Volosovo, Volosovsky District, Leningrad Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Volosovo.
Volosovo (English)
Волосово (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Volosovo is located in Leningrad Oblast
Volosovo
Volosovo
Location of Volosovo in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 59°26′N 29°29′E / 59.433°N 29.483°E / 59.433; 29.483Coordinates: 59°26′N 29°29′E / 59.433°N 29.483°E / 59.433; 29.483
Coat of Arms of Volosovo (Leningrad oblast).png
Flag of Volosovo (Leningrad oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Volosovsky District[1]
Settlement municipal formation Volosovskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Administrative center of Volosovsky District,[1] Volosovskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2010)
Municipal district Volosovsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Volosovskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Volosovsky Municipal District,[2] Volosovskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 12,161 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1870[5]
Town status since 1999[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 187844, 188410, 188449
Official website
Volosovo on WikiCommons
Farmers during work

Volosovo (Russian: Во́лосово) is a town and the administrative center of Volosovsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the railway between St. Petersburg and Tallinn, Estonia, 85 kilometers (53 mi) southwest from St. Petersburg. Population: 12,161 (2010 Census);[3] 11,660 (2002 Census);[8] 10,250 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1870 as a settlement around the railway station on the railway connecting St. Petersburg and Revel.[5] The name originates from the nearby village of Volosovo.[5] Volosovo was a part of Petergofsky Uyezd of St. Petersburg Governorate).[citation needed] On February 14, 1923, Petergofsky Uyezd was merged with Detskoselsky Uyezd to form Gatchinsky Uyezd, with the administrative center located in Gatchina.[10] On the same day, Gatchina was renamed Trotsk and Gatchinsky Uyezd was renamed Trotsky Uyezd, after Leon Trotsky.[11]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Volosovsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Volosovo, was established.[12] The governorates were also abolished and the district became a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[12] On April 20, 1930, Volosovo was granted suburban settlement status.[12] On July 5, 1937, its status was changed to work settlement.[12] Between August 1941 and January 1944, during World War II, Volosovo was occupied by German troops.[12] On February 1, 1963, Volosovsky District was abolished and merged into Kingiseppsky District; on January 13, 1965, however, it was re-established.[12] It had remained the last district of Leningrad Oblast the administrative center of which was not a town;[citation needed] this changed on April 14, 1999 when town status was granted to Volosovo.[6] During the Soviet period it was a developed industrial town.

Coat of arms of Volosovo until 2007

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Volosovo serves as the administrative center of Volosovsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with the village of Lagonovo, incorporated within Volosovsky District as Volosovskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Volosovskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Volosovsky Municipal District as Volosovskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are enterprises of food and timber industries in Volosovo.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Volosovo has a railway station on the railway connecting St. Petersburg (Baltiysky railway station) with Tallinn via Narva.

The town has access to the A180 Highway, which connects St. Petersburg and Ivangorod and runs north of Volosovo. It coincides with the European route E20 connecting St. Petersburg via Tallinn with Shannon Airport. Volosovo is also connected by roads with Gatchina and Kingisepp. There are local roads as well.

Military[edit]

Southwest of Volosovo was the Sumsk air base facility, which saw some use during the Cold War.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Volosovo contains one object classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. This is a mass grave of Red Army soldiers killed during the Civil War in Russia and during World War II.[14]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #64-oz
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c "История" (in Russian). МО "Волосовское городское поселение". Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Информация о районе" (in Russian). Администрация муниципального образования Волосовский муниципальный район Ленинградской области. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Царскосельский уезд (1917 г. - ноябрь 1918 г.), Детскосельский уезд (ноябрь 1918 г. - февраль 1923 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Гатчинский уезд (февраль 1923 г. - август 1927 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Волосовский район (август 1927 г. - февраль 1963 г., январь 1965 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Прогноз СЭР 2013-2015" (in Russian). МО "Волосовское городское поселение". Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Братское кладбище красноармейцев и советских воинов, погибших в гражданскую и Великую Отечественную войны" (in Russian). Retrieved March 15, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №64-оз от 24 сентября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Волосовский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Областного закона №17-оз от 6 мая 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы в связи с принятием федерального закона "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации в связи с совершенствованием организации местного самоуправления"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (15  октября 2004 г.). Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №30, 5 октября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #64-oz of September 24, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Volosovsky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations Comprised By It, as amended by the Oblast Law #17-oz of May 6, 2010 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Due to the Improvement of the Organization of the Local Self-Government". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (October 15 2004).).