Butler County, Missouri
|Butler County, Missouri|
Location in the state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 27, 1849|
|Named for||William Orlando Butler|
|Largest city||Poplar Bluff|
|• Total||698.97 sq mi (1,810 km2)|
|• Land||697.54 sq mi (1,807 km2)|
|• Water||1.43 sq mi (4 km2), 0.20|
|• Density||61/sq mi (23.67/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Butler County is a county located in the southeast Ozark Foothills Region in the southeast portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county's population was 42,794. The largest city and county seat is Poplar Bluff. The county was officially organized from Wayne County on February 27, 1849, and is named after former U.S. Representative William O. Butler (D-Kentucky), who was also an unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States. The first meeting in the Butler County Courthouse was held on June 18, 1849.
Butler County comprises the Poplar Bluff, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Education
- 4 Communities
- 5 Politics
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 698.97 square miles (1,810.3 km2), of which 697.54 square miles (1,806.6 km2) (or 99.80%) is land and 1.43 square miles (3.7 km2) (or 0.20%) is water.
- Wayne County (north)
- Stoddard County (northeast)
- Dunklin County (southeast)
- Clay County, Arkansas (south)
- Ripley County (west)
- Carter County (northwest)
National protected area
- Mark Twain National Forest (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 40,867 people, 16,718 households, and 11,318 families residing in the county. The population density was 59 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 18,707 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.16% White, 5.22% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Approximately 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Butler County were 31.7% American, 13.8% German, 11.6% Irish and 10.5% English, according to Census 2000.
There were 16,718 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,422, and the median income for a family was $42,713. Males had a median income of $27,449 versus $19,374 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,282. About 14.00% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2010), most residents (58.00%) in Butler County do not adhere to a religion.
Among those who do adhere to a religion (42.00%), the majority of Butler County residents' religious affiliations are:
- 68.35% Evangelical Protestantism
- 11.92% Catholicism
- 11.25% Mainline Protestantism
- 5.41% Others (Mormonism, Islam, and Hinduism)
- 3.06% Black Protestantism
The main religious families among all adherents in Butler County are:
- Neelyville R-IV School District - Neelyville
- Hillview Elementary School - Harviell - (PK-02)
- Neelyville Elementary School - (03-06)
- Neelyville High School - (07-12)
- Poplar Bluff R-I School District - Poplar Bluff
- Eugene Field Elementary School - (01-04)
- Kinyon Early Childhood Center - (PK/Daycare)
- Lake Road Elementary School - (01-04)
- Mark Twain Kindergarten Center - (K)
- O'Neal Elementary School - (01-04)
- Oak Grove Elementary School - (01-04)
- Poplar Bluff 5th & 6th Grade Center - (05-06)
- Poplar Bluff Jr. High School (07-08)
- Poplar Bluff High School (09-12)
- Twin Rivers R-X School District - Broseley
- Agape Christian School - Poplar Bluff - (K-12) - Non-denominational Christian
- Sacred Heart Elementary School - Poplar Bluff - (PK-08) - Roman Catholic
- Southern Missouri Christian School - Poplar Bluff - (K-12) - Assembly of God/Pentecostal
- Westwood Baptist Academy - Poplar Bluff - (PK-12) - Baptist
- Zion Lutheran School - Poplar Bluff - Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod
Special Education/Other Schools
- Hentz Alternative Learning Center - Poplar Bluff
- Shady Grove State School - Poplar Bluff
- Sierra-Osage Treatment Center - Poplar Bluff
- W.E. Sears Youth Center - Poplar Bluff
Butler County is divided into ten townships:
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2014)|
|Butler County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Cindi Bowman||Republican|
|County Clerk||Tonyi Deffendall||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Kevin Barbour||Republican|
|Public Administrator||Sharron Payne||Republican|
|Sheriff||Mark L. Dobbs||Republican|
The Republican Party completely controls politics at the local level in Butler County, as Republicans hold all the elected positions in the county.
|2012||55.46% 9,251||42.18% 7,036||2.36% 393|
|2008||54.12% 9,205||43.86% 7,459||2.02% 343|
|2004||66.12% 10,796||32.85% 5,364||1.03% 168|
|2000||58.40% 8,301||39.80% 5,657||1.80% 257|
|1996||47.71% 6,793||50.63% 7,208||1.66% 237|
|1992||49.18% 7,335||50.82% 7,581||0.00% 0|
|1988||66.86% 9,060||33.12% 4,488||0.02% 3|
|1984||59.67% 7,875||40.33% 5,323||0.00% 0|
|1980||53.17% 7,471||46.75% 6,569||0.07% 10|
|1976||52.91% 6,489||46.82% 5,742||0.27% 33|
|1972||54.67% 6,972||45.23% 5,768||0.09% 12|
|1968||41.44% 5,393||58.56% 7,621||0.00% 0|
|1964||38.67% 5,021||61.33% 7,964||0.00% 0|
|1960||49.56% 6,772||50.44% 6,891||0.00% 0|
Butler County is a Republican stronghold at the presidential level. Bill Clinton of neighboring Arkansas was the last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Butler County in 1992. Since then, voters in Butler County have decisively supported the Republican presidential candidates. Mitt Romney won Butler County by an almost three-to-one margin in 2012.
Like most rural areas throughout Southeast Missouri, voters in Butler County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which strongly influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Butler County with 88.83 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban marriage equality. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Butler County with 61.21 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Butler County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage.[neutrality is disputed] In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Butler County with 68.75 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.
|2012||72.52% 12,248||25.83% 4,363||1.65% 278|
|2008||68.09% 11,805||30.66% 5,316||1.25% 217|
|2004||71.14% 11,696||28.38% 4,666||0.48% 79|
|2000||63.28% 9,111||34.70% 4,996||2.02% 290|
|1996||48.78% 6,996||40.30% 5,780||10.93% 1,567|
|1992||42.23% 6,450||43.23% 6,602||14.33% 2,189|
|1988||58.00% 7,968||41.86% 5,751||0.14% 19|
|1984||64.96% 8,712||35.04% 4,699||0.00% 0|
|1980||58.83% 8,342||39.52% 5,605||1.65% 234|
|1976||45.41% 5,669||54.14% 6,759||0.46% 57|
|1972||72.63% 9,198||27.37% 3,466||0.00% 0|
|1968||46.98% 6,326||32.52% 4,379||20.49% 2,759|
|1964||42.14% 5,616||57.86% 7,710||0.00% 0|
|1960||61.81% 8,751||38.19% 5,406||0.00% 0|
Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)
Voters in Butler County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.
- Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 2,490, than any candidate from either party in Butler County during the 2008 Missouri presidential preference primary.
|Butler County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||1,117 (24.64%)|
|Mike Huckabee||2,215 (48.85%)|
|Mitt Romney||1,007 (22.21%)|
|Ron Paul||134 (2.96%)|
|Butler County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Rodham Clinton||2,490 (69.87%)|
|Barack Obama||960 (26.94%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||82 (2.30%)|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 264.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Butler County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
||Carter County||Wayne County|
|Ripley County||Stoddard County|
|Clay County, Arkansas||Dunklin County|