Wyllyotts, Potters Bar
Potters Bar shown within Hertfordshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||POTTERS BAR|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
Potters Bar is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire, England, 18 miles (29 km) north of Charing Cross, London. It is within the historic county of Middlesex. Its three county-level wards in 2011 had a combined population of 21,882.[n 1]
The town originated in the early 13th century; it remained a small settlement economically with significant agriculture until the arrival of the Great Northern Railway in 1850. It is not contiguous with other developments but is in the London commuter belt.
The origin of the Potters element of the town's name is uncertain but is generally thought to be either a reference to a Roman pottery, believed to have been sited locally, or alternatively to the Pottere family who lived in neighbouring South Mimms parish. The Bar is thought to refer to the gates leading from the South Mimms parish and into the Enfield Chase parish, or possibly from some sort of toll on the Great North Road, said to have been by what is now the Green Man pub, or at the current entrance to Morven House. See also Temple Bar which is a gate by St Paul's Cathedral.
Potters Bar was historically part of Middlesex and formed the Potters Bar Urban District of that county from 1934. From 1894 to 1934 its area had formed the South Mimms Rural District. In 1965 the district was transferred to Hertfordshire while most of the rest of Middlesex became part of Greater London.
The urban district covered an area of 6,129 acres (24.803 km2). In 1939 it had a population of 13,681, increasing to 24,613 in 1971. In 1974 the urban district was abolished and the area became part of the borough of Hertsmere. Having been part of Middlesex, the area continued to form part of the Metropolitan Police District; with the creation of the Greater London Authority it was transferred to the Hertfordshire Constabulary in 2000.
|Climate data for Potters Bar|
|Average high °C (°F)||8
|Average low °C (°F)||5
|Precipitation mm (inches)||50.7
Potters Bar railway station is the highest on the line between London's King's Cross railway station and York. The First Capital Connect route serving Potters Bar links the town to various North London suburbs to the south before terminating at either King's Cross or Moorgate station. Northbound, the railway connects Potters Bar to Peterborough, Cambridge and Letchworth Garden City as well as towns en route to these destinations such as Hatfield, Welwyn Garden City and Stevenage.
Potters Bar has a bus depot that services local bus routes as well as some London bus routes. The 84 bus route travels south to New Barnet and north-west to St. Albans. Other routes include the 298 to Arnos Grove, the 313 to Enfield and Chingford, the 242 to Waltham Cross, the 398 to Borehamwood and the 610 to Enfield (on weekdays) and Hatfield. There are also school bus services run from various places to Dame Alice Owen's School and to Chancellor's School, as well as a service that runs once on a Wednesday from Hatfield to Potters Bar via Cuffley and Colney Heath, numbered 312.
|84||St. Albans St Peters Street to New Barnet Station via Barnet
|242||Waltham Cross Bus Station to Potters Bar Station via Cuffley, Cheshunt.||Daily||Metroline,
|298 TfL||Potters Bar Cranbourne Road to Arnos Grove Station via Cockfosters||Daily||Sullivan Buses|
|312 Circular||Hatfield Birchwood Tesco to Potters Bar Station via Cuffley||Wednesdays||Sullivan Buses|
|313 TfL||Potters Bar Station to Chingford Station via Enfield||Daily||Arriva London|
|398||Potters Bar Station to Borehamwood via South Mimms||Mon-Sat||Sullivan Buses|
|610||Enfield Town to Hatfield Business Park via Welham Green||Mon-Sat||Uno|
|PB1 Circular||Circular via Shillitoe Avenue, Potters Bar Station , High Street and Oakmere||Mon-Sat||Uno|
Potters Bar rail accidents
Potters Bar has been the scene of three train crashes; two major and one minor. On 19 March 1898, a train crashed on the platform, but no one was killed or seriously injured. On the night of 10 February 1946, a local train hit buffers at the station, became derailed, and two express trains travelling in opposite directions struck the wreckage. On 10 May 2002, a northbound train derailed at high speed, killing seven people and seriously injuring another 11. On 10 May 2003, a small piece of art that resembles seven faces was erected at the station as a memorial to those killed.
There are eight churches in Potters Bar. These include St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Church at the top of the Walk, the first Anglican parish in the town created from the parish of South Mimms in the 1800s. Other churches are Our Lady and St Vincent, King Charles the Martyr, Christ Church, Potters Bar Baptist Church, St John's Methodist Church  and Causeway Free Church. 
There are six primary and infant state schools in Potters Bar and the surrounding area; they are Cranborne School, Ladbrooke JMI, Little Heath Primary, Oakmere Primary, Pope Paul RC Primary and Wroxham School.
There are five secondary schools in Potters Bar, which includes its large green buffer zone;
- Dame Alice Owen's
- Goffs Oak
- Mount Grace
Dame Alice Owen's School is a mixed grant-maintained school in Potters Bar. Originally founded in 1613 and based in Islington until the 1960s, it is unusual in its 'Visitation' and 'Beer Money' traditions. The trustees of the Dame Alice Owen Foundation are the Worshipful Company of Brewers. It is a partly selective school (25% of its intake is on the basis of pupils doing well on its entry test). It also reserves some places for children from Islington. It specialises in languages, and offers GCSEs in a wide range of languages. It has recently become a music and science college in addition to being a language college.
The town also houses many Veterinary Medicine (mostly third, fourth and fifth-year) students from the Royal Veterinary College.
Sports, entertainment and recreation
Potters Bar has a King George's Field in memorial to King George V, which is situated behind the Furzefield Centre. There is a swimming pool and leisure centre run by Hertsmere council, which is home to St Albans and Hertsmere Canoe Club. Also in the town are Potters Bar Town F.C., Potters Bar Swimming Club (PBSC), a Scuba diving Club (the Potters Bar Sub Aqua Club), a tennis club, a cricket club, and a golf course. The Wyllyotts Centre is a theatre, cinema and events venue, and is also the location of the town's museum. Potters Bar is also home to the Hertfordshire Showband (formally known as the Marching Blues).
In 1983, the area around Potters Bar was used for the on-location filming of the comic-horror film, Bloodbath at the House of Death. Also, in 2005, David Walliams and Matt Lucas shot two scenes for the third season of the comedy, Little Britain, one scene at Mount Grace School gym, the other at a wedding shop on the High Street. Potters Bar is also home to the performing arts school, Top Hat Stage School, which has been running classes at Elm Court Community Centre since 1994.
- Acker Bilk, clarinetist, divides his time between Pensford, Somerset, and Potters Bar
- Tony Jacklin, golfer, home golf club was Potters Bar Golf Club
- Terry Lightfoot, jazz musician, born in Potters Bar and spent his early years there
Notes and references
- Neighbourhood Statistics Office for National Statistics 2011 Census. Retrieved 2013-06-01
- Hertsmere Borough Council - Community Strategy First Review (PDF)
- PBHistory - The history
- North Hertfordshire - A Housing Strategy for the London Commuter Belt Sub-region 2005 - 2008 (PDF)
- PBHistory - Whats in a name?
- PB History - The Great North Road
- PBHistory - Potters Bar, Middlesex
- Vision of Britain - Potters Bar UD (historic map)
- Vision of Britain - South Mimms RD (historic map)
- Vision of Britain - Middlesex unit history
- London Government Act 1963, 1963 c. 33, s. 3 (1)
- Vision of Britain - Potters Bar UD historic population
- HMSO, Greater London Authority Act 1999. 1999 c. 29
- "Averages for Potters Bar".
- First Capital Connect - Network and Stations
- BBC News - In Depth Potters Bar Crash
- "St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Church, Potters Bar Official website.". Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Potters Bar Religion". pottersbar.org. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Causeway Free Church, Potters Bar Official website.". Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- "Mount Grace School Official website". Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Lochinver House School Official website". Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- UniServity School Portal - Dame Alice Owen's School
- UniServity School Portal - Dame Alice Owen's School history
- Furzefield Centre
- Potters Bar Swimming Club
- Wyllyotts Centre
- Hertfordshire Showband
- Bloodbath at the House of Death (1984)
-  -Scrumpy & Western, Acker Bilk biography
- Potters Bar Golf Club
-  IMDB Terry Lightfoot's page
- St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Church, Potters Bar
- The Potters Bar Society
- pottersbar.org - local information