Nanded

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This article is about the municipality in Maharashtra, India. For its namesake district, see Nanded district.
Nanded नांदेड

Hazur Sahib Nanded
हज़ुर साहिब नान्देड


हूजूर साहेब नांदेड

(Abchalnagar-अबचलनगर)
Nanded Railway Station
Nanded Railway Station
Nickname(s): The City of "Sanskrit" poets, City of Gurudwaras
Nanded  नांदेड  Hazur Sahib Nanded is located in Maharashtra
Nanded  नांदेड  Hazur Sahib Nanded
Nanded नांदेड Hazur Sahib Nanded
Coordinates: 19°09′N 77°18′E / 19.15°N 77.30°E / 19.15; 77.30Coordinates: 19°09′N 77°18′E / 19.15°N 77.30°E / 19.15; 77.30
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Region Marathwada
District Nanded
Established 1610 A.D
Named for Sachkhand Gurudwara
Government
 • Type Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation
 • Body NWCMC
Area
 • Total 119.80 km2 (46.26 sq mi)
Elevation 362 m (1,188 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 550,564 (2,011)[1]
Demonym Nandedkar (Hazuri)
Languages
 • Official Marathi, Hindi, Punjabi, English...
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 431601
Telephone code 02462
Vehicle registration MH 26
Website www.nanded.nic.in


300th Anniversary of Guru Granth Sahib

Nanded (Marathi: नांदेड),(Urdu: ناندیڑ‎), (Punjabi: ਨੰਦੇੜ) is the second largest city in the Marathwada Division of Maharashtra, India, and the headquarters of Nanded district. Nanded is of great historical significance for Sikhs, and it has many Sufi shrines as well.[2] The city is situated on the bank of the Godavari.

History[edit]

One of the oldest and historic cities in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, Nanded is situated on the north bank of the Godavari River.[3] The Nanda dynasty ruled over Nanded for generations in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. Nanded was also part of the Maurya Empire under Ashoka (c. 272 to 231 BCE). Nanded District is located in the southeastern part of Maharashtra, Bordering Telangana. The name Nanded is widely believed to have originated from "NANDI" the Vahan of Lord Shiva, who performed penance on the banks (TAT) of River Godavari. This "NANDI TAT" became NANDED. Today, Nanded gains prominence from the Sikh Gurudwara which is erected at the place where Shri Guru Govindsinghji Maharaj, the last Sikh Guru, passed away in 1708.

Early mentions of Nanded and irrigation practices are found in the Leela Charitra, a treatise written about 700 years ago by Mhaimbhatta.[4] The city was formerly known as Nanditat (Marathi: नंदितट) according to a copper plate inscription found at Vasim. Nanded District and the adjoining areas were ruled over by the Andhrabhrtyas and Satvahanas during the first century AD.

[3] In 1708, the year following Aurangzeb's death, Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs, came to Nanded. He proclaimed himself the last living Guru and established the Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru of Sikhism, elevating the reverence of the text to that of a living leader. Around 1835, Maharaja Ranjit Singh's oversaw the construction of a gurudwara at Nanded. Located at the site of Guru Gobind Singh's cremation, the gurudwara is part of the Hazur Sahib..

Nanded became part of the Hyderabad State in 1725 and continued to be part of the Nizam's dominions until 1948.[3] After India gained independence in 1947, the Indian Armed Forces annexed Hyderabad and ended the rule of the Nizam in Operation Polo,[5] making Nanded part of the new Hyderabad State. Nanded, being a Marathi speaking area, is part of Maharashtra, based on India's linguistic state formation. One of the well known poem explain about the Nanded District Periphery and its cultural and historical important is given here.

          नंदीग्राम
नंद राजाचे मूळ ,आहे तीर्थ गोदातीर  
वाहे पुण्‍य प्रवाह ,करी शुद्ध सान थोर 
गोदेचा तो निर्मळ पाट ,जनी उल्‍हासाचे घाट
पुण्‍य स्‍नान पूजेसाठी ,संत चालती ही वाट
 संस्‍कृत भाषेची महती,सांगे वामन पंडित
 गुरु गोबिंद येथेच ,विलीन चिरशांत 
 शंकर सागर तो राजा, राज्‍य चालवले थोर
 जल संस्‍कृती पूजक, प्रजा सारी बिनघोर
सहस्रकुंड जलप्रपात ,राष्‍ट्रकुटांचा भुईकोट 
सिद्धेश्‍वर,हजरत ,उनकदेव,दत्‍तमठ 
विष्‍णूकवी,दासगणू ,नेरलीचे कुष्‍ठधाम 
क्षेत्रपती परमेश्‍वर ,तटावरी काळेश्‍वर 

 ज्ञानतीर्थ परिसरी ज्ञान वर्षे विदयापीठ 
 समर्थ राष्‍ट्रासाठी ,उभे होती इथे रठ्रृठ 
 मुक्‍तीगाथा अन सवे नरहरांची गोड वाणी 
 जन सारे गावोगावी ,गाती खंडोबाची गाणी 
आदीग्रंथाचे पठण रोज करी शाीख जाट
मौलवीही रोज सांगे ,चाला अल्‍लाह ची वाट
पीठ पुर्ण रेणूकेचे ,भूमी बुद्ध बाबरीची
काय वर्णावी थेारवी ,नंदीग्राम नगरीची.

one of the former university student of SRTMUN Pinnalwar D.K. wrote the Marathi poem in year 2003 which is immense popular in local people. the poem best explain the District Cultural and Historical importance.

Further information: Nanded earthquakes

Geography[edit]

Nanded is the second largest city Marathawada after Aurangabad. Nanded district borders Latur district and Parbhani district to the west and Yavatmal district to the north,the district is bounded by Nizamabad, Medak and Adilabad districts of Telangana on the east.Nanded City is divided in two parts: Old Nanded (20.62 km2) on the north bank of Godavari River, and New Nanded (31.14 km2), comprising Waghala and six other newly merged villages which are situated on south of the Godavari river.

Demographics[edit]

Sikh devotees during shobha yatra in Nanded

As of the 2011 census, Nanded had a population of 550,564. The municipality had a sex ratio of 924 females per 1,000 males, and 12.4% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 87.40%; male literacy was 92.68% and female literacy was 81.74%.[6]

Civic Administration[edit]

The city of Nanded is managed by Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation (NWCMC).The corporation consist of democratically elected members. The Corporation consist of 81 Members. Abdul Sattar and Anand Chavan, both from indian national congress are mayor and deputy mayor respectively.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

1. National Highway 222 & National Highway 204 pass through the city. 2. State Road Transport Bus service is available to every major city in Maharashtra, with the most frequent connectivity to Amravati, Akola, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Latur, and Parbhani Solapur. There are several buses for Aurangabad, Pune, Mumbai, Kolhapur, Beed, Bidar, Gulbarga, Surat, Chandrapur, Satara. 3. A few private bus are available, mostly for Pune and also for Mumbai, Kolhapur, Nagpur, Indore and Hyderabad.

Rail[edit]

Nanded Railway Station is known as Huzur Sahib Nanded. Huzur Sahib Nanded is part of the South Central Railway network and is connected to most major Indian cities. It is served by 23 pairs of trains every day with daily (or multiple daily) connections to Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Amrawati, Manmad, Aurangabad, Jalna, Parbhani, Akola, Purna, Igatpuri, Kalyan, Thane, Pandharpur, Daund, Bhusawal and other smaller towns in Maharashtra. There are also multiple weekly connections to Kolhapur and Sangli.

Beyond Maharashtra, Nanded is connected by daily (or multiple daily) trains to New Delhi, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Amritsar, Bhopal, Jhansi, Gwalior, Agra, Faridabad, Ambala, Ludhiana and Jalandhar, as well as to towns like Yadgir, Bidar and Raichur in Karnataka, Anantapur in Andhra Pradesh and Nizamabad in Telangana.

Weekly or multiple weekly train services connect Nanded to other major cities such as Kolkata, Chennai, Patna, Jaipur, Sriganganagar, Ajmer, Kota, Indore, Jabalpur, Vishakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Tirupati, Raipur, Bilaspur, Sambalpur, Rourkela, Madurai, Rameshwaram, Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Rajkot, Jamnagar, Varanasi, Allahabad, Dhanbad and several other towns along the way.

Air[edit]

Nanded's airport, the Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Airport is typically served by regularly scheduled seasonal flights to Mumbai and Delhi during the winter months. The airport also has a 'Night Landing Facility'.

University[edit]

Nanded city hosts Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University.It caters to Nanded,Latur,Parbhani and Hingoli districts .It was established in 1994 and named after Swami Ramanand Teerth.

Education[edit]

Nanded is is famous for its educational facilities and, with its 131 colleges with Nanded University, is known as a Educational Hub in Marathwada. Many of the students at the colleges and the University are from nearby districts.

SGGS Institute of Engineering and Technology, Nanded

Colleges[edit]

Colleges in Nanded-

Schools[edit]

  • Mahathma Phule High School, Nanded
  • Nagarjuna Public School, Nanded
  • Pratibhaniketan High School,Holi,Nanded
  • Faizul-Uloom High School & Jr. College, Nanded.
  • Gujrathi Highschool,Vazirabad,Nanded
  • MultiPurpose High School
  • Al-Suffa Urdu/English School & Jr. College, Nanded.
  • Dnyan Mata Vidhyamandir
  • Madhavrao Patil High School

Industries and Economy[edit]

MIDC[edit]

  • Jai Carporation Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Flamingo Pharmaceuticals, MIDC Krooshnoor NANDED
  • Kohinoor Feeds & Fats, MIDC Nanded
  • Sai Smaran Foods Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Maharashtra Krushi & Udyog Vikas Mahamandal, MIDC Nanded
  • Godavari Drugs Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • XL Telecom & Energies Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Tata Chemical Ltd, MIDC Nanded

Beside these major industries Nanded MIDC have few SME industries

Real Estate[edit]

Real estate in nanded is booming in recent years with large number of high rise apartments and commercial complex are being under construction, as the city is quickly spreading along its peripheral area the real estate industry is booming fast

Sports[edit]

Clubs, Stadiums and Sport Complexes[edit]

  • Rotary Club Nanded

www.rotarynanded.org

  • State of art Badminton Indoor Hall
  • Olympic (Sagare) Standard Swimming Pool
  • Sport Accommodation Complex for State and National level Matches

Total of five tennis courts are available in Nanded at Nanded club

Tourism[edit]

Nanded is one of the historical places in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra State. It is famous for Sikh Gurudwaras. Nanded is a town of great antiquity. It is said that during the Puranic days, Pandavas traveled through Nanded district. Nandas ruled over Nanded through generations. In 1708, Guru Gobind Singh the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs came over to Nanded, his permanent abode. It was he who preached amongst the Sikhs that there need not be any spiritual leader for them and they should take Granth Sahib as their leader. A monument has been constructed at the place where he died. A Gurdwara has also been constructed there. It is known as Hazur Sahib Nanded

Shri Hazur Sahib Gurudwara, Nanded panorama view
  • Nanded Fort :Situated 4 km away from the Nanded Railway Station, the Nanded Fort has a beautiful location. Sensuous Godavari River encloses the fort on three sides. There is a good garden and water works enhancing its natural beauty
  • MAHURGHAT

[1]

  • Satya Ganapati Temple - Satya Ganapati Mandir is one of the ancient temple is situated Dabhad village 9km away from Railway station and airport. The thousands of devotees visits every Chaturti for pooja of lord Ganesha.



TOURIST PLACES IN NANDED District.


Religious Places Other Places Sachkhand Gurudwara Mahurgad Kandhar Dargah Malegaon Yatra Masjid of Biloli Vishnupuri Dam Kandhar Fort Sahastrakund Waterfall Hottal Temple Unkeshwar Hot Springs

TOURIST PLACES NEAR NANDED

Aundha Nagnath Parli Vaijanath Bidar Gurudwara Basar Temple Narsi Namdev


Vishnupuri Dam

Constructed on the river Godavari, this is one of the largest lift irrigation projects in Asia. The project is situated near Asarjan village, at about 8 k.m. from Nanded city. The project was completed in the year 1988. The back water covers 40 k.m. length of the river Godavari. Culturable Command Area of project is 23222 Hec. and Irrigable Command Area is 19514 Hec. Up till now irrigation Potential of 15856 Hec. is created. The command area of this project is distributed in Nanded, Kandhar & Loha taluka of Nanded district. Live storage of project is 80.79 Million cubic meters Out of which 43.95 Million cubic meters storage is reserved for drinking purpose for Nanded city and 10.26 Million cubic meters storage is reserved for Industrial purpose. The barrage has 18 verticalThe idea of this project was put forward and pursued by former Chief Minister of Maharashtra late Shri. Shankarrao Chavan. Hence in his remembrance the Govt. of Maharashtra has named the water reservoir as the Shankar Sagar Jalashaya. With the huge water reservoir, presence of Kaleshwar temple, Landscaping, the Ghat and the Ratneshwari hills in the surrounding the place has been attracting pilgrims and tourists. Every year on the day of Mahashivratri lacks of pilgrims assemble for the Yatra. This is one of largest lift irrigation project in Asia sub-continent located on Godavari river. This project is named as Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Vishnupuri Project.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/357-nanded-waghala.html
  2. ^ "Nanded District - Historical Importance". India.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Maharashtra State Gazetteers: Nanded. Director of Government Printing, Stationery and Publications, Maharashtra State. 1971. pp. 4, 576. 
  4. ^ Proceedings - Indian History Congress. Indian History Congress. 2007. p. 331. 
  5. ^ Guruswamy, Mohan. "Police Action". Hyderabad on the Net. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.sciencecollegennd.org/