||This article may contain original research. (June 2012)|
Huzur sahib nanded
|— Metropolitan city —|
|Nickname(s): The City of sanskrit poets, Historical City of Maharastra.|
|• Mayor||Abdul Sattar|
|• Metropolitan city||196.84 km2 (76.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||568 m (1,864 ft)|
|• Metropolitan city||630,000|
|• Density||3,200/km2 ( 8,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||MH 26|
Nanded (Marathi: नांदेड; Punjabi: ਨੰਦੇੜ; Urdu: ﻧﺎﻨﺪﻳﮍ) is the headquarters of Nanded district in the Marathwada Division of Maharashtra. Nanded is considered an important holy place for adherents of the Sikh faith; its best known landmark is the Hazur Sahib Gurudwara, a former Sikh palace. Nanded is also the holy place for Hindus as it has Renukadevi shaktipeetha temple at Mahur. City is situated on the bank of River Godavari which is one of the prime river in India. Nanded has many Sufi shrines as well.
One of the oldest cities in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, Nanded is situated on the north bank of the Godavari River. The Nanda dynasty ruled over Nanded for generations in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. Nanded was also part of the Maurya Empire under Ashoka (c. 272 to 231 BCE).
Early mentions of Nanded are found in the Lilacharitra, a treatise written about 700 years ago by Mhaimbhatta. The city was formerly known as Nanditat (Marathi: नंदितट) according to a copper plate inscription found at Vasim. Nanded District and the adjoining areas were ruled over by the Andhrabhrtyas and Satvahanas during the first century AD.
Nanded was the capital of the district of Telangana under Aurangzeb. In 1708, the year following Aurangzeb's death, Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs, came to Nanded. He proclaimed himself the last living Guru and established the Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru of Sikhism, elevating the reverence of the text to that of a living leader. Around 1835, Maharaja Ranjit Singh's oversaw the construction of a gurudwara at Nanded. Located at the site of Guru Gobind Singh's cremation, the gurudwara is part of the Hazur Sahib..
Nanded became part of the Hyderabad State in 1725 and continued to be part of the Nizam's dominions until 1948. After India gained independence in 1947, the Indian Armed Forces annexed Hyderabad and ended the rule of the Nizam in Operation Polo, making Nanded part of the new Hyderabad State. Nanded being Marathi speaking area, is part of Maharashtra based on India's linguistic state formation.
Nanded is the second largest city Marathawada after Aurangabad. Nanded district borders Latur district and Parbhani district to the west and Yavatmal district to the north. Nanded district is one of the largest in the state, consisting of sixteen talukas.
Nanded City is divided in two parts: Old Nanded (20.62 km2) on the north bank of Godavari River, and New Nanded (31.14 km2), comprising Waghala and six other newly merged villages which are situated on south of the Godavari river.
As of the[update] 2011 census, Nanded had a population of 750,564. The municipality had a sex ratio of 924 females per 1,000 males, and 12.4% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 87.40%; male literacy was 92.68% and female literacy was 81.74%.
Municipal corporation 
The Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation was established on 26 March 1997. It is constituted under the provisions of the Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporations Act of 1949 and is governed by the provisions of 74th Constitutional Amendments Act 1992 (CAA). Its jurisdiction includes the Waghala Municipal Council and the villages of Vasarni, Kautha, Asarjan, Fatehjangpur, and Asadwan. The Indian National Congress is the ruling party in the municipal corporation.Abdul Sttar is the mayor.
Nanded Airport, formally known as Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Airport, offers daily flights to Mumbai, Nagpur, Trivandrum, and Delhi. The nearest international airport is Hyderabad, 284 kilometres away. Nanded has the distinction of having Marathwada's first airport. It was renovated in 2008 at a cost of 940 million rupees.
Nanded (NED) is the divisional headquarters of the Nanded Division of the South Central Railway (SCR) zone of Indian Railways. It is one of the most important Railway station in Maharashtra which is connected to major cities in India. Direct trains are available to Nanded from Mumbai, Hyderabad, Delhi, Amritsar, Aurangabad, Pune, Bangalore, Nagpur, Visakhapatnam, Kolkata, Tirupati, Patna, Sambalpur, Rameswaram, Ajmer, Sri Ganganagar and Thiruvananthapuram.
Nanded is 651 kilometres southeast of Mumbai by road. It is on National Highway 222, about a five-hour drive from Aurangabad and an eleven-hour drive from Pune. Several passenger bus services operate from Nanded providing overnight service to most major cities in Maharashtra. In 2009, NHAI has announced the extension of existing NH 204 National Highway 204 which passes through Nanded city which connects Kolhapur-Solapur-Latur-Nanded-Yavatmal-Wardha to the NH 7 near Nagpur.
Religious places 
Tourist places 
Industry and economy 
Nanded is a rapidly growing city, supporting industries such as textiles, sugar, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals. Major agricultural crops in the area include cotton and banana; the city is the second largest trading market in Maharashtra after Navi Mumbai. Other commercial sectors such as insurance, banking, and construction are also flourishing.
Nanded has a cosmopolitan culture with significant populations of Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Jains. It is the birthplace of Sanskrit poets Vishnupant Sesa, Raguhunath Sesa, and Vaman Pandit. Other literary figures associated with Nanded include Narhar Ambadas Kurundkar and W.R. Kant, a Marathi poet. The painter Tryambak Vasekar was also from the Nanded area.drama writer Datta Bhagat and Marathi Gramin Poet Jagdish Kadam is also from Nanded.
Partially due to the city's association with Guru Gobind Singh, Nanded at the banks of the holy Godavari river, the city has several historical gurudwaras, including Nagina Ghat, Banda Ghat, Shikaar Ghat, Nanak Pur Saheb, Mal Tekdi Saheb, Sangat Saheb, Heera Ghat, Mata Saheb and Kaleshwar. Additionally, three gurudwaras Langar Saheb, Nanak Sar and Ratan Garh have been constructed in recent times.
Religion and languages 
About 53 percent of Nanded's population is Hindu and 33 percent is Muslim. Buddhists constitute 8.6% and other minorities like Sikhs, Christians make up the rest of the population. Major language is Marathi. Other languages include 17% Punjabi- or Hindi-speaking Sikhs. There is also a substantial number of Kannada and Telugu speakers.
Nanded has three daily newspapers, including Godatir samachar ,Daily "Times of Gourav" and Prajawani. Several Marathi newspapers have offices in Nanded, such as Sakal, Loksatta, Lokmat, Kesari, Deshonnati, and the Maharashtra Times. The city is also served by Pune editions of Waraqu-e-Taza (Urdu), Dainik Bhaskar (Hindi), and English dailies such as The Times of India, Indian Express, Lokmat Times, and the Sakaal Times.NANDED TIMES is largest circulating urdu daily of nanded city.
Nanded has a history as a city of education, especially in the instruction of Sanskrit. The following educational institutions are located in Nanded:
- Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University
- Agricultural College
- Dr. Hansraj Vaidya Homeopathic College
- Government Adhyapak Mahavidyalaya
- Government Ayurvedic College & Hospital
- Government College of Education
- Government ITI
- Government Medical College and Research Institute
- Government Polytechnic College
- Gramin Polytechnic College
- Indira Gandhi Mahavidyalaya
- Jawaharlal Neharu College of Social Work
- Kalamaharshi Tryambak Vasekar Chitrakala Mahavidyalaya
- Kusumtai Chavan D.Ed College
- Mahatma Gandhi Mission's College of Engineering
- Mahatma Gandhi Mission's College of Computer Science & IT
- Mahatma Gandhi Mission's College of Fine Arts
- Mahatma Gandhi Mission's College Of Journalism
- Mahatma Gandhi Mission's College of Library & Information Science
- Matoshri Pratisthan's Group of Institutions (Integrated Campus), Jijau Nagar
- Nandigram Institute of Management Studies
- N.C. Law College
- N.E.S.'s Peoples College
- N.E.S.'s Science College
- N.S.B College
- P.G.S.M. College of Technology (Wi-Fi Campus)
- Pratibha Niketan College
- Rajiv Gandhi College Of Computer Science & Management
- Sahyog Sewabhavi Sanstha's Indira College of Pharmacy
- S.B.E.C.'s Institute of Technology and Management
- S.B.E.C.'S Pharmacy College
- S.B.E.C.'s Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya
- Shivaji Law College
- Shri Guru Gobind Singhji Institute of Engineering & Technology
- S.N. Law College
- Sharadchandra Pawar Law College
- Vasantrao Naik Mahavidyalaya
- Vivekanand Institute of Technology & Management (VITM)
Nanded has a hot semiarid climate (Köppen BSh). The area experiences very high temperatures in April and May, heavy rains in August and September, and frost in December and January. Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Average annual rainfall is 725 mm.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
|Climate data for Nanded|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.2
|Average low °C (°F)||10.1
|Precipitation mm (inches)||8.9
|Source: Government of Maharashtra|
See Also 
- Paper 2 – Cities having population 1 million and above – 2011 census
- nanded, history. "Nanded District - Historical Importance". india.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
- Guruswamy, Mohan. "Police Action". Hyderabad on the Net. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- places, nanded. "Nanded District - Home Page". india.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
- Mendelsohn, O., Vicziany, M., (1998). The Untouchables Subordination, Poverty and the State in Modern India, Cambridge University Press, pp 73-75
||Parbhani, Aurangabad||Hingoli, Akola||Yavatmal, Nagpur|
|Purna, Pune, Mumbai||Mudkhed, Bodhan,Nizamabad|
|Latur, Solapur||Degloor, Bidar||Dharmabad, Hyderabad|