Tosno

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Tosno (English)
Тосно (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Tosno Northern gate.JPG
Welcome sign at the northern entrance to Tosno
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Tosno is located in Leningrad Oblast
Tosno
Tosno
Location of Tosno in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 59°33′N 30°54′E / 59.550°N 30.900°E / 59.550; 30.900Coordinates: 59°33′N 30°54′E / 59.550°N 30.900°E / 59.550; 30.900
Administrative status (as of June 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Tosnensky District[1]
Settlement municipal formation Tosnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Administrative center of Tosnensky District,[1] Tosnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2010)
Municipal district Tosnensky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Tosnenskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Tosnensky Municipal District,[2] Tosnenskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 39,101 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
First mentioned 1500[5]
Town status since February 1, 1963[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 187000–187003, 187009, 187099
Official website
Tosno on WikiCommons

Tosno (Russian: То́сно) is a town and the administrative center of Tosnensky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Tosna River, 53 kilometers (33 mi) southeast of the center of St. Petersburg. Population: 39,101 (2010 Census);[3] 38,683 (2002 Census);[8] 32,459 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

The village of Tosno was first mentioned in Russian chronicles in 1500.[5] It was a part of Vodskaya Pyatina, one of the five pyatinas into which Novgorod Lands were divided.[10] In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, Tosno was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as St. Petersburg Governorate).[citation needed] Its development in the 18th and 19th centuries was mainly due to its geographic location on the road between the two Russian capitals. From 1774, it was a station at the yam route. In 1849, the railway connecting Tosno with St. Petersburg and Chudovo opened.[10] In the 19th century, Tosno was a part of Sankt-Peterburgsky Uyezd (renamed in 1913 Petrogradsky Uyezd[citation needed] and in 1924 Leningradsky Uyezd;[11] the governorate was accordingly renamed Petrogradsky in 1913[citation needed] and Leningradsky in 1924).[11]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Kolpinsky District, with the administrative center in the town of Kolpino, was established.[12] The governorates were also abolished and the district became a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[12] Tosno became a part of Kolpinsky District.[12] On August 19, 1930, Kolpinsky District was abolished[12] and Tosno became the administrative center of newly established Tosnensky District.[6] On August 20, 1935, Tosno was granted urban-type settlement status.[6] Between August 28, 1941 and January 26, 1944, during World War II, Tosno was occupied by German troops and largely destroyed, but rebuilt after the war.[13] On February 1, 1963, Tosno was granted town status.[6]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Tosno serves as the administrative center of Tosnensky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with eighteen rural localities, incorporated within Tosnensky District as Tosnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Tosnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Tosnensky Municipal District as Tosnenskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

A plant owned by the Caterpillar in Tosno produces trucks for quarries.[14] There are also several enterprises related to construction industry.

Transportation[edit]

The M10 Highway connecting Moscow to St. Petersburg and the Moscow–St. Petersburg Railway run through the town. A railway connecting Tosno with the settlement of Shapki branches off east. A railway shortcut connects Tosno with the railway between Mga and Gatchina and is used for trains to bypass Saint Petersburg from the south.

Roads connect Tosno with Shapki and Mga in the east and with Lisino-Korpus and Vyritsa in the west.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The town contains seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[15] They commemorate events of World War II.

Tosno hosts the Tosnensky District Museum, the only state museum in the district.[16]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Tosno is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #116-oz
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 475. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Тосненский район (август 1930 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  8. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "Страница истории" (in Russian). Официальный сайт администрации Тосненского городского поселения Тосненского района Ленинградской области. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Петроградский уезд (1917 г. - январь 1924 г.), Ленинградский уезд (январь 1924 г.- август 1927 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Колпинский район (август 1927 г. – август 1930 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Тосно" (in Russian). Народная энциклопедия городов и регионов России. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  14. ^ Усович, Анна (June 12, 2011). "Производство карьерных самосвалов Caterpillar в Тосно: стратегии и перспективы" (in Russian). МАКСИ Экскаватор. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Тосненский краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved January 23, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №43-оз от 27 июня 2013 г. «О присоединении деревни Большая Загвоздка к городу Гатчина и о внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы в сфере административно-территориального устройства Ленинградской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #43-oz of June 27, 2013 On Merging the Village of Bolshaya Zagvozdka into the Town of Gatchina and on Amending Various Oblast Laws on the Subject of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №116-оз от 22 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Тосненский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Областного закона №17-оз от 6 мая 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы в связи с принятием федерального закона "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации в связи с совершенствованием организации местного самоуправления"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (9 января 2005 г.). Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №44, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #116-oz of December 22, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Tosnensky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Oblast Law #17-oz of May 6, 2010 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Due to the Improvement of the Organization of the Local Self-Government". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (January 9, 2005).).