1967 European Cup Final
|Event||1966–67 European Cup|
|Date||25 May 1967|
|Venue||Estádio Nacional, Lisbon|
|Referee||Kurt Tschenscher (West Germany)|
The 1967 European Cup Final was a football match between Italian team Inter Milan and Scottish team Celtic. It took place at the Estádio Nacional in Lisbon, Portugal on 25 May 1967 in front of a crowd of 45,000. It was the final of the 1966–67 European Cup, the premier club competition in Europe. The match was Celtic's first European final and Inter's third; they had won the tournament in two of the previous three years.
Both teams had to go through four rounds of matches to reach the final. Celtic won their first two ties comfortably, with their second two rounds being tighter. Inter's first tie was very close but they won their next two by bigger margins. In the semi-final, Inter needed a replay to win the tie.
Inter scored after seven minutes, when Sandro Mazzola converted a penalty. Celtic equalised through Tommy Gemmell after he scored on 63 minutes. Stevie Chalmers then put Celtic in the lead after 84 minutes. The match finished 2–1 to Celtic. It was said to be a victory for football because Celtic's attacking football overcame Inter's catenaccio defensive style, which was considered to be a less attractive way to play the game. Celtic's manager Jock Stein and the team received acclaim after the match and were given the nickname the Lisbon Lions; considered to be the greatest side in the club's history. The victory allowed Celtic to become the first ever British team, and first team from northern Europe, to win the European Cup.
Route to the final
|Round||Opponents||First leg||Second leg||Aggregate score|
|First round||Zürich||2–0 (h)||3–0 (a)||5–0|
|Second round||Nantes||3–1 (a)||3–1 (h)||6–2|
|Quarter-finals||Vojvodina||0–1 (a)||2–0 (h)||2–1|
|Semi-finals||Dukla Prague||3–1 (h)||0–0 (a)||3–1|
Celtic qualified for the European Cup after winning the 1965–66 Scottish Division One, their 21st title, by two points over rivals Rangers. Celtic entered at the first round where they faced Swiss side Zürich. Celtic won 2–0 at home, with goals from Tommy Gemmell and Joe McBride. They then won the away leg 3–0 as Stevie Chalmers scored and Gemmell got a brace. Celtic faced French side Nantes in the second round, and won the away leg 3–1. Nantes had taken the lead through Francis Magny, before McBride had equalised to level the match at 1–1. In the second half, Bobby Lennox and Bertie Auld scored to seal a victory. Celtic won the home leg by the same scoreline. Jimmy Johnstone put them in front, before Gérard Georgin equalised. Celtic again scored twice in the second half, as Chalmers and Lennox secured the victory.
Celtic faced Yugoslavia (now Serbian) side Vojvodina Novi Sad in the quarter-finals, and lost the first leg 1–0 after a goal from Milan Stanić; this was Celtic's only defeat of the competition. The tie looked like it was going to end in a draw after Chalmers had given Celtic a 1–0 lead in the second leg. This would have resulted in the teams having to go to Rotterdam for a replay. However, in the 90th minute captain Billy McNeill scored to give Celtic the victory. In the semi-finals, Czechoslovakian side Dukla Prague were beaten 3–1 in Glasgow, Johnstone put the hosts in front, before Stanislav Štrunc equalised. A second half brace from Willie Wallace gave Celtic the victory. The teams then drew 0–0 in Prague, which meant Celtic progressed to the final.
|Round||Opponents||First leg||Second leg||Aggregate score|
|First round||Torpedo Moscow||1–0 (h)||0–0 (a)||1–0|
|Second round||Vasas SC||2–1 (h)||2–0 (a)||4–1|
|Quarter-finals||Real Madrid||1–0 (h)||2–0 (a)||3–0|
|Semi-finals||CSKA Red Flag||1–1 (a)||1–1 (h)||2–2|
|Play-off||CSKA Red Flag||1–0 (n)|
Inter Milan had won the 1965–66 Serie A, their tenth title, by four points over second placed Bologna. As a result of this, they qualified for the European Cup and their first round opponents were Soviet side Torpedo Moscow. Inter won the first leg 1–0, thanks to an own goal by Valery Voronin before drawing 0–0 in Russia. Their second round opponents were Vasas of Hungary, Inter won 2–1 at home, with goals from Carlo Soldo and Mario Corso, while Lajos Puskás had scored for the visitors. Two goals from Sandro Mazzola gave Inter the victory in the second leg.
Inter beat six-time champions and holders Real Madrid in the quarter-finals. Inter won 1–0 at home, through a Renato Cappellini goal. Before defeating Madrid 2–0 in Spain, thanks to another goal from Cappellini, and an own goal from Ignacio Zoco. In the semi-finals. Inter faced Bulgarian side CSKA Red Flag (now CSKA Sofia). Giacinto Facchetti scored for Inter, as they drew 1–1 at home, with Nikola Tsanev scoring for the visitors. Facchetti scored again in Bulgaria, but his goal was cancelled out by Nikolay Radlev, meaning that a play-off was needed to settle the tie. The play-off was supposed to be held in Graz, Austria, but CSKA were persuaded to let it be moved to Bologna in Italy, after they were offered a larger share of the gate money. The match was won 1–0 by Inter, thanks to a goal from Cappellini, sealing their place in the final.
Inter had won the European Cup in two of the previous three seasons, 1964 and 1965. Pre-match talk focused on Inter winning a famous tripletta of European Cups and they were considered strong favourites going into the game.
Inter were very well known for using a defensive tactic, the Catenaccio, which meant that they won many matches by slim scorelines and rarely conceded. Their manager, Helenio Herrera, was the highest paid in Europe and was considered to be the catalyst of their success. By contrast Celtic were an attacking team. Before the match their manager Jock Stein said that, "Celtic will be the first team to bring the European Cup back to Britain... we are going to attack as we have never attacked before,"
One of Celtic's most important players, striker Joe McBride was to miss the match. He had suffered a long-term knee injury and his last match of the season was on 24 December 1966. McBride would definitely have played had he been fit. He was in such good form for Celtic that, despite missing half the season, McBride finished as the top scorer in Scotland that year with 35 goals in 26 appearances.
Inter's most important player, spanish international and Ballon d'Or winner Luis Suarez, missed the match with an injury. He was replaced by veteran Mauro Bicicli, a player with very few appearances in the season, and the loss of their star in the middle of the field would prove decisive in shaping Inter's destiny in the match.
Both Inter and Celtic had been performing well domestically throughout the season. Only a few days before the final Inter had been on the verge of winning a historic treble but losses in their last two games knocked them out of the semi-finals of the Coppa Italia and cost them the Scudetto. The European Cup was the last chance for them to redeem what had initially been such a promising season. Celtic came into the final having already won the Scottish Division One, the Scottish Cup and the Scottish League Cup as well as the Glasgow Cup earlier in the season.
Inter had the first attack of the match, with Renato Cappellini running down the wing and supplying a cross to Sandro Mazzola whose header hit Celtic goalkeeper Ronnie Simpson's knees. Inter won a penalty minutes later when Jim Craig fouled Cappellini in the box, and Mazzola converted to put Inter in front after only six minutes. Once they had taken the lead, Inter retreated back into their defensive style, which allowed Celtic to attack. However, they struggled to get through Inter's defensive wall and were mainly restricted to long shots from outside the box. Bertie Auld hit the crossbar, then a cross from Jimmy Johnstone was gathered up by Giuliano Sarti, who then tipped a header from the same player over the crossbar. Inter pulled nine men back, but Celtic kept attacking them. Tommy Gemmell's dangerous free-kick was saved by Sarti, he then speculatively attempted to lob the Inter 'keeper and hit the bar. Despite Celtic's inability to break through their opponents defence they were in complete control of the match and Inter were not able to attack. Inter had not had another chance since their goal, whilst Celtic found themselves foiled time and again by outstanding goalkeeping from Sarti.
After just over an hour, Gemmell finally managed to equalise for Celtic when Craig passed to him from the right wing and he scored with a powerful 25 yard shot. The balance of play remained the same with Inter defending deeply against sustained Celtic attacking. With about five minutes remaining, a long-range shot from Bobby Murdoch was diverted by Stevie Chalmers past a wrong-footed Sarti – rather than an instinctive intervention, Chalmers and his teammates asserted that they had practiced the same move many times in training. This proved to be the winning goal.
|Report||Mazzola 7' (pen.)|
After the final whistle, there was a pitch invasion by Celtic fans, which meant that the Celtic team could not be presented the trophy on the pitch. Some of the Celtic players also had their shirts taken by Celtic supporters. Celtic captain Billy McNeill had to be ushered around the outside of the stadium under armed guards to receive the trophy on a podium in the stand.
Inter's loss in the final is considered to be the downfall of "La Grande Inter", the greatest period of success in the club's history. They had been one of the top teams in Europe for the previous three years, however, failed to recover from their bad season in which they lost out to Celtic as well as in their two domestic competitions. They finished the following season trophyless again and Helenio Herrera, the manager who was considered to be the catalyst of their success, then left the club.
Celtic's attacking style play against Inter's catenaccio was heralded as a win for football. Inter manager Helenio Herrera said that "We can have no complaints. Celtic deserved their victory. We were beaten by Celtic's force. Although we lost, the match was a victory for sport." while one Portuguese official said "This attacking play, this is the real meaning of football. This is the true game.". The Portuguese newspaper, Mundo Desportivo, said "It was inevitable. Sooner or later the Inter of Herrera, the Inter of catenaccio, of negative football, of marginal victories, had to pay for their refusal to play entertaining football."
Celtic manager Jock Stein received widespread praise following the final. Liverpool manager Bill Shankly said to him after the match, "John, you're immortal now". Since the match a stand has been named after him at Celtic Park and he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Stein is considered by many, including Alex Ferguson, to be the greatest ever Scottish manager, with his victory in the final being one of the main reasons for this.
The Celtic team from that year has also received much recognition. They have become known as the Lisbon Lions and are widely considered the greatest team in Celtic's history. All of Celtic's players were born within a 30-mile radius of Glasgow. In 2000, Celtic named a stand at Celtic Park after the Lisbon Lions. They also won the BBC Sports Personality Team of the Year Award in 1967.
- 1966–67 European Cup
- 1967 European Cup Winners' Cup Final
- 1967 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Final
- Celtic F.C. in European football
- Inter Milan in European football
- "Scotland 1965/66". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Champions Cup 1966–67". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Glasgow's record breakers". Glasgow Evening Times. 7 May 2007. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "1966/67 European Champions Clubs' Cup". UEFA.com. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Italy 1965/66". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 21 September 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Season 1966–67". European Cup History. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
- "1966/67 European Champions Clubs' Cup". UEFA.com. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Lions' legend lives on". FIFA.com. 17 July 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- Glanville, Brian (17 May 2001). "Obituary: Bobby Murdoch". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- "LOCAL HEROES: THE LISBON LIONS". Chris Hunt. June 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- Fox, Norman (11 November 1997). "Obituary: Helenio Herrera". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "Missing out on being Lisbon Lion saved my life, says Celtic legend Joe McBride". Daily Record. 23 May 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
- "The Scotsman's match preview of Celtic's 1967 European Cup victory". The Scotsman.
- "Inter, Mario Corso e quel maledetto 1967". Panorama. 3 March 2017.
- "Jock Stein's Lisbon Lions shock Inter". ESPN. 19 May 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "Top ten successful seasons". Sky Sports. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- Barham, Albert (25 May 1967). "Relentless attack captures European Cup". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
- The Winning Touch: My Autobiography, Stevie Chalmers, Graham McColl; Hachette UK, 2012; ISBN 9780755363230
- Forsyth, Roddy (15 May 2001). "Murdoch the true Lionheart". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- The Day Lisbon Belonged to Celtic, Stuart Spencer, Scottish Football Museum, 25 May 2017
- "Celtic win European Cup 1967". BBC Sport. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- Rinaldi, Giancarlo (23 May 2007). "Inter scarred by Celtic memories". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "From The Vault: The Lisbon Lions". London: The Guardian. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "March 9 – Jock Stein Takes Over Celtic". On this football day. 9 March 2009. Archived from the original on 23 April 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "I'll never be as good as Big Jock Says SIR ALEX FERGUSON; MAN UTD v SPURS Wembley, kick-off 3pm Live on Sky Sports CARLING CUP". Sunday Mail. 1 March 2009. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- "1967 European Cup win makes Jock Stein greatest Scots manager of all time, says Lou Macari". Daily Record. 5 March 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- "1967: Celtic win European Cup". On This Day. British Broadcasting Corporation. 25 May 2005. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- Reynolds, Jim (28 January 2007). "Fans will now roar from the Lisbon Lions Stand". The Herald. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "The Lisbon Lions". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 2 December 2011.