|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Purna is situated approximately at the centre of Maharashtra. The state capital, Mumbai, lies to the west. The nearest major cities are Aurangabad, Parbhani and Nanded. Purna is 240km from Aurangabad, 42km from Parbhani and just 34km from Nanded. Purna is well connected by rail and road to other major cities in Maharashtra and even in the neighboring state of Andhra Pradesh. Purna is an important railway junction on the Mumbai-Purna-Secunderabad lines. Nanded has the nearest airport which is just 40 km from Purna. The other airport nearby is in Aurangabad where domestic as well as some international flights are scheduled on regular basis.
As of 2001[update] India census, Purna had a population of 33,231. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Purna has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78% and female literacy is 59%. In Purna, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Purna Junction Railway Station (station code: PAU) is on the Kachiguda-Manmad section of Hyderabad (HYB) Division of South Central Railway (SCR). After Divisional adjustments in 2003, Purna now comes under the Nanded (NED) Division of SCR. Purna has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Latur, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nasik, Mumbai, Delhi, Pune, Daund, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati, Katpadi, Erode, Madurai and Kachiguda (HYB).
Ajanta Express between Kachiguda and Manmad is the most prestigious train passing through this station. It is one of the best railway station in Marathwada Region. There are number of trains running regularly toward Mumbai and Andhra Pradesh. Purna is connected to Ajmer and Jaipur by train as passengers from nearby cities have to catch this train from Purna. Purna is an important junction in Nanded Divisions. It has a line branching off to Akola and further to Khandwa.
Purna has massive land occupied by the Railway Department for staff quarters, filling point, washing area, etc. Railway Department has its own schools in Marathi and English, community cultural hall, sports complexes, and fields.
Purna's historical name is "Lasina".
Today, Purna has good education facilities provided by some of the Marathi as well as English medium schools. There are some colleges educating students from Purna and some of the surrounding villages up to graduation. There is also one private Ayurved college in Purna. Even if it has satisfactory education facilities until graduation, Purna falls short in providing higher education. Hence there is a strong need to build some good post graduation, medical, and engineering colleges.
As Purna is not industrially developed, the main source of income of most of the population is agriculture. The other major source is through self-employment. The huge railway infrastructure, it also provides jobs to many residents.
These sources of employment are not sufficient to accommodate all the residents, there is a need to set up some small- or medium-scale industrial establishment. However Purna offers potential for businesses as they can get skilled manpower, ample land and excellent rail services.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Purna
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.