Nanded

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Nanded
नांदेड
city
Hazur Sahib Nanded Railway Station
Hazur Sahib Nanded Railway Station
Nickname(s): The City of sanskrit poets, City of Gurudwaras
Nanded is located in Maharashtra
Nanded
Nanded
Coordinates: 19°09′N 77°18′E / 19.15°N 77.30°E / 19.15; 77.30Coordinates: 19°09′N 77°18′E / 19.15°N 77.30°E / 19.15; 77.30
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Region Marathwada
District Nanded
Established 1610 A.D
Government
 • Type Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation
 • Body NWCMC
Area
 • city 119.80 km2 (46.26 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • city 650,554 (2,011)
 • Rank 71st
 • Urban 650,554
 • Metro[1] 826,000
Demonym Nandedkar
Languages
 • Official Marathi, Hindi, English, Urdu, Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 431 XXX
Telephone code 02462
Vehicle registration MH 26
Website nanded.nic.in[1]

Nanded (Marathi: नांदेड; Punjabi: ਨੰਦੇੜ; Urdu: ﻧﺎﻨﺪﻳﮍ) is the second largest city in the Marathwada Division of Maharashtra, India, and the headquarters of Nanded district. Nanded is of great historical significance for Sikhs, and it has many Sufi shrines as well.[2] The city is situated on the bank of the Godavari,

History[edit]

One of the oldest and historic cities in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, Nanded is situated on the north bank of the Godavari River.[3] The Nanda dynasty ruled over Nanded for generations in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. Nanded was also part of the Maurya Empire under Ashoka (c. 272 to 231 BCE).

Early mentions of Nanded and irrigation practices are found in the Lilacharitra, a treatise written about 700 years ago by Mhaimbhatta.[4] The city was formerly known as Nanditat (Marathi: नंदितट) according to a copper plate inscription found at Vasim. Nanded District and the adjoining areas were ruled over by the Andhrabhrtyas and Satvahanas during the first century AD.

Nanded was the capital of the district of Telangana under Aurangzeb.[3] In 1708, the year following Aurangzeb's death, Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs, came to Nanded. He proclaimed himself the last living Guru and established the Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru of Sikhism, elevating the reverence of the text to that of a living leader. Around 1835, Maharaja Ranjit Singh's oversaw the construction of a gurudwara at Nanded. Located at the site of Guru Gobind Singh's cremation, the gurudwara is part of the Hazur Sahib..

Nanded became part of the Hyderabad State in 1725 and continued to be part of the Nizam's dominions until 1948.[3] After India gained independence in 1947, the Indian Armed Forces annexed Hyderabad and ended the rule of the Nizam in Operation Polo,[5] making Nanded part of the new Hyderabad State. Nanded, being a Marathi speaking area, is part of Maharashtra, based on India's linguistic state formation.

Geography[edit]

Nanded is the second largest city Marathawada after Aurangabad. Nanded district borders Latur district and Parbhani district to the west and Yavatmal district to the north. Nanded district is one of the largest in the state, consisting of sixteen talukas. Nanded City is divided in two parts: Old Nanded (20.62 km2) on the north bank of Godavari River, and New Nanded (31.14 km2), comprising Waghala and six other newly merged villages which are situated on south of the Godavari river.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, Nanded had a population of 550,564. The municipality had a sex ratio of 924 females per 1,000 males, and 12.4% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 87.40%; male literacy was 92.68% and female literacy was 81.74%.[6]

Civic Administration[edit]

The city of Nanded is managed by Nanded Waghala City Municipal Corporation (NWCMC).The corporation consist of democratically elected members. The Corporation consist of 81 Members.

University[edit]

Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University is located in Nanded . Named after Swami Ramanand Teerth .It serves South Marathwada. Most colleges in Nanded are affiliated to University .University was established in 1994 .

Education[edit]

Nanded is Known for educational Hub in Marathwada. City is famous for Private coaching classes. Student from nearing districts studying at colleges of University. Many Engineering, Management colleges located in the city with Nanded University.

Colleges[edit]

Colleges in Nanded-

  • SGGS Nanded
  • Yeshwant Mahavidhyalaya
  • ITM Col
  • M G M college of Engg.
  • Matoshri Pratishthan COE
  • GMC
  • Rajv Gandhi College
  • N S B College

Reputed International School & Education Society.[edit]

Best School in Nanded
  1. Priyadarshini Memorial Trust,Ned
  2. Sharda Bhavan Education Socity
  3. Gyanmata Vidhyavihar
  4. Kids Kingdoms
  5. Prathibhanikatan High School
  6. Oxford International School
  7. Nagurjana Public school
  8. The Crescent Foundation Public School Sai Nagar
  9. National Girls High School

Industries and Economy[edit]

MIDC[edit]

FLAMINGO Pharmaceuticals

TATA Chemicals

KEERTI Foods

Dr. REDDY'S Laboratories

Godavari drugs

SEEPTA Steel

TATA Steel (Proposed) 2500 acre mega project

Real Estate[edit]

Real estate in nanded is booming in recent years with large number of high rise apartments and commercial complex are being under construction, as the city is quickly spreading along its peripheral area the real estate industry is booming fast

Malls, multiplex and shopping[edit]

TREASURE mall is second largest mall in marathwada

NEXT Electronics

PVR Cinemas (4 screen )

BIG Cinemas

MAX, BIG Bazaar

Ganesh Talkies

Shyam Talkies

Vazirabad is also famous for shopping and always crowded with shoppers

Sports[edit]

Clubs, Stadiums and Sport Complexes[edit]

Guru gobind singh cricket stadiun (being upgraded for national matches)

State of art Badminton indoor hall

olympic standard swimming pool

Sport accommodation complex for state or national matches

Recently a player from Nanded Quazi Shamshiddoha is selected in Maharashtra Ranji Team

Various sports competitions are regularly held in Nanded.

Tennis is also a very popular sport in Nanded. Total of 5 courts are available in Nanded at Nanded club

and Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya for playing tennis. Kaivalya kalamse is a star player of not only Nanded

but of Marathwada region.He plays professional tournaments arranged by All India Tennis Association.He

won the All India tournaments of age groups u-12, u-14,u-16 as well as of u-18 organised in

Maharashtra.Now he is of 15 years age.He is the pride of city.

Tourism[edit]

Huzur sahib Nanded is world famous for the Sachkhand gurudwara, millions of tourists visit nanded every year

Mahur is famous for Renuka devi mandir

Sahastrakund waterfall

old nanded fort

Kandhar fort

MAHURGHAT Kandhar Dargah

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paper 2 – Cities having population 1 million and above – 2011 census
  2. ^ "Nanded District - Historical Importance". India.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Maharashtra State Gazetteers: Nanded. Director of Government Printing, Stationery and Publications, Maharashtra State. 1971. pp. 4, 576. 
  4. ^ Proceedings - Indian History Congress. Indian History Congress. 2007. p. 331. 
  5. ^ Guruswamy, Mohan. "Police Action". Hyderabad on the Net. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.