Vidovdan

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Vidovdan
Vidovdan na Gazimestanu 2009. godine.JPG
Vidovdan celebration at Gazimestan monument (2009)
Observed by Serbian Orthodox Christians
Serbian patriotism
Observances Feast day
Date June 28 Gregorian Calendar
June 15 Julian Calendar)
Frequency annual
Related to Slava

Vidovdan (Serbian Cyrillic: Видовдан) is a Serbian religious holiday, St. Vitus Day, whose feast is on June 28 (Gregorian Calendar), or June 15 according to the Julian Calendar, in use by the Serbian Orthodox Church. Also, Serbian Orthodox Church is designated as a memorial day to Saint Prince Lazar and the Serbian holy martyrs who gave their lives to defend their faith during the epic Battle of Kosovo against Ottoman Empire on June 28, 1389. It is a Slava (Patron saint feast day) of St. Vitus, connected in Serbian culture to the Battle of Kosovo, among other events.

In Serbian romantic nationalism, a theory was developed[according to whom?][year needed] according to which the day wasin origin a holiday of the pagan Slavic god of war, fertility and abundance Svetovid into the Sicilian martyr (St. Vitus) who exorcised the evil out of Diocletian's son, at the time of the final Christianization of the Serbs during the rule of Basil I (867–886) by Byzantine missionaries of Constantinople Cyril and Methodius.[1][2]

Gavrilo Princip assassinated the Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand on Vidovdan, triggering the First World War. It was a coincidence that the archduke visited Sarajevo on that day, but the assassination falling on Vidovdan added nationalist symbolism to the event.[3]

Vidovdan has long[year needed] been considered a date of special importance to ethnic Serbs and in the Balkans, with the following events each taking place on Vidovdan, but are expressed here in the Gregorian calendar:

In Bulgaria, it is called Vidovden (Видовден) or Vidov Den (Видов ден) and is particularly well known among the Shopi, in the western part of the country.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Religious Separation and Political Intolerance in Bosnia-Herzegovina". Books.google.se. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "The National Question in Yugoslavia". Books.google.se. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Manfried Rauchensteiner, Der Erste Weltkrieg und das Ende der Habsburgermonarchie 1914–1918, 2013, p. 87.

See also[edit]