|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2010)|
|Elevation||347 m (1,138 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||MH 22|
Parbhani (Marathi: परभणी parbhani, IPA [pərbhNi] (help·info)) is a city in Parbhani district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Parbhani, formerly known as “Prabhavatinagar”, is a city in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarters of Parbhani District.
Parbhani is situated approximately at the centre of Maharashtra. The state capital, Mumbai lies to the west of Parbhani. The nearest major city is Nanded and Aurangabad. Parbhani is well connected by road to other major cities also in Maharashtra and even in the neighbouring state of Andhra Pradesh. Parbhani is an important Railway junction on the Mumbai-Parbhani-Nanded-Secunderabad and Parli-Nanded-Parbhani-Bangalore lines.
Marathwada Agricultural University (MAU) Parbhani is one of four Agri-Universities in the State of Maharashtra. Prior to original Maharashtra Agricultural University, it was established on May 18, 1972 to fulfil the regional aspirations of agrarian growth. It is entrusted with the responsibilities to pro- vide education in agriculture and allied fields, undertake research and facilitate technology transfer in Marathwada region of Maharashtra. The first college of Agriculture was established in this region at Parbhani in 1956 by Hyderabad State Govern- ment just before State reorganization. During Nizam's rule, however, agricultural education was available only at Hyd- erabad but crop research centres viz., sorghum, cotton, fruits existed in the region. The foundation of research was laid by the erstwhile Nizam State with commencement of the Main Experimental Farm at Parbhani in 1918. The famous 'Gaorani' desi cotton is the result of the research on cotton and local sorghum cultivars were improved by selec- tion by the then Economic Botanist. Since then Parbhani remain the hub of educational, research and extension activ- ities in Marathwada.facilitate technology transfer, etc. It is the only agricultural university in India where all the branches of Agricultural Sciences are taught. College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Parbhani is located here which is one of the constituent Veterinary Colleges coming under the authority of Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur from 2000. Earlier this college was established in 1972 as a part of MAU.
Parbhani has its share in Hindu theology. The Hindu saint who is considered to be the reincarnation of the Dattatraya in Hindu theology, Shri Shirdi Saibaba, was said to be born in this district at a place called Pathri-about 45 km from Parbhani. A Jain temple at Jintur is 40 km away. A village named Mudgal (Tq. Pathri) the only place in India where Vishnu (Mudgal Narsimha) and Shiva (Mudgaleshwar) are worshiped together. Pokharni, a place around 19 km to the south of Parbhani has a famous Lord Narshima temple. Selu is 45 km towards Aurangabad where a temple of Shri Keshavraj Babasaheb is, who was Guru of Shri SaiBaba. Selu is an important railway station on the Mumbai-Secundrabad rail line.
Notable temples in Parbhani include Shree Motha Maruti(at Deshmukh Galli) (a temple of Lord Hanuman) which is famous in the city, Shree Supari Hanuman Mandir, Jabreshwar (at Wadgalli).Ashtbhuja Mandir is at Gandhi Park, Pardeshwar Temple and Beleshwar Mahadev Temple are known for the worship of Lord Mahadev (also known as Bhagwan Shankar). The Naag Temple is also present in Parbhani, near the Temple of Lord Shani. Shri Siddhivinayak Ganpati Temple at vidyanagar is one of the important and famous temple in the City.Recentely atemple of Goddess Maata Hingulambika'S temple is constructed by bhavsar community behind Shri Datta Dham on Vasmath Road.Originally the temple of Maa Hingulambika is at Baluchisthan in Pakistan,and the pilgrims knows her as Nani-Maa there.
The Dargah of Hazarat Turabul Haq Shah( Turatpir ) is located in Parbhani Town. The Dargah consists of the tomb of Hazrat Turabal Haq Shah, a Muslim saint who lived here during the last days of his life. The Dargah is famous for a fair Urs of Shah Turabul Haq is an important festival where people of all religions come together and celebrate for a week (usually start from 2nd Feb to 10th Feb).In Pathri tehasil of Parbhani district there are three important places: Sai Baba of Shirdi temple in Pathri, Datta temple in Gunj(khurd) and Renuka Devi temple at Pedgaon.
Parbhani is located at  It has an average elevation of 347metres . In the northeast of district on the boundary of Hingoli district and Parbhani district there is extension of Ajanta ranges called Nirmal Hills. The main river in the district is Godavari which flows from Pathri,Manwat,Sonpeth,Gangakhed,Purna taluka of Parbhani district.Other rivers are Purna and Dudhana which are tributaries of Godavari..
DAMS:- 1) YELDARI DAM which is on Purna river.
2) LOWER DUDHANA DAM which is on Dudhana river. 3) MUDGAL BARRAGE on Godavari river. 4) MASOLI MEDIUM PROJECT on Masoli river 5) KARPARA MEDIUM PROJECT on Karpara river.
|Climate data for Parbhani|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.0
|Average low °C (°F)||13.8
|Precipitation mm (inches)||2.1
In the book of history, it has been noted in the treaty between Sadashivrao Bhau and Nizam of Hyderabad at the conclusion of battle of Udgir by which Peshwa received revenue from the town. After this, Peshwa went to fight third battle of Panipat in 1761. Parbhani languished for over 650 years under Muslim rule, under the Sultans, the Mughals and later the Nizam. The town remained a part of the Hyderabad State under the rulership of the Nizam until Operation Polo of the Indian Army in 1948. Thereafter it became a part of the independent Republic of India. Until 1956 the town remained a part of Hyderabad State within India. Under the administrative reforms that year and the break-up of the State of Hyderabad, Parbhani and the adjacent towns were transferred to the multilingual Bombay State. Since 1960 it has been a part of Maharashtra state. Historically name Parbhani is derived from "Prabhavati Nagari" named after goddess "Prabhavati" meaning Goddess with great aura.
According to 2011 census population of Parbhani city is 3,07,191 and is officially accorded city status by establishing municipal corporation.Male and female are 157,628 and 149,563 respectively. The sex ratio of Parbhani city is 949 per 1000 males. In education section, total literates in Parbhani city are 225,298 of which 123,760 are males while 101,538 are females. Average literacy rate of Parbhani city is 84.34 percent of which male and female literacy was 90.71 and 77.70 percent. Total children (0-6) in Parbhani city are 40,075 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 21,187 boys while 18,888 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 891 per 1000 boys.  
The condition of healthcare in Parbhani is very good. Though high-end facilities are not available, essential basic needs of healthcare can be easily fulfilled. A number of intensive care units & Has 2 Multi-Super Specialty Hospitals are currently being opened up in Parbhani City has district civil hospital with 412 beds and separate women hospital as well as Govt. orthopaedic hospital are available .
Nearest airport is at Nanded, roughly 67 km from Parbhani. (Parbhani Airport under progress at National High Way No. 222) Parbhani is well connected by railway to New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangaluru, Hyderabad, Secundrabad, Aurangabad, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Sachkhand, Agra, Bhopal, . Its a junction connecting Manmad-Secunderbad line to Parbhani-Parli-Latur line. Like most other district places, MSRTC connects Parbhani to other major cities in the Maharashtra state.
There are high quality education facilities in Parbhani. There are well-reputed schools,Has number of CBSE affiliated Schools good colleges and most importantly an agricultural university. Besides boys there were 41 girls under instructions for primary education in 1903.
Most famous school is Bal Vidya Mandir Highschool. There are few others too, like..
- Blooming Buds English School, Kolha, Tq: Manvat Dist: Parbhani 
- Queens English School (CBSE)
- Oasis English School (CBSE)
- Varad Ganesh Primery school,Beleshwar Nagar,Parbhani(Marathi)
- Podar International School (CBSE)
- Late.Raosaheb Jamkar secondary & higher secondary school.
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Parbhani(JNV)
- Gitanjali vidhyalaya
- St. Augustine High School.
- IQRA URDU PRIMERY SCHOOL
- Bal Vidya Mandir
- Akashkanya Kalpana Chavla school.
- Gandhi Vidyalaya
- Vishwashanti Dnyanpeeth High School & Junior College.
- Marathwada high school
- Swami Vivekananda School
- Shri Sarang Swami Vidyalay
- Bharatiya Bal Vidya Mandir
- Model Urdu School
- Moidul-Muslimeen High School
- Dr. Zakir Hussain High School
- Abhinav Vidya Vihar
- Maulana Azad Pri & High School
- Nutan Vidya Mandir
- Model English High School
- Aurbindo Aksharjyoti English School
- Aksharnandan school
- Silver Spring school
- Aditya Primary English school
- Little Angel's English School, Raviraj Park
- Jyotirgamaya English School, Raviraj Park
- Balgopal Pre Primary School, Vaibhav Nagar, PBN
- Bakle English School
- Suyog English School, Shanti Nagar, Darga Road
- Pardeshwar vidya mandir
- Presidency English High School
- Moidul Muslimeen Primary School Kachi Bazar PBN(since 1921)
- Haji Mohammad Padela Primary School Subedar Nagar PBN.
Some of the colleges are
- Beleshwar Institute of Nursing(Basic B.Sc/RGNM/RANM)Beleshwar Nagar,Parbhani 02452-222280
- Beleshwar college Of BCA & MCM,Beleshwar Nagar Parbhani 02452-222240
- Marathwada Agricultural University (MAU)
- College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences,MAFSU,Parbhani
- Shri Shivaji Law College, Vasmat Road, Parbhani
- Omkareshwar Jr.College Parbhani (Independent)
- Bal Vidya Mandir jr. college, Parbhani.
- Queens Junior College
- College of Agriculture, MAU, Parbhani
- College of Horticulture, MAU, Parbhani
- Govt. College of Food Technology
- Govt. College of Agricultural Engineering, MAU, Parbhani
- Govt. College of Home Science
- Vishwashanti Dnyanpeeth Junior College[ISO 9001:2008 Certified]
- Shree Shivaji College Of Arts, Commerce, and Science
- Dnyanopasak College Of Arts, Commerce, Science, and Technology
- Sitaramji Mundada Marathwada Poly
- Dr. Zakir Hussain college of Arts, Science and Commerce
- Saraswati Dhanwantari Dental College Saraswati-Dhanwantari Dental College and Hospital
- Yeshwant College of Information Technology, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
- M.G.M. College of CS & IT
- Shri Guru Budhhi Swami mahavidyalaya Purna JN.
- Sant Tukaram Jr. College Parbhani
- Haji Mohammad Padela Jr College Of Science Osmaniya Colony Parbhani
- Namantar Andolan
- Mendelsohn, O., Vicziany, M., (1998). The Untouchables Subordination, Poverty and the State in Modern India, Cambridge University Press, pp 73-75
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Parbhani
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 19, 410–416.
6.http://mkv2.mah.nic.in/doe/maufrgen.html Rajiv Gandhi college of food Technology