Westminster St George's (UK Parliament constituency)

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Westminster St George's
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County County of London
18851950
Number of members One
Replaced by Cities of London and Westminster
Created from Westminster

Westminster St George's, originally named St George's, Hanover Square, was a parliamentary constituency in Central London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system of election.

History[edit]

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and was then named "St George Hanover Square" after the parish of the same name.

It was renamed in 1918 as "Westminster St George's", and abolished in 1950.

Boundaries[edit]

St George Hanover Square in the Metropolitan area, showing boundaries used from 1885 to 1918.
St George's in the Parliamentary County of London, showing boundaries used from 1918 to 1950.

1885-1918[edit]

From 1885 to 1918, when the constituency was known as St George Hanover Square, it was defined as being coterminus with the civil parish of the same name.[1] In 1900 the parish was included for local government purposes in the area of the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster. This did not affect the name or boundaries of the constituency until 1918.[2]

1918-1950[edit]

The Boundary Commission report of 1918 (Cd. 8756), at Schedule-Part II no. 78, defined the constituency as the following wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster:

The constituency also included "the part of the Charing Cross Ward which lies to the south and west of a line drawn from the ward boundary at the centre of Wellington Arch, along the middle of Constitution Hill, thence along the middle of the road to the north and east of the Queen Victoria Memorial, thence along the middle of Spur Road to boundary of St. Margaret Ward". This area included the remainder of the grounds of Buckingham Palace which were not in the Victoria Ward, but contained no electors. The boundary commissioners proposals were enacted by Schedule 9 of the Representation of the People Act 1918.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Lord Algernon Percy Conservative
1887 by-election George Goschen Liberal Unionist
1900 Hon. Heneage Legge Conservative
1906 by-election Hon. Alfred Lyttelton Liberal Unionist
1912 Conservative
1913 by-election Sir Alexander Henderson, Bt Conservative
1916 by-election Sir George Reid Conservative
1918 by-election Sir Newton Moore Conservative
1918 Walter Long Coalition Conservative
1921 by-election James Erskine Anti-Waste League and Independent Conservative
1923 Conservative
1929 Sir Laming Worthington-Evans, Bt. Conservative
1931 by-election Duff Cooper Conservative
1945 Arthur Howard Conservative
1950 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Westminster St George's
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Howard 13,086 67.2
Common Wealth W B D Brown 5,314 27.3
Independent D Crisp 1,069 5.5
Majority 7,772 39.9
Turnout 19,469 57.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Duff Cooper
General Election 1935: Westminster St George's
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Duff Cooper 25,424 84.6
Labour Mrs Anne Freemantle 4,643 15.4
Majority 20,781 69.2
Turnout 30,067 55.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election of 1931

In the 1931 general election, Duff Cooper, Conservative was elected unopposed.

By-election 1931: Westminster St George's

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Duff Cooper 17,242 59.9
Independent Conservative E W Petter 11,532 40.1
Majority 5,710 19.8
Turnout 28,774 53.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Westminster St George's
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Laming Worthington-Evans, Bt. 22,448 78.1
Labour J G Butler 6,294 21.9
Majority 16,154 56.2
Turnout 28,742 53.3
Conservative hold Swing
General election of 1924

In the 1924 general election, James Erskine, Conservative was elected unopposed.

General election of 1923

In the 1923 general election, James Erskine, now an official Conservative, was elected unopposed.

Mary Allen
General Election 1922: Westminster St George's
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Conservative James Erskine 11,252 55.9
Conservative Leslie Orme Wilson 7,559 37.6
Liberal Mary Sophia Allen 1,303 6.5
Majority 3,693 18.3
Turnout 20,114 62.2
Independent Conservative hold Swing
By-election 1921: Westminster St George's
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Anti-Waste League James Erskine 7,244 57.5 N/A
Coalition Conservative Sir Herbert Merton Jessel, Bt. 5,356 42.5 -47.7
Majority 1,888 15.0
Turnout 12,600 39.8
Anti-Waste League gain from Coalition Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Westminster St George's
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Walter Long 10,453 90.2
Liberal Henry Thomas Mackenzie Bell 1,140 9.8
Majority 9,313 80.4
Turnout 11,593 39.9
Coalition Conservative hold Swing
By-election of 1918

In the 1918 by-election, Sir Newton Moore, Conservative was elected unopposed.

By-election of 1916

In the 1916 by-election, Sir George Reid, Conservative was elected unopposed.

By-election of 1913

In the 1913 by-election, Sir Alexander Henderson, Conservative was elected unopposed.

General Election Dec 1910: St George's, Hanover Square
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Alfred Lyttelton 4,398 78.7
Liberal Henry Thomas Mackenzie Bell 1,188 21.3
Majority 3,210 57.4
Turnout 5,586 62.4
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election Jan 1910: St George's, Hanover Square
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Alfred Lyttelton 5,383 78.6
Liberal Henry Thomas Mackenzie Bell 1,469 21.4
Majority 3,914 57.2
Turnout 6,852 76.5
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

By-election of 1906

In the 1906 by-election, Alfred Lyttelton, Liberal Unionist was elected unopposed.

General Election 1906: St George's, Hanover Square
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Heneage Legge 4,264 66.1
Liberal M C Mallik 2,191 33.9
Majority 2,073 32.2
Turnout 6,455 69.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1900: St George's, Hanover Square
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Heneage Legge 3,852 75.1
Liberal W Everitt 1,278 24.9
Majority 2,574 50.2
Turnout 5,130 52.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General election of 1895

In the 1895 general election, George Goschen, Conservative was elected unopposed.

By-election of 1895

In the 1895 by-election, George Goschen, Conservative was elected unopposed.

General election of 1892

In the 1892 general election, George Goschen, Liberal Unionist was elected unopposed.

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

By-election 1887: St George's, Hanover Square
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist George Goschen 5,702 78.7
Liberal J Haysman 1,545 21.3
Majority 4,157 57.4
Turnout 7,247 65.4
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General election of 1886

In the 1886 general election, Lord Algernon Percy, Conservative was elected unopposed.

General Election 1885: St George's, Hanover Square
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Algernon Percy 5,256 67.7
Liberal Sir W G F Phillimore 2,503 32.3
Majority 2,753 35.4
Turnout 7,759 73.9

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (1885 c. 23), Schedule 4
  2. ^ London Government Act 1899, Schedule 1