Thorgerson in 2010
|Birth name||Storm Elvin Thorgerson|
28 February 1944|
Potters Bar, Middlesex, England
|Died||18 April 2013
|Field||Graphic designer, music video director|
Storm Elvin Thorgerson (28 February 1944 – 18 April 2013) was an English graphic designer, best known for his work for rock artists such as Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath, Scorpions, Peter Gabriel, Genesis, Europe, Catherine Wheel, Bruce Dickinson, Dream Theater, The Cranberries, The Mars Volta, Muse and Biffy Clyro.
Thorgerson, who was of Norwegian descent, was born in Potters Bar, Middlesex (now part of Hertfordshire), and he attended Summerhill School, Brunswick Primary School in Cambridge, and the Cambridgeshire High School for Boys with Pink Floyd founders Syd Barrett, who was in the year below him, and Roger Waters, who was in the year above him. Storm and Roger played rugby together at school, while Storm's mother Vanji and Roger's mother Mary were close friends. He studied English and Philosophy at the University of Leicester, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree with Honours, before studying Film and Television at the Royal College of Art, where he graduated with a Master of Arts degree.
In 1968 along with Aubrey Powell he founded the graphic art group Hipgnosis, and between them they designed many famous single and album covers, with Peter Christopherson joining them for their later commissions. In 1983, following the dissolution of Hipgnosis, Thorgerson and Powell formed Greenback Films, producing music videos.
In the early nineties Thorgerson inaugurated StormStudios along with Peter Curzon – a loose group of freelancers. The line up included Rupert Truman (photographer), Finlay Cowan (designer and illustrator), Daniel Abbott (designer and artist), Lee Baker (creative retoucher and designer) and Jerry Sweet (designer) along with Thorgerson's personal assistants, Laura Truman (prints) and Charlotte Barnes, and then later Silvia Ruga (designer).
Perhaps Thorgerson's most famous designs are those for Pink Floyd. His design for The Dark Side of the Moon has been called one of the greatest album covers of all time. Designed by Thorgerson and Hipgnosis, the artwork for the cover itself was drawn by George Hardie, a designer at NTA Studios. Many of Storm Thorgerson's designs are notable for their surreal elements. He often places objects out of their traditional contexts, especially with vast spaces around them, to give them an awkward appearance while highlighting their beauty. To quote Thorgerson, "I like photography because it is a reality medium, unlike drawing which is unreal. I like to mess with reality ... to bend reality. Some of my works beg the question of is it real or not?"
Over the years, Thorgerson and his team designed and released several books about their work. The Gathering Storm - A Quartet in Several Parts was the final book Storm worked on with his team and it was completed just before his death in April 2013. The book was released in September 2013 and includes album covers artwork, photographs, and anecdotes, spanning five decades from Storm's early work with Hipgnosis through to StormStudios. In accordance with Storm's wishes, the studio will continue to work.
In 2013, Prog Magazine renamed its Grand Design Award after Thorgerson. It is now known as the Storm Thorgerson Grand Design Award and will be given to the designer of the year's best-packaged product. Thorgerson had won the 2012 award for his continued work with Pink Floyd.
Health problems and death
In 2003, Thorgerson suffered a stroke, from which he was partially paralysed. He was later diagnosed with an undisclosed form of cancer, which he battled for several years, but which eventually led to his death on 18 April 2013, at the age of 69. After Thorgerson's death, David Gilmour released a statement describing him as "a constant force in my life, both at work and in private, a shoulder to cry on, and a great friend". A post on the official Pink Floyd website called him a "graphic genius". Pink Floyd drummer Nick Mason said that he was a "tireless worker right up to the end".
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
Album cover designs
- For Thorgerson's work with Hipgnosis, see Hipgnosis discography
- The Answer
- New Horizon (2013)
- Stomp 442 (1995)
- Audioslave (2002)
- Biffy Clyro:
- Puzzle (2007)
- Only Revolutions (2009)
- Opposites (2013)
- Black Sabbath:
- Catherine Wheel:
- The Cranberries:
- The Cult:
- Electric (1987) (credited on the picture sleeve as "Art Direction by Storm Thorgerson")
- Deepest Blue
- Late September (2004)
- Bruce Dickinson
- Skunkworks (1996)
- Disco Biscuits:
- Planet Anthem (2010)
- Dream Theater:
- Ian Dury and The Blockheads
- Mr. Love Pants (1998)
- Ellis, Beggs, & Howard
- Homelands (1989)
- Home Is Where The Head Is (2002)
- Secret Society (2006)
- Peter Gabriel:
- David Gilmour
- Pink Bubbles Go Ape (1991)
- Led Zeppelin
- The Mars Volta:
- Rude Awakening DVD (2002)
- Steve Miller Band:
- The Offspring
- Splinter (2003)
- Mike Oldfield
- Alan Parsons:
- Immersion (2010)
- Slip Stitch and Pass (1997)
- The Pineapple Thief
- Someone Here Is Missing (2010)
- Pink Floyd:
- A Saucerful of Secrets (1968)
- Ummagumma (1969)
- Atom Heart Mother (1970)
- Dark Side of the Moon (1973)
- A Nice Pair (1973)
- Wish You Were Here (1975)
- Animals (1977)
- A Collection of Great Dance Songs (1981)
- A Momentary Lapse of Reason (1987)
- The Delicate Sound of Thunder (1988)
- Shine On (1992)
- The Division Bell (1994)
- P*U*L*S*E (1995), including the blinking LED light that was featured in early CD packaging.
- Relics re-release (1996)
- Is There Anybody Out There? The Wall Live 1980–81 (2000)
- Echoes: The Best of Pink Floyd (2001)
- Oh, by the Way (2007)
- The Plea
- The Dreamers Stadium (2012)
- Golden Rule (2009)
- Program the Dead
- Program The Dead (2005)
- Herman Rarebell
- Rival Sons
- Pressure & Time (2011)
- Mike Rutherford
- Slow Earth
- Latitude and 023 (2013)
- The Alan Parsons Project
- Umphrey's McGee
- Mode. Set. Clear. (2012)
- The Mollusk (1997)
- Wishbone Ash
- The Wombats:
- This Modern Glitch (2011)
- Rick Wright
- Younger Brother
- Paul Young – "Wherever I Lay My Hat (That's My Home)" (1983)
- Rainbow – "Street of Dreams" (1983)
- Robert Plant - "Big Log" (1983)
- Yes – "Owner of a Lonely Heart" (1983)
- Kevin Kitchen - "Tight Spot" (1984)
- Nik Kershaw - "Wouldn't It Be Good" (1984)
- David Gilmour – "Blue Light" (1984)
- David Gilmour – "All Lovers Are Deranged" (1984)
- Nik Kershaw - "The Riddle" (1984)
- Nik Kershaw - "Wide Boy (1984)
- Nik Kershaw - "Don Quixote" (1985)
- Belouis Some – "Some People" (1985)
- Glass Tiger – "Thin Red Line" (1985)
- Glass Tiger – "Someday" (1985)
- Pink Floyd – "Learning to Fly" (1987)
- Pink Floyd – "The Dogs of War" (1987)
- Bruce Dickinson – "Tattooed Millionaire" (1990)
- Bruce Dickinson – "All the Young Dudes" (1990)
- Helloween – "Kids of the Century" (1991)
- Alan Parsons - "Turn It Up" (1993)
- Pink Floyd – "High Hopes" (1994)
- Sweeting, Adam (18 April 2013). "Storm Thorgerson dies aged 69: 'the best album designer in the world'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- Storm Thorgerson on Magritte at Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2013
- Graff, G (February 1998). "The Eye of the Storm". Guitar World. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- Turner, Tonya (18 April 2013). "Storm Thorgerson's album covers are works of art". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- Hough, Andrew (18 April 2013). "Storm Thorgerson: Pink Floyd album cover designer dies". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- Farrell, Charlie. "Storm Thorgerson - Taken by Storm". Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- Samson, Polly (2013-04-18). "Best man at our wedding". Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- The photodesigns of Hipgnosis The Goodbye look. Vermillion Hutchinson Publishing Group. 1982 ISBN 0-09-150641-7
- "Article on Storm Thorgerson", Q magazine, 1992
- The Dark Side of the Moon - Pink Floyd's Iconic Album, BBC
- Taken by Storm: The Art of Storm Thorgerson, Music Box, October 2004, Volume 11, #10
- "Design award renamed after Storm Thorgerson". Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "Storm Thorgerson Has Grand Design Award Named In His Honour". Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "Tributes paid to Pink Floyd album artist Storm Thorgerson". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- "Singles Page 8". Storm Thorgerson. Retrieved 2013-04-20.
- Mabbett, Andy (2010). Pink Floyd - The Music and the Mystery. London: Omnibus. ISBN 978-1-84938-370-7.
- Sutcliffe, Phil (July 1995). "The 30 Year Technicolor Dream". Mojo Magazine. Retrieved 2011-07-23.
- Official website
- Storm Thorgerson at the Internet Movie Database
- Radio interview transcript
- BBC Feature and audio interview
- BBC Article on Thorgerson's work: Audio slideshow: Storm's sleeves
- TateShots: Storm Thorgerson on Magritte The artist talks about the influence of Magritte on his work. 21 July 2011
- Tennents' "One Great Thing" Advert
- Thorgerson interviewed by Younger Brother (video, 8 mins, 2010)