|Area||7.10 sq mi (18 km2)|
|- land||6.94 sq mi (18 km2)|
|- water||0.16 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||1,296.5 / sq mi (501 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Salem, Illinois|
Salem is located at (38.6282, -88.9482).
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 7.10 square miles (18.4 km2), of which 6.94 square miles (18.0 km2) (or 97.75%) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) (or 2.25%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,909 people, 3,249 households, and 2,082 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.5 people per square mile (500.6/km²). There were 3,473 housing units at an average density of 569.3 per square mile (219.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.13% White, 0.72% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population.
There were 3,249 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,339, and the median income for a family was $42,070. Males had a median income of $31,811 versus $21,931 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,954. About 6.1% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
- William Jennings Bryan, 41st US Secretary of State; US congressman representing Nebraska's 1st district; born in Salem
- Charles W. Bryan, 20th and 23rd governor of Nebraska; younger brother of William Jennings Bryan; born in Salem
- Morrie Steevens, pitcher for the Chicago Cubs and Philadelphia Phillies; born in Salem
- Jim Finks, drafted 12th round by the Pittsburgh Steelers
Arts and culture
Salem is home to Miracle Whip salad dressing and three homes on the National Register of Historic Places: the Charles and Naomi Bachmann House, the Badollet House, and the William Jennings Bryan Boyhood Home.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Charles W. Bryan". National Governors Association. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
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