Williams FW14

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Williams FW14
Williams FW14B
The Williams FW14B being exhibited.
The Williams FW14B being exhibited.
Category Formula One
Constructor Williams
Designer(s) Patrick Head (Technical Director)
Adrian Newey (Chief Designer)
Predecessor FW13B
Successor FW15C
Technical specifications[1][2]
Chassis Carbon fibre and honeycomb composite structure
Suspension (front) Pushrod, inboard spring / dampers
Suspension (rear) Pushrod, inboard spring / dampers
Engine Renault RS3C / RS4, 3,493 cc (213.2 cu in), 67° V10, NA, mid-engine, longitudinally mounted
Transmission Williams 6 speed semi-automatic
Fuel Elf
Tyres Goodyear
Competition history
Notable entrants Canon Williams Team
Notable drivers 5. United Kingdom Nigel Mansell
6. Italy Riccardo Patrese
Debut 1991 United States Grand Prix
Races Wins Poles F.Laps
32 17 21 19
Constructors' Championships 1 (1992)
Drivers' Championships 1 (1992, Nigel Mansell)

The Williams FW14 was a Formula One car designed by Adrian Newey, used by the Williams team during the 1991 and 1992 Formula One seasons.

The car was born out of necessity, as the 1989 and 1990 seasons had proven competitive for Williams, but they had underachieved in their own and Renault's eyes. Newey started work on the new car soon after joining the team from March in mid-1990. He had designed a series of aerodynamically efficient and very effective cars for March on a limited budget, so with Williams' greater resources and money he was able to fully develop his ideas. The design showed enough promise to tempt Nigel Mansell to shelve his plans to retire from the sport and rejoin Williams from Ferrari.

Powered by a 3.5 litre V10 Renault engine, the car was the most technically sophisticated on the grid. By 1992 the FW14B featured semi-automatic transmission, active suspension, traction control and for a brief period anti-lock brakes. Add to that the superb aerodynamics by Newey that was far ahead of the McLaren MP4/7A, Ferrari F92A or Lotus 107, and it made for a potent mix, although at the beginning the disbelievers said the car was too technical for its own good. The FW14B was so successful that its successor (the FW15), which was already available mid-season in 1992, was never used.

Williams FW14[edit]

Nigel Mansell driving the FW14 at the 1991 Monaco Grand Prix

The FW14 made its debut at the 1991 United States Grand Prix. The car was clearly the most technically advanced on the grid, but teething troubles during the season stymied the team's early progress. Nigel Mansell and Riccardo Patrese recorded 7 victories between them, but the Drivers' Championship was wrapped up by Ayrton Senna in the McLaren MP4/6, who had better reliability.

Williams had the faster car throughout the balance of the season and it provided a run of good form in the mid season for both Mansell and Patrese. Mansell in particular however had several retirements due to the then new-for-Williams semi-automatic transmission, with most of these retirements occurring while in a position to win races. Patrese was impressive on several occasions, and retired while leading twice. McLaren's superior reliability told in the Constructors' Championship as well, as they narrowly took the title from Williams.

Williams FW14B[edit]

In 1992, after further development work was done to the gearbox, traction control and the active suspension system, the FW14B was the dominant car and Mansell wrapped up the 1992 Driver's Championship with a then record 9 wins in a season, whilst Patrese scored a further win at the Japanese Grand Prix. Patrese did not warm to the car as much as the FW14, as he preferred the passive suspension in that chassis, whereas the increased level of downforce generated by the FW14B suited Mansell's aggressive driving style much better. The main visible difference between the FW14 and FW14B are a pair of bulbous protusions above the latter's front pushrods, which contain the active suspension technology.[3][4]

The result was that there were many races in the 1992 season where Mansell and Patrese would gain 2 seconds on the rest of the field, especially in the early laps, which made the FW14B far superior to even the next best car, the McLaren MP4/7A. Another example of Williams' dominance that year was at qualifying at the British Grand Prix at Silverstone, where Mansell's pole position-winning lap was a whole 2 seconds faster than Patrese, who in turn was a second faster than 3rd placed Ayrton Senna. Williams were clear winners of the 1992 Constructors' Championship, but the season ended in acrimony as Mansell left the team after Alain Prost was signed, while Patrese moved to Benetton for his swansong season in 1993.

The FW14 won 17 grands prix, 21 pole positions and 289 points before being replaced with the FW15C for 1993. Given that current F1 regulations ban many of the technologies used by the FW14B and FW15C, these are considered among the most technologically advanced racing cars ever raced in Formula One.[5]


Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key) (results shown in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Pts. WCC
1991 FW14 Renault RS3C
V10
G USA BRA SMR MON CAN MEX FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 125 2nd
Nigel Mansell Ret Ret Ret 2 6 2 1 1 1 2 Ret 1 DSQ 1 Ret 2
Riccardo Patrese Ret 2 Ret Ret 3 1 5 Ret 2 3 5 Ret 1 3 3 5
1992 FW14B Renault RS3C / RS4
V10
G RSA MEX BRA ESP SMR MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 164 1st
Nigel Mansell 1 1 1 1 1 2 Ret 1 1 1 2 2 Ret 1 Ret Ret
Riccardo Patrese 2 2 2 Ret 2 3 Ret 2 2 8 Ret 3 5 Ret 1 Ret

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AT&T Williams F1". Attwilliams.com. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  2. ^ http://www.statsf1.com/en/williams/modeles.aspx
  3. ^ FW14. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  4. ^ FW14B Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  5. ^ "The changing face of F1". BBC Sport. 2005-02-28. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
Awards
Preceded by
Jordan 191
Autosport
Racing Car Of The Year

1992
Succeeded by
Williams FW15C