Roller derby in the United States

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Roller derby in the United States
Two women's league roller derby skaters leap over two who have fallen in a 1950 bout in New York City.

The growing popularity of roller skating in the United States led to the formation of organized multi-day endurance races for cash prizes, as early as the mid-1880s.[1][2][3] Speed and endurance races continued to be held on both flat and banked tracks in the century's first three decades[4] and spectators enjoyed the spills and falls of the skaters.[5][6] The term derby was used to refer to such races by 1922.[7]

Associations[edit]

There are a multitude of roller derby associations in the United States.

Leagues[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Remarkable roller-skating feat.". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 13, 1884. p. 10. 
  2. ^ "A six-day roller skate race.". Chicago Daily Tribune. March 2, 1885. p. 10. 
  3. ^ "On rollers for six days: beginning the race at the Madison-Square Garden. Thirty-six entries, including Frank Hart and several champions—cheering the start.". New York Times. March 2, 1885. p. 10. 
  4. ^ "Roller marathon thrills and jars: 100 boys meet with adventures and tumbles in West Side Boulevard race. Dodge cars and autos. But records are smashed by contestants in red tights, overalls, etc.". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 27, 1908. p. 5. 
  5. ^ "Roller skating on banked track: old-time sport is revived with speed contests at the Garden". New York Times. December 17, 1922. p. 11. 
  6. ^ "24-hour roller race: Ollie Moore will be teamed with Willie Blackburn at Garden". New York Times. December 17, 1914. p. S2. 
  7. ^ "Roller derby on tomorrow". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 24, 1922. p. 20. 
  8. ^ http://www.teamusa.org/USA-Roller-Sports.aspx
  9. ^ http://www2.teamusa.org/USA-Roller-Sports/Resources/Member-Lists.aspx
  10. ^ http://www.wftda.com
  11. ^ http://wftda.com/leagues
  12. ^ "Men's Roller Derby Association: Home". Mensderbycoalition.com. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  13. ^ http://www.mensderbycoalition.com/leagues/
  14. ^ "Junior Roller Derby Association". Juniorrollerderby.org. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Modern Athletic Derby Endeavor (MADE)". Skatemade.org. Retrieved Feb 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Duke City Derby (league-run site)". 
  17. ^ "Aloha City Rollers(league-run site)". 
  18. ^ "Rage City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  19. ^ "Undead Bettys (league-run site)". 
  20. ^ "Roller Derby Worldwide". 
  21. ^ "Bakersfield Diamond Divas (league-run site)". 
  22. ^ "Derby Revolution of Bakersfield (league-run site)". 
  23. ^ "Spindletop Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  24. ^ "Bellingham Roller Betties (league-run site)". 
  25. ^ "Lava City Roller Dolls (league-run site)". 
  26. ^ "Renegade Rollergirls of Oregon (league-run site)". 
  27. ^ "Treasure Valley Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  28. ^ "Castle Rock'n'Rollers (league-run site)". 
  29. ^ "Rainy City Roller Dolls (league-run site)". 
  30. ^ "NorCal Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  31. ^ "Prison City Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  32. ^ "North Idaho Roller Derby "NIRD's" (league-run site)". 
  33. ^ "Snake Pit Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  34. ^ "USARS NW club listing". 
  35. ^ "Crude City Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  36. ^ "Sick Town Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  37. ^ "Assassination City Derby (league-run site)". 
  38. ^ "Battleground Rollerderby (league-run site)". 
  39. ^ "Denver Roller Dolls (league-run site)". 
  40. ^ "Rocky Mountain Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  41. ^ "Sun City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  42. ^ "NV East Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  43. ^ "Rodeo City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  44. ^ "Emerald City Roller Gir (league-run site)". 
  45. ^ "Humboldt Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  46. ^ "Jet City Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  47. ^ "Fairbanks Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  48. ^ "FOCO Girls Gone Derby (league-run site)". 
  49. ^ "NOtown Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  50. ^ "(league-run site)". 
  51. ^ "Slaughterhouse Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  52. ^ "Pacific Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  53. ^ "Houston Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  54. ^ "Humboldt's Redwood Rollers (league-run site)". 
  55. ^ "Inland Empire Derby Divas (league-run site)". 
  56. ^ "Wash. military wives have their own roller derby". The Seattle Times. May 1, 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  57. ^ "Juneau Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  58. ^ "Flathead Valley Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  59. ^ a b "Atomic City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  60. ^ "Maui Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  61. ^ "Fabulous Sin City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  62. ^ "580 Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  63. ^ "Darkside Derby (league-run site)". 
  64. ^ "Angel City Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  65. ^ "L.A. Derby Dolls (league-run site)". 
  66. ^ "West Texas Roller Dollz (league-run site)". 
  67. ^ "Angel Makers of Everett (league-run site)". 
  68. ^ "Southern Oregon Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  69. ^ a b "Michi on Arizona Derby: Dust Devils, Dames and Dolls". 
  70. ^ "SINtral Valley Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  71. ^ a b "Rolling Hills Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  72. ^ "Whidbey Island Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  73. ^ a b c Ashkettle, Kelly (June 3, 2009). "Derby girls are on a roll in Utah". Retrieved May 13, 2010. 2008, the Davis Derby Dames (who formed in Layton in 2006) split apart to form the O-Town Derby Dames and the Junction City Roller Dolls, both based in Ogden. Also last year, some former SCDG members created Wasatch Roller Derby, based in Salt Lake and Park City. 
  74. ^ "Oklahoma City Roller Derby's Tornado Alley Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  75. ^ "Oklahoma Victory Dolls (league-run site)". 
  76. ^ "Red Dirt Rebellion Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  77. ^ "Oly Rollers (league-run site)". 
  78. ^ "The Renegade Rollergirls of Orange County (league-run site)". 
  79. ^ "Orange County Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  80. ^ "South Side Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  81. ^ "Arizona Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  82. ^ "Hell City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  83. ^ "Renegade Rollergirls AZ (league-run site)". 
  84. ^ "Port Scandalous Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  85. ^ "Slaughter County Roller Vixens (league-run site)". 
  86. ^ "Mountain Gateway Sister Hood of Steel". 
  87. ^ "Pueblo Derby Devil Dollz (league-run site)". 
  88. ^ "Battle Born Derby Demons (league-run site)". 
  89. ^ "Reno Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  90. ^ "Inland Empire Derby Divas(league-run site)". 
  91. ^ "Sac City Rollers (league-run site)". 
  92. ^ "Sacred City Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  93. ^ Frost, Bill (February 3, 2010). "Wasatch Roller Derby Season-Opener". City Weekly. Retrieved May 13, 2010. The newest league, Wasatch Roller Derby, sprang from a split with original local rollers the Salt City Derby Girls last year and focuses almost exclusively on charity expo bouts. 
  94. ^ "Alamo City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  95. ^ "South Coast Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  96. ^ "San Diego Derby Dolls (league-run site)". 
  97. ^ "San Diego Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  98. ^ "Renegade Rollergirls San Diego (league-run site)". 
  99. ^ "Bay Area Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  100. ^ "Silicon Valley Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  101. ^ "Central Coast Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  102. ^ "Mission City Brawlin' Betties (league-run site)". 
  103. ^ "Rocketeer Rollers (league-run site)". Retrieved August 21, 2011. 
  104. ^ "Seattle Shanghai (league-run site)". 
  105. ^ "Tilted Thunder Rail Birds (league-run site)". 
  106. ^ "Sonoma County Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  107. ^ "Mountain Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  108. ^ "Lilac City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  109. ^ "Spokannibals (league-run site)". 
  110. ^ "Central Oklahoma Roller Derby Association (league-run site)". 
  111. ^ "Port City Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  112. ^ "Dockyard Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  113. ^ "toxic–253 (league-run site)". 
  114. ^ "Dome City Retro Rogues (league-run site)". 
  115. ^ "Chuck's rowdy derby experience(KOLD news)". 
  116. ^ "Green Country Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  117. ^ "Flat Track Stats". 
  118. ^ Rhiannon Potkey (June 2, 2007). "Mayhem on wheels – County's female roller-derby team knows how to bring on the pain". Ventura County Star. 
  119. ^ "Apple City Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  120. ^ "The Rubber City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  121. ^ "NEO Rock'n'Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  122. ^ "The Ann Arbor Derby Dimes (team-run site)". 
  123. ^ "The Fox Cityz Foxz (league-run site)". 
  124. ^ "Paper Valley Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  125. ^ "Stateline Roller Derby Divas (league-run site)". 
  126. ^ "Beloit Bombshells (league-run site)". 
  127. ^ "The Babe City Rollers (league-run site)". 
  128. ^ "Bleeding Heartland RollerGirls (league-run site)". 
  129. ^ "McLean County Missfits (league-run site)". 
  130. ^ "Vette City Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  131. ^ "Chocolate City Cherry Bombers (league-run site)". 
  132. ^ "Cape Girardeau Roller Girls (league-run site)". Retrieved April 7, 2011. 
  133. ^ "Cedar Rapids Roller Derby Team is Ready to Roll (KCRG-TV9 News)". 
  134. ^ "CU Rollers (league-run site)". 
  135. ^ "Twin City Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  136. ^ "The Chicago Outfit (league-run site)". 
  137. ^ "Cincinnati Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  138. ^ "Burning River Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  139. ^ "COMO Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  140. ^ "Black-n-Bluegrass Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  141. ^ "Quad City Rollers (league-run site)". 
  142. ^ "Gem City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  143. ^ "Prairieland Punishers (team-run site)". 
  144. ^ "Decatur Derby Dames (team-run site)". 
  145. ^ "Delavan Dolls of Derby (team-run site)". 
  146. ^ "Des Moines Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  147. ^ "Mid-Iowa Rollers (league-run site)". 
  148. ^ "Detroit Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  149. ^ "Harbor City Roller Dames (league-run site)". 
  150. ^ "Demolition City Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  151. ^ "Rollergirls of Southern Indiana (league-run site)". 
  152. ^ "Fargo Moorhead Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  153. ^ "Flint City Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  154. ^ "Fort Wayne Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  155. ^ "Grand Raggidy Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  156. ^ "Naptown Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  157. ^ "Circle City Socialites (league-run site)". 
  158. ^ "Old Capitol City Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  159. ^ "Killamazoo Derby Darlins (league-run site)". 
  160. ^ "City of Fists Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  161. ^ "La Crosse Skating Sirens (league-run site)". 
  162. ^ "Mississippi Valley Mayhem (league-run site)". 
  163. ^ "Lafayette Brawlin Dolls (league-run site)". 
  164. ^ "Mitten Mavens (league-run site)". 
  165. ^ "Lansing Derby Vixens (league-run site)". 
  166. ^ "Rollergirls Of Central Kentucky (league-run site)". 
  167. ^ "Dead Girl Derby (league-run site)". 
  168. ^ "No Coast Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  169. ^ "Derby City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  170. ^ "Mad Rollin' Dolls (league-run site)". 
  171. ^ "Roller derby: It's on a roll (The Southern, October 2, 2009)". 
  172. ^ "Brewcity Bruisers (league-run site)". 
  173. ^ "Mid Michigan Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  174. ^ "Cornfed Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  175. ^ "Riverside Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  176. ^ "Omaha Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  177. ^ Andy Goodell (April 5, 2010). "Mahaska Mayhem prepare for battle". The Oskaloosa Herald. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  178. ^ "Radioactive City RollerGirls (league-run site)". 
  179. ^ "Peoria Push (league-run site)". 
  180. ^ "Dire Skates (league-run site)". 
  181. ^ "Farm Fresh Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  182. ^ "Rockford Rage Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  183. ^ "DuPage Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  184. ^ "Tulsa Derby Brigade (league-run site)". 
  185. ^ "Sandusky Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  186. ^ "Sioux Falls Roller Dollz (league-run site)". 
  187. ^ "South Bend Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  188. ^ "Glass City Rollers (league-run site)". 
  189. ^ "Traverse City Roller Derby(league-run site)". 
  190. ^ "The Rubber City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  191. ^ "Wichita/ICT Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  192. ^ "Albany All Stars Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  193. ^ "Lehigh Valley Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  194. ^ "Charm City Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  195. ^ "Central Vermont Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  196. ^ "Boston Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  197. ^ "Queen City Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  198. ^ "Green Mountain Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  199. ^ "Charlottesville Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  200. ^ "Granite State Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  201. ^ "Brandywine Roller Girls (league-run site)". Retrieved August 21, 2011. 
  202. ^ "Key City Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  203. ^ "Mason-Dixon Roller Vixens (league-run site)". 
  204. ^ "Harrisburg Area Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  205. ^ "Ithaca League of Women Rollers (league-run site)". 
  206. ^ "ElmCityDerbyDamez (league-run site)". 
  207. ^ "Hudson Valley Horrors (league-run site)". 
  208. ^ "Dutchland Derby Rollers (league-run site)". 
  209. ^ "Long Island Roller Rebels (league-run site)". 
  210. ^ "Strong Island Derby Revolution(league-run site)". 
  211. ^ "ManchVegasRollerGirls (league-run site)". 
  212. ^ "Jerzey Derby Brigade The Corporal Punishers The Major Pains (league-run site)". 
  213. ^ "New Hampshire Roller Derby(league-run site)". 
  214. ^ "New Jersey Hellrazors Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  215. ^ "Garden State Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  216. ^ "Pioneer Valley Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  217. ^ "About the Oz Roller Girls (OzRG) (league-run site)". Retrieved August 21, 2011. 
  218. ^ "Penn Jersey She Devils (league-run site)". 
  219. ^ "Philly Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  220. ^ "Steel City Derby Demons (league-run site)". 
  221. ^ "Maine Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  222. ^ "Red Bank Roller Vixens(league-run site)". 
  223. ^ "Roc City Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  224. ^ "Free State Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  225. ^ "Shore Points Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  226. ^ "South Jersey Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  227. ^ "State College Area Rollers (SCAR)". 
  228. ^ "Assault City Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  229. ^ "Mass Attack Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  230. ^ "Jersey Shore Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  231. ^ "Central New York Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  232. ^ "DC Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  233. ^ "CT RollerGirls (league-run site)". 
  234. ^ "Black River Rollers (league-run site)". 
  235. ^ "Suburbia Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  236. ^ "Chesapeake Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  237. ^ "Wilkes-barre/scranton Roller Radicals (league-run site)". 
  238. ^ "Wilmington City Ruff Rollers (league-run site)". 
  239. ^ "Suburbia Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  240. ^ "Cenla Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  241. ^ "Blue Ridge Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  242. ^ "Atlanta Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  243. ^ "Classic City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  244. ^ "Burn City Rollers (league-run site)". 
  245. ^ "Soul City Sirens (league-run site)". 
  246. ^ "Red Stick Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  247. ^ "Mississippi Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  248. ^ "Tragic City Rollers (league-run site)". 
  249. ^ "Twin City Knockers (league-run site)". 
  250. ^ "Bradentucky Bombers (league-run site)". 
  251. ^ a b "Gold Coast Derby Grrls (league-run site)". 
  252. ^ "Low Country High Rollers (league-run site)". 
  253. ^ "Chemical Valley Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  254. ^ "Heart of Appalachia Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  255. ^ "Charlotte Roller Girls (CLTRG) (league-run site)". 
  256. ^ "Charlotte Speed Demons (CSD) (league-run site)". 
  257. ^ "Charlottesville Derby Dames (CDD) (league-run site)". 
  258. ^ "Chattanooga Rollergirls (CRG) (league-run site)". 
  259. ^ "Columbia QuadSquad (league-run site)". 
  260. ^ "Richland County Regulators (RCR) (league-run site)". 
  261. ^ "Mississippi Brawl Stars (league-run site)". 
  262. ^ "Okaloosa Rollers (league-run site)". 
  263. ^ "Angels of Anarchy Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  264. ^ "NWA Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  265. ^ "ROGUE Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  266. ^ "South Florida Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  267. ^ "River Valley Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  268. ^ "Ft. Myers Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  269. ^ "Beach Brawl SK8R Dolls (league-run site)". 
  270. ^ "Alachua County Rollers (league-run site)". 
  271. ^ "Gainesville Roller Rebels (league-run site)". 
  272. ^ "Greensboro Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  273. ^ "Coastal Plains Derby Dames(league-run site)". 
  274. ^ "Ring City Rollergirls(league-run site)". 
  275. ^ "Greenville Derby Dames (league-run site)". 
  276. ^ "Upstate Roller Girl Evolution (league-run site)". 
  277. ^ "Southern Misfits Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  278. ^ "RockTown Rollers (league-run site)". 
  279. ^ "Dixie Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  280. ^ "Rolling Arsenal of Derby (league-run site)". 
  281. ^ "Capital City Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  282. ^ "Magnolia Roller Vixens (league-run site)". 
  283. ^ "Hard Knox Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  284. ^ "Acadiana Good Times Rollers (league-run site)". 
  285. ^ "Gulf Coast Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  286. ^ "Central Arkansas Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  287. ^ "Memphis Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  288. ^ "Middle Georgia Derby Demons (league-run site)". 
  289. ^ "Miami's Vice City Rollers (league-run site)". 
  290. ^ "Mobile Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  291. ^ "Region Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  292. ^ "Morgantown Roller Vixens (league-run site)". 
  293. ^ "Grand Strand Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  294. ^ "Palmetto State Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  295. ^ "Tri-County Rolling Militia (league-run site)". 
  296. ^ a b "Florida Derby League (league-run site)". 
  297. ^ "Panama City Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  298. ^ "Palm Beach Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  299. ^ "Pensacola Roller Gurlz (league-run site)". 
  300. ^ "Richmond Derby Demons (league-run site)". 
  301. ^ "Mother State Roller Derby (league-run site)". 
  302. ^ "River City Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  303. ^ "Star City Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  304. ^ "Molly Roger Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  305. ^ "Savannah Derby Devils (league-run site)". 
  306. ^ "Tallahassee Rollergirls (league-run site)". 
  307. ^ "Tampa Bay Derby Darlins (league-run site)". 
  308. ^ "Dominion Derby Girls (league-run site)". 
  309. ^ "Cape Fear Roller Girls (league-run site)". 
  310. ^ https://www.facebook.com/?ref=home#!/pages/War-Town-Derby-Dames/258621304274140