Kruševac

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Kruševac
Крушевац
City
Panoramic view on Kruševac
Panoramic view on Kruševac
Flag of Kruševac
Flag
Coat of arms of Kruševac
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Kruševac within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Kruševac within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°35′N 21°19′E / 43.583°N 21.317°E / 43.583; 21.317Coordinates: 43°35′N 21°19′E / 43.583°N 21.317°E / 43.583; 21.317
Country  Serbia
District Rasina
Settlements 101
Government
 • Mayor Bratislav Gašić
Area[1]
 • Municipality 854 km2 (330 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 58,745
 • Municipality 128,752
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 37000
Area code +381 37
Car plates
Website www.krusevac.rs

Kruševac (Serbian Cyrillic: Крушевац [krûʃeʋat͡s] ( )) is a city and the administrative center of the Rasina District, in Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the administrative area has a population of 128,752, while the town has 58,745.

The city was founded in 1371, by Prince Lazar of Serbia (1371–1389), who used it as his seat.

History[edit]

The etymology is derived from the Serbian word for "river stone", krušac which was largely used for a building at that time.

Kruševac was founded in 1371, as a fortified town in the possession of Lord Lazar Hrebeljanović. The Lazarica Church (or Church of St. Stephen [Nemanja]) was built by Lazar between 1375–1378, in the Morava architectural style, in the village of .[3] It is mentioned in one of Lazar's edicts in 1387, as his seat, when he affirmed the rights of Venetian merchants on Serbian territory. In preparation for the Battle of Kosovo (1389) against the Ottoman Empire, the Serbian army assembled in the city. The site of Lazar's palace is marked by a ruined enclosure containing a fragment of the tower of his spouse Princess Milica, and, according to legend, tidings of the defeat were brought to her by crows from the battlefield. After the battle, the city was held by Princess Milica as her seat. The little that remains of Lazar's city is the Kruševac Fortress, which was declared a Cultural Monument of Exceptional Importance in 1979.[4] Several old Ottoman houses were left at the beginning of the 20th century, besides an old Turkish fountain and bath, which was known as Alacahisar (Aladža Hisar) during Ottoman rule between 1427-1833 (nominally to 1867) when Kruševac was the seat of the Sanjak of Kruševac. The Ottoman rule was interrupted during Austrian occupations between 1688–1690 and 1717-1739.

A large monument dedicated to the fallen Serbs at the Battle of Kosovo was sculpted by Petar Ubaković (1852–1910). A part of the monument is also a statue of the famous blind Serbian poet and guslar Filip Višnjić.

From 1929 to 1941, Kruševac was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the city of Kruševac, which is the urban administrative center, the municipality includes the following 101 settlements:

Demographics (2011 census)[edit]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 122,529
Montenegrins 282
Roma 2,461
Yugoslavs 86
Macedonians 200
Croats 107
Total 128,752

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2008 local elections:[5]

Party Seats
DS, SPO 20
SRS 18
DSS 15
SPS 7
JS 5
G17 Plus 5

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2012 local elections:[5]

Party Seats
PZP 20
SNS 18
SPS, JS 14
DS 12
DSS 6

Famous residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kruševac is twinned with:

Other forms of cooperation and city friendship similar to the twin/sister city programmes:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]