2011[7] 17,806,136 18,442,473 728,662
2012[8] 19,402,011 19,174,424 766,942

Manila South Harbor[edit]

Manila South Harbor (seaport code:MNS)[4] has 5 piers namely Pier 3, 5, 9, 13 and 15. It also has one passenger terminal namely Eva Macapagal Super Terminal, which is located between Pier 13 and 15. It is managed by the Asian Terminals Incorporated. It also houses as the main hub of 2GO ferry company.

As of April 29, 2014, The management has installed a new Liebherr quay crane to increase the efficiency of Manila South Harbor.[9]

Statistics
Year Cargo Tonnage Container Volume Passengers
2010[10] 40,816,716 12,958,525 1,004,780
2011[11] 44,067,826 12,612,780 816,839
2012[12] 40,317,702 11,130,626 161,500

Manila International Container Terminal[edit]

Manila International Cargo Terminal (seaport code:MNL)[4] is operated by International Container Terminal Services Inc. It is one of Asia's major seaports and one of the Philippines' most active ports. It is located between the Manila North Harbor and the Manila South Harbor.

In 2011, Manila International Container Terminal ranked 38th place in the List of world's busiest container ports with container traffic(TEU) of 3,260,000.

On July 07, 2012, Berth 6 of the Manila International Container Terminal will be fully operational after the Inauguration by President Benigno Simeon Aquino III. It is expected to increase the Port's Annual TEU's by about 450,000.[13]

Statistics
Year Number of Vessel Cargo Tonnage Container Volume
2010[14] 1,942 32,225,795 18,266,554
2011[15] 1,941 34,377,129 18,689,936
2012[16] 1,862 34,345,059 19,966,465

Future Plans[edit]

After the inauguration of Berth 6, the management is on plans to its extension. The PhP 135 million Berth 6 extension plan is to be built by 2016. It includes the reclamation and construction of 30-40 meters for the Berth 7.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further Reading[edit]

External links[edit]