Sport in Colombia

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The Colombian national football team against Brazil in Bogotá, Colombia
Football is the most popular sport in Colombia. In the picture, a match is being held in Barranquilla.

Sports in Colombia refers to the practice of sports in Colombia. There are professional sports leagues, as well as amateur leagues for numerous sports. Football and cycling are the most popular sports in Colombia. The Government of Colombia sponsors numerous individuals and teams nationally and internationally through the Ministry of Culture for competitions in representation of Colombia. Professional Sports achievements are subject to national pride for Colombians.

Association football[edit]

Main article: Football in Colombia

The organization was associated to the FIFA and CONMEBOL since 1936. The Colombia national football team participated in a FIFA World Cup in 1962, followed by others in 1990, 1994, and 1998. The best presentation being in 1990, when the team reached the second round. The only "olympic goal" (a goal made directly from one corner shot) in the World Cup was scored for Colombia by Marcos Coll, beating legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin in a 4–4 draw with the Soviet Union in 1962. A golden era existed for the national team from the mid-1980s towards the late 1990s when it became one of the most powerful teams in football.

Colombia was the champion of the 2001 Copa América, which they hosted and set a new record of being undefeated, conceding no goals and winning each match. Prior to that success they were runners-up to Peru in the 1975 Copa América. Interestingly, Colombia was the first team to win FIFA best mover in 1993 where the achievement was first introduced and the second team after Croatia to win it twice with the second being in 2013.[1] Colombia also hosted the 2011 FIFA U-20 World Cup and is to host the 2016 FIFA Futsal World Cup.

It also qualified for the 1968, 1972, 1980, and 1992 Summer Olympics. Throughout the years, many Colombians have also worked for leagues in other nations. The national clubs compete in the Liga Postobon, which also participates in international tournaments like Copa Libertadores de América upon winning or finishing in the first places. In club football, Atlético Nacional became the first Colombian club team to win the Copa Libertadores in 1989. Once Caldas were the surprise winners of the 2004 Copa Libertadores and the second Colombian team to do so.

Cycling[edit]

Cycling in Colombia became very popular, after the triumphs of Martín Emilio "Cochise" Rodríguez in European cycling competitions, which in turn helped to develop the Colombian Cycling Federation. Rodriguez was followed by professional Colombian cyclists known as the "Colombian beetles", which include up to this date Luis "Lucho" Herrera, Luis Felipe Laverde, Fabio Parra, Víctor Hugo Peña, Santiago Botero, Mauricio Soler and, most recently, Nairo Quintana.

Colombian cycling has enjoyed a renaissance in the early 2010s, with Colombian riders enjoying international success.[2][3][4][5] One of the factors cited for this success has been the establishment of the 4-72 Colombia cycling team (formerly known as Colombia es Pasión-Café de Colombia), which has developed several cyclists who have gone on to compete for UCI ProTeams.[3][6] The government-backed Colombia-Coldeportes cycling team competed at the 2013 Giro d'Italia, and was the first all-Colombian team to do so for 21 years.[4] The team aims to secure UCI ProTeam status and compete in the Tour de France.[7] High-profile riders emerging in this period include Nairo Quintana, Rigoberto Uran, Sergio Henao, Carlos Betancur and Mariana Pajon.

During the 1990s, the government of the Colombian capital, Bogotá introduced the Ciclovía, which became popular and were introduced later into other Colombian cities. The government of Bogotá later built Bogotá's Bike Paths Network to sponsor the practice of sports by the population and to curb the city's increasing pollution by drivers. The network extends throughout the city with bicycle use increasing five times in the city. There is an estimated 300,000 to 400,000 trips made daily in Bogotá by bicycle.[8]

Champions[edit]

Martial arts[edit]

Boxing[edit]

Professional boxing in Colombia is mostly practiced in Caribbean region and the Pacific Region. Boxing in Colombia was also introduced by Europeans in the late 19th century and became popular in Latin America in the early 20th century, and in Colombia became popular in the 1960s, with the triumphs of Antonio "Kid Pambele" Cervantes who became a two time world Jr. Welterweight champion. He was then followed by boxers like Prudencio Cardona, Rodrigo Valdéz, Fidel Bassa, and many more. The success of these boxers created a fan base and many Colombians started to follow the sport. The National Boxing Commission of Colombia (Comisión Nacional de Boxeo de Colombia) was created and regulated the practice of boxing in Colombia.

In the 1980s, the success of Miguel "Happy" Lora reigned in the bantam weight division (118 pounds) -WBC- from 1985 to 1988 and the silver medal in the Pan American Games of Carlos José Tamara. Another boxers have figured internationally and won some titles such as Ener Julio, Joel Julio, among others.

During the 1990s, surged Irene "Mambaco" Pacheco who became a world champion in the IBF Flyweight category, and in the 2000s, Fulgencio Zúñiga current IBO Super middleweight champion.

Champions[edit]

[8]

Roller skating[edit]

With the introduction of inline skates in Colombia during the 1990s, roller skating became widely practiced throughout most of the main cities in the country. It was mostly popular in the main and medium size cities such as Cartagena, Cali, Bogotá, Pasto, Barrancabermeja, Barranquilla, Medellín, and Valledupar. [8]

Colombia is a mecca for roller skaters. The national team is a perennial powerhouse at the World Roller Speed Skating Championships and has won the overall title nine times in the past 12 years. Colombia also exports state-of-the-art technology in this sport.[9][10]

Notable[edit]

Cecilia Baena, female Inline speed skating world champion
  • Claudia Ruizm Female Inline speed skating world champion 300 meters, 1990
  • Luz Mery Tristan, Female Inline speed skating world champion 5,000 meters, 1990
  • Guillermo Leon Botero, Inline speed skating world champion 20,000 meters, 1990
  • Luis Eduardo Moreno, Inline speed skating world champion in China, 300 meters
  • Liana Holguín, Female Inline speed skating world champion in China
  • Andrés Felipe Muñoz, 15,000 meters Inline speed skating Junior world champion in Abruzzo, 2004 in China 2005
  • Brigitte Méndez, Female Inline speed skating world champion, 15.000 m elimination, Abruzzo (Italy) 2004, Sushou (China) 2005, 1.000 m line Sushou (China) 2005
  • Juan Nayib Tobón, Multiple World champion Inline speed skating in China
  • Silvia Natalia Niño, Multiple Inline speed skating world champion
  • Diego Rosero, Multiple Inline speed skating world champion
  • Cecilia Baena, Female Inline speed skating world champion
  • Berenice Moreno, Female Inline speed skating world champion
  • Jorge Botero, Inline speed skating world champion
  • Jennifer Caicedo, Female Inline speed skating world champion, 500 meters Duisburg (Germany), and Suzhou (China), and in Barquisimeto (Venezuela)
  • Edwin Guevara, Inline speed skating world champion, 1996, 1998
  • Anderson Ariza, Inline speed skating world champion, 2002
  • Alexandra Vivas, Female Inline speed skating world champion, 10,000 meters (Italy) 2004
  • Nelson Garzon, Inline speed skating world champion, 10,000 meters points, 2006
  • Jersy Puello, Inline speed skating world champion, 200 m and 1.000 m (Italy) 2004
  • Carolina Upegui, Inline speed skating world champion, 15,000 meters (Italy) 2004
  • Kelly Martinez, Inline speed skating junior world champion, 15,000 meters Barquisimeto (Venezuela) 2003
  • Jorge Cifuentes, Inline speed skating junior world champion, 1.000 m, 500 m J (Italy) 2004
  • Martin Cardenas, National Skating Champion 100 m child (Colombia) 2003.
  • Sara Vallejo World Figure Skating Champion Youth 200 m (Colombia) 2007.
  • Maria Claudia salazar skating 15,000 m Youth 2007
  • Ahmed Hamed 300 m skating world Champion Palestina youth 2007

Motorsports[edit]

Juan Pablo Montoya, gained world fame after participating in the most popular motorsport competitions of Europe and the United States.

Juan Pablo Montoya has been the most successful sportsman in motorsports in Colombia, with a cameo in Formula One and of 2006 in the NASCAR, United States.

Basketball[edit]

Colombia hosted the 1982 Basketball World Cup, one of the most prestigious events, the country has ever hosted. Since then, the country's basketball team has declined a bit. Throughout the decades, Colombia produced several internationally recognized players such as Juan Palacios, who has played in several of Europe's elite competitions.

Chess[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Edgar Rentería, currently free agent short stop.

Bowling[edit]

Golf[edit]

Currently, Camilo Villegas is the most recognized Colombian golfer in the world. He has been a PGA Tour professional in the United States since 2006. In 2008, Villegas was the first PGA Tour player in 11 years to win his first two PGA Tour events back-to-back. He is currently among the top 10 ranked golfers in the world, according to the Official World Golf Rankings.

Marisa Baena was the inaugural champion of the HSBC Women's World Match Play Championship in 2005.

Camilo Benedetti, Diego Vanegas, and Manuel ("Manny") Villegas (younger brother of Camilo Villegas) are currently playing professional golf in the United States on the Nationwide Tour, with hopes of eventually graduating to the PGA Tour. David Vanegas is playing on the equivalent Challenge Tour with the prospect of promotion to the European Tour.

Weightlifting[edit]

Olympic wrestling[edit]

Tennis[edit]

Shooting[edit]

Speed skating[edit]

  • Jay Ramirez, 26 year old London based Colombian skater, who is training in the Netherlands and attempting to become the first Colombian born athlete to take part in the Winter Olympic Games, in Sochi 2014.

Judo[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Spain finish 2012 on top, Colombia in fifth. fifa.com (19 December 2012). Retrieved on 19 December 2012
  2. ^ "Colombia undergoes cycling boom". CCTV.com. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Beal, Anthony (9 May 2013). "Antbanter: The Colombian Revolution". VeloVoices. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "A Call To Arms". www.rapha.cc. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "What's next for Colombian cycling?". Cycling Inquisition. 29 July 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Lindsey, Joe (7 May 2013). "Here Come the Colombians". bicycling.com. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Wallace, Arturo (4 May 2013). "Giro team revives Colombia's passion for pedalling". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c http://www.welovebogota.com/sports-in-colombia.html
  9. ^ "Patinaje colombiano, el más ganador del mundo" (in Spanish). elpais.com.co. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  10. ^ "Colombian skating will export state-of-the-art technology". patincolombia.com. Retrieved 28 August 2013.