Lodeynoye Pole

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Lodeynoye Pole (English)
Лодейное Поле (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Lodeynoye Pole is located in Leningrad Oblast
Lodeynoye Pole
Lodeynoye Pole
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Lodeynoye Pole in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 60°43′N 33°33′E / 60.717°N 33.550°E / 60.717; 33.550Coordinates: 60°43′N 33°33′E / 60.717°N 33.550°E / 60.717; 33.550
Coat of Arms of Lodeinoe Pole (Leningrad oblast).png
Flag of Lodeinoe Pole (Leningrad oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Lodeynopolsky District[1]
Settlement municipal formation Lodeynopolskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Administrative center of Lodeynopolsky District,[1] Lodeynopolskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2012)
Municipal district Lodeynopolsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Lodeynopolskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Lodeynopolsky Municipal District,[2] Lodeynopolskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 20,674 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1702[5]
Town status since 1785[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 187700–187704, 187739, 187873
Official website
Lodeynoye Pole on WikiCommons

Lodeynoye Pole (Russian: Лоде́йное По́ле, lit. the field of boats) is a town and the administrative center of Lodeynopolsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Svir River (Lake Ladoga's basin) 244 kilometers (152 mi) northeast of St. Petersburg. Population: 20,674 (2010 Census);[3] 22,830 (2002 Census);[7] 26,718 (1989 Census);[8] 21,400 (1972).

History[edit]

It was founded in 1702[5] on the spot of the village of Mokrishvitsa, where Peter the Great had established the Olonets Shipyard. In 1703, the first ship of the Baltic Fleet was built here—a 28-cannon frigate called Shtandart. In 1704, six more frigates, four shnyavas, four galleys, and twenty-four semi-galleys were constructed, which would form the first Russian squadron in the Baltic Sea. Over four hundred sailboats and rowboats were built throughout the shipyard's existence.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, Lodeynoye Pole was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known from 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate).[citation needed] In 1727, it was transferred to the newly established Novgorod Governorate, and in 1776, it was further transferred into newly established Olonets Oblast.[9] In 1781, Olonets Oblast was transferred to St. Petersburg Governorate, and in 1784, it was transformed into an independent administrative unit, Olonets Viceroyalty.[9] In 1785, Lodeynoye Pole was granted an uyezd town status.[5]

1788 coat of arms of Lodeynoye Pole

In 1799, Olonets Viceroyalty was abolished and divided between Novgorod and Arkhangelsk Governorates.[citation needed] Lodeynopolsky Uyezd was merged into Olonetsky Uyezd.[10] In 1801, Olonets Governorate was established, and in 1802, Lodeynopolsky Uyezd was restored.[10] In 1922, Olonets Governorate was abolished and Lodeynopolsky Uyezd was transferred to Petrograd Governorate (later Leningrad Oblast).[11]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds in Leningrad Oblast were abolished and Lodeynopolsky District, with the administrative center in Lodeynoye Pole, was established.[11] It was a part of Lodeynoye Pole Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[11] In 1931, the infamous Soviet concentration camp Svirlag was established, with the headquarters in the former Alexander-Svirsky Monastery, several kilometers from Lodeynoye Pole. Thousands of victims (to a great extent Russian Orthodox clergy) lost there their lives. During World War II, Lodeynoye Pole was at the frontline but was not occupied by Finnish troops which kept the areas north of the Svir.[11]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Lodeynoye Pole serves as the administrative center of Lodeynopolsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with seven rural localities, incorporated within Lodeynopolsky District as Lodeynopolskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Lodeynopolskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Lodeynopolsky Municipal District as Lodeynopolskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The are timber and food industry enterprises.[12]

Transportation[edit]

The railway connecting St. Petersburg and Murmansk passes Lodeynoye Pole.

The M18 Highway, connecting St. Petersburg and Murmansk, passes Lodeynoye Pole as well. A paved road branches off east in Lodeynoye Pole and continues to Vytegra in Vologda Oblast via Podporozhye. There are also local roads.

The Volga–Baltic Waterway, connecting the basins of the Volga and the Neva Rivers, follows the Svir River. There is regular cruise and cargo traffic along the waterway.

Military[edit]

The town was home to Lodeynoye Pole air base, which hosted an interceptor aircraft regiment during the Cold War.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Lodeynoye Pole contains two cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally seventeen objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[13] Most of these are the monuments commemorating the events of World War II. The Alexander-Svirsky Monastery, founded in the 15th century, is located in the village of Staraya Sloboda several kilometers northwest of Lodeynoye Pole.

The Lodeynoye Pole District Museum is located in the town and is the only state museum in the district.[14]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul, as photographed ca. 1912 by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky. Demolished.

Lodeynoye Pole is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #63-oz
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 242. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Лодейнопольский городской суд Ленинградской области" (in Russian). Право. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Российская империя: административно-территориальное деление (1708–1917)" (in Russian). Russian National Library. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Лодейнопольский Уезд" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Экономика" (in Russian). Администрация Лодейнопольского муниципального района Ленинградской области. Retrieved December 7, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved December 9, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Лодейнопольский историко-краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved December 7, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №63-оз от 20 сентября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Лодейнопольский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Областного закона №34-оз от 15 мая 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы в сфере административно-территориального устройства Ленинградской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (15  октября 2004 г.). Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №30, 5 октября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #63-oz of September 20, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Lodeynopolsky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Oblast Law #34-oz of May 15, 2012 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Dealing with the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (October 15, 2004).).