United States presidential election in Maryland, 2008

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United States presidential election in Maryland, 2008
Maryland
2004 ←
November 4, 2008
→ 2012

  Obama portrait crop.jpg John McCain official portrait with alternative background.jpg
Nominee Barack Obama John McCain
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Illinois Arizona
Running mate Joe Biden Sarah Palin
Electoral vote 10 0
Popular vote 1,629,467 959,862
Percentage 61.92% 36.47%

Maryland presidential election results 2008.svg

County Results
  Obama—80-90%
  Obama—70-80%
  Obama—60-70%
  Obama—50-60%
  Obama—<50%
  McCain—<50%
  McCain—50-60%
  McCain—60-70%

President before election

George W. Bush
Republican

Elected President

Barack Obama
Democratic

The 2008 United States presidential election in Maryland took place on November 4, 2008 throughout all 50 states and D.C., which was part of the 2008 United States presidential election. Voters chose 10 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Maryland was won by Democratic nominee Barack Obama by a 25.4% margin of victory. Prior to the election, all 17 news organizations considered this a state Obama would win, or otherwise considered as a safe blue state. The Old Line State has voted for the Democratic presidential candidate of every election since 1992. In 2008, Obama easily captured the state's 10 electoral votes in a landslide victory, winning 61.92% of the popular vote to Republican John McCain's 36.47%. It was Obama's best performance in a southern state.

Primaries[edit]

Campaign[edit]

Predictions[edit]

There were 17 news organizations who made state by state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day:

  1. D.C. Political Report: Democrat[1]
  2. Cook Political Report: Solid Democrat[2]
  3. Takeaway: Solid Obama[3]
  4. Election Projection: Solid Obama[4]
  5. Electoral-vote.com: Strong Democrat[5]
  6. Washington Post: Solid Obama[6]
  7. Politico: Solid Obama[7]
  8. Real Clear Politics: Solid Obama[8]
  9. FiveThirtyEight.com: Solid Obama[6]
  10. CQ Politics: Safe Democrat[9]
  11. New York Times: Solid Democrat[10]
  12. CNN: Safe Democrat[11]
  13. NPR: Solid Obama[6]
  14. MSNBC: Solid Obama[6]
  15. Fox News: Democrat[12]
  16. Associated Press: Democrat[13]
  17. Rasmussen Reports: Safe Democrat[14]

Polling[edit]

Obama won every single pre-election poll, each by a double digit margin of victory and at least 51% of the vote. The final 3 polls averaged Obama leading 54% to 38%.[15]

Fundraising[edit]

John McCain raised a total of $3,439,120 in the state. Barack Obama raised $19,091,136.[16]

Advertising and visits[edit]

Obama spent $257,582 while McCain spent nothing.[17] Both tickets visited the state once.[18]

Analysis[edit]

Maryland has supported the Democratic nominee in each of the last five presidential elections by an average margin of 15.4%. In 1980, it was one of only six states to vote for Democrat Jimmy Carter over Republican Ronald Reagan. It has only supported a Republican five times since Truman--the Republican landslides of 1952, 1956, 1972, 1984 and 1988.

Maryland is often among the Democratic nominees' best states. In 1992, Bill Clinton fared better in Maryland than any other state except his home state of Arkansas. In 1996, Maryland was Clinton's sixth best, in 2000 Maryland ranked fourth for Al Gore and in 2004 John Kerry showed his fifth best performance in Maryland.

Republican presidential candidates typically win more counties by running up huge margins in western Maryland and the Eastern Shore. However, they are usually swamped by the heavily Democratic Baltimore-Washington, D.C. axis, which casts almost 75 percent of the state's vote. The state's four largest county-level jurisdictions--Montgomery, Prince George's and Baltimore counties and the City of Baltimore—are strongly Democratic. These areas, which contain 1.5 million voters combined, make it extremely difficult for a Republican to win Maryland. Even in bad years for Democrats, a Republican usually has to run the table in the rest of the state and win either Montgomery, Prince George's or Baltimore counties to have a realistic chance of carrying the state. In 1984, for instance, Ronald Reagan only carried Maryland by crushing Walter Mondale in Baltimore County and narrowly winning Prince George's. In 1988, George H. W. Bush ran up a 42,300-vote margin in Baltimore County over Michael Dukakis--almost 85 percent of his statewide margin of 49,800 votes.

The 2008 election was no exception. Barack Obama won the state's 10 electoral votes in 2008 with 61.92% of the vote to John McCain's 36.47%. Obama carried Montgomery, Prince George's, Baltimore County and Baltimore City with 71.6%, 88.9%, 56.2 and 87.2% of the vote, respectively. Obama's combined 550,000-vote margin in these four areas would have been enough to carry the state. While McCain won more counties, the only large county he won was Anne Arundel County, home to the state capital, Annapolis.

Both of Maryland's U.S. Senators and seven of its eight U.S. Representatives in Congress are Democrats, and Democrats hold supermajorities in the state Senate and House of Delegates. The state has elected only five Republican governors since 1900.

U.S. Representative Steny Hoyer, a Democrat who represents Maryland's 5th Congressional District, was elected as House Majority Leader for the 110th Congress of the U.S. House of Representatives and 111th Congress, serving in that post since January 2007.

While Maryland is a Democratic Party stronghold, its best known political figure is perhaps a Republican – former Governor Spiro Agnew, who served as Vice President under Richard M. Nixon. He was Vice President from 1969 to 1973, when he resigned in the aftermath of revelations that he had taken bribes while he was Governor of Maryland. In late 1973, a court found Agnew guilty of violating tax laws.

In 2008, Democrats picked up a U.S. House an open seat in Maryland's 1st Congressional District as Democrat Frank M. Kratovil, Jr. defeated Republican Andy Harris by less than a 1-percent margin of victory.

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in Maryland, 2008[19]
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Barack Obama Joe Biden 1,629,467 61.92% 10
Republican John McCain Sarah Palin 959,862 36.47% 0
Independent Ralph Nader Matt Gonzalez 14,713 0.56% 0
Libertarian Bob Barr Wayne Allyn Root 9,842 0.44% 0
Independent Write-in candidates 9,043 0.34% 0
Green Cynthia McKinney Rosa Clemente 4,747 0.18% 0
Constitution Chuck Baldwin Darrell Castle 3,760 0.14% 0
America's Independent Alan Keyes (write-in) Brian Rohrbough 103 0.00% 0
Unaffiliated Donald Kenneth Allen (write-in) Christopher Borcik 17 0.56% 0
Democratic Blaine Taylor (write-in) n/a 12 0.00% 0
Socialist USA Brian Moore (write-in) Stewart Alexander 10 0.00% 0
Totals 2,631,596 100.00% 10
Voter turnout (Voting age population) 62.4%

Results breakdown[edit]

By county[edit]

County Obama(D) McCain(R)
Allegany 10,693 18,405
Anne Arundel 125,015 129,682
Baltimore (City) 214,385 28,681
Baltimore (County) 214,151 158,714
Calvert 20,299 23,095
Caroline 4,971 8,015
Carroll 28,060 54,503
Cecil 17,665 23,855
Charles 43,635 25,732
Dorchester 6,912 8,168
Frederick 54,013 55,170
Garrett 3,736 8,903
Harford 48,552 71,751
Howard 87,120 55,393
Kent 4,953 4,905
Montgomery 314,444 118,608
Prince George's 332,396 38,833
Queen Anne's 8,575 15,087
St. Mary's 19,023 24,705
Somerset 4,779 5,037
Talbot 9,035 10,995
Washington 26,245 34,169
Wicomico 19,436 21,849
Worcester 11,374 15,607
Totals 1,629,467 959,862

By congressional district[edit]

Barack Obama carried six of Maryland’s eight congressional districts, all held by Democrats. John McCain carried two congressional districts, the only one held by a Republican and one that was won by a Democrat in 2008.

District McCain Obama Representative
1st 58.26% 39.81% Wayne Gilchrest (110th Congress)
Frank M. Kratovil, Jr. (111th Congress)
2nd 38.25% 59.84% Dutch Ruppersberger
3rd 39.23% 58.78% John Sarbanes
4th 14.16% 85.06% Albert Wynn (110th Congress)
Donna Edwards (111th Congress)
5th 33.30% 65.44% Steny Hoyer
6th 57.65% 40.19% Roscoe Bartlett
7th 19.89% 78.79% Elijah Cummings
8th 24.70% 73.88% Chris Van Hollen

Electors[edit]

Technically the voters of Maryland cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Maryland is allocated 10 electors because it has 8 congressional districts and 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 10 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 10 electoral votes. Their chosen electors then vote for President and Vice President. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them.[20] An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector.

The electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 15, 2008 to cast their votes for President and Vice President. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.

The following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All 10 were pledged to Barack Obama and Joe Biden:[21]

  1. Gene M. Ransom III
  2. Delores Kelley
  3. Guy Guzzone
  4. Nathaniel Exum
  5. Chris Reynolds
  6. Bobby Fouche
  7. Liz Bobo
  8. Michael Barnes
  9. Susan Lee
  10. Rainier Harvey, Sr.

References[edit]

See also[edit]