Podmaine Monastery

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Podmaine Monastery
Манастир Подмаине
Montenegro, Budva - Podmaine monastery 03.jpg
Podmaine Monastery is located in Montenegro
Podmaine Monastery
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Shown within Montenegro
Basic information
Location Podmaine, Budva
Geographic coordinates 42°17′52″N 18°50′40″E / 42.2979°N 18.8445°E / 42.2979; 18.8445Coordinates: 42°17′52″N 18°50′40″E / 42.2979°N 18.8445°E / 42.2979; 18.8445
Affiliation Serbian Orthodox Church
State Zeta (modern-day Montenegro)
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
Website http://www.manastirpodmaine.rs/
Founder Crnojević noble family
Completed 15th century[1]

Podmaine Monastery (Serbian Cyrillic: Манастир Подмаине) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery built in the 15th century by the Crnojević noble family in Podmaine near Budva, Zeta (modern day Montenegro)[1][2] The monastery has two churches, smaller and older church of Dormition of the Mother of God was built by Crnojević noble family in the 15th century while bigger church (of St. Petka) was built in 1747.

Etymology[edit]

The name Podmaine (Pod-Maine) means beneath Maine. Maine is a tribe and the territory they inhabited below Lovćen, between Stanjevići Monastery and Budva.[3] The monastery was gathering place of the members of Maine tribe who traditionally held meetings on the feast day of St. George.[4]

History[edit]

The exact year of establishment of the monastery is unknown. The church of Dormition of the Mother of God was built in the 15th century and reconstructed in 1630 while its larger church (Church of St. Petka) was built in 1747.[5]

Metropolitan Danilo I Petrović-Njegoš died in Podmaine Monastery in 1735. He was buried in the monastery but his remnants were later moved to Cetinje.[6][7] Dositej Obradović lived several months in this monastery when he visited Boka in 1764.[8]

In 1830 Petar II Petrović-Njegoš, based on the request of the emperor of Russia, sold Podmaine Monastery and Stanjevići Monastery together with their estates to the Austrian Empire.[9]

Njegoš wrote parts of his masterpiece The Mountain Wreath in Podmaine Monastery.[10]

Frescoes[edit]

Controversial fresco

Frescoes in the Church of St. Petka were painted by Rafail Dimitrijević from Risan in 1747 and Nicholaos Aspioti from Corfu.[11][12] The monastery was burned down in 1869.[13] In the 1979 earthquake the monastery was significantly damaged and in 2002 it was completely rebuilt and new frescoes were painted in the smaller church (dedicated to the Dormition of the Mother of God). According to some views one of the frescoes titled Sinful bishops and emperors (Serbian: Лажни епископи и цареви) presents a former Yugoslav leader Tito and heads of the uncanonical Montenegrin Orthodox Church as damned and handed over to devils who herd them down into hell in a modern version of the Last Judgment.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Monastery Podmaine | Budva, Montenegro". http://www.insight-montenegro.com/. Retrieved 27 July 2013. "The complex was made of the Smaller church dedicated to Uspenje Presvete Bogorodice and was built in XV century by Crnojevici." 
  2. ^ Miroslav Luketić (1966). Budva, Sv: Stefan, Petrovac. Turistički savez. p. 147. Retrieved 27 July 2013. "МАНАСТИР ПОДМАИНЕ У сјевероисточном дијелу Будванског поља, с де- сне стране пута који води за" 
  3. ^ Ružica Guzina (1955). Knežina i postanak srpske buržoaske države. Kultura. p. 47. Retrieved 28 July 2013. "Говорећи о Маинама напоменуо је да су Маине — „као мала кнежина или племе под Ловћеном између манастира Стањевића и Будве"" 
  4. ^ Dimitrije M. Kalezić (2002). P - Š. Savremena administracija. p. 1501. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Pribislav Simić (1994). Crkvena umetnost: pregled razvoja graditeljstva i živopisa. Sv. arhijerejski sinod Srpske pravoslavne crkve. p. 325. Retrieved 27 July 2013. "Манастир ПОДМАИНЕ или ПОД- ОСТРОГ, близу Будве, такоЬе има две цркве: Успен>а Богородице и Св. Пет- ке. Не зна се када је манастир основан; мала црква ]е обновљена 1630. године. Данашн>у већу цркву подигао ]е 1747" 
  6. ^ Glasnik Cetinjskih Muzeja. Bulletin des Musées de Cétigné. 1968. p. 201. Retrieved 28 July 2013. "У свом манастиру Подмаине владика је Данило и умро 11/22. јануара 1735. г. Ту је и сахрањен.15 Кад је Његош 12. октобра 1837. г.1в уступио Аустрији ма- настир Подмаине са свим његовим добрима за 17.000 форинти у сребру" 
  7. ^ Ratko Đurović (1969). Crnom Gorom. "Binoza," Grafički zavod Hrvatske. p. 65. Retrieved 28 July 2013. "...koji je kasnije prenesen na Cetinje i sahranjen na Orlovom kršu" 
  8. ^ Stvaranje. Stvaranja. July 1960. p. 774. Retrieved 27 July 2013. "У овоме манастиру провео је неколико мје- сеци Доситеј Обрадовић, кад је г. 1764 био дошао у Боку" 
  9. ^ Boško Strika (1930). Srpske zaduzbine: Dalmatinski manastiri. Tiskara "Merkantile". p. 256. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Ćirilica". Vreme (in Serbian). 2003. Retrieved 27 July 2013. "U manastiru Podmaine nedaleko od Budve, gde je Njegoš svojevremeno pisao Slobodijadu i pojedine segmente Gorskog vijenca" 
  11. ^ Annalisa Rellie (2008). Bradt Montenegro. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 143. ISBN 978-1-84162-225-5. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  12. ^ Stvaranje. Stvaranja. July 1960. p. 774. Retrieved 27 July 2013. "У близини манастира Подострога налази се манастир Подмаине с црквом св. Петке, коју је живописао зограф Ра- фаил Димитријевић г. 1747." 
  13. ^ Stuart Rossiter (1969). Yugoslavia: the Adriatic Coast. Benn. p. 227. Retrieved 27 July 2013. "The nearby monastery of Podmaine was burnt down in 1869, but the surviving church is decorated with wall paintings by Rafailo Dimitrijevid of Risan (1747) and has an iconostasis by Nicholaos Aspioti." 
  14. ^ Miletić, Srboljub. "Why not modern art?" (in Serbian). Svetosavlje. Retrieved 27 July 2013. ""Ипак, чини се да је најдаље отишао живописац у манастиру Подострог, у Маинама изнад Будве. На фресци сија петокрака са маршалске капе друга Тита, којег демон одвлачи у ватру пакла. Осим Броза, ту су и, по свему судећи, свештеници самозване Црногорске православне цркве. У углу стоји и опис: 'лажни епископи и цареви'." 

Further reading[edit]

  • P. Jovićević, Andrija (2011) [1930—1939], Drevni srpski Manastiri [Ancient Serbian monasteries] (in Serbian), Nikšić: Izdavački centar Matice srpske — Društva članova u Crnoj Gori, ISBN 978-9940-580-05-6