Tarairiú language

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Tarairiú
Ochucuyana
Native to Brazil
Region Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte
Extinct (date missing)
unclassified
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog tara1303  (Tarairiu)[1]
jeni1237  (Jenipapo-Kaninde)[2]

Tarairiú AKA Caratiú is an extinct and very poorly known language of eastern Brazil. The Tarairiu nation was divided into several tribes: the Jandoino, Kanindé, Paiaku (Pajacú, Bajacú), Jenipapo, Jenipabuçu, Javó, Kamaçu, Tukuriju, Arariu, and "Xukuru" / Xacó.

The language is attested only through a few word lists. A few words resemble those of neighboring Kariri (and other Macro-Je) and Xukuru languages, but not enough to support a genealogical connection. Kaufman (1994) reports that "not even Greenberg dares classify this language".

Some of the recorded words:

Gloss Tarairiú[3]
'water' teu
'fire' kiro-kia, intoá
'stone' kebra
'head' kreká
'hair' unj
'ear' bandulak
'eye' pigó
'nose' korõza
'mouth' moz
'tooth' cidolé
'hand' koreké
'foot' poyá
'man' xenupre
'woman' moela, moéça
'son' ako
'house' sok
'eat' kringó
'sleep' gonyã

Resemblances with Macro-Je languages are in kebra 'stone' (Proto-Je *kɛn), kreká 'head' (*krã), koreké 'hand' (*-ĩkra), and poyá 'foot' (*par). Resemblances with Xukuru are kiro- 'fire' (Xukuru kiyo), kringó 'eat' (kringgo 'feed'), sok 'house' (šekh).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tarairiu". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Jenipapo-Kaninde". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ J. de Souza Santos, 2009, p. 735-739