Vidovdan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Serb folk song. For Vidovdan (song), see the Ensemble Renaissance album. For Vidovdan (album), see Vidovdan (disambiguation).
Vidovdan
Kosovka devojka.jpg
Observed by ethnic Serbs
(Serbian Orthodox Christians)
Type Christian, cultural
Significance Veneration of St. Vitus
Observances Feast day (Slava)
Date June 28 Gregorian Calendar
June 15 Julian Calendar)
Frequency annual
Related to Slava

Vidovdan (Serbian Cyrillic: Видовдан) is a Serbian religious holiday, St. Vitus Day, whose feast is on June 28 (Gregorian Calendar), or June 15 according to the Julian Calendar, in use by the Serbian Orthodox Church. Also, Serbian Orthodox Church is designated as a memorial day to Saint Prince Lazar and the Serbian holy martyrs who gave their lives to defend their faith during the epic Battle of Kosovo against Ottoman Empire on June 28, 1389. It is a Slava (Patron saint feast day) of St. Vitus, connected in Serbian culture to the Battle of Kosovo, among other events.

The feast day is sacred to ethnic Serbs (Serbian Orthodox Christians), who transformed the pagan Slavic god (deity) of war, fertility and abundance Svetovid[1] (Vid) into the Sicilian martyr (St. Vitus) - who exorcised the evil out of Diocletian's son, at the time of the final Christianization of the Serbs during the rule of Basil I (867–886) by Byzantine missionaries of Constantinople Cyril and Methodius.

Through the centuries, Serbian historical events such as the Battle of Kosovo became sources for spiritual strength and patriotism. It was not a coincidence that Gavrilo Princip assassinated the Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand on Vidovdan, triggering the First World War.[2]

Vidovdan has long been considered a date of special importance to ethnic Serbs and in the Balkans, with the following events each taking place on Vidovdan, but are expressed here in the Gregorian calendar:

In Bulgaria, it is called Vidovden (Видовден) or Vidov Den (Видов ден) and is particularly well known among the Shopi, in the western part of the country.

References[edit]

See also[edit]