Andrew County, Missouri

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Andrew County, Missouri
Savannah-andrew.jpg
Andrew County Courthouse
Map of Missouri highlighting Andrew County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded January 29, 1841
Named for Andrew Jackson Davis
Seat Savannah
Largest city Savannah
Area
 • Total 436.50 sq mi (1,131 km2)
 • Land 435.18 sq mi (1,127 km2)
 • Water 1.32 sq mi (3 km2), 0.30%
Population
 • (2010) 17,291
 • Density 40/sq mi (15.34/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.andrewcounty.org

Andrew County is a county located in Northwest Missouri in the United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county had a population of 17,291.[1] Its county seat is Savannah.[2] The county was organized January 29, 1841 and named for Andrew Jackson Davis, a lawyer and prominent citizen of St. Louis.[3]

Andrew County is part of the St. Joseph, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Kansas City-Overland, Park-Kansas City, MO-KS Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The following material is inscribed on a plaque erected by the State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission in 1960, now located by the Andrew County Courthouse.

Andrew County, organized 1841, is one of six counties in the Indian Platte Purchase Territory annexed to Missouri in 1837. Named for Andrew Jackson Davis, a St. Louis editor, the county was first settled in the middle 1830s. Pioneers were from Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, and other parts of Missouri.

Savannah, the county seat, was laid out in 1841. First briefly called Union, it was renamed for Savannah, Georgia. The Platte County Railroad (CB&Q) reached there in 1860, and today's Chicago, Great Western in the late 1880s. The town grew as a shipping point and trading center in the post Civil War era.

Divided during the Civil War, Andrew County sent troops to both sides. In August 1861, 1,500 soldiers from Andrew County and other counties joined the pro-Southern Missouri State Guard at Camp Highly in eastern Andrew County while others joined a large Union cap in adjacent Gentry County. In 1861, Union troops seized "Northwest Democrat," a pro-Southern newspaper, in Savannah and troops from Camp Highly seized the "Plain Dealer," a Union newspaper. Raiding guerrilla bands overran the county through 1863.

Andrew County's glacial plains support fertile livestock, grain, and fruit farms. The One Hundred and Two River, along with the Platte River, are located in the county. Its western border is formed by the Nodaway and Missouri rivers. In 1804 the Lewis and Clark Expedition camped on an island at the mouth of the Nodaway River. Members of fur trader Wilson P. Hunt's 1811 Astorian expedition wintered near the river’s mouth as well.

Among the towns located in Andrew County are Amazonia, once on the Missouri River, now inland, laid out in 1857 near the site of Nodaway City, an early river port; Fillmore, established in 1845; Whitesville, established in 1848; Rochester, established in 1848; Bolckow, established in 1868; Rosendale, established in 1869; Rea, established in 1877; Helena, established in 1878; and Cosby, established in 1882.

The Andrew County Museum & Historical Society celebrates the history of Andrew County through exhibits, programs, publications, and special events. The museum and society collects, preserves, researches, and interprets documents and artifacts to promote the appreciation and preservation of the county's history and bring history to life in Andrew County.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 436.50 square miles (1,130.5 km2), of which 435.18 square miles (1,127.1 km2) (or 99.70%) is land and 1.32 square miles (3.4 km2) (or 0.30%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 9,433
1860 11,850 25.6%
1870 15,137 27.7%
1880 16,318 7.8%
1890 16,000 −1.9%
1900 17,332 8.3%
1910 15,282 −11.8%
1920 14,075 −7.9%
1930 13,469 −4.3%
1940 13,015 −3.4%
1950 11,727 −9.9%
1960 11,062 −5.7%
1970 11,913 7.7%
1980 13,908 16.7%
1990 14,632 5.2%
2000 16,492 12.7%
2010 17,291 4.8%
Est. 2012 17,417 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 16,492 people, 6,273 households, and 4,635 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 6,662 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.38% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Approximately 0.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,273 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,688, and the median income for a family was $46,067. Males had a median income of $32,955 versus $22,586 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,375. About 6.40% of families and 8.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Andrew County is divided into 10 townships:

Education[edit]

Public Schools[edit]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Andrew County. Republicans hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.

Andrew County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Ronald Christmas Republican
Circuit Clerk Tena Christmas Republican
County Clerk Cyndee Merritt Republican
Collector Phil Rogers Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Larry L. Atkins Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Greg Wall Democratic
Commissioner
(District 2)
Darryl Howard Democratic
Coroner Ronald D. Crouse Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Steven Stevenson Republican
Public Administrator Karen Keller Republican
Recorder Rosa Lea Lancey Republican
Sheriff Bryan Atkins Republican
Surveyor F. Shane Terhune Republican
Treasurer Cindy Esely Republican

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 48.09% 4,174 49.69% 4,313 2.22% 192
2004 60.70% 5,001 38.15% 3,143 1.15% 95
2000 54.55% 3,943 43.47% 3,142 1.98% 143
1996 37.24% 2,607 60.33% 4,223 2.43% 170

All of Andrew County is a part of Missouri’s 28th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is represented by Delus Johnson (R-St. Joseph).

Missouri House of Representatives - District 28 – Andrew County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Delus Johnson 3,844 65.44
Democratic Mark Sheehan 2,030 34.56

All of Andrew County is a part of Missouri’s 12th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Brad Lager (R-Savannah).

Missouri Senate - District 12 – Andrew County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Brad Lager 4,916 100.00

Federal[edit]

All of Andrew County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Andrew County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 4,437 75.54
Democratic Clint Hylton 1,437 24.46
Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 60.06% 5,279 38.05% 3,345 1.89% 166
2004 62.12% 5,135 37.13% 3,069 0.75% 62
2000 58.52% 4,257 38.42% 2,795 3.06% 222
1996 46.20% 3,281 39.53% 2,807 14.27% 1,013

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

Andrew County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 501 (27.96%)
Mike Huckabee 484 (27.01%)
Mitt Romney 641 (35.77%)
Ron Paul 120 (6.70%)
Andrew County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton 1,067 (56.94%)
Barack Obama 746 (39.81%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 39 (2.08%)
Uncommitted 16 (0.85%)

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 202. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ Barack Obama Family - Chicago Sun-Times - Retrieved May 3, 2009

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°59′N 94°48′W / 39.99°N 94.80°W / 39.99; -94.80