Vsevolozhsk

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Vsevolozhsk (English)
Всеволожск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Вид, открывающийся с 16-этажного дома, построенного во Всеволожске в 2007 году.jpg
Vsevolozhsk as seen from the sixteenth floor of an apartment building
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Vsevolozhsk is located in Leningrad Oblast
Vsevolozhsk
Vsevolozhsk
Location of Vsevolozhsk in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 60°02′N 30°40′E / 60.033°N 30.667°E / 60.033; 30.667Coordinates: 60°02′N 30°40′E / 60.033°N 30.667°E / 60.033; 30.667
Mo gorod vsevolozhsk.svg
Flag of Vsevolozhsk.svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Vsevolozhsky District[1]
Settlement municipal formation Vsevolozhskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Administrative center of Vsevolozhsky District,[1] Vsevolozhskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2013)
Municipal district Vsevolozhsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Vsevolozhskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Vsevolozhsky Municipal District,[2] Vsevolozhskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 59,704 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 275th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Postal code(s)[5] 188640–188645, 188649, 188699
Official website
Vsevolozhsk on WikiCommons

Vsevolozhsk (Russian: Все́воложск; Finnish: Seuloskoi or Rääpyvä) is a town and the administrative center of Vsevolozhsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Karelian Isthmus 24 kilometers (15 mi) east of St. Petersburg. Population: 59,704 (2010 Census);[3] 45,310 (2002 Census);[6] 31,946 (1989 Census).[7]

The town's name comes from manufacturer Vsevolozhsky. In 1941–1944, the vital road connecting besieged Leningrad with the rest of Soviet Union, the Road of Life, passed through the town. Currently, a considerable part of population of Vsevolozhsk commutes to St. Petersburg for work, which is facilitated by the broad-scale construction of apartment buildings in the town.

History[edit]

A number of villages historically existed within the current area of the town of Vsevolozhsk. In particular, the village of Ryabovo was first mentioned in 1727.[8] In the end of the 18th century and in the 19th century, Ryabovo belonged to the family of princes of Vsevolozhsky, after whom the town was eventually named. In 1892, a narrow-gauge railway (Irinovskaya railway), the first such line in Russia, was constructed to transport peat for St. Petersburg's heating. A number of railway stations were open, including Berngardovka, Vsevolozhskaya, and Melnichny Ruchey. Settlements eventually developed around the stations. The whole area was a part of Shlisselburgsky Uyezd of St. Petersburg Governorate.[citation needed] The settlement of Vsevolozhskoye, around Vsevolozhskaya railway station, was the first settlement in Russia where street gas lamps were set. On February 14, 1923, Shlisselburgsky Uyezd was merged into Petrogradsky Uyezd.[9] In January 1924, the uyezd and the governorate were renamed Leningradsky.[9]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Leninsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Vsevolozhskoye, was established.[10] The governorates were also abolished and the district became a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[10] On August 15, 1930, the okrugs were abolished as well and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[11] In May 1930, Vsevolozhskaya, Berngardovka, Ilyinsky, Maryino, and Ryabovo were all granted suburban settlement status.[10] On August 19, 1930, Leninsky District was abolished and merged into newly established Leningradsky Prigorodny District[10] with the administrative center in the city of Leningrad.[12] On August 19, 1936, Leningradsky Prigorodny District was abolished[12] and Vsevolozhsky District, with the administrative center in Vsevolozhskoye, was established.[13] On November 27, 1938, the suburban settlements of Vsevolozhskaya, Berngardovka, Ilyinsky, Maryino, and Ryabovo were merged into the urban-type settlement of Vsevolozhsky, which became the administrative center of the district.[13] On February 1, 1963, the urban-type settlement of Vsevolozhsky was renamed Vsevolozhsk and granted the status of town of oblast significance.[13] In 2010, the administrative structure of Leningrad Oblast was harmonized with its municipal structure,[14] and Vsevolozhsk became the town of district significance.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Vsevolozhsk serves as the administrative center of Vsevolozhsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated within Vsevolozhsky District as Vsevolozhskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Vsevolozhskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Vsevolozhsky Municipal District as Vsevolozhskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Industrial companies in Vsevolozhsk include:

  • Rexam PLC Beverage Can Europe and Asia, the world's leading manufacturer of beverage cans
  • Ford automobile assembly plant
  • Nokian Tyres tire manufacture
  • "MDM-print" printing house
  • Merloni TermoSanitari S.p.A., factory producing water-heaters
  • Nevsky ceramics factory
  • meat-processing factory
  • milk factory
  • sewing factory
  • furniture and construction materials plants

Transportation[edit]

Melnichny Ruchey railway station

In Vsevolozhsk, there are three railway stations, Berngardovka, Vsevolozhskaya, and Melnichny Ruchey. Southbound trains arrive to Finlyandsky Rail Terminal in St. Petersburg. Northbound suburban trains terminate on the stations Nevskaya Dubrovka or Ladozhskoye Ozero. Melnichny Ruchey also serves as the terminal station for suburban trains.

Vsevolozhsk is essentially a suburb of St. Petersburg and is included in the suburban road network.

Education[edit]

The town has six schools of general education, music school, art school, and two vocational schools.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The town contains eleven cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally thirty-five objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[15] These include the Priyutino Estate and the Ryabovo Estate, as well as monuments related to the Road of Life, which was connecting Leningrad with the rest of Soviet Union during the Siege of Leningrad in 1941—1944.

Vsevolozhsk State Museum of History displays collections of local interest.[16] The Priyutino Estate, which belonged to Alexey Olenin, the President of the Imperial Academy of Arts in the 19th century, is a museum as well.[17]

There was an intention to make a resort in the town in the Soviet times. For that a ski jump was built (now dysfunctional), but later this idea was abandoned.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #17-oz
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "История" (in Russian). Официальный сайт МО "Город Всеволожск". Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Петроградский уезд (1917 г. - январь 1924 г.), Ленинградский уезд (январь 1924 г. - август 1927 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Ленинский район Ленинградского округа (август 1927 г. - август 1930 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Ленинградская область" (in Russian). Справочник по истории Коммунистической партии и Советского Союза 1898 - 1991. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Ленинградский Пригородный район (август 1930 г. - август 1936 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c "Всеволожский район (август 1936 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Отчет о работе комитета по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Ленинградской области в 2010 году" (in Russian). Комитет по печати и связям с общественностью Ленинградской области. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Всеволожский государственный историко-краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Литературно-художественный музей-усадьба "Приютино"" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №17-оз от 10 марта 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований Всеволожский район и Выборгский район и муниципальных образований в их составе», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №27, 11 марта 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #17-oz of March 10, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formations of Vsevolozhsky District and Vyborgsky District and to the Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]