Ivangorod

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For other uses, see Ivangorod (disambiguation).
Ivangorod (English)
Ивангород (Russian)
Jaanilinn (Estonian)
-  Town[1]  -
Narva jõgi 1999.jpg
The reconstructed fortress of Narva (to the left) overlooking the Russian fortress of Ivangorod (to the right)
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Ivangorod is located in Leningrad Oblast
Ivangorod
Ivangorod
Location of Ivangorod in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 59°22′N 28°13′E / 59.367°N 28.217°E / 59.367; 28.217Coordinates: 59°22′N 28°13′E / 59.367°N 28.217°E / 59.367; 28.217
Coat of Arms of Ivangorod (Leningrad oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of June 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Kingiseppsky District[1]
Settlement municipal formation Ivangorodskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Administrative center of Ivangorodskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2010)
Municipal district Kingiseppsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Ivangorodskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Ivangorodskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 9,854 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1492[5]
Town status since October 28, 1954[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 188490, 188491
Dialing code(s) +7 81375[8]
Official website
Ivangorod on WikiCommons

Ivangorod (Russian: Иванго́род; Estonian: Jaanilinn; Votic: Jaanilidna), also known as Ivan-Gorod (Ива́н-Го́род), is a town in Kingiseppsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Narva River by the Estonia–Russia border, 159 kilometers (99 mi) west of St. Petersburg. Population: 9,854 (2010 Census);[3] 11,206 (2002 Census);[9] 11,833 (1989 Census).[10]

Ivangorod is a major border crossing point and a railway station by the TallinnSt. Petersburg line. It is located just opposite to the Estonian town of Narva.

The town is the site of the Ivangorod Fortress, a prominent fortification monument of the 15th and the 16th centuries.

History[edit]

The fortress was established in 1492 during the reign of Ivan III of Moscow[5] and was named after him. Between 1581–1590 and between 1612–1704, it was controlled by Sweden.[5] Ivangorod was granted town privileges and administered as a Russian township under the Crown of Sweden (who conquered it in 1612 from boyar Teuvo Aminev) until 1649, when its burghers were ordered to remove to a Narva suburb. In 1617, the Treaty of Stolbovo was signed between Russia and Sweden, which placed the area under the Swedish sovereignty. Russia reconquered it during the Great Northern War in 1704.[11] Despite other changes in territory and sovereignty, Ivangorod was considered an administrative part of the town of Narva from 1649 until 1945. In 1780, Ivangorod, together with Narva, was included into Narvsky Uyezd of St. Petersburg Governorate. In 1796, Narvsky Uyezd was abolished and merged into Yamburgsky Uyezd.

In the aftermath of the Estonian War of Independence, the newly independent Republic of Estonia established control over the whole of Narva, including Ivangorod, in January 1919, a move which was recognized by Soviet Russia in the 1920 Treaty of Tartu. In January 1945, the Narva River was defined as the border between the Estonian SSR and Russian SFSR, and as a result administration of Ivangorod was transferred from Narva to Kingiseppsky District of Leningrad Oblast. Having grown in population, Ivangorod was granted town status on October 28, 1954.[6]

After the restoration of Estonian independence in 1991, there have been some disputes about the Estonian-Russian border in the Narva area, as the new constitution of Estonia (adopted in 1992) recognizes the 1920 Treaty of Tartu border to be currently legal. The Russian Federation, however, considers Estonia to be a successor of the Estonian SSR and recognizes the 1945 border between two former national republics. Officially, Estonia has no territorial claims in the area,[12][13] which is also reflected in the new Estonian-Russian border treaty, according to which Ivangorod remains a part of Russia. Although the treaty was signed in 2005 by the foreign ministers of Estonia and Russia, due to continuing political tensions it has not been ratified.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Kingiseppsky District as Ivangorodskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Ivangorodskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Kingiseppsky Municipal District as Ivangorodskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Restricted access[edit]

The town of Ivangorod is included into the border security zone, intended to protect the borders of Russia from unwanted activity. In order to visit the zone, a permit issued by the local Federal Security Service department or a valid Schengen visa is required.[14]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Ivangorod has enterprises of textile, food, and timber industries, as well as a plant producing metallic plants and reservoirs. The Narva Hydroelectric Station is located in the town limits as well.[15]

Transportation[edit]

The railway connecting St. Petersburg with Tallinn passes through Ivangorod. There is infrequent suburban service to Baltiysky railway station of St. Petersburg, as well as passenger service to Tallinn.

The A180 Highway connects St. Petersburg and Ivangorod. It coincides with the European route E20 connecting St. Petersburg via Tallinn with Shannon Airport.

Culture[edit]

The district contains thirty-three cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. All federal monuments are related to the Ivangorod Fortress.[16] The fortress functions as a museum.[17]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Ivangorod is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #81-oz
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 150. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ a b "Кингисеппский район (август 1927 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ "Общая информация об Ивангороде" (in Russian). Ivangorod official website. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ "История Ивангорода" (in Russian). Ivangorod official website. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  12. ^ Berg, Eiki. "Milleks meile idapiir ja ilma lepinguta?". Eesti Päevaleht (in Estonian). Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  13. ^ "Enn Eesmaa: väide Petseri-soovist on ennekõike provokatiivne". Eesti Päevaleht. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  14. ^ "Приказ ФСБ РФ от 2 июня 2006 года №239 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Ленинградской области"; Приказ ФСБ РФ от 5 мая 2007 г. №222 "О внесении изменений в Приказ ФСБ РФ ОТ 2 июня 2006 г. №239 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Ленинградской области""". Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian) 2006. 
  15. ^ "Коммерческие организации города" (in Russian). Ivangorod official website. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Историко-архитектурный и художественный музей "Ивангородская крепость"" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved March 26, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №81-оз от 28 октября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Кингисеппский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Областного закона №17-оз от 6 мая 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы в связи с принятием федерального закона "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации в связи с совершенствованием организации местного самоуправления"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (29 ноября 2004 г.). Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №34, 19 ноября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #81-oz of October 28, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Kingiseppsky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations Comprised By It, as amended by the Oblast Law #17-oz of May 6, 2010 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Due to the Improvement of the Organization of the Local Self-Government". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (November 29, 2004).).

External links[edit]