Nanded

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This article is about the municipality in Maharashtra, India. For its namesake district, see Nanded district.
Hazur Sahib Nanded
हज़ुर साहिब नांदेड
(Abchalnagar)
Nanded Railway Station
Nanded Railway Station
Nickname(s): The City of "Sanskrit" poets, City of Gurudwaras
Hazur Sahib Nanded is located in Maharashtra
Hazur Sahib Nanded
Hazur Sahib Nanded
Coordinates: 19°09′N 77°18′E / 19.15°N 77.30°E / 19.15; 77.30Coordinates: 19°09′N 77°18′E / 19.15°N 77.30°E / 19.15; 77.30
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Region Marathwada
District Nanded
Established 1610 A.D
Named for Hazur Sahib
Government
 • Type Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation
 • Body NWCMC
Area
 • Total 119.80 km2 (46.26 sq mi)
Elevation 362 m (1,188 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 550,564 (2,011) [1]
Demonym Nandedkar (Hazuri)
Languages
 • Official Marathi, Hindi, Punjabi, English...
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 431601
Telephone code 02462
Vehicle registration MH 26
Website www.nanded.nic.in


300th Anniversary of Guru Granth Sahib

Nanded (Marathi: नांदेड),(Urdu: ناندیڑ‎), (Punjabi: ਨੰਦੇੜ) is the second largest city in the Marathwada Division of Maharashtra, India, and the headquarters of Nanded district. Nanded is of great historical significance for Sikhs, and it has many Sufi shrines as well.[2] The city is situated on the bank of the Godavari.

History[edit]

One of the oldest and historic cities in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, Nanded is situated on the north bank of the Godavari River.[3] The Nanda dynasty ruled over Nanded for generations in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. Nanded was also part of the Maurya Empire under Ashoka (c. 272 to 231 BCE).

Early mentions of Nanded and irrigation practices are found in the Leela Charitra, a treatise written about 700 years ago by Mhaimbhatta.[4] The city was formerly known as Nanditat (Marathi: नंदितट) according to a copper plate inscription found at Vasim. Nanded District and the adjoining areas were ruled over by the Andhrabhrtyas and Satvahanas during the first century AD.

[3] In 1708, the year following Aurangzeb's death, Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs, came to Nanded. He proclaimed himself the last living Guru and established the Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru of Sikhism, elevating the reverence of the text to that of a living leader. Around 1835, Maharaja Ranjit Singh's oversaw the construction of a gurudwara at Nanded. Located at the site of Guru Gobind Singh's cremation, the gurudwara is part of the Hazur Sahib..

Nanded became part of the Hyderabad State in 1725 and continued to be part of the Nizam's dominions until 1948.[3] After India gained independence in 1947, the Indian Armed Forces annexed Hyderabad and ended the rule of the Nizam in Operation Polo,[5] making Nanded part of the new Hyderabad State. Nanded, being a Marathi speaking area, is part of Maharashtra, based on India's linguistic state formation.

Further information: Nanded earthquakes

Geography[edit]

Nanded is the second largest city Marathawada after Aurangabad. Nanded district borders Latur district and Parbhani district to the west and Yavatmal district to the north,the district is bounded by Nizamabad, Medak and Adilabad districts of Telangana on the east.Nanded City is divided in two parts: Old Nanded (20.62 km2) on the north bank of Godavari River, and New Nanded (31.14 km2), comprising Waghala and six other newly merged villages which are situated on south of the Godavari river.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, Nanded had a population of 550,564. The municipality had a sex ratio of 924 females per 1,000 males, and 12.4% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 87.40%; male literacy was 92.68% and female literacy was 81.74%.[6]

Civic Administration[edit]

The city of Nanded is managed by Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation (NWCMC).The corporation consist of democratically elected members. The Corporation consist of 81 Members.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

1. National Highway 222 & National Highway 204 pass through the city. 2. State Road Transport Bus service is available to every major city in Maharashtra, with the most frequent connectivity to Amravati, Akola, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Latur, and Parbhani Solapur. There are several buses for Aurangabad, Pune, Mumbai, Kolhapur, Beed, Bidar, Gulbarga, Surat, Chandrapur, Satara. 3. A few private bus are available, mostly for Pune and also for Mumbai, Kolhapur, Nagpur, Indore and Hyderabad.

Rail[edit]

Nanded Railway Station is known as Huzur Sahib Nanded. Huzur Sahib Nanded is part of the South Central Railway network and is connected to most major Indian cities. It is served by 23 pairs of trains every day with daily (or multiple daily) connections to Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Amrawati, Manmad, Aurangabad, Jalna, Parbhani, Akola, Purna, Igatpuri, Kalyan, Thane, Pandharpur, Daund, Bhusawal and other smaller towns in Maharashtra. There are also multiple weekly connections to Kolhapur and Sangli.

Beyond Maharashtra, Nanded is connected by daily (or multiple daily) trains to New Delhi, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Amritsar, Bhopal, Jhansi,Gwalior, Agra, Faridabad, Ambala, Ludhiana and Jalandhar, as well as to towns like Yadgir, Bidar and Raichur in Karnataka, Anantapur in Andhra Pradesh and Nizamabad in Telangana.

Weekly or multiple weekly train services connect Nanded to other major cities such as Kolkata, Chennai, Patna, Jaipur, Sriganganagar, Ajmer, Kota, Indore, Jabalpur, Vishakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Tirupati, Raipur, Bilaspur[disambiguation needed], Sambalpur,Rourkela, Madurai, Rameshwaram, Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Rajkot, Jamnagar, Varanasi, Allahabad,Dhanbad and several other towns along the way.

Air[edit]

Nanded's airport, the Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Airport is typically served by regularly scheduled seasonal flights to Mumbai and Delhi during the winter months. The airport also has a 'Night Landing Facility'.

University[edit]

Most colleges in Nanded, Parbhani, Hingoli & Latur are affiliated to Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, established in 1994 and named after Swami Ramanand Teerth.

Education[edit]

Nanded is is famous for its educational facilities and, with its 131 colleges with Nanded University, is known as a Educational Hub in Marathwada. Many of the students at the colleges and the University are from nearby districts.

SGGS Institute of Engineering and Technology, Nanded

Colleges[edit]

Colleges in Nanded-


Schools[edit]

  • MultiPurpose High School
  • Dnyan Mata Vidhyamandir

Industries and Economy[edit]

MIDC[edit]

  • Jai Carporation Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Flamingo Pharmaceuticals, MIDC Krooshnoor NANDED
  • Kohinoor Feeds & Fats, MIDC Nanded
  • Sai Smaran Foods Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Maharashtra Krushi & Udyog Vikas Mahamandal, MIDC Nanded
  • Godavari Drugs Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • XL Telecom & Energies Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Tata Chemical Ltd, MIDC Nanded

Beside these major industries Nanded MIDC have few SME industries

Real Estate[edit]

Real estate in nanded is booming in recent years with large number of high rise apartments and commercial complex are being under construction, as the city is quickly spreading along its peripheral area the real estate industry is booming fast

Sports[edit]

Clubs, Stadiums and Sport Complexes[edit]

  • State of art Badminton Indoor Hall
  • Olympic (Sagare) Standard Swimming Pool
  • Sport Accommodation Complex for State and National level Matches

Total of five tennis courts are available in Nanded at Nanded club

Tourism[edit]

Nanded is one of the historical places in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra State. It is famous for Sikh Gurudwaras. Nanded is a town of great antiquity. It is said that during the Puranic days, Pandavas traveled through Nanded district. Nandas ruled over Nanded through generations. In 1708, Guru Gobind Singh the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs came over to Nanded, his permanent abode. It was he who preached amongst the Sikhs that there need not be any spiritual leader for them and they should take Granth Sahib as their leader. A monument has been constructed at the place where he died. A Gurdwara has also been constructed there. It is known as Hazur Sahib Nanded

Shri Hazur Sahib Gurudwara, Nanded panorama view
  • Nanded Fort :Situated 4 km away from the Nanded Railway Station, the Nanded Fort has a beautiful location. Sensuous Godavari River encloses the fort on three sides. There is a good garden and water works enhancing its natural beauty
  • MAHURGHAT

[1]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/357-nanded-waghala.html
  2. ^ "Nanded District - Historical Importance". India.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Maharashtra State Gazetteers: Nanded. Director of Government Printing, Stationery and Publications, Maharashtra State. 1971. pp. 4, 576. 
  4. ^ Proceedings - Indian History Congress. Indian History Congress. 2007. p. 331. 
  5. ^ Guruswamy, Mohan. "Police Action". Hyderabad on the Net. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.