Vice President of the People's Republic of China
|Vice President of the
People's Republic of China
|Appointer||the National People's Congress|
|Term length||five years, renewable once consecutively|
|Inaugural holder||Zhu De|
June 18, 1983
The Vice President of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国副主席; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國副主席; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Fù Zhǔxí), formerly called Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1954 to 1975, or abbreviated Guójiā Fù Zhǔxí 国家副主席, literally State Vice-chairman) is a senior position in the government of the People's Republic of China.
Selection and Powers
The office was created by the 1982 constitution. Formally, the Vice President is elected by the National People's Congress in accordance with Article 62 of the Constitution. In practice, this election falls into the category of 'single-candidate' elections. The candidate is recommended by the Presidium of the National People's Congress, which also theoretically has the power to recall the Vice President.
By law, the Vice President must be a Chinese citizen of 45 years of age or older. He or she cannot serve for over two terms, a term being the equivalent of one session of the NPC, which is five years.
The Vice President's duties include assisting the President, and replacing him should he resign or die in office. In reality the position of the Vice-President is basically ceremonial, and only from Hu Jintao to Xi Jinping Vice-Presidents have been members of the CPC Politburo Standing Committee and the Central Secretariat, China's main decision makers. Currently, Vice-President Li Yuanchao is the member of the CPC Central Politburo, but not the Standing Committee.
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
List of vice presidents
- Vice Presidents
1st — Zhu De
2nd — Song Qingling
2nd — Dong Biwu
3rd — Ulanhu
4th — Wang Zhen
5th — Rong Yiren
6th — Hu Jintao
7th — Zeng Qinghong
8th — Xi Jinping
9th — Li Yuanchao
- Vice Chairpersons of Central People's Government (1949-1954)
- President of the People's Republic of China
- Political position ranking of the People's Republic of China
- Paramount leader
- List of current Vice Presidents