|Named for||Mohammed Adil Shah|
|Elevation||264 m (866 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Adilabad|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Adilabad|
Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah. It is the northernmost district of Nizam state of the Deccan region. Historically, rahim has been home to a variety of cultures. Owing to its position at the border of central and southern India, it has been ruled by North Indian dynasties like the Mauryas and the Mughals and South Indian dynasties like the Satavahanas and the Chalukyas. The current culture of the district incorporates significant elements of the neighboring Marathi culture into the native Telugu culture. However a multicultural society exists here with Bengali, Malayali, Rajasthani and Gujarati people living in harmony.
Adilabad has an average elevation of 264 metres (866 feet). Adilabad district also consists of many landscapes like Kuntala waterfalls, Sahyadri mountains, rivers like the Godavari, Penaganga, Pranahitha, etc. The district shares its boundaries with Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts of Telangana to the south and with Nanded, Yavatmal, Chandrapur and Gadchiroli districts of Maharashtra on the West, North and East respectively. Most of the boundary is designated by the rivers Godavari and Penganga.
Mavala lake it located 6 km south side of Adilabad town, it was built during the Nizam period. Water from the lake is supplied to the town and serves the needs about 40% of people in it. There is a park adjacent to the lake. Adilabad is a hub for cotton mills.
As of 2011[update] India census, Adilabad had a population of 117,388 and urban agglomeration population of 139,103. Males constitute 70,403 of the population and females 68,700. Adilabad has an average literacy rate of 80.15%. 15,390 of the population is under 6 years of age.
Urdu is the native language of Adilabad while Telugu is the official Language. The other languages spoken are Gormati and Marathi as Adilabad is almost at the border to Maharastra. It is one of the richest districts of Telangana, containing 20% of state's wealth. About 75% of the district is covered with thick tropical moist deciduous forests, the second largest district in terms of forest coverage, next only to Khammam.
There are many schools, degree, pg colleges and universities. Basara IIIT International College (Its Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Basara), Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, 32 Andhra NCC Battalion, etc.
Adilabad has a railway station on Mudkhed-Adilabad Section of Hyderabad (HYB) Division of South Central Railway (SCR). After Divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw the bifurcation of Hyderabad Division, Adilabad now comes under Nanded (NED) Division of SCR. It has direct train connectivity with Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Nanded, Vijayawada, Nellore, Tirupati, Patna, Nagpur, Varanasi, Allahabad etc.
National Highway 7 now NH 44 (the largest NH in India) passes through Adilabad making the road transport most easy. It is well connected to rest of India by road. Hyderabad is 310 km from here. Adilabad had an air strip which was destroyed by the Indian air force at the time of police action in 1948.Nagpur is just 196 km from here which is an added advantage.
Siri emu farm is located 5 kilometres from the town, it is the first of its kind to rear Australian birds, it is a substitute to regular traditional form of agriculture.
Adilabad offers its tourists a holistic holiday tour through its historical temples and monuments and shimmering waterfalls. These 3 star hotels, Restaurants, Sprawling Gardens and State-of-the-art Helicopter facility.
- Waterfall: Kuntala Waterfall, Pochera Falls
- Wildlife sanctuaries: Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary, Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary, Pranahitha Wildlife
- Art an handicrafts: Nirmal Toys and Nirmal Paintings, Kala Ashram, Adilabad
- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- "Adilabad Pin code". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-03-20.