Trojeručica

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Trojeručica
VergineTricherusa.jpg
The "third" hand, made of argent, in the bottom left corner
Artist St John Damascene
Type Eastern Orthodox Icon
Location Hilandar

Bogorodica Trojeručica (Serbian Cyrillic: Богородица Тројеручица, Greek: Παναγία Τριχερούσα, Panayia Tricherousa, meaning "Three-handed Theotokos") or simply Trojeručica (Three-handed) is a famous wonderworking icon in the Serb Orthodox monastery of Hilandar on Mount Athos, Greece. It depicts Theotokos (Virgin Mary) with young Jesus in the hodegetria position, and is covered with a riza. It is the most important icon of the Serbian Orthodox Church.[1] On the back of the icon is the painting of St Nicholas.[1]

History[edit]

According to the tradition, the icon was in possession of John of Damascus in early 8th century[2] and it is associated with his miraculous healing around the year 717. According to tradition, while he was serving as Vizier to caliph Al-Walid I, he was falsely accused of treachery and his hand was cut off.[2][3] The accusation was, allegedly, made by Byzantine Iconoclast emperor Leo the Isaurian, who was indeed a great opponent of St John, and friend of Al-Walid I.[2] Upon praying in front of an icon of the Theotokos, allegedly, his hand was miraculously restored. In thanksgiving, he had a silver replica of his hand fashioned and attached it to the icon.[2] After this, the icon became known as "three-handed" (Tricherousa), because it had three hands (two of Theotokos plus one more).[2]

John Damascene became a monk at Mar Sabbas monastery outside of Jerusalem and gave the icon to the monastic community there. Later the icon was given as a present to St. Sava when he visited the monastery, together with another icon of Theothokos in the style of Nursing Madonna, and with the crosier of Sabbas the Sanctified, the founder of the monastery.[2] Sava brought the icon to Hilandar monastery where he lived.[2] It remained there until 1347 when it was taken by Dušan of Serbia during his visit to Hilandar and brought with him to Serbia. At the end of 14th century, the icon was in the possession of the Studenica monastery.[2] In the early 15th century, Trojeručica was back in Hilandar.

Until very recently the icon was formally the abbot of Hilandar, with monks elected to serve as its deputy.[4][2] This icon has two feast days: July 11 [O.S. June 28] and July 25 [O.S. July 12].

Art historians think the style of the icon today is more likely from the 14th century, and it may be a copy or re-painting of an earlier prototype.[5] Another version brought to Moscow in 1661 became famous, and resulted in many Russian copies.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Serbian Orthodox Municipality of Innsbruck: ЧУДОТВОРНА ИКОНА БОГОРОДИЦА ТРОЈЕРУЧИЦА (Serbian)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Ikona Presvete Bogorodice „Trojeručice”" [Icon of the Holy Theotokos "Trojeručica"]. Hilandar monastery official web site. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Three Handed Virgin Icon at CatholicMax.com
  4. ^ Hilandar Research Library: "Hilandar 800&20" - Exhibit Catalog, 1998
  5. ^ Kesich, Veselin; Kesich, =Lydia W. (1985). Treasures of the Holy Land: A Visit to the Places of Christian Origins. St. Vladimir's Seminary Press. p. 9780881410457. 
  6. ^ Ikon Copies: MOTHER OF GOD THREE HANDED
  7. ^ Slava Gallery, LLC: Online Catalog