Scott County, Missouri
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: Politics section needs wikifying. (April 2014)|
|Scott County, Missouri|
Scott County courthouse in Benton
Location in the state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 28, 1821|
|Named for||John Scott|
|• Total||426 sq mi (1,103 km2)|
|• Land||420 sq mi (1,088 km2)|
|• Water||5.9 sq mi (15 km2), 1.4%|
|• Density||93/sq mi (36/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Scott County is a county located in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,191. Its county seat is Benton. The county was organized in 1821 and named for U.S. Representative John Scott, the first federal representative from Missouri.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Education
- 6 Communities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The second county formed in Missouri’s Southeast Lowland Region, Scott County was created by the Missouri state legislature on December 28, 1821. The county was named in honor of John Scott (1785–1861), the first congressman from Missouri.
Southerners were the first settlers on Spanish land grants in the late 1790s. The King’s Highway (El Camino Real), laid out in 1789, crossed the county which lies in territory claimed by Osage Native American tribes until 1808. The Delaware and Shawnee tribes roamed into the area around the 1820s.
Benton, the county seat, was laid out in 1822 and is named after Thomas Hart Benton, one of Missouri’s first U.S. Senators. From 1864–1878, the county seat was located at Commerce, a town laid out in 1823 on the Mississippi River. Long known as Tywappity, the town started out as a trading post and became a river landing by 1803. Rezin Bowie, brother of James, was syndic of Tywappity Settlement before 1800. The first Baptist Church was formed here in Missouri in 1805. New Hamburg, the third town founded in the county, was settled by German immigrants in the 1840s. The first log church was St. Lawrence Catholic Church. Sikeston, the largest city in the county and the fourth settlement to be founded, was settled in 1800 and was laid out in 1860 by John Sikes on the Cairo & Fulton Railroad.
The county, devastated by guerilla raids during the U.S. Civil War, grew rapidly from the 1870s to the early 1900s as its dense forests were limbered off and numerous railroads were constructed. Towns founded during this period included Diehlstadt, Morley, Oran, Perkins, Blodgett, Crowder, Vanduser, Illmo, Fornfelt (Scott City), Chaffee, Ancell, and Kelso. The Thebes-Mississippi River Railroad Bridge at Illmo dates back to 1905. Located nearby is Cape St. Croix, a rock island in the river where Father De Montigny erected a cross in 1699.
Located near Morley is the gravesite of Nathaniel W. Watkins, a state legislator and a general in the Missouri State Guards who was also the half-brother of Henry Clay. In the county for a short period of time lived Wilson Brown, the ninth lieutenant governor of Missouri and noted early legislators such as Joseph Hunter II and Abraham Hunton.
Cotton, soybeans, melon and grains were all common crops in Scott County. Between the Mississippi River and Little River District drainage ditches lies one of the oldest drainage systems in the United States, Crowley’s Ridge, established in 1905, is a remnant of an old coastal plain that crosses the country.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 426 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 420 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (1.4%) is water. The county's eastern border with Illinois is formed by the Mississippi River.
- Cape Girardeau County (northwest)
- Alexander County, Illinois (northeast)
- Mississippi County (southeast)
- New Madrid County (south)
- Stoddard County (southwest)
As of the census of 2000, there were 40,422 people, 15,626 households, and 11,219 families residing in the county. The population density was 37/km² (96/mi²). There were 16,951 housing units at an average density of 16/km² (40/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.68% White, 10.50% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Approximately 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 15,626 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 13.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,735, and the median income for a family was $48,847. Males had a median income of $30,169 versus $19,269 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,363. About 12.30% of families and 16.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.50% of those under age 18 and 13.60% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2000), Scott County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Scott County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (40.54%), Roman Catholics (27.12%), and Methodists (9.28%).
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2014)|
The Democratic Party completely controls politics at the local level in Scott County. Democrats hold every elected position in the county.
|Scott County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Christy Hency||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Rita Milam||Democratic|
|Coroner||Scott C. Amick||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Paul R. Boyd||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Pam Dirnberger||Democratic|
Scott County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.
- District 160 – Currently represented by Ellen Brandom (R-Sikeston) and consists of most of the county and includes the cities of Benton, Chaffee, Haywood City, Kelso, Lambert, Miner, Morley, Oran, Sikeston, and Vanduser.
|Missouri House of Representatives – District 160 – Scott County (2010)|
- District 161 – Currently represented by Steve Hodges (D-East Prairie) and includes Scott City and the towns of Blodgett, Commerce and Diehlstadt. In 2010, incumbent Hodges was reelected to another term; the Scott County precincts, however, backed his Republican challenger, Ron McCormick.
|Missouri House of Representatives – District 161 – Scott County (2010)|
All of Scott County is a part of Missouri's 27th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by State Senator Jason Crowell (R-Cape Girardeau). In 2008, Crowell defeated Linda Sanders (D-Jackson) 64.2%–35.8% in the district. The 27th Senatorial District consists of Bollinger, Cape Girardeau, Madison, Mississippi, Perry, and Scott counties.
|Missouri Senate – District 27 – Scott County (2008)|
|2012||49.99% 8,421||48.04% 8,092||1.98% 333|
|2008||53.12% 9,494||45.55% 8,142||1.33% 238|
|2004||58.69% 10,198||40.31% 7,004||1.00% 174|
|2000||52.12% 8,159||46.59% 7,293||1.29% 202|
|1996||38.71% 5,878||59.76% 9,074||1.53% 233|
|1992||47.32% 7,564||52.68% 8,422||0.00% 0|
|1988||56.49% 7,845||43.45% 6,035||0.06% 8|
|1984||59.90% 8,446||40.10% 5,654||0.00% 0|
|1980||49.80% 7,619||50.13% 7,669||0.07% 11|
|1976||41.63% 5,558||58.37% 7,793||0.01% 1|
Scott County is included in Missouri’s 8th Congressional District and is currently represented by Jason T. Smith (R-Salem) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Smith won a special election on Tuesday, June 4, 2013, to finish out the remaining term of U.S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson (R-Cape Girardeau). Emerson announced her resignation a month after being reelected with over 70 percent of the vote in the district. She resigned to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative.
|U.S. House of Representatives – District 8 – Scott County (2012)|
|Republican||Jo Ann Emerson||12,318||73.24||+5.57|
|U.S. House of Representatives – District 8 – Special Election – Scott County (2013)|
|Republican||Jason T. Smith||2,603||61.43|
|Write-in||Robert W. George||3||0.07|
|Write-in||Wayne L. Byington||2||0.05|
|2012||68.37% 11,623||30.13% 5,122||1.50% 254|
|2008||63.95% 11,563||34.61% 6,258||1.44% 261|
|2004||64.94% 11,330||34.71% 6,057||0.35% 61|
|2000||57.30% 8,999||41.09% 6,452||1.61% 253|
|1996||43.54% 6,641||45.97% 7,011||10.49% 1,600|
|1992||37.95% 6,265||45.14% 7,452||16.74% 2,763|
|1988||57.45% 8,013||42.40% 5,914||0.15% 21|
|1984||61.04% 8,727||38.96% 5,569||0.00% 0|
|1980||53.65% 8,227||44.69% 6,854||1.66% 255|
|1976||40.31% 5,473||59.48% 8,075||0.21% 28|
At the presidential level, Scott County is fairly independent-leaning. While George W. Bush carried Scott County in 2000 and 2004, Bill Clinton won the county both times in 1992 and 1996. Like most of the rural counties in Missouri, Scott County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008.
Like most rural areas throughout Southeast Missouri, voters in Scott County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Scott County with 85.32 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Scott County with 64.85 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Scott County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Scott County with 67.99 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.
Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)
In the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary, voters in Scott County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 2,931, than any candidate from either party in Scott County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary.
|Scott County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||1,389 (32.99%)|
|Mike Huckabee||1,549 (36.79%)|
|Mitt Romney||1,076 (25.56%)|
|Ron Paul||113 (2.68%)|
|Scott County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Rodham Clinton||2,931 (63.43%)|
|Barack Obama||1,443 (31.23%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||191 (4.13%)|
- Chaffee R-II School District – Chaffee
- Chaffee Elementary School (K-06)
- Chaffee Jr.-Sr. High School (07-12)
- Oran R-III School District – Oran
- Oran Elementary School (K-06)
- Oran High School (07-12)
- Scott County R-IV School District – Benton
- Scott County Elementary School (K-05)
- Scott County Middle School (06-08)
- Thomas W. Kelly High School (09-12)
- Scott City R-I School District – Scott City
- Scott City Elementary School (K-04)
- Scott City Middle School (05-08)
- Scott City High School (09-12)
- Scott County Central School District – Sikeston
- Scott County Central Elementary School (PK-06)
- Scott County Central High School (07-12)
- Sikeston R-VI School District – Sikeston
- Lee Hunter Elementary School (01-04)
- Matthews Elementary School (01-04)
- Morehouse Elementary School (PK-04)
- Sikeston Kindergarten Center (K)
- Sikeston 5th & 6th Grade Center (05-06)
- Southeast Elementary School (01-04)
- Sikeston 7th & 8th Grade Center (07-08)
- Sikeston High School (09-12)
- St. Denis School – Benton – (01-08) – Roman Catholic
- St. Ambrose School – Chaffee – (K-08) – Roman Catholic
- St. Augustine School – Kelso – (01-08) – Roman Catholic
- Guardian Angel School – Oran – (K-08) – Roman Catholic
- St. Joseph School – Scott City – (K-08) – Roman Catholic
- St. Francis Xavier Christian Academy – Sikeston – (PK-08) – Roman Catholic
- Southeast Missouri Christian Academy – Sikeston – (PK-K) Daycare Center – Non-denominational Christian
- Solid Rock Christian Academy – Sikeston – Non-denominational Christian
Colleges and universities
- Sikeston Area Higher Education Center (SAHEC) – Sikeston – A satellite campus of Southeast Missouri State University.
- Sikeston Career & Technology Center – Sikeston – A technical school based out of the Sikeston R-VI School District.
- Three Rivers Community College – Sikeston
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 363.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Scott County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
||Cape Girardeau County||Alexander County, Illinois|
|Stoddard County||New Madrid County||Mississippi County|