Titel

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Titel
Тител
Municipality and Town
Panorama view of Titel, seen from Titel Hill
Panorama view of Titel, seen from Titel Hill
Coat of arms of Titel
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Titel within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Titel within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°12′N 20°18′E / 45.200°N 20.300°E / 45.200; 20.300Coordinates: 45°12′N 20°18′E / 45.200°N 20.300°E / 45.200; 20.300
Country  Serbia
District South Bačka
Settlements 6
Government
 • Mayor Milivoj Petrović
Area[1]
 • Municipality 262 km2 (101 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 5,247
 • Municipality 15,738
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 21240
Area code +381 21
Car plates NS
Website www.opstina-titel.org.rs
Map of Titel municipality
map of the Titel municipality and Šajkaška region

Titel (Serbian Cyrillic: Тител) is a town and municipality in the South Bačka District of the Vojvodina, Serbia. The town of Titel has a population of 5,247, while the population of the municipality of Titel is 15,738. It is located in southeastern part of Bačka, known as Šajkaška.

Name[edit]

In Serbian, the town is known as Titel (Тител), in Hungarian as Titel, in German as Titel (and sometimes Theisshügel), and in Latin as Titulium.

History[edit]

Titel is very old settlement, but its old name is not known. During the Roman rule, it was a Roman fortress.

In the 9th century, Bulgarian duke Salan ruled in the territory of Bačka and his residence was in Titel.

In the 10th century, the area was conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary, which ruled over it until 1526. The town was first mentioned under name Titel in 1077. Between 1077 and 1095 the Catholic monastery was founded in the town.

From 1526, the town was part of the Ottoman Empire. According to the first Ottoman census from 1546, the town had 87 houses, of which most were Serb, three were Croat, one Hungarian, and one Vlach. The duke of the town was Vuk Radić. That census recorded that five of the citizens were immigrants, meaning that others lived there before Ottomans conquered the town.

In the outset of the Ottoman rule, the town had one Orthodox and one Catholic church. In the first quarter of the 17th century, the town had three mosques, two tekkes and three medreses.

From 1699, the town was part of the Habsburg Monarchy. It was included in the Habsburg Military Frontier. Between 1750 and 1763, the town was under civil administration (in the Batsch-Bodrog County of the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary), until it was returned to the jurisdiction of the Military Frontier (Šajkaš Battalion).

In 1848 and 1849, Titel was part of Serbian Vojvodina, a Serb autonomous region within the Habsburg Empire. Between 1849 and 1872, it was again part of the Military Frontier, and after 1872, it came under civil administration as a part of the Bács-Bodrog County within the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary (part of Austria-Hungary).

After 1918, the town became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and subsequent South Slavic states. During the World War II Hungarian occupation, in a 1942 raid, 51 inhabitants of the town were murdered, of whom 45 were men, 1 child, and 5 old people. By nationality, victims included 49 Serbs, and 1 Jew.

After 1944, the German inhabitants where imprisoned in camp Rudolfsgnad. 7 people where murdered before imprisonment. 58 people (3 children, 33 women and 22 man) starved to death.

Inhabited places[edit]

Titel municipality encompasses the town of Titel, and the following villages:

Ethnic groups (2011 census)[edit]

The total population of the Titel municipality was 15,738, including:[3]

All settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority.

Historical population of the town[edit]

  • 1961: 5,717
  • 1971: 5,957
  • 1981: 6,227
  • 1991: 6,007

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal parliament won in the 2004 local elections: [1]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Marko Jovanov, Devet vekova od pomena imena Titela, Titelski letopis, Titel, 2001.
  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  • Zvonimir Golubović, Racija u južnoj Bačkoj 1942. godine, Novi Sad, 1991.
  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in The Republic of Serbia: Age and Sex – Data by settlements". Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2012. ISBN 978-86-6161-023-3. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  3. ^ "Population by ethnicity – Titel". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 23 February 2013. 

External links[edit]