27 March – President of Uganda Idi Amin ordered all Israelis to leave Uganda. Although Israel had trained Ugandan paratroopers in the past ten years, Amin decided to break off relationship after forming an alliance with Libya.
The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1972 include:
15 March - King Hussein of Jordan unveiled his plan for the "United Arab Kingdom", a federation consisting of the existing Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and a Palestinian Arab state on Jordan's former territories on the Israeli occupied West Bank, each with their own parliament, united under one monarch. The UAK would be dependent upon a treaty between Jordan and Israel. The PLO and other Arab nations opposed the plan.
Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets
19 September – A parcel bomb sent to the Israeli Embassy in London kills Ami Shachori, an Israeli attaché at the Israeli Embassy in London. The letter has been attributed to the Palestinian "Black September" militant group.
8 December - Dr. Mahmoud Hamshari, the PLO representative in France, was fatally wounded by a bomb, planted near his telephone by agents of Israel's Mossad, in retaliation for his suspected role in the 1972 Munich Massacre. After the explosive had been placed during Hamshari's absence, an agent telephoned him and asked enough questions to confirm his identity. The bomb was then detonated by remote control, possibly by a signal through the telephone line.
Memorial plaque in front of the Israeli athletes' quarters. The inscription, in German and Hebrew, reads: The team of the State of Israel stayed in this building during the 20th Olympic Summer Games from 21 August – 5 September 1972. On 5 September, [list of victims] died a violent death. Honor to their memory.