Butler County, Missouri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the county in southeastern Missouri. For the city in Bates County, in western Missouri, see Butler, Missouri.
Butler County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Butler County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded February 27, 1849
Named for William Orlando Butler
Seat Poplar Bluff
Largest city Poplar Bluff
Area
 • Total 698.97 sq mi (1,810 km2)
 • Land 697.54 sq mi (1,807 km2)
 • Water 1.43 sq mi (4 km2), 0.20
Population
 • (2010) 42,794
 • Density 61/sq mi (23.67/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Butler County is a county located in the southeast Ozark Foothills Region in the southeast portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county's population was 42,794.[1] The largest city and county seat is Poplar Bluff.[2] The county was officially organized from Wayne County on February 27, 1849, and is named after former U.S. Representative William O. Butler (D-Kentucky), who was also an unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States.[3] The first meeting in the Butler County Courthouse was held on June 18, 1849.

Butler County comprises the Poplar Bluff, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 698.97 square miles (1,810.3 km2), of which 697.54 square miles (1,806.6 km2) (or 99.80%) is land and 1.43 square miles (3.7 km2) (or 0.20%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,616
1860 2,891 78.9%
1870 4,298 48.7%
1880 6,011 39.9%
1890 10,164 69.1%
1900 16,769 65.0%
1910 20,624 23.0%
1920 24,106 16.9%
1930 23,697 −1.7%
1940 34,276 44.6%
1950 37,707 10.0%
1960 34,656 −8.1%
1970 33,529 −3.3%
1980 37,693 12.4%
1990 38,765 2.8%
2000 40,867 5.4%
2010 42,794 4.7%
Est. 2012 43,053 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 40,867 people, 16,718 households, and 11,318 families residing in the county. The population density was 59 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 18,707 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.16% White, 5.22% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Approximately 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Butler County were 31.7% American, 13.8% German, 11.6% Irish and 10.5% English, according to Census 2000.

There were 16,718 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,422, and the median income for a family was $42,713. Males had a median income of $27,449 versus $19,374 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,282. About 14.00% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2010), most residents (58.00%) in Butler County do not adhere to a religion.

Among those who do adhere to a religion (42.00%), the majority of Butler County residents' religious affiliations are:

The main religious families among all adherents in Butler County are:

Education[edit]

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Butler County, 70.5% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 11.6% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.

Public Schools[edit]

Private Schools[edit]

Special Education/Other Schools[edit]

Post-Secondary[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Rodgers Theatre in Poplar Bluff in Missouri (Art Deco opened on June 1, 1949).

Townships[edit]

Butler County is divided into ten townships:

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

Butler County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Marion Tibbs Republican
Circuit Clerk Cindi Bowman Republican
County Clerk Tonyi Deffendall Republican
Collector Brenda Fox Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Ed Strenfel Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Don Anderson Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Jeffrey Darnell Republican
Coroner Jim Akers Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Kevin Barbour Republican
Public Administrator Sharron Payne Republican
Recorder Debby Lundstrom Republican
Sheriff Mark L. Dobbs Republican
Treasurer Joe Humphrey Republican

The Republican Party completely controls politics at the local level in Butler County, as Republicans hold all the elected positions in the county.

State[edit]

Butler County is represented in the Missouri House of Representatives by Todd Richardson (Republican) and Steve Cookson (Republican) and in the Missouri Senate by Doug Libla (Republican).

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 55.46% 9,251 42.18% 7,036 2.36% 393
2008 54.12% 9,205 43.86% 7,459 2.02% 343
2004 66.12% 10,796 32.85% 5,364 1.03% 168
2000 58.40% 8,301 39.80% 5,657 1.80% 257
1996 47.71% 6,793 50.63% 7,208 1.66% 237
1992 49.18% 7,335 50.82% 7,581 0.00% 0
1988 66.86% 9,060 33.12% 4,488 0.02% 3
1984 59.67% 7,875 40.33% 5,323 0.00% 0
1980 53.17% 7,471 46.75% 6,569 0.07% 10
1976 52.91% 6,489 46.82% 5,742 0.27% 33
1972 54.67% 6,972 45.23% 5,768 0.09% 12
1968 41.44% 5,393 58.56% 7,621 0.00% 0
1964 38.67% 5,021 61.33% 7,964 0.00% 0
1960 49.56% 6,772 50.44% 6,891 0.00% 0

Federal[edit]

Butler County is represented in the U.S. Senate by U.S. Senators Claire McCaskill (Democrat) and Roy Blunt (Republican).

Butler County is included in Missouri's 8th Congressional District in the U.S. House of Representatives and is represented by Jason T. Smith (Republican).

Political Culture[edit]

Butler County is a Republican stronghold at the presidential level. Bill Clinton of neighboring Arkansas was the last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Butler County in 1992. Since then, voters in Butler County have decisively supported the Republican presidential candidates. Mitt Romney won Butler County by an almost three-to-one margin in 2012.

Like most rural areas throughout Southeast Missouri, voters in Butler County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which strongly influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Butler County with 88.83 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban marriage equality. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Butler County with 61.21 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Butler County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage.[citation needed][neutrality is disputed] In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Butler County with 68.75 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 72.52% 12,248 25.83% 4,363 1.65% 278
2008 68.09% 11,805 30.66% 5,316 1.25% 217
2004 71.14% 11,696 28.38% 4,666 0.48% 79
2000 63.28% 9,111 34.70% 4,996 2.02% 290
1996 48.78% 6,996 40.30% 5,780 10.93% 1,567
1992 42.23% 6,450 43.23% 6,602 14.33% 2,189
1988 58.00% 7,968 41.86% 5,751 0.14% 19
1984 64.96% 8,712 35.04% 4,699 0.00% 0
1980 58.83% 8,342 39.52% 5,605 1.65% 234
1976 45.41% 5,669 54.14% 6,759 0.46% 57
1972 72.63% 9,198 27.37% 3,466 0.00% 0
1968 46.98% 6,326 32.52% 4,379 20.49% 2,759
1964 42.14% 5,616 57.86% 7,710 0.00% 0
1960 61.81% 8,751 38.19% 5,406 0.00% 0

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

Voters in Butler County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

  • Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 2,490, than any candidate from either party in Butler County during the 2008 Missouri presidential preference primary.
Butler County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 1,117 (24.64%)
Mike Huckabee 2,215 (48.85%)
Mitt Romney 1,007 (22.21%)
Ron Paul 134 (2.96%)
Butler County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton 2,490 (69.87%)
Barack Obama 960 (26.94%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 82 (2.30%)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 264. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°43′N 90°24′W / 36.72°N 90.40°W / 36.72; -90.40