|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2010)|
|City and District Headquarters|
|Elevation||347 m (1,138 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||MH 22|
Parbhani (Marathi: परभणी (parbhani, IPA [pərbhNi] (help·info)) is a city in Parbhani district in the Western Indian state of Maharashtra. Parbhani, formerly known as “Prabhavati nagar”, is a city in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarters of Parbhani District.
Parbhani is situated approximately at the centre of Maharashtra. The state capital, Mumbai lies to the west of Parbhani. The nearest major city is Nanded and Aurangabad. Parbhani is well connected by road to other major cities also in Maharashtra and even in the neighbouring state of Andhra Pradesh. Parbhani is an important Railway junction on the Mumbai-Parbhani-Nanded-Secunderabad and Parli-Nanded-Parbhani-Bangalore lines.
Parbhani has its share in Hindu theology. The Hindu saint who is considered to be the reincarnation of the Dattatraya in Hindu theology, Shri Shirdi Saibaba, was said to be born in this district at a place called Pathri-about 45 km from Parbhani. A Jain temple at Jintur is 40 km away. A village named Mudgal (Tq. Pathri) the only place in India where Vishnu (Mudgal Narsimha) and Shiva (Mudgaleshwar) are worshiped together. Pokharni, a place around 19 km to the south of Parbhani has a famous Lord Narshima temple. Selu is 45 km towards Aurangabad where a temple of Shri Keshavraj Babasaheb is, who was Guru of Shri SaiBaba. Selu is an important railway station on the Mumbai-Secundrabad rail line.
Notable temples in Parbhani include Shree Motha Maruti(at Deshmukh Galli) (a temple of Lord Hanuman) which is famous in the city, Shree Supari Hanuman Mandir, Jabreshwar (at Wadgalli).Ashtbhuja Mandir is at Gandhi Park, Pardeshwar Temple and Beleshwar Mahadev Temple are known for the worship of Lord Mahadev (also known as Bhagwan Shankar). The Naag Temple is also present in Parbhani, near the Temple of Lord Shani. Shri Siddhivinayak Ganpati Temple at vidyanagar is one of the important and famous temple in the City.Recentely a temple of Goddess Maata Hingulambika'S temple is constructed by bhavsar community behind Shri Datta Dham on Vasmath Road.Originally the temple of Maa Hingulambika is at Baluchisthan in Pakistan,and the pilgrims knows her as Nani-Maa there. . Hazarat Shah Turabul Haq Dargah( Turatpir ) is located in Parbhani Town. The Dargah consists of the tomb of Hazrat Turabal Haq Shah, a Muslim saint who lived here during the last days of his life. The Dargah is famous for a fair Urs of Shah Turabul Haq is an important festival where people of all religions come together and celebrate for a week (usually start from 2nd Feb to 15th Feb).In Pathri tehasil of Parbhani district there are three important places: Sai Baba of Shirdi temple in Pathri, Datta temple in Gunj(khurd) and Renuka Devi temple at Pedgaon.
Parbhani is located at  It has an average elevation of 347metres . In the northeast of district on the boundary of Hingoli district and Parbhani district there is extension of Ajanta ranges called Nirmal Hills. The main river in the district is Godavari which flows from Pathri,Manwat,Sonpeth,Gangakhed,Purna taluka of Parbhani district.Other rivers are Purna and Dudhana which are tributaries of Godavari..
- YELDARI DAM which is on Purna river.
- LOWER DUDHANA DAM which is on Dudhana river.
- MUDGAL BARRAGE on Godavari river.
- MASOLI MEDIUM PROJECT on Masoli river
- KARPARA MEDIUM PROJECT on Karpara river.
|Climate data for Parbhani (1961–1990)|
|Record high °C (°F)||37.0
|Average high °C (°F)||30.0
|Average low °C (°F)||11.0
|Record low °C (°F)||2.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||5.7
|Avg. rainy days||0.4||0.4||0.8||0.8||1.8||8.8||10.8||11.2||8.9||3.2||0.8||0.7||48.6|
|Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)|
In the book of history, it has been noted in the treaty between Sadashivrao Bhau and Nizam of Hyderabad at the conclusion of battle of Udgir by which Peshwa received revenue from the town. After this, Peshwa went to fight third battle of Panipat in 1761. Parbhani languished for over 650 years under Muslim rule, under the Sultans, the Mughals and later the Nizam. The town remained a part of the Hyderabad State under the rulership of the Nizam until Operation Polo of the Indian Army in 1948. Thereafter it became a part of the independent Republic of India. Until 1956 the town remained a part of Hyderabad State within India. Under the administrative reforms that year and the break-up of the State of Hyderabad, Parbhani and the adjacent towns were transferred to the multilingual Bombay State. Since 1960 it has been a part of Maharashtra state and One memorable thing is that The Marathwada Mukti Sangram Andolan(Protest)Was started from Kranti Chawk Of Parbhani and Parbhani Had played a lead role in (Protest)Andolan . Historically name Parbhani is derived from "Prabhavati Nagari" named after goddess "Prabhavati" meaning Goddess with great aura.
According to the 2011 census, the population of Parbhani city is 3,07,191 and it was officially accorded city status by establishing a municipal corporation. Male and female populations are 157,628 and 149,563 respectively, a ratio of 949 females per 1000 males. The average literacy rate of Parbhani city is 84.34 percent (225,298 people), with male literacy at 90.71 percent and female at 77.70 percent. Children (aged 0-6 years) in Parbhani city total 40,075 according to the Census India report published in 2011. There were 21,187 boys and 18,888 are girls, a ratio of 981 girls per 1000 boys.  
The condition of healthcare in Parbhani is very good. Though high-end facilities are not available, essential basic needs of healthcare can be easily fulfilled. A number of intensive care units & Has 2 Multi-Super Specialty Hospitals are currently being opened up in Parbhani City has district civil hospital with 412 beds and separate women hospital as well as Govt. orthopaedic hospital are available .
Demand for Nanded-Aurangabad Industrial Corridor
Parbhani city is situated on the route of two regional big cities Aurangabad and Nanded, so there has been constant demand for creation of new industrial zone named Nanded-Aurangabad Industrial Corridor which will connect to Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project. This project will not only help Parbhani to develop but it will promote industrial growth in entire Marathwada.
Since 1989, Parbhani is stronghold of Shiv Sena both in Maharashtra Legislative Assembly elections and in Lok Sabha elections for Indian Parliament. Politics of Parbhani is mainly religious politics, Ministry of Minority Affairs declared Parbhani as Minority Concentration District as Muslims makes 15.97% of the population, so religious polarization is common phenomenon of Parbhani politics. Religious politics have restricted developmental growth of Parbhani.
Nearest airport is at Aurangabad. (Parbhani Airport under progress at National High Way No. 222) Parbhani is well connected by railway to New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangaluru, Hyderabad, Secundrabad, Aurangabad, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Sachkhand, Agra, and Bhopal. It is a junction connecting Manmad-Secunderbad line to Parbhani-Parli-Latur line.
Like most other district places, MSRTC connects Parbhani to other major cities in the Maharashtra state.
Parbhani has a National Highway No.222.
- Azad Educational & Welfare Society, Iqbal Nagar, Parbhani
- Abacus Bright Career Development & Entrepreneur Foundation, Parbhani
- Faizan Education & Welfare Society, Parbhani
- Socio Economic Development Trust, Dreamland, Kerwadi Ta. Palam Dist. Parbhani
There are high quality education facilities in Parbhani. There are well-reputed schools,Has number of CBSE affiliated Schools good colleges and most importantly an agricultural university. Besides boys there were 41 girls under instructions for primary education in 1903.
Marathwada Agricultural University (MAU) Parbhani is one of four Agri-Universities in the State of Maharashtra. Prior to original Maharashtra Agricultural University, it was established on May 18, 1972 to fulfil the regional aspirations of agrarian growth. It is entrusted with the responsibilities to pro- vide education in agriculture and allied fields, undertake research and facilitate technology transfer in Marathwada region of Maharashtra. The first college of Agriculture was established in this region at Parbhani in 1956 by Hyderabad State Government just before State reorganization. During Nizam's rule, however, agricultural education was available only at Hyderabad but crop research centres viz., sorghum, cotton, fruits existed in the region. The foundation of research was laid by the erstwhile Nizam State with commencement of the Main Experimental Farm at Parbhani in 1918. The famous 'Gaorani' desi cotton is the result of the research on cotton and local sorghum cultivars were improved by selec- tion by the then Economic Botanist. Since then Parbhani remain the hub of educational, research and extension activ- ities in Marathwada.facilitate technology transfer, etc. It is the only agricultural university in India where all the branches of Agricultural Sciences are taught. College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Parbhani is located here which is one of the constituent Veterinary Colleges coming under the authority of Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur from 2000. Earlier this college was established in 1972 as a part of MAU.
Some of the major colleges are
- shree shivaji college of engineering and management
- P.D. Jain Homoeopathic Medical College, Vakil Colony Parbhani
- Beleshwar Institute of Nursing(Basic B.Sc/RGNM/RANM)Beleshwar Nagar,Parbhani
- Beleshwar college Of BCA & MCM,Beleshwar Nagar Parbhani
- Marathwada Agricultural University (MAU)
- College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences,MAFSU,Parbhani
- Shri Shivaji Law College, Vasmat Road, Parbhani
- Bal Vidya Mandir jr. college, Parbhani.
- College of Agriculture, MAU, Parbhani
- College of Horticulture, MAU, Parbhani
- Govt. College of Food Technology
- Govt. College of Agricultural Engineering, MAU, Parbhani
- Govt. College of Home Science
- Vishwashanti Dnyanpeeth Junior College [ISO 9001:2008 Certified]
- Shree Shivaji College Of Arts, Commerce, and Science
- Dnyanopasak College Of Arts, Commerce, Science, and Technology
- Sitaramji Mundada Marathwada Poly
- Dr. Zakir Hussain college of Arts, Science and Commerce
- Saraswati Dhanwantari Dental College
- Yeshwant College of Information Technology, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
- M.G.M. College of CS & IT
- Shri Guru Budhhi Swami mahavidyalaya Purna JN.
- Sant Tukaram Jr. College Parbhani
- Haji Mohammad Padela Jr College Of Science Osmaniya Colony Parbhani
- Namantar Andolan
- Mendelsohn, O., Vicziany, M., (1998). The Untouchables Subordination, Poverty and the State in Modern India, Cambridge University Press, pp 73-75
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Parbhani
- "Parbhani Climatological Table Period: 1961–1990". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 19, 410–416.
6.http://mkv2.mah.nic.in/doe/maufrgen.html Rajiv Gandhi college of food Technology