Adyghe people

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Total population
657,000 (est.)
Regions with significant populations
 Turkey 316,000[1]
 Egypt 12,000[2]
 Russia 124,835
 Jordan 122,000
 Ukraine 600[4]
Adyghe language
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Abkhaz, Kabarday, Ubykh

Adyghe (/ˈædɨɡ/ or /ˌɑːdɨˈɡ/; Circassian language: Адыгэ Adyge) is term referring to Circassian peoples of the northern Caucasus. In a wider sense, "Adyghe" can refer to all of the Circassian peoples (whose native demonym is Адыгэ Adyge; Russian: Адыги Adygi). In a narrower sense, "Adyghe" proper refers only to the Western Circassians (Russian: Адыгейцы Adygeytsy), i.e. speakers of the West Circassian or Adyghe language.

Map of ethnolinguistic groups in the Caucasus region including Adyghes in the narrow sense of the term


Within Russia, the numbers of Adyghe proper in 2010 were 124,835 including 107,048 in Adygea,[3] 13,834 in Krasnodar Krai,[3] 569 in Moscow,[5] and (in 2002) 584 in Kabardino-Balkaria.[6]



Main article: Circassians: History

The political history of the Adyghe proper since the Russian Revolution is complex. On 27 July 1922, a Circassian (Adygea) Autonomous Oblast was established in the Kuban-Black Sea Oblast, which would later become Krasnodar Krai. After several name changes, the Adyghe Autonomous Oblast was established on 3 August 1928. On 5 October 1990, the Adygea ASSR was proclaimed and separated from Krasnodar Krai. On 24 March 1992, it became the Republic of Adygea. A significant population of the Adyghe community now lives in the Black Sea region of Northern Turkey where their culture is preserved in villages in the area.[7]