Xue Muqiao (Chinese: 薛暮桥; pinyin: Xuē Mùqiáo; October 25, 1904 - July 22, 2005) was a Chinese economist. He was instrumental in introducing and implementing economic reforms that transformed China into a market economy by participating in the development of the ideological concept of a primary stage of socialism.
Xue was born in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province as Xue Yulin (薛雨林). He served as the director of National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China in 1950's. He was a fellow of Chinese Academy of Sciences. In 2005, Xue received the first Outstanding Achievement Award of Economics in China.