Adyghe people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Map of ethnolinguistic groups in the Caucasus region including Adyghes in the narrow sense of the term

Adyghe (/ˈædɨɡ/ or /ˌɑːdɨˈɡ/; Circassian language: Адыгэ Adyge) is term referring to Circassian peoples of the northern Caucasus. In a wider sense, "Adyghe" can refer to all of the Circassian peoples (whose native demonym is Адыгэ Adyge; Russian: Адыги Adygi). In a narrower sense, "Adyghe" proper refers only to the Western Circassians (Russian: Адыгейцы Adygeytsy), i.e. speakers of the West Circassian or Adyghe language.


Within Russia, the numbers of Adyghe proper in 2010 were 124,835 including 107,048 in Adygea,[1] 13,834 in Krasnodar Krai,[1] 569 in Moscow,[2] and (in 2002) 584 in Kabardino-Balkaria.[3]



Main article: Circassians: History

The political history of the Adyghe proper since the Russian Revolution is complex. On 27 July 1922, a Circassian (Adygea) Autonomous Oblast was established in the Kuban-Black Sea Oblast, which would later become Krasnodar Krai. After several name changes, the Adyghe Autonomous Oblast was established on 3 August 1928. On 5 October 1990, the Adygea ASSR was proclaimed and separated from Krasnodar Krai. On 24 March 1992, it became the Republic of Adygea. A significant population of the Adyghe community now lives in the Black Sea region of Northern Turkey where their culture is preserved in villages in the area.[4]