1986 in Israel
|See also:||Other events of 1986
List of years in Israel
Timeline of the region of Palestine
Timeline of Israeli history
Events in the year 1986 in Israel.
- Prime Minister of Israel – Shimon Peres (Alignment) until 20 October, Yitzhak Shamir (Likud)
- President of Israel – Chaim Herzog
- Chief of General Staff - Moshe Levi
- Government of Israel - 21st Government of Israel until 20 October, 22nd Government of Israel
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- 1 January – The New Israeli shekel (NIS) replaces the old shekel as Israel's official currency.
- 11 February – After a period of imprisonment of nine years in a Siberian labor camp, the Soviet-Jewish refusenik and human rights advocate Natan Sharansky and three low-level Western spies are exchanged for Czech spies held in the USA, a Soviet spy, a Polish spy and a GDR spy (the latter three held in Western Germany). Sharansky subsequently emigrates to Israel.
- 16 April - Beisky Commission publishes its report.
- 4 June – Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence to Israel.
- 30 September – Israeli Mossad agent Cheryl Bentov who befriended Israeli nuclear weapons whistleblower Mordechai Vanunu persuades him to fly to Rome with her on a holiday. Once in Rome, Mossad agents overpower and drug him and carry him to a waiting ship off the coast, which takes him to Israel.
- 5 October – Israeli secret nuclear weapons are revealed by the British newspaper; The Sunday Times, which publishes an interview with Mordechai Vanunu, a former Israeli nuclear technician who revealed details of the program.
- 16 October – An Israeli F-4 Phantom, piloted by Yishai Aviram, is inadvertently damaged midair and abandoned, resulting in the capture of flight navigator then-Captain Ron Arad by Amal, the Lebanese Shi'ite militia. To this day, the whereabouts of Arad has not been disclosed by his captors.
- 20 October – The twenty-first government is replaced by the twenty-second government, when Yitzhak Shamir replaces Peres as Prime Minister in accordance with the rotation agreement between the Alignment and Likud.
- 23 October – The beginning of experimental broadcasts of the Israeli Channel 2.
- 19 December: Carmelit metro shut down for intensive renovation to be reopened in 1992.
The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1986 include:
Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets
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The most prominent Palestinian militant acts and operations committed against Israeli targets during 1986 include:
- 17 April – Hindawi affair: An attempt to bomb an El Al flight from London to Tel Aviv is foiled.
- 6–22 September Turkish Jews were killed by Palestinian terrorists belonging to the Abu Nidal Organization while attending service at the Neve Shalom Synagogue.
Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets
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- The founding of the community settlement Eshhar.
- The founding of the community settlement Kokhav Ya'ir.
- 7 January – Daphne Leef, Israeli activist who is the initiator of the 2011 housing protests in Israel.
- 24 January – Raviv Ullman, Israeli-born American actor.
- 8 February – Agam Rodberg, Israeli model and actress.
- 3 March – Michael Moshonov, Israeli actor.
- 10 March – Roni Duani, Israeli pop singer, actress, TV host, and model.
- 28 August – Gilad Shalit, Israeli soldier held as a hostage.
- 1 September – Shahar Tzuberi, Israeli windsurfer and Olympic bronze medalist.
- 8 February – Yisrael Galili (born 1911), Russian (Ukraine)-born Israeli politician.
- 29 July – Dan Pagis (born 1930), Romanian (Bukovina)-born Israeli poet, lecturer and holocaust survivor.
Major public holidays
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- Arsu, Sebnem; Filkins, Dexter (16 November 2003). "20 in Istanbul Die in Bombings At Synagogues". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
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