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|Contributor note: See Talk:Lincoln, Nebraska for discussion on improvement of this article.|
|Nickname(s): Star City|
Location in Nebraska
|Country||United States of America|
|Renamed||Lincoln July 29, 1867|
|Incorporated||April 1, 1869|
|Named for||Abraham Lincoln|
|• Type||Strong Mayor-Council|
|• Mayor||Chris Beutler (D)|
|• U.S. Congress||Jeff Fortenberry (R)|
|• City||91.77 sq mi (237.68 km2)|
|• Land||90.42 sq mi (234.19 km2)|
|• Water||1.35 sq mi (3.50 km2)|
|• Urban||89.61 sq mi (232.09 km2)|
|• Metro||1,422.27 sq mi (3,683.66 km2)|
|Elevation||1,176 ft (358 m)|
|• City||258,379 (US: 72nd)|
|• Estimate (2013)||268,738|
|• Density||2,899.6/sq mi (1,119.5/km2)|
|• Urban||258,719 (US: 145th)|
|• Metro||314,125 (US: 157th)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP code(s)||68501-68510, 68512, 68514, 68516-68517, 68520-68524, 68526-68529, 68531-68532, 68542, 68544, 68583, 68588|
|Area code(s)||402, 531|
|GNIS feature ID||0837279|
Lincoln, located in the southeastern part of the State of Nebraska, is the capital and the second-most populous city of Nebraska. Lincoln is also the county seat of Lancaster County and makes up part of the Lincoln metropolitan (statistical) area. Lincoln's population in 2013 was estimated at 268,738.
Lincoln was founded as the village of Lancaster on the wild salt flats of what was to become Lancaster County. A short time later, Lancaster was renamed Lincoln and became Nebraska's capital. Sometimes referred to as the "Star City", many of Lincoln's primary employers fall within the service and manufacturing industries, including a growing high tech sector. The city is the home of the University of Nebraska, has an unemployment rate of 2.2% (March 2015, preliminary) and has the second tallest capitol building in the United States.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and culture
- 6 Sports
- 7 Parks and recreation
- 8 Government
- 9 Education
- 10 Media
- 11 Infrastructure
- 12 Notable people
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Lincoln was founded in 1856 as the village of Lancaster and became the county seat of the newly created Lancaster County in 1859. The village was sited on the east bank of Salt Creek. The first settlers were attracted to the area due to the abundance of salt. Salt was a commodity used primarily in the preservation of meat. Greater quantities of salt could be obtained by boiling away the water in vats. Once J. Sterling Morton developed his salt mines in Kansas, salt in the village was no longer a viable commodity.
Captain W. T. Donovan, a former steamer captain, and his family settled on Salt Creek in 1856. The Captain was selected to represent the Crescent Company in the production of salt. Other settlers began to settle in the area. During the latter part of 1858, Captain Donovan and his family abandoned the schemes of the Crescent Company and left the area to the Stevens Creek settlement due to the threatening aspect of the Pawnee Indians.
In the fall of 1859, the village settlers met to form a county. A caucus was formed and the committee, which included Captain Donovan from Stevens Creek, selected the village of Lancaster to be the county seat. The county was named Lancaster.
The village had very few inhabitants. After the passage of the 1862 Homestead Act, homesteaders began to inhabit the area. The first plat was dated August 6, 1864. From the north to the south the streets were North, Nebraska, Saline, Washington, Main, Lincoln, College, High and Locust. From west to east streets were numbered one to twelve.
Most settlers abandoned the village in September of 1864 due to the 1864 Sioux Indian scare. The Pawnee Indians, who inhabited the area and were not in conflict with the settlers, chased the Sioux out of the area. The village of Lancaster was spared, though other settlements were not. The settlers began to return in 1865 with many taking homesteads.
Establishment as state capital
The capital of the Nebraska Territory had been Omaha since the creation of the territory in 1854; however, most of the territory's population lived south of the Platte River. After much of the territory south of the Platte River considered annexation to Kansas, the territorial legislature voted to locate the capital city south of the river and as far west as possible.
Prior to the vote to remove the capital city from Omaha, a last ditch effort by Omaha Senator J. N. H. Patrick attempted to derail the move by having the future capital city named after recently assassinated President Abraham Lincoln. Many of the people south of the Platte River had been sympathetic to the Confederate cause in the recently concluded Civil War. It was assumed that senators south of the river would not vote to pass the measure if the future capital was named after the former president. In the end, the motion to name the future capital city Lincoln was ineffective and the vote to change the capital's location south of the Platte River was successful with the passage of the Removal Act.
Nebraska was granted statehood on March 1, 1867. The Removal Act called for the formation of a Capital Commission to locate a site for the capital on state owned land. The Commission, composed of Governor David Butler, Secretary of State Thomas Kennard, and Auditor John Gillespie, began to tour sites on July 18, 1867 for the new capital city. The village of Lancaster was chosen, in part due to the salt flats and marshes. Lancaster had approximately 30 residents. Thomas Kennard replatted the town on a broader scale, discarding most of the original plat of the town. To raise money for the construction of a capital city, a successful auction of lots was held. Newcomers began to arrive and Lincoln's population grew. The Nebraska State Capitol was completed in December 1, 1868; a two story building constructed with native limestone with a central cupola. The Kennard house, built in 1869, is the oldest remaining building in the original plat of Lincoln.
Building of a city
In 1867 the first newspaper the The Nebraska Commonwealth was established by Charles H. Gere. The Commonwealth became the Nebraska State Journal in 1868. By the close of 1868, Lincoln had a population of approximately 500 people. In 1896, the University of Nebraska was established in Lincoln by the state with a land grant of about 130,000 acres. Construction of University Hall, the first building, began the same year.
The Burlington & Missouri River Railroad's first train arrived in Lincoln on June 26, 1870 soon to be followed by the Midland Pacific in 1871, and the Atchison & Nebraska in 1872. The Union Pacific began service in 1877. The Chicago & North Western and Missouri Pacific began service in 1886. The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific extended service to Lincoln in 1892. Lincoln became a rail center.
In July of 1870, the first police force was formed. The Lincoln Gas Light Company was organized in 1872. The US Post Office and Courthouse was built 1874-1879. The city public library was founded in December 1875.
As the city grew with new residents, retail flourished. Herpolsheimer's and Miller & Paine were the first department stores in Lincoln, both founded in 1880. Herpolsheimer's first location was at 1109 O Street and operated as the Cash Goods House. A decade later, Herpolsheimer's relocated to the southwest corner of 12th and N Streets, building a 73,000 square foot building. The store was known variously as The Exposition Store, The Glass Block and The Daylight Store. The store was reported at the time to be the largest department store west of the Missouri River. Herpolsheimer's closed in May 1931 due to the Great Depression. Miller & Paine occupied the corner of 13th and O Street and would continue to be in business until 1988.
In 1880, the Lincoln Telephone Exchange was organized. The City Water Works were begun in 1881. The city council voted to establish a full-time paid Fire Department in 1885 with one company working with volunteer fire companies. By 1886 the volunteer fire companies dispanded. In 1887 the department was increased to three companies. The Fire Departments horses, which pulled the hose cart and steamer, were not replaced with gasoline engines until 1919.
The first hospital, Saint Elizabeth Hospital, was founded in 1889. Saint Elizabeth Hospital would be the only general hospital in Lincoln until 1922.
In 1888 a new capitol building was constructed on the site of the first capitol. The new building replaced the former structurally unsound capitol. The second capitol building was a classical design designed by architect William H. Willcox.
The worldwide economic depression of 1890 saw the reduction of Lincoln's population from 55,000 to 37,000 by 1900.
In 1905, the evening newspaper Nebraska State Journal was joined by a morning newspaper the Lincoln Star. Both newspapers merged in 1995 to become the Lincoln Journal Star.
Volga-German immigrants from Russia in the early decades of the twentieth century settled in the North Bottoms neighborhood. As Lincoln expanded with the growth in population, the city began to annex towns nearby. The first town annexed was Bethany Heights in 1922. The former city was incorporated in 1890.
Construction began on a third capitol building in 1922. The Willcox designed capitol's foundation settled and the building was structurally unsound. Bertram G. Goodhue was selected in a national competition as its architect. By 1924, the first phase of construction was completed and the state offices moved into the new building. In 1925 the Willcox designed capitol building was razed. The Goodhue designed capitol was constructed in four phases, with the completion of the fourth phase in 1932.
In 1922, former United States Secretary of State, William Jennings Bryan donated his home and land to create Bryan Memorial Hospital. The city raised money by a bond issue and opened Lincoln General Hospital in 1925. In 1930, the Veterans' Hospital was opened east of the city.
In 1929, the city annexed the town College View. College View was incorporated in 1892. Union College, a Seventh Day Adventist institution was founded in College View in 1891. In 1930, the city annexed the town of Havelock. Havelock actively opposed annexation to Lincoln and only relented due to a strike by the Burlington railroad shop workers which halted progress and growth for the city. By 1930, the population of Lincoln had grown to 75,933.
The Lincoln Army Air Field was established in 1942 west of the city in the town of West Lincoln. West Lincoln was incorporated in 1887. During World War II over 25,000 aviation mechanics were trained with over 40,000 troopers being processed for combat. The Army closed the base in 1945. The Air Force reactivated base during the Korean War in 1952. In 1966 the base was closed and Lincoln annexed West Lincoln. The base became the Lincoln Municipal Airport. The Lincoln Municipal Airport was renamed Lincoln Airport. During the 1960s the two main airlines were United Airlines and the original Frontier Airlines.
Lincoln is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2013, the city has a total area of 91.77 square miles (237.68 km2), of which, 90.42 square miles (234.19 km2) of it is land and 1.35 square miles (3.50 km2) is water..
Lincoln is one of the few large cities of Nebraska not located along either the Platte River or the Missouri River. The city was originally laid out near Salt Creek and among the nearly flat saline wetlands of northern Lancaster County. The city's growth over the years has led to development of the surrounding land, much of which is composed of gently rolling hills. In recent years, Lincoln's northward growth has encroached on the habitat of the endangered Salt Creek tiger beetle.
The Lincoln metropolitan area consists of Lancaster County and Seward County, which was added to the metropolitan area in 2003. Lincoln has very little development outside its city limits and has no contiguous suburbs (the largest town that can be considered a suburb of Lincoln is Waverly). This is due primarily to the fact that most land that would otherwise be developed as a suburban town has already been annexed by the city of Lincoln itself.
Lincoln's neighborhoods, like in other cities, include both old and new development. Some neighborhoods in Lincoln were formerly small towns that Lincoln later annexed, including University Place annexed in 1926, Belmont, Bethany (Bethany Heights) annexed in 1922, College View annexed in 1929, Havelock annexed in 1930, West Lincoln annexed in 1966, and Hartley. A number of Historic Districts are located near Downtown Lincoln, while newer neighborhoods have appeared primarily in the south and east. As of December 2013, Lincoln had 45 registered neighborhood associations within the city limits.
Located on the Great Plains far from the moderating influence of mountains or large bodies of water, Lincoln possesses a highly variable four-season humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa): winters are cold but relatively dry, summers are hot and occasionally humid. With little precipitation falling during winter, precipitation is concentrated in the warmer months, when thunderstorms frequently roll in, often producing tornadoes. Snow averages 25.9 inches (66 cm) per season but seasonal accumulation has ranged from 7.2 in (18 cm) in 1967–68 to 54.3 in (138 cm) in 1959–60. Snow tends to fall in light amounts, though blizzards are possible. Snow cover is usually not reliable due to both the low precipitation and the frequent thaws during winter; there is an average of 39 days with a snow depth of 1 in (2.5 cm) or more. The average window for freezing temperatures is October 5 thru April 25, allowing a growing season of 162 days.
The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 24.6 °F (−4.1 °C) in January to 77.6 °F (25.3 °C) in July. However, the city is subject both to episodes of bitter cold in winter and heat waves during summer, with 11.4 nights of sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows, 41 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs, and 4.6 days of 100 °F (38 °C)+ highs. The city straddles the boundary of USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 5b and 6a. Temperature extremes have ranged from −33 °F (−36 °C) on January 12, 1974 up to 115 °F (46 °C) on July 25, 1936. Readings as high as 105 °F (41 °C) or as low as −20 °F (−29 °C) occur somewhat rarely; the last occurrence of each was July 22, 2012 and February 3, 1996.
Based on 30-year averages obtained from NOAA's National Climatic Data Center for the months of December, January and February, Weather Channel ranked Lincoln the 7th coldest major U.S. city as of 2014
|Climate data for Lincoln Airport, Nebraska (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1887–present)[a]|
|Record high °F (°C)||73
|Average high °F (°C)||35.4
|Average low °F (°C)||13.8
|Record low °F (°C)||−33
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.64
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||5.4
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||5.4||5.7||8.1||9.5||11.8||10.4||9.1||8.7||7.4||6.9||5.9||6.3||95.2|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||4.7||4.0||2.5||0.8||0||0||0||0||0||0.2||1.9||4.2||18.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||70.3||72.5||69.1||63.6||66.9||65.2||65.4||68.9||70.1||67.1||71.5||73.1||68.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||176.8||167.6||211.9||236.4||273.3||314.4||329.9||294.9||236.4||216.9||156.4||146.8||2,761.7|
|Percent possible sunshine||59||56||57||59||61||70||72||69||63||63||52||51||62|
|Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[b]|
|U.S. Decennial Census
The U.S. Government designated Lincoln in the 1970s as a refugee-friendly city due to its stable economy, educational institutions, and size. Since then, refugees from Vietnam settled in Lincoln, and further waves came from other countries. More recently, Lincoln was named one of the "Top Ten most Welcoming Cities in America" by Welcoming America.
As of the census of 2010, there were 258,379 people, 103,546 households, and 60,300 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,899.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,119.5/km2). There were 110,546 housing units at an average density of 1,240.6 per square mile (479.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.0% White, 3.8% African American, 0.8% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.3% of the population.
There were 103,546 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.8% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.01.
The median age in the city was 31.8 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 15.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.9% were from 25 to 44; 22.9% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.
Lincoln's economy is fairly typical of a mid-sized American city; most economic activity is derived from the service and manufacturing industries. Government and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln are both large contributors to the local economy. Other prominent industries in Lincoln include finance, insurance, publishing, manufacturing, pharmaceutical, telecommunications, railroads, high technology, information technology, medical, education and truck transport. For March 2015, Lincoln's preliminary unemployment rate was 2.2% (not seasonally adjusted).
One of the largest employers is Bryan Health, which consists of two major hospitals and several large outpatient facilities located across the city. Healthcare and medical jobs account for a substantial portion of Lincoln's employment: as of 2009, full-time healthcare employees in the city included 9,010 healthcare practitioners in technical occupations, 4,610 workers in healthcare support positions, 780 licensed and vocational nurses, and 150 medical and clinical laboratory technicians.
Several national business were originally established in Lincoln; these include student lender Nelnet, Ameritas, Assurity, Fort Western Stores and HobbyTown USA. Several regional restaurant chains began in Lincoln, including Amigos/Kings Classic, Runza Restaurants and Valentino's.
The Omaha-Lincoln areas make up a part of what is referred to as the Midwest Silicon Prairie. In 2013, Lincoln ranked No. 4 on Forbes' list of the Best Places for Business and Careers and No. 1 on "NerdWallet"'s Best Cities for Job Seekers in 2015.
According to the City's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||State of Nebraska||8,988|
|2||Lincoln Public Schools||7,975|
|3||University of Nebraska–Lincoln||6,179|
|6||City of Lincoln||2,589|
|7||St. Elizabeth Regional Medical Center||2,350|
|8||Burlington Northern Railroad||2,000|
|9||Madonna Rehabilitation Hospital||1,400|
The Nebraska Air & Army National Guard's Joint Force Headquarters are located in Lincoln along with other major units of the Nebraska National Guard. During the early years of the cold war, the Lincoln Airport was the Lincoln Air Force Base; currently, the Nebraska Air National Guard, along with the Nebraska Army National Guard, have joint-use facilities with the Lincoln Airport.
Arts and culture
Lincoln's primary venues for live music include: Pinnacle Bank Arena, Bourbon Theatre, Duffy's Tavern, Knickerbockers, Duggan's Pub (local and regional acts; smaller venues), and the Zoo Bar (blues). The Pla-Mor Ballroom is a staple of Lincoln's music and dance scene, featuring its house band, the award-winning Sandy Creek Band.
The Lied Center is a venue for national tours of Broadway productions, concert music, and guest lectures. Lincoln has several performing arts venues. Plays are staged by UNL students in the Temple Building; community theater productions are held at the Lincoln Community Playhouse, the Loft at The Mill, and the Haymarket Theater.
For movie viewing, Marcus Theatres owns 32 screens at four locations, and the University of Nebraska's Mary Riepma Ross Media Arts Center shows independent and foreign films. Standalone cinemas in Lincoln include the Joyo Theater and Rococo Theater. The Rococo Theater also hosts benefits and other engagements. The downtown section of O Street is Lincoln's primary bar and nightclub district.
Lincoln is the hometown of Zager and Evans, known for their international No. 1 hit record, "In the Year 2525". It is also the home town of several notable musical groups, such as Remedy Drive, VOTA, the Bathtub Dogs, For Against, Lullaby for the Working Class, Matthew Sweet, Dirtfedd, The Show is the Rainbow and Straight. Lincoln is home to Maroon 5 guitarist James Valentine.
Annual cultural events
Like in many cities, annual events in Lincoln have come and gone throughout time, such as Band Day at UNL and the Star City Holiday Parade. At the same time, however, some events have never changed while new traditions are created. Some current annual cultural events in Lincoln include the Lincoln National Guard Marathon & Half-Marathon in May, Celebrate Lincoln in early June, the Uncle Sam Jam around July 3rd, the Lancaster County Fair in early August and Boo at the Zoo in October. An often local favorite to some is the Haymarket Farmers' Market, running from May to October in the Historic Haymarket (one of several farmers markets throughout the city).
Because Lincoln is the state capital of Nebraska and home to a number of colleges/universities, there are a wide range of attractions for people of all interests. From a stroll through the Sunken Gardens to watching a basketball game at Pinnacle Bank Arena; trying Cappuccino Chocolate Chip Ice Cream at the UNL Dairy Store to watching a fulldome digital show at Mueller Planetarium, there is something to do all year around. A tour at the Nebraska State Capitol, the tallest building in Lincoln, is a fascinating, nearly hour long look at a part of Nebraska's history. Alternately, a tour at the Frank H. Woods Telephone Museum is a fascinating look at technology of yesteryear. For the kids, a trip to the Lincoln Children's Zoo is a day of fun and education.
Lincoln is home to the university's football team, the Nebraska Cornhuskers. In total, the University of Nebraska fields 22 men's and women's teams in 14 NCAA Division I sports. Other sports teams are the Nebraska Wesleyan Prairie Wolves, a GPAC & NCAA Division III independent University; the Lincoln Saltdogs, an American Association independent minor league baseball team; the Lincoln Stars, a USHL junior ice hockey team; the No Coast Derby Girls, a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association.
Parks and recreation
Lincoln has an extensive park system, with over 125 individual parks. The parks are connected by a 133 mi (214 km) system of recreational trails. The MoPac Trail extends through Lincoln. Regional parks include:
- Antelope Park: From S. 23rd & "N" Streets to S. 33rd Street & Sheridan Boulevard
- Holmes Park: S. 70th Street & Normal Boulevard
Community parks include Ballard Park, Bethany Park, Bowling Lake Park, Densmore Park, Erwin Peterson Park, Fleming Fields, Irvingdale Park, Mahoney Park, Max E. Roper Park, Oak Lake Park, Peter Pan Park, Pine Lake Park, Sawyer Snell Park, Seacrest Park, Tierra Briarhurst, University Place Park and Woods Park.
Other notable parks:
- Iron Horse Park
- Lincoln Community Foundation Tower Square
- Nine Mile Prairie (owned by the University of Nebraska Foundation)
- Sunken Gardens
- Union Plaza
- Wilderness Park
Smaller neighborhood parks are scattered throughout the city. Additionally, there are five public recreation centers, nine outdoor public pools and five public golf courses (all not including private facilities) in Lincoln.
Lincoln has a mayor-council government. The mayor and a seven-member city council are selected in nonpartisan elections. Four members are elected from city council districts; the remaining three members are elected at-large. Lincoln's health, personnel, and planning departments are joint city/county agencies; most city and Lancaster County offices are located in the County/City Building.
Since Lincoln is the state capital, many Nebraska state agencies and offices are located in Lincoln, as are several United States Government agencies and offices. The city lies within the Lincoln Public Schools school district; the primary law enforcement agency for the city is the Lincoln Police Department. The Lincoln Fire and Rescue Department shoulders the city's fire fighting and emergency ambulatory services while private companies provide non-emergency medical transport and outlying areas of the city are supported by volunteer fire fighting units.
The city's public library system is Lincoln City Libraries, which has seven branches. Lincoln City Libraries circulates more than three million items per year to the residents of Lincoln and Lancaster County. Lincoln City Libraries is also home to Polley Music Library and the Jane Pope Geske Heritage Room of Nebraska authors.
Primary and secondary education
Lincoln Public Schools is the sole public school district in the city. There are six traditional high schools in the district: Lincoln High, East, Northeast, North Star, Southeast, and Southwest. Additionally, Lincoln Public Schools is home to special interest high schools including the Arts and Humanities Focus Program, the Zoo School, the Information Technology Focus Program, the Entrepreneurship Focus Program and the Bryan Community.
There are several private parochial elementary and middle schools located throughout the community. These schools, like Lincoln Public Schools, are broken into districts, but most will allow attendance outside of boundary lines.
Colleges and universities
There are currently nine colleges and universities located within Lincoln proper. The University of Nebraska–Lincoln, the flagship campus of the University of Nebraska system, is the largest university in Nebraska. Other colleges and universities based in Lincoln are: Bryan College of Health Sciences, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Southeast Community College and Union College.
Lincoln has four licensed broadcast television stations:
- KLKN (Channel 8; 8.1 DT) – ABC; Grit affiliate 8.2; Escape affiliate 8.3
- KOLN (Channel 10; 10.1 DT) – CBS affiliate; KSNB-TV/NBC 10.2
- KUON (Channel 12; 12.1 DT) – PBS affiliate, NET Television flagship station; NET2 12.2, NET3 12.3
- KFXL (Channel 51; 51.1 DT) – Fox affiliate
Lincoln is one of the few cities without its own NBC affiliate; Omaha's WOWT served as the city's default NBC affiliate until recently when Hastings' KHAS-TV moved to KSNB-TV, making both available on cable. Omaha's other television stations can also be picked up in Lincoln with an antenna, and all full-power stations are available on cable.
There are 13 radio stations licensed in Lincoln, not including radio stations licensed outside of the city that serve the Lincoln area.
- KLCV (88.5) – Religious talk
- KZUM (89.3) – Independent Community Radio
- KRNU (90.3) – Alternative / College radio UNL
- KUCV (91.1) – National Public Radio
- K220GT (91.9) – Contemporary Christian
- K233AN (94.5) – Hot AC
- KLNC (105.3) – Adult Hits
- KFRX (106.3) – Top-40
- KBBK (107.3) – Hot AC
- KJFT-LP (107.9) – Chinese-language Christian
Most areas of Lincoln also receive radio signals from Omaha and other surrounding communities.
The Lincoln Journal Star is the city's major daily newspaper; the Daily Nebraskan is the official campus paper of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln; The DailyER Nebraskan is the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's biweekly satirical paper; the Reveille is the official periodical campus paper of Nebraska Wesleyan University; the Clocktower is the official campus paper of Union College.
Lincoln is served by Interstate 80 via 7.25 interchanges, connecting the city to San Francisco and Teaneck, New Jersey (in the New York City Metropolitan Area). Other Highways that serve the Lincoln area are Interstate 180, U.S. Highway 6, U.S. Highway 34, U.S. Highway 77 and nearby Nebraska Highway 79. Nebraska Highway 2 (eastern segment) is a primary trucking route that connects Kansas City (Interstate 29) to the I-80 corridor in Lincoln. A few additional minor State Highway segments reside within the city as well.
The Lincoln Airport (KLNK/LNK) provides passengers with daily non-stop service to United Airlines hubs Chicago O'Hare International Airport & Denver International Airport as well as Delta Air Lines hubs Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport & Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport. General aviation support is provided through several private aviation companies. The Lincoln Airport was among the emergency landing sites for the NASA Space Shuttle. The site was chosen chiefly because of a 12,901 feet (3,932 m) runway; the longest of three at the airport.
Rail freight travels coast-to-coast, to & through Lincoln via BNSF Railway, the Union Pacific Railroad, Lincoln's own Omaha, Lincoln and Beatrice Railway Company and an Omaha Public Power District rail spur. Lincoln was once served by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (Rock Island), the Missouri Pacific Railroad (MoPac) and the Chicago and North Western Transportation Company (C&NW) (most of the abandoned right-of-way of these former railroads have since been turned into bicycle trails).
Power in Lincoln is provided by the Lincoln Electric System (LES). The LES service area covers 200 square miles, serving not only Lincoln but also several other communities outside of the city. A public utility, LES's electric rates are the 13th lowest in the nation (according to a nationwide survey conducted by LES, as of January 1, 2014). Current LES power supply resources are 43% coal, 42% oil & gas and 15% renewable. Power derived by renewable resources are expected to climb to 48% by 2016, with partial help from the addition of an LES-owned 5 Megawatt solar energy farm that will be built on the west side of Lincoln (expected to be in service by 2016). LES also owns two wind turbines in the northeast part of the city.
Water in Lincoln is provided through the Lincoln Water System. Most of Lincoln's water originates from wells along the Platte River near Ashland, Nebraska. Wastewater is in turn collected by the Lincoln Wastewater System. Both systems are owned by the city of Lincoln.
Landline telephone service has had a storied history within the Lincoln area. Beginning as the Lincoln Telephone & Telegraph Company (more recently merging to become Aliant Communications and then Alltel), Windstream Communications provides telephone service both over VoIP and conventional telephone circuits. Also, Time Warner Cable offers telephone service over VoIP on their cable network.
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- Only 20 to 22 years of data were used to calculate relative humidity normals.
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