S.S. Lazio

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Lazio
Club crest
Full name Società Sportiva Lazio S.p.A.
Nickname(s) I Biancocelesti (The White and Sky Blues)
I Biancazzurri (The White and Blues)
Le Aquile (The Eagles)
Gli Aquilotti (The Eaglets)
Founded 9 January 1900; 114 years ago (1900-01-09), as Società Podistica Lazio
1910 (football section)
Ground Stadio Olimpico
Rome, Italy
Ground Capacity 72,481[1]
President Claudio Lotito
Head Coach Stefano Pioli
League Serie A
2013–14 Serie A, 9th
Website Club home page
Current season

Società Sportiva Lazio, (BITSSL) commonly referred to as Lazio (Italian pronunciation: [ˈlatt͡sjo]), is a professional Italian sports club based in Rome, most known for its football activity.[2] The society, founded in 1900, play in the Serie A and have spent most of their history in the top tier of Italian football. Lazio have been Italian champions twice, and have won the Coppa Italia six times, the Supercoppa Italiana three times, and both the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Super Cup on one occasion.[3]

The club had their first major success in 1958, winning the domestic cup. In 1974 they won their first Serie A title. The past fifteen years have been the most successful period in Lazio's history, seeing them win the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Super Cup in 1999, the Serie A title in 2000, several domestic cups and reaching their first UEFA Cup final in 1998.

Lazio's traditional kit colours are Sky Blue shirts and white shorts with white socks, the colours are reminiscent of Rome's ancient Hellenic legacy. Their home is the 72,689[4] capacity Stadio Olimpico in Rome, which they share with A.S. Roma until the year 2016 when the latter will leave for the Stadio della Roma. Lazio have a long-standing rivalry with Roma, with whom they have contested the Derby della Capitale (in English "Derby of the capital" or Rome derby) since 1929.[5]

Lazio is also a sports club that participate in forty sports disciplines in total, more than any other sports association in the world.[6]

History

For more details on this topic, see History of S.S. Lazio.
For information on the current season, see 2014–15 S.S. Lazio season. For a list of all former and current Lazio players with a Wikipedia article, see.
Plaque commemorating the foundation of Lazio at Piazza della Libertà (Roma, Prati).

Società Podistica Lazio was founded on 9 January 1900 in the Prati district of Rome.[7] Lazio officially gave birth to its football section in 1910, joined league competition in 1912 as soon as the Italian Football Federation began organising championships in the center and south of Italy, and reached the final of the national championship playoff three times, but never won, losing in 1913 to Pro Vercelli, in 1914 to Casale and in 1923 to Genoa 1893.

In 1927, Lazio was the only major Roman club which resisted the Fascist regime's attempts to merge all the city's teams into what would become A.S. Roma the same year.

The club played in the first organised Serie A in 1929 and, led by legendary Italian striker Silvio Piola,[8] achieved a second place finish in 1937 – its highest pre-war result.

The 1950s produced a mix of mid and upper table results with an Italian Cup win in 1958. Lazio was relegated for the first time in 1961 to the Serie B, but returned in the top flight two years later. After a number of mid-table placements, another relegation followed in 1970–71.[9] Back to Serie A in 1972–73, Lazio immediately emerged as surprise challengers for the Scudetto to Milan and Juventus in 1972–1973, only losing out on the final day of the season, with a team comprising captain Giuseppe Wilson, as well as midfielders Luciano Re Cecconi and Mario Frustalupi, striker Giorgio Chinaglia, and head coach Tommaso Maestrelli.[10] Lazio improved such successes the following season, ensuring its first title in 1973–74.[11][12] However, tragic deaths of Luciano Re Cecconi[13] and scudetto trainer Tommaso Maestrelli, as well as the departure of Chinaglia, would be a triple blow for Lazio. The emergence of Bruno Giordano during this period provided some relief as he finished League top scorer in 1979, when Lazio finished 8th.[14]

Lazio were forcibly relegated to Serie B in 1980 due to a remarkable scandal concerning illegal bets on their own matches, along with AC Milan. They remained in Italy's second division for three seasons in what would mark the darkest period in Lazio's history. They would return in 1983 and manage a last-day escape from relegation the following season. The 1984–85 season would prove harrowing, with a pitiful 15 points and bottom place finish.

In 1986, Lazio was hit with a 9-point deduction (a true deathblow back in the day of the two-point win) for a betting scandal involving player Claudio Vinazzani. An epic struggle against relegation followed the same season in Serie B, with the club led by trainer Eugenio Fascetti only avoiding relegation to the Serie C after play-off wins over Taranto and Campobasso. This would prove a turning point in the club's history, with Lazio returning to Serie A in 1988 and, under the careful financial management of Gianmarco Calleri, the consolidation of the club's position as a solid top-flight club.[15][16]

Bruno Giordano with the S.S. Lazio jersey.

The arrival of Sergio Cragnotti, in 1992, changed the club's history due to his long-term investments in new players to make the team a scudetto competitor. A notable early transfer during his tenure was the capture of English midfielder Paul Gascoigne from Tottenham Hotspur for £5.5million. Gascoigne's transfer to Lazio is credited with the increase of interest in Serie A in the United Kingdom during the 1990s. Cragnotti repeatedly broke transfer records in pursuit of players who were considered major stars – Juan Sebastian Veron for £18million, Christian Vieri for £19million and breaking the world transfer record, albeit only for a matter of weeks, to sign Hernan Crespo from Parma for £35million.[17]

Lazio were Serie A runners-up in 1995, third in 1996, and fourth in 1997, then losing the championship just by one point to Milan on the last championship's match in 1999 before, with the likes of Siniša Mihajlović, Alessandro Nesta, Marcelo Salas and Pavel Nedvěd in the side, finally winning its second scudetto in 2000, as well as the Italian Cup in an impressive and rare (by Italian standards) "double" with Sven-Göran Eriksson (1997–2001) as manager.

Alessandro Nesta, homegrown player and captain of Lazio 1999–2002

Lazio had two more Coppa Italia triumphs in 1998 and 2004, as well as the last ever UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1999.[18] They also reached the UEFA Cup, but lost 0–3 against Internazionale.[19]

In addition, Lazio won the Italian Super Cup twice and defeated Manchester United in 1999 to win the European Super Cup.[20]

In 2000, Lazio became also the first Italian football club to be quoted on the Italian Piazza Affari stock market.[21]

However, with money running out, Lazio's results slowly worsened in the years; in 2002, a financial scandal involving Cragnotti and his food products multinational Cirio forced him to leave the club, and Lazio was controlled until 2004 by caretaker financial managers and a bank pool. This forced the club to sell their star players and even fan favourite captain Alessandro Nesta. In 2004 entrepreneur Claudio Lotito acquired the majority of the club.[22]

In 2006, the club qualified to the 2006–07 UEFA Cup under coach Delio Rossi. The club was however excluded from European competitions due to their involvement in match-fixing scandal.[23]

In the 2006–07 season, despite a later-reduced points deduction, Lazio achieved a third place finish, thus gaining qualification to the UEFA Champions League third qualifying round, where they defeated Dinamo Bucharest to get into the group phase, and ended fourth place in the group composed of Real Madrid, Werder Bremen and Olympiacos. Things in the league did not go much better with the team spending most of the season in the bottom half of the table, sparking the protests of the fans, and eventually ending the Serie A season in 12th place. In the 2008–09 season, Lazio won their fifth Coppa Italia, beating Sampdoria in the final.[24]

Lazio started the 2009–10 season playing the Supercoppa against Inter in Beijing, and winning the match 2–1 with goals from Matuzalém and Rocchi.[25]

Colours, badge and nicknames

The old badge, used until the end of the 1991–1992 season.
First kit ever worn by the club.

Lazio's colours of white and sky blue were inspired by the national emblem of Greece, due to the fact that Lazio is a mixed sports club this was chosen in recognition of the fact that the Ancient Olympic Games and along with it the sporting tradition in Europe is linked to Greece.[26]

Originally Lazio wore a shirt which was divided into white and sky blue quarters, with black shorts and socks.[27] After a while of wearing a plain white shirt very early on, Lazio reverted to the colours which they wear today.[27] Some seasons Lazio have used a sky blue and white shirt with stripes, but usually it is sky blue with a white trim, with the white shorts and socks.[27] The club's colours have led to their Italian nickname of biancocelesti.[28]

Lazio's traditional club badge and symbol is the eagle, which was chosen by founding member Luigi Bigiarelli.[29] It is an acknowledgment to the emblem of Zeus (the god of sky and thunder in Greek mythology) commonly known as the Aquila; Lazio's use of the symbol has led to two of their nicknames; le Aquile (the Eagles) and Aquilotti (Eaglets). The current club badge features a golden eagle above a white shield with a blue border; inside the shield is the club's name and a smaller tripartite shield with the colours of the club.

Stadium

For more details on this topic, see Stadio Olimpico.

Stadio Olimpico, located on the Foro Italico, is the major stadium of Rome, Italy. It is the home of the Italian national football team, as well as of both local teams S.S. Lazio and Roma. It was opened in 1937 and after its latest renovation in 2008,[30] the stadium has a capacity of 72,689 seats.[4] It was the site of the 1960 Summer Olympics, but has also served as the location of the 1987 World Athletics Championships, the 1980 European Championship final, the 1990 World Cup and the Champions League Final in 1996 and 2009.[4]

Also on the Foro Italico lies the Stadio dei Marmi, or "marble stadium", which was built in 1932 and designed by Enrico Del Debbio. It has tiers topped by 60 white marble statues that were gifts from Italian cities in commemoration of 60 athletes.

During the 1989–90 season, Lazio and Roma played their games at the Stadio Flaminio of Rome, located in the district Flaminio, because of the renovation works carried out at the Stadio Olimpico.

Supporters and rivalries

S.S. Lazio fans in the Curva Nord of the Stadio Olimpico
Main article: S.S. Lazio fans

Lazio is the sixth most supported football club in Italy and the second in Rome, with around 2% of Italian football fans supporting the club (according to La Repubblica's research of August 2008).[31] Historically the largest section of Lazio supporters in the city of Rome has come from the far northern section, creating an arch-like shape across Rome with affluent areas such as Parioli, Prati, Flaminio, Cassia and Monte Mario.[32]

Founded in 1987, Irriducibili Lazio were the club's biggest ultras group for over 20 years. Usually the only time they create traditional Italian ultras displays is for the Derby della Capitale,[33] the match between Lazio and their main rivals, Roma. Known in English speaking countries as the Rome derby, it is amongst the most heated and emotional footballing rivalries in the world.[34] Lazio fan Vincenzo Paparelli was killed at one of the derby games during the 1979–80 season after being hit in the eye by an emergency rocket thrown by a Roma fan.[35] Lazio also have a strong rivalry with Napoli and Livorno. Conversely the ultras have friendly relationships with Inter, Triestina and Hellas Verona.

Statistics and records

For more details on this topic, see S.S. Lazio records and statistics.

Giuseppe Favalli holds Lazio's official appearance record, having made 401 over the course of 16 years from 1992 until 2004.[36] The record for a goalkeeper is held by Luca Marchegiani, with 229 appearances,[36] while the record for league appearances is held by Aldo Puccinelli with 339.[36]

The all-time leading goalscorer for Lazio is Silvio Piola, with 148 goals scored.[36] Piola, who played also with Pro Vercelli, Torino, Juventus and Novara, is also the highest goalscorer in Serie A history, with 274 goals, 49 ahead of anyone else.[37] Simone Inzaghi (still in activity) is the all-time top goalscorer in the European Competitions, with 20 goals.[36] He is also one of the five players who scored four goals in a single UEFA Champions League match.[38] Tommaso Rocchi is the latest top scorer at the club.[39]

Officially, Lazio's highest home attendance is approximately 80,000 for a Serie A match against Foggia on 12 May 1974, the match that awarded to Lazio the first Scudetto. This is also the record for the Stadio Olimpico, including A.S. Roma and Italy national football team's matches.[6]

Players

Current squad

As of 1 August 2014.[41]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Albania GK Etrit Berisha
2 France DF Michaël Ciani
3 Netherlands DF Stefan de Vrij
5 Netherlands DF Edson Braafheid
6 Italy MF Stefano Mauri (captain)
7 Brazil MF Felipe Anderson
8 Serbia DF Dušan Basta
9 Serbia FW Filip Đorđević
10 Brazil MF Ederson
11 Germany FW Miroslav Klose
13 France DF Abdoulay Konko
14 Spain FW Keita Baldé Diao
15 Uruguay MF Álvaro González
16 Italy MF Marco Parolo
17 Portugal MF Bruno Pereirinha
No. Position Player
18 Argentina DF Santiago Gentiletti
19 Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Senad Lulić
20 Argentina MF Lucas Biglia
22 Italy GK Federico Marchetti
23 Nigeria MF Ogenyi Onazi
24 Italy MF Cristian Ledesma (vice-captain)
26 Romania DF Ștefan Radu (vice-captain)
27 Albania DF Lorik Cana
32 Italy MF Danilo Cataldi
39 Belgium DF Luis Pedro Cavanda
55 Italy GK Guido Guerrieri
77 Albania GK Thomas Strakosha
78 Spain FW Mamadou Tounkara
85 Argentina DF Diego Novaretti
87 Italy MF Antonio Candreva

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy GK Alessandro Berardi (at Lupa Roma)
Italy DF Luca Crecco (at Ternana)
Italy DF Alessio Luciani (at Gubbio)
Brazil DF Vinícius Freitas (at Perugia)
Cameroon MF Joseph Minala (at Bari)
Italy MF Riccardo Perpetuini (at L'Aquila)
No. Position Player
Italy MF Cristiano Lombardi (at Trapani)
Italy MF Enrico Zampa (at Trapani)
Italy FW Antonio Rozzi (at Bari)
Colombia FW Brayan Perea (at Perugia)
Italy FW Ettore Mendicino (at Salernitana)
Uruguay FW Emiliano Alfaro (at Liverpool Fútbol Club)

Retired numbers

12 – In the season 2003–2004, Curva Nord of Stadio Olimpico, as a sign of recognition towards the Curva Nord, considered the 12th man in the field.

Notable players

Notable managers

For more details on this topic, see List of S.S. Lazio managers.

The following managers have all won at least one trophy when in charge of Lazio:

Name Period Trophies
Fulvio Bernardini 1958–1960 Coppa Italia
Juan Carlos Lorenzo 1968–1971 Serie B
Tommaso Maestrelli 1971–1975 Serie A
Sven-Göran Eriksson 1997–2001 2 Coppa Italia, 2 Supercoppa Italiana, Serie A, UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, UEFA Super Cup
Roberto Mancini 2002–2004 Coppa Italia
Delio Rossi 2005–2009 Coppa Italia
Davide Ballardini 2009–2010 Supercoppa Italiana
Vladimir Petković 2012–2013 Coppa Italia

Honours

National

Winners (2): 1973–74, 1999–00
Winners (6): 1957–58, 1997–98, 1999–00, 2003–04, 2008–09, 2012–13
Winners (3): 1998, 2000, 2009
Champions (1): 1968–69

European

Winners (1): 1998–99
Winners (1): 1999

International

Rankings

UEFA club coefficient rankings

As of 26 February 2014.[42]
Rank Team Points
38 Braga 52.193
39 Girondins 51.966
40 Villarreal 51.914
41 Lazio 50.787
42 Twente 50.695
43 Anderlecht 50.260
44 AZ 50.195

Società Sportiva Lazio as a company

S.S. Lazio (group)
Revenue Increase €95,509,291 (2011–12)
Operating income Decrease (€721,549) (2011–12)
Net income Decrease €4,221,554 (2011–12)
Total assets Increase €185,154,912 (2011–12)
Total equity Increase €14,665,185 (2011–12)
S.S. Lazio SpA
Revenue Increase €82,692,497 (2011–12)
Operating income Decrease (€10,985,331) (2011–12)
Net income Decrease €580,492 (2011–12)
Total assets Increase €263,697,029 (2011–12)
Total equity Increase €83,570,507 (2011–12)

In 1998, during Sergio Cragnotti's period in charge, Società Sportiva Lazio became a joint stock company: Lazio were the first Italian club to do so.[43][44] Currently, the Lazio shares are distributed between Claudio Lotito, who holds 66.692%, and other shareholders who own the remaining 33.308%.[45] Along with Juventus and Roma, Lazio is one of only three Italian clubs listed on the Borsa Italiana (Italian stock exchange).[44][46] Unlike the other two Italian clubs on the stock exchange there is only one significantly large share holder in Lazio. According to The Football Money League published by consultants Deloitte, in the 2004–05 season Lazio was the twentieth highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €83 million.[47]

Lazio was one of the few clubs that self-sustain from the financial support of shareholder, made an aggregate profit in recent seasons: 2005–06 €16,790,826;[48] 2006–07: €99,693,224 (due to extraordinary income by the creation of S.S. Lazio Marketing & Communication spa.);[48] 2007–08, €6,263,202;[49] 2008–09, €1,336,576;[50] 2009–10, €300,989.;[51] 2010–11, €670,862;[52] 2011–12, €580,492.[53]

Sponsors and kit providers

Years Sponsors
1981–1982 Tonini
1982–1984 Seleco
1984–1986 Castor
1986–1991 Cassa di Risparmio di Roma
1991–1992 Banco di Santo Spirito
1992–1996 Banca di Roma
1996–2000 Cirio
1998–1999 Del Monte (UEFA Cup Winners' Cup)
1999–2000 Stream (Coppa Italia)
2000–2003 Siemens
2003–2005 Parmacotto
2003–2004 Indesit (Coppa Italia)
2005–2007 INA Assitalia (Insurance)
2007–2008 So.Spe.
Edileuropa
2008–2009 PES 2009
Groupama (Insurance)
Cucciolone Algida
2009 Regione Lazio (Italian Super Cup)
Edileuropa
Paideia
2014 Paideia
Years Kit providers
1963–1964 Lacoste
1972–1976 Tuttosport
1977–1979 NR (Ennerre)
1979–1980 Pouchain
1980–1982 Adidas
1982–1986 NR (Ennerre)
1986–1987 Tuttosport
1987–1989 Kappa
1989–1998 Umbro
1998–2012 Puma
2012– Macron

Footnotes

  1. ^ http://www.uefa.com/MultimediaFiles/Download/StatDoc/competitions/-Publications/01/67/58/96/1675896_DOWNLOAD.pdf
  2. ^ "Storia". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Palmares". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Stadio Olimpico". UEFA. 20 March 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2009. 
  5. ^ "Il Derby della Capitale". CBC. 28 November 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "La Storia". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  7. ^ "Club info". S.S. Lazio. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "Silvio Piola". cronologia.leonardo.it. Retrieved 7 June 2008. 
  9. ^ "Italy 1970/71". RSSSF. Retrieved 15 June 2008. 
  10. ^ "La Lazio di Re Cecconi". vecchiasignora.com. Retrieved 15 June 2008. 
  11. ^ "I banditi e i Campioni – Lazio '73–'74 – Uno scudetto "contro" tutto e tutti". postadelgufo.it. Retrieved 15 June 2008. 
  12. ^ "Italy 1973/74". RSSSF. Retrieved 15 June 2008. 
  13. ^ Paolo Benetollo. "Luciano Re Cecconi, l'Angelo biondo". pagine70.com. Retrieved 15 June 2008. 
  14. ^ "Italy 1978/79". RSSSF. Retrieved 15 June 2008. 
  15. ^ "Italy 1988/89". RSSSF. Retrieved 14 October 2008. 
  16. ^ "Italy 1989/90". RSSSF. Retrieved 14 October 2008. 
  17. ^ "Lazio's £40m Crespo deal". BBC Sport. 12 July 2000. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  18. ^ "Lazio leave it late". UEFA. 19 May 1999. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  19. ^ "Zamorano leads Inter rout". UEFA. 1 June 1998. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  20. ^ "Salas downs United". UEFA. 1 September 1999. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  21. ^ Capone, Antonello (3 February 2000). "Da oggi la Roma è quotata in Borsa". La Gazzetta dello Sport. Retrieved 14 October 2008. 
  22. ^ "Claudio Lotito is the new Lazio chairman". guide.dada.net. Retrieved 12 June 2008. 
  23. ^ "Prima sentenza sullo scandalo calcio: Juve, Lazio e Fiorentina in serie B". La Repubblica. Retrieved 12 June 2008. 
  24. ^ "Lazio win the Coppa Italia". ESPN Star Sports. 14 May 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  25. ^ "Supercoppa alla Lazio. Battuta l'Inter 2–1". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 8 August 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2009. 
  26. ^ "Lazio". albionroad.com. 24 June 2007. 
  27. ^ a b c "Maglie". ultraslazio.it. 24 June 2007. 
  28. ^ "Lazio Football Team Information". football.co.uk. 24 June 2007. 
  29. ^ "Evoluzione di un simbolo nobile e glorioso". ultraslazio.it. 24 June 2007. 
  30. ^ "Stadio Olimpico – nuove tecniche di safety & security". Vigili del Fuoco (in Italian). Retrieved 14 October 2009. 
  31. ^ Bordignon, Fabio; Ceccarini, Luigi (8 August 2008). "Tifosi, Juventus la più amata. Inter la più antipatica". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 15 October 2009. 
  32. ^ "S.S. Lazio". ITV-Football. 29 June 2007. 
  33. ^ "Italian Ultras Scene". View from the Terrace. 29 June 2007. 
  34. ^ Duke, Greg (22 October 2008). "Football First 11: Do or die derbies". CNN. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  35. ^ "Ultras History". ultraslazio.it. 29 June 2007. 
  36. ^ a b c d e "Record". S.S. Lazio. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  37. ^ "Italy – All-Time Topscorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 October 2009. 
  38. ^ Sannucci, Corrado (15 March 2000). "Inzaghi show, la Lazio è tornata". La Repubblica (in Italian). p. 55. Retrieved 30 October 2009. 
  39. ^ a b "Tommaso Rocchi". ESPN. Retrieved 12 October 2009. 
  40. ^ "Goran Pandev". ESPN. Retrieved 12 October 2009. 
  41. ^ "I tesserati 2013–2014". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  42. ^ "UEFA club coefficient rankings". UEFA. 
  43. ^ "S.S. Lazio S.p.A". Funding Universe. 29 June 2007. 
  44. ^ a b "La Lazio debutta in Borsa il giorno della coppa Uefa". La Repubblica (in Italian). 21 April 1998. p. 9. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  45. ^ "S.S. Lazio SpA". consob.it. 8 June 2007. 
  46. ^ "Lazio". Borsa Italiana (in Italian). Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  47. ^ "Real Madrid stays at the top". Deloitte. 8 June 2007. 
  48. ^ a b "S.S. Lazio 2006–07 annual report". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). 18 October 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  49. ^ "S.S. Lazio 2007–08 annual report". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). 23 October 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  50. ^ "S.S. Lazio 2008–09 annual report". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). 27 October 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  51. ^ June 2010.pdf "S.S. Lazio 2009–10 annual report". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). 28 October 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  52. ^ "S.S. Lazio 2010–11 annual report". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). 6 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  53. ^ "S.S. Lazio 2011–12 annual report". S.S. Lazio (in Italian). 4 October 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 

References

  • Melli, Franco and Marco (2005). La storia della Lazio (in Italian). Rome: L'airone Editrice. ISBN 88-7944-725-4. 
  • Barbero, Sergio (1999). Lazio. Il lungo volo dell'aquila (in Italian). Graphot. ISBN 88-86906-19-6. 
  • Barraco, Egidio (1992). Nella Lazio ho giocato anch'io. Novantanni in biancoazzurro (in Italian). Aldo Pimerano. ISBN 88-85946-09-7. 
  • Bocchio, Sandro; Giovanni Tosco (2000). Dizionario della grande Lazio (in Italian). Newton & Compton. ISBN 88-8289-495-9. 
  • Cacciari, Patrizio; Filacchione; Stabile (2004). 1974. Nei ricordi dei protagonisti la storia incredibile della Lazio di Maestrelli (in Italian). Eraclea Libreria Sportiva. ISBN 88-88771-10-7. 
  • Chinaglia, Giorgio (1984). Passione Lazio (in Italian). Rome: Lucarini. ISBN 88-7033-051-6. 
  • Chiappaventi, Guy (2004). Pistole e palloni. Gli anni Settanta nel racconto della Lazio campione d'Italia (in Italian). Limina. ISBN 88-88551-30-1. 
  • Filacchione, Marco. Il volo dell'aquila. Numeri e uomini della grande Lazio (in Italian). Eraclea Libreria Sportiva. ISBN 88-88771-08-5. 
  • Martin, Simon (2006). Calcio e fascismo. Lo sport nazionale sotto Mussolini (in Italian). Mondadori. ISBN 88-04-55566-1. 
  • Melli, Franco (2000). Cara Lazio (in Italian). Rome: Lucarini. ISBN 88-7033-297-7. 
  • Melli, Franco (2000). Saga biancazzurra. La Lazio, Cragnotti, il nuovo potere (in Italian). Rome: Limina. ISBN 88-86713-56-8. 
  • Pennacchia, Mario (1994). Lazio patria nostra: storia della società biancoceleste (in Italian). Rome: Abete Edizioni. ISBN 88-7047-058-X. 
  • Recanatesi, Franco (2005). Uno più undici. Maestrelli: la vita di un gentiluomo del calcio, dagli anni Trenta allo scudetto del '74 (in Italian). Rome: L'Airone Editrice. ISBN 88-7944-844-7. 
  • Tozzi, Alessandro (2005). La mia Lazio. L'Avventura nel meno nove e altre storie biancocelesti (in Italian). Eraclea Libreria Sportiva. ISBN 88-88771-14-X. 
  • Valilutti, Francesco (1997). Breve storia della grande Lazio (in Italian). Rome: Newton & Compton editori. ISBN 88-7983-859-8. 

External links