Page semi-protected

2015 Formula One season

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"F1 2015" redirects here. For the video game based on the 2015 Formula One season, see F1 2015 (video game).
2015 FIA Formula One
World Championship season
Previous: 2014 Next: 2016
Support series:
GP2 Series · GP3 Series
Crystal Clear app clock-orange.svg In progress
Lewis Hamilton, the defending World Drivers' Champion and current championship leader.
The Mercedes F1 W06 Hybrid, the car entered by Mercedes, the defending World Constructors' Champions.

The 2015 Formula One season is the 66th season of the Formula One World Championship, a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which is recognised by the sport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Twenty-one drivers representing ten teams are contesting nineteen scheduled Grands Prix,[1] starting in Australia on 15 March and ending in Abu Dhabi on 29 November as they compete for the World Drivers' and World Constructors' championships.

Lewis Hamilton is the defending Drivers' Champion after securing his second title at the 2014 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.[2] His team, Mercedes, began the season as the defending Constructors' Champion, having secured its first championship title at the 2014 Russian Grand Prix.[3]

After ten races, Hamilton leads the Drivers' Championship standings by 21 points from team-mate Nico Rosberg, with Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel in third. Mercedes leads the Constructors' standings ahead of Ferrari and Williams.

Teams and drivers

The following teams and drivers are currently taking part in the 2015 Formula One World Championship.[4][5]

Entrant Constructor Chassis Power unit Tyre No. Race drivers Rounds No. Free Practice drivers
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari SF15-T Ferrari 059/4[6] P 5
7
Germany Sebastian Vettel
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
1–10
1–10
N/A
India Sahara Force India F1 Team Force India-Mercedes VJM08
VJM08B[7]
Mercedes PU106B Hybrid P 11
27
Mexico Sergio Pérez
Germany Nico Hülkenberg
1–10
1–10
N/A
United Kingdom Lotus F1 Team Lotus-Mercedes E23 Hybrid Mercedes PU106B Hybrid P 8
13
France Romain Grosjean
Venezuela Pastor Maldonado       
1–10
1–10
30 United Kingdom Jolyon Palmer
United Kingdom Manor Marussia F1 Team Marussia-Ferrari MR03B[8][9] Ferrari 059/3[10][11] P 28
98
United Kingdom Will Stevens
Spain Roberto Merhi
1–10
1–10
42 Switzerland   Fabio Leimer
United Kingdom McLaren Honda McLaren-Honda MP4-30 Honda RA615H Hybrid P 20
14
22
Denmark  Kevin Magnussen
Spain Fernando Alonso
United Kingdom Jenson Button
1
2–10
1–10
N/A
Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team         Mercedes F1 W06 Hybrid Mercedes PU106B Hybrid P 6
44
Germany Nico Rosberg
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
1–10
1–10
N/A
Austria Infiniti Red Bull Racing Red Bull-Renault RB11 Renault Energy F1-2015 P 3
26
Australia Daniel Ricciardo
Russia Daniil Kvyat
1–10
1–10
N/A
Switzerland   Sauber F1 Team Sauber-Ferrari C34 Ferrari 059/4[6] P 9
12
Sweden Marcus Ericsson
Brazil Felipe Nasr
1–10
1–10
36 Italy Raffaele Marciello       
Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso Toro Rosso-Renault STR10 Renault Energy F1-2015 P 33
55
Netherlands Max Verstappen
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
1–10
1–10
N/A
United Kingdom Williams Martini Racing Williams-Mercedes FW37 Mercedes PU106B Hybrid P 19
77
Brazil Felipe Massa
Finland Valtteri Bottas
1–10
1–10
41 United Kingdom Susie Wolff
Sources:[4][5][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20]

Notes:

^‡ Will Stevens and Roberto Merhi were entered for the first round in Australia, but although both they and Manor were present, they did not compete as the team were unable to complete their cars in time for the event.

Team changes

McLaren renewed their relationship with Japanese manufacturer Honda, twenty-three years since they last competed together. Pictured is the McLaren MP4/6, one of the last cars built by McLaren to use a Honda engine, racing at the 1991 United States Grand Prix.
  • Honda returned to Formula One as an engine supplier, providing McLaren with a V6 engine and Energy Recovery System package, ending the team's 20-year partnership with Mercedes-Benz.[21] Honda had previously supplied McLaren from 1988 until 1992, when they ended their involvement in Formula One. Honda returned to the sport in 2000, again as an engine supplier, providing British American Racing and Jordan Grand Prix with engines until they purchased the former in 2006 and competed as a constructor until 2008.
  • Lotus changed engine suppliers, ending their association with Renault in favour of a deal with Mercedes.[22] This ended a 20-year involvement of Renault with the Enstone based team, after being an engine supplier to Benetton since 1995, and being the owner of the team from 2002 to 2010.
  • Following the 2014 Russian Grand Prix, Marussia went into administration, missing the final three races of the 2014 season. In November 2014, administrators announced that the Marussia team would cease trading and close down,[23] but the team was saved from liquidation in February 2015 when new investment was secured and the team left administration after an agreement with creditors was reached.[24] The team re-entered as Manor Marussia and re-registered as a British, rather than Russian team.
  • The assets of Caterham F1 were auctioned off by company administrators during the opening rounds of the season,[25][26][27] and they were not included on the final entry list published ahead of the opening race.[5]

Driver changes

Sebastian Vettel left Red Bull Racing – the team with which he won four World Drivers' Championships – at the end of the 2014 season to join Ferrari.

Season calendar

Nations that will host a Grand Prix in 2015 are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked in black. Former host nations are shown in dark grey, and former host circuits are marked with a white dot.

The following nineteen Grands Prix are scheduled to take place in 2015.[1]

Round Grand Prix Circuit Date
1 Australian Grand Prix Australia Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 15 March
2 Malaysian Grand Prix Malaysia Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur         29 March
3 Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 12 April
4 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 19 April
5 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Barcelona 10 May
6 Monaco Grand Prix Monaco  Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 24 May
7 Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 7 June
8 Austrian Grand Prix Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 21 June
9 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 5 July
10 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring, Budapest 26 July
11 Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 23 August
12 Italian Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza 6 September
13 Singapore Grand Prix Singapore Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 20 September
14 Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka Circuit, Suzuka 27 September  
15 Russian Grand Prix Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi 11 October
16 United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas 25 October
17 Mexican Grand Prix Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City        1 November
18 Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 15 November
19 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 29 November
Sources:[1][47]

Calendar changes

Comparison between the layout of the Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez last used by Formula One in 1992 (top), and the proposed layout to be used from 2015 (bottom).

Returning races

  • The Mexican Grand Prix is scheduled to return to the Formula One calendar for the first time since 1992. The race is to be held at the Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez circuit located in the centre of Mexico City, which also was the location of all Mexican Grands Prix in previous decades.[48] The circuit will be substantially reconfigured to accommodate the sport's return.[49]

Failed race bids

  • The Grand Prix of America, originally aimed for a debut in 2013 at the Port Imperial Street Circuit in New Jersey after a fifteen-year contract was signed, was again delayed for a third straight year.[50][51]
  • The German Grand Prix was set to return to the Nürburgring, in accordance with the event-sharing agreement established between the Nürburgring and the Hockenheimring in 2008.[52] The Nürburgring had previously hosted the race in 2013 and so was scheduled to host it again in 2015, but the venue was left off the provisional calendar,[53] leaving the event-sharing agreement at a stalemate.[54][55] With both venues unwilling to host the event,[56][57] the race was ultimately cancelled, leaving the country off the Grand Prix calendar for the first time since 1960.[47]
  • The Indian Grand Prix was cancelled for the second consecutive year following tax disputes between the FIA and the Uttar Pradesh government.[58]
  • The Korean Grand Prix was scheduled to return to the Formula One calendar after being removed in 2014,[1] but the plan was ultimately abandoned.[59]

Regulation changes

Technical regulations

  • The number of power units that a driver may use in a season was reduced from five in 2014 to four in 2015.[60]
    • After the 2015 British Grand Prix the rules were changed to allow new power unit manufacturers one additional power unit in their first season of competition. This was retroactively applied to Honda.[61]
  • The rules regarding engine development that were introduced in 2014 were changed, with the manufacturers allowed to perform half the development permitted in 2014; the development will be halved again in 2016.[62]
  • Following the backlash over "ugly" nose designs in 2014, the FIA moved to amend the rules surrounding nose designs for the 2015 season. Noses are now lower than in 2014, retaining a minimum cross section, but they must taper to a point at a fixed linear rate, effectively outlawing the dramatic finger shapes seen in 2014 in favour of a more gradual shape. Furthermore, the design of the nose must be symmetrical and consistent with the centreline of the car, thereby banning the more exotic designs, such as the "twin-tusk" approach used by Lotus on the E22 chassis.[63]
  • The minimum weight of the cars at all times during an event was increased to 702 kilograms (1,548 lb), an increase of 10 kilograms (22 lb) from 2014.[1]
  • The ban on front-and-rear interconnected suspension systems (FRIC) implemented in the middle of the 2014 season was formalised, with the regulations stating that the front and rear suspension must be designed in such a way that any change in performance must be a direct result of a change in load applied solely to them.[1]
  • The anti-intrusion panels on both sides of the survival cell have been extended upwards to the rim of the cockpit and alongside the driver's head.[1]

Sporting regulations

  • The replacement of a complete power unit no longer results in a penalty. Penalties continue to be applied cumulatively for individual components of the power unit, and if such a grid place penalty is imposed and the driver's grid position is such that it cannot be applied in full, the remainder of the penalty is no longer carried over to the next race, but is instead applied in the form of a time penalty during the race corresponding to the number of grid spaces remaining in the penalty.[1]
    • After the 2015 British Grand Prix, these rules were changed with immediate effect, to make demotion to the back of the grid the maximum penalty for engine changes. Additional time penalties to be served during the race were abandoned.[61]
  • In addition to the existing five-second penalty that may be served during a driver's scheduled pit stop, a new ten-second penalty that has to be served in the same manner, was introduced.[1]
  • If a car is deemed to have been released from its pit stop in an unsafe manner, the driver receives a ten-second stop-and-go penalty. Further penalties are applied if the stewards believe that the driver is aware of this and attempts to drive the car regardless.[1]
  • The qualifying procedure has been further clarified to cater to different sizes of starting grids: if twenty-four cars are entered for the race, seven are eliminated after the each of the first two qualifying segments; if twenty-two are entered, six are eliminated after each qualifying segment and so on if fewer cars are eligible.
  • Double points will no longer be awarded at the final event of the championship.[1]
  • In light of a regulation introduced in 2014 dictating that a race can not run for more than four hours and following recommendations from the report into Jules Bianchi's accident the previous season, the start times of five Grands Prix have been moved one hour earlier, so that races do not start with less than four hours until dusk. Thus, the Australian, Malaysia, Chinese, Japanese and Russian Grands Prix will start an hour earlier than in 2014.[64]
  • In the aftermath of Bianchi's accident, a new procedure called Virtual Safety Car (VSC) was introduced following trials during the last three Grands Prix of 2014. The procedure may be initiated when double waved yellow flags are needed on any section of a circuit where competitors and officials may be in danger, but the circumstances are not as such to warrant deployment of the actual safety car. It obliges drivers to reduce their speed to match the one indicated on their displays on their steering wheels.[1]
  • The safety car procedure was amended. Once the last lapped car has passed the leader, the safety car returns to the pits at the end of the following lap. This is a change of the previous practice which required the unlapped cars to have caught up with the back of the pack before the safety car could return to the pits.[1]
  • If a race is suspended (red-flagged), the cars no longer line up on the grid but instead slowly proceed to the pit lane. Pit exit is closed and the first car to arrive in the pit lane proceeds to the exit with the others lining up behind in the order in which they arrive, regardless of race standing or garage location. Severe circumstances may still require cars to stop immediately on track.[1]
  • If any team personnel or team equipment remain on the grid after the fifteen-second signal has been shown before the start of the formation lap, the driver of the car concerned must start the race from the pit lane. If the driver concerned fails to obey this, they receive a ten-second stop-and-go penalty.[1]
  • Drivers are no longer permitted to change the design of their helmet in-season.[65]

Season report

Max Verstappen (pictured at the Malaysian Grand Prix) set two records in his first two races: youngest driver to start a race, and youngest driver to score points.
Pre-season

Before the start of the season, Hamilton announced he would not be exercising his option of switching his car number to 1 for 2015, as was his prerogative as reigning World Champion, and would instead race with his career number 44. It was the first season since 1994, when Alain Prost retired from the sport following his fourth and final World Drivers' Championship title in 1993, that the field did not contain a number 1 car.[66]

Following the financial struggles faced by Marussia and Caterham in 2014, the FIA approved the use of 2014-specification chassis in 2015 provided that teams showed cause and received an individual dispensation to compete with their old chassis.[67] However, a request by Manor Marussia to use their 2014 car was later rejected by the other teams.[68][69] Subsequent regulation changes allowed the team to use a modified 2014 chassis which met updated safety and dimensional limits. The car is powered by a 2014 specification Ferrari power unit, with a new chassis to be introduced later in the season.[11]

Sauber's early season preparations were disrupted by a series of legal challenges from former Caterham driver Giedo van der Garde, who claimed that the team had reneged on a contract to race that was signed in June 2014.[70] Van der Garde filed a motion with the Supreme Court of Victoria in Australia in an effort to force the team to replace one of their drivers with him at the opening round in Melbourne,[71] with the court finding in his favour.[72] Van der Garde later agreed to not participate in the event, with the driver and team settling the dispute for an undisclosed sum to terminate the contract following the first round.[73]

McLaren's Fernando Alonso was involved in a pre-season testing accident that saw the two-time World Drivers' Champion hospitalised. McLaren claimed the crash was caused by a sudden gust of wind disrupting the car's downforce, while Alonso insisted the crash was caused by his steering wheel locking up.[74] On doctor's advice, Alonso elected to sit out the opening round in Australia, prompting the team to replace him with Kevin Magnussen for the race.[30][75] Alonso was ultimately cleared to race by the second round in Malaysia.[76]

Championship

In Malaysia, Sebastian Vettel secured Ferrari's first victory since the 2013 Spanish Grand Prix and his first victory since the 2013 Brazilian Grand Prix.

Opening rounds

Mercedes began the season with a 1–2 finish in Australia, resulting in a twenty-eight point lead after just one round, finishing over 30 seconds clear of third place driver Sebastian Vettel, who secured a podium in his first race with Ferrari. Red Bull's Daniel Ricciardo finished a lap down in sixth,[77] prompting the team to continue to press their frustrations with Renault, as they were forced to use its second of four allotted power units for Ricciardo on the very first day of the season.[78] The team also voiced its displeasure over the progress Renault has made in terms of power, with team principal Christian Horner stating that the Energy F1-2015 is still 100 horsepower (75 kW) down on Mercedes's PU106B Hybrid.[79] After the race, Red Bull team advisor Helmut Marko suggested that Red Bull may exit Formula One entirely if changes to the regulations are not made to level the field or cut development costs.[80] Renault countered with their own threat to pull out of Formula One as an engine supplier if its reputation continues to be damaged or is otherwise not profitable to the company.[81] Mercedes followed up by finishing second and third in Malaysia, while Red Bull continued to struggle, rounding out the top ten a lap down. By the end of the flyaway rounds, Mercedes led the field, having earned 159 points (with Lewis Hamilton acquiring 93 out of 100 possible points), while Red Bull's struggles endured. The team acquired 26 points, enough for a distant fourth, and Ricciardo entered the European stages of the season on his fourth and final permissible power unit with fifteen events remaining on the calendar.

With McLaren's longest continuous testing session lasting twelve laps in Barcelona – a total of 56 kilometres (35 mi), a sixth of a total Grand Prix distance – before running into engine trouble, Honda elected to detune the power units for the opening Grands Prix in an effort to improve reliability and longevity while the manufacturer worked to improve these areas before homologation.[82] Both cars qualified on the back row, and in the race Kevin Magnussen failed to reach the grid after suffering an abrupt engine failure, while Jenson Button managed to finish the race, albeit two laps behind the leaders in the last classified position.[77] Magnussen reliquished his seat back to Alonso in Malaysia, however both cars qualified ahead of only the Manor Marussias and eventually retired. The team showed signs of improvement in terms of performance, able to compete with the midfield cars in China and Bahrain, although reliability continued to prove troublesome as Button's car was unable to compete in the latter Grand Prix.

Following a tumultuous pre-season in which they went through a period of administration and were saved by late investment, Manor Marussia arrived in Melbourne with a car that had passed its mandatory crash tests, but had completed no testing.[83] However, it was discovered that after arrival in Australia and while assembling the cars, their computers had been wiped completely clean of all data in preparation for auction.[84] Despite the team's efforts, they were unable to solve the oversight and could not compete in the Grand Prix.[85] The team managed to get their cars running and on the racetrack by the second round in Malaysia and were able to set times within 107% of the leading times in practice, giving stewards reasonable grounds to allow the team to race when they failed to do so in qualifying. Merhi was able to finish the race three laps down in 15th, while Stevens did not start. Manor Marussia continued to show signs of consistency, with both cars qualifying within 107%, starting, and finishing both Grands Prix in China and Bahrain. They are one of two teams, the other being McLaren, to return to Europe without a championship point.

Ferrari came into the season seemingly much more competitive, finishing on the podium in the opening race. Returning driver Kimi Räikkönen stated that the SF15-T is "much better" to drive than last year's F14 T.[86] With Vettel winning comfortably and Räikkönen finishing in fourth despite suffering a tyre failure in Malaysia, Ferrari began to show that they would stand out as "best of the rest" among the other nine teams. They followed this up with a 3–4 finish in China and Räikkönen securing his first podium appearance in Bahrain since rejoining Ferrari the previous season. With 107 points, the team returns to Europe fifty-two points behind Mercedes, and forty-six points ahead of third place Williams.

European and Canadian rounds

Nico Rosberg leads the field on the opening lap of the Spanish Grand Prix. He would go on to win the race.

Mercedes arrived at Spain already with a comfortable lead, having amassed a fifty-two point cushion over Ferrari after the first four races. Lewis Hamilton entered having left only 7 points out of a possible 100 on the table, giving him a twenty-seven point lead over teammate Nico Rosberg entering the eight-race European portion of the season.

Rosberg quickly cut into Hamilton's Championship lead by securing victories in Spain (reducing his deficit to twenty points) and Monaco. The latter win was aided by the result of a costly miscalculation by the Mercedes team to pit Hamilton with a 19-second lead during a safety car period (that briefly saw the use of the "Virtual Safety Car" for the first time in F1's history) with 14 laps remaining. Rosberg and Sebastian Vettel did not pit, allowing both to narrowly pass Hamilton by the pit exit lane. Racing resumed on lap 71 and Rosberg quickly pulled away, remaining in the lead till the chequered flag. Vettel held off Hamilton for second and third, respectively. As a result, Hamilton's lead over Rosberg in the Drivers' Championship was cut in half, to just ten points. Meanwhile, Button secured McLaren's first points of the season by finishing 8th. This leaves the Manor drivers of Stevens and Merhi, along with fellow McLaren driver Fernando Alonso, as the only full-time drivers not to score a point after seven rounds.

Lewis Hamilton (top) gestures to his home crowd following his fifth win of the season at Silverstone, while Fernando Alonso (bottom) picked up his first point of the season.

At the following Grands Prix in Canada, Austria, and Britain, Mercedes put to rest the criticism following the result in Monaco[87] with three successive 1–2 finishes, extending their championship lead to 160 points over Ferrari. Williams collected their first two podiums of the season in the form of a third-place results by Valtteri Bottas in Canada and Felipe Massa in Austria, while Ferrari lost ground to Mercedes following a retirement in Austria and an eighth place finish in Britain by Räikkönen. Other power unit manufacturers continued to show their struggles, with Renault finishing in the top five only once, in Monaco, indicating their continued lack of power. Honda continued to have reliability issues and, through Britain, suffered nine retirements and two failure to starts due to power unit problems, translating to only seven overall finishes out of 18 possible results.

The Driver's championship remained close between leader Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg, with the gap between them never larger than 27 points after Hamilton's round five victory in Bahrain. The two would trade victories between rounds six and nine, closing the lead to as little as ten points. Sebastian Vettel, who at one time was within three points of the lead after his second round victory in Malaysia and the only non-Mercedes winner after nine rounds, could not overcome team miscues in Canada and Austria, and fell 59 points off the pace of Hamilton. He rebounded in Hungary by winning his second race of the season, reducing the gap to Hamilton to 42 points in the process.

Results and standings

Grands Prix

Round Grand Prix Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning constructor Report
1 Australia Australian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton        United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton         United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
2 Malaysia Malaysian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Sebastian Vettel        Italy Ferrari Report
3 China Chinese Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
4 Bahrain Bahrain Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
5 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
6 Monaco  Monaco Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Australia Daniel Ricciardo   Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
7 Canada Canadian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
8 Austria Austrian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
9 United Kingdom British Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
10 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Australia Daniel Ricciardo Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari Report
11 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Report
12 Italy Italian Grand Prix Report
13 Singapore Singapore Grand Prix Report
14 Japan Japanese Grand Prix Report
15 Russia Russian Grand Prix Report
16 United States United States Grand Prix         Report
17 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix Report
18 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Report
19 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Report

World Drivers' Championship standings

Points are awarded to the top ten classified finishers using the following structure:

Position 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1

In the event of a tie, a count-back system is used as a tie-breaker, with a driver's best result used to decide the standings.[N 1]

Pos. Driver AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
CHN
China
BHR
Bahrain
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
JPN
Japan
RUS
Russia
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
1 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 1 2 1 1 2 3 1 2 1 6 202
2 Germany Nico Rosberg 2 3 2 3 1 1 2 1 2 8 181
3 Germany Sebastian Vettel 3 1 3 5 3 2 5 4 3 1 160
4 Finland Valtteri Bottas DNS 5 6 4 4 14 3 5 5 13 77
5 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Ret 4 4 2 5 6 4 Ret 8 Ret 76
6 Brazil Felipe Massa 4 6 5 10 6 15 6 3 4 12 74
7 Australia Daniel Ricciardo 6 10 9 6 7 5 13 10 Ret 3 51
8 Russia Daniil Kvyat DNS 9 Ret 9 10 4 9 12 6 2 45
9 Germany Nico Hülkenberg 7 14 Ret 13 15 11 8 6 7 Ret 24
10 France Romain Grosjean Ret 11 7 7 8 12 10 Ret Ret 7 23
11 Netherlands Max Verstappen Ret 7 17† Ret 11 Ret 15 8 Ret 4 22
12 Brazil Felipe Nasr 5 12 8 12 12 9 16 11 DNS 11 16
13 Mexico Sergio Pérez 10 13 11 8 13 7 11 9 9 Ret 15
14 Venezuela Pastor Maldonado        Ret Ret Ret 15 Ret Ret 7 7 Ret 14 12
15 Spain Fernando Alonso Ret 12 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 5 11
16 Spain Carlos Sainz Jr. 9 8 13 Ret 9 10 12 Ret Ret Ret 9
17 United Kingdom Jenson Button 11 Ret 14 DNS 16 8 Ret Ret Ret 9 6
18 Sweden Marcus Ericsson 8 Ret 10 14 14 13 14 13 11 10 6
19 Spain Roberto Merhi DNP 15 16 17 18 16 Ret 14 12 15 0
20 United Kingdom Will Stevens DNP DNS 15 16 17 17 17 Ret 13 16† 0
Denmark  Kevin Magnussen DNS 0
Pos. Driver AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
CHN
China
BHR
Bahrain
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
JPN
Japan
RUS
Russia
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)

Bold – Pole position
Italics – Fastest lap

Notes:

  • † – Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed more than 90% of the race distance.


World Constructors' Championship standings

Pos. Constructor No. AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
CHN
China
BHR
Bahrain
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
JPN
Japan
RUS
Russia
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
1 Germany Mercedes 6 2 3 2 3 1 1 2 1 2 8 383
44 1 2 1 1 2 3 1 2 1 6
2 Italy Ferrari 5 3 1 3 5 3 2 5 4 3 1 236
7 Ret 4 4 2 5 6 4 Ret 8 Ret
3 United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 19 4 6 5 10 6 15 6 3 4 12 151
77 DNS 5 6 4 4 14 3 5 5 13
4 Austria Red Bull-Renault         3 6 10 9 6 7 5 13 10 Ret 3 96
26 DNS 9 Ret 9 10 4 9 12 6 2
5 India Force India-Mercedes         11 10 13 11 8 13 7 11 9 9 Ret 39
27 7 14 Ret 13 15 11 8 6 7 Ret
6 United Kingdom Lotus-Mercedes 8 Ret 11 7 7 8 12 10 Ret Ret 7 35
13 Ret Ret Ret 15 Ret Ret 7 7 Ret 14
7 Italy Toro Rosso-Renault 33 Ret 7 17† Ret 11 Ret 15 8 Ret 4 31
55 9 8 13 Ret 9 10 12 Ret Ret Ret
8 Switzerland   Sauber-Ferrari 9 8 Ret 10 14 14 13 14 13 11 10 22
12 5 12 8 12 12 9 16 11 DNS 11
9 United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 14 Ret 12 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 5 17
20 DNS
22 11 Ret 14 DNS 16 8 Ret Ret Ret 9
10 United Kingdom Marussia-Ferrari 28 DNP DNS 15 16 17 17 17 Ret 13 16† 0
98 DNP 15 16 17 18 16 Ret 14 12 15
Pos. Constructor No. AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
CHN
China
BHR
Bahrain
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
JPN
Japan
RUS
Russia
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
BRA
Brazil
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)

Bold – Pole position
Italics – Fastest lap

Notes:

  • † – Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed more than 90% of the race distance.


Footnotes

  1. ^ In the event that two or more drivers achieved the same result an equal number of times, their next-best result was used. Should two or more drivers achieve equal results an equal number of times, the standings were settled in favour of the driver who was the first to achieve their best result.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "World Motor Sport Council 2014 – Doha". FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 3 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Benson, Andrew (23 November 2014). "Lewis Hamilton wins world championship in Abu Dhabi". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Allen, James (12 October 2014). "Hamilton wins, Rosberg errs, Mercedes clinch constructors' title in Sochi". James Allen on F1 (James Allen). Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "2015 FIA F1 World Championship – Entry List". FIA.com. Federation Internationale de l'Automobile. 6 February 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "2015 FIA F1 World Championship – Updated Entry List". FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 10 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Nagnes, Franco (17 July 2014). "Ferrari test 059/4 Power Unit". Omnicourse (Franco Nagnes). Retrieved 11 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Friday's FIA Press Conference". 3 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015. VM: Well, all of us have been eagerly awaiting the British Grand Prix and the launch of our new B-spec car. 
  8. ^ Collantine, Keith (12 March 2015). "Manor F1 car appears in Australia". F1 Fanatic (Keith Collantine). Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "MANOR MARUSSIA F1 TEAM PARTNERS WITH AIRBNB. Helping race fans around the globe feel at home anywhere". 4 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "Manor F1 Team on provisional 2015 entry list". ESPN Sport UK. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Anderson, Ben; Noble, Jonathan (20 February 2015). "Manor F1 team agrees to use 2014 Ferrari engines". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "Renault Energy F1-2015: Media Guide" (PDF). Renault Sport. Renault. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  13. ^ "Mercedes provide early look at 2015 car". Grand Prix 247. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  14. ^ "McLaren". formula1.com. Formula One Administration. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  15. ^ "2015 Australian Grand Prix – Entry List" (PDF). FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 12 March 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 March 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  16. ^ "Grid overview: Formula 1 teams of 2015". GP Update (GP Update). 7 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  17. ^ "2015 Malaysian Grand Prix – Entry List" (PDF). FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 26 March 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 March 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  18. ^ "2015 Chinese Grand Prix – Entry List" (PDF). FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 9 April 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  19. ^ "2015 Spanish Grand Prix – Entry List" (PDF). FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 7 May 2015. Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  20. ^ "2015 Hungarian Grand Prix – Entry List" (PDF). FIA.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 23 July 2015. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  21. ^ Collantine, Keith (16 May 2013). "Honda confirm F1 return with McLaren in 2015". F1 Fanatic (Keith Collantine). Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  22. ^ Anderson, Ben (9 October 2014). "Lotus confirms Mercedes engine switch". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  23. ^ Noble, Jonathan (7 November 2014). "Marussia Formula 1 team closes doors, staff made redundant.". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  24. ^ Benson, Andrew (4 February 2015). "Marussia team could make Formula 1 return this season". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  25. ^ "Caterham Formula 1 team's assets put up for sale by administrators". Autosport. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  26. ^ Benson, Andrew (5 February 2015). "Caterham hopes fade as team's remaining assets go up for sale". BBC Sport. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  27. ^ "Caterham assets to be auctioned off". GPUpdate. GPUpdate. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  28. ^ "McLaren-Honda announces Fernando Alonso and Jenson Button for 2015". McLaren.com (McLaren). 11 December 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  29. ^ Galloway, James (11 December 2014). "McLaren retain Jenson Button as partner for returning Fernando Alonso in 2015". skysportsf1.com (BSkyB). Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  30. ^ a b Elizalde, Pablo (3 March 2015). "Alonso to miss Australian Grand Prix". Motorsport.com (Motorsport.com, Inc.). Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  31. ^ "Welcome Sebastian – Vettel and Raikkonen 2015 driver pairing". Ferrari (Ferrari). 20 November 2014. Archived from the original on 8 January 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  32. ^ "New Team Driver Line Up For 2015". Infiniti Red Bull Racing. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  33. ^ "Jean-Eric Vergne becomes test driver for the Scuderia". Ferrari.com. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  34. ^ Freemann, Glenn (28 November 2014). "Carlos Sainz Jr joins Max Verstappen at Toro Rosso for F1 2015". Autosport.com (Autosport.com). Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  35. ^ "Verstappen to race for Toro Rosso in 2015". GPUpdate.net. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  36. ^ "Sauber F1 team signs ex-Caterham driver Marcus Ericsson for 2015". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). 1 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  37. ^ "Sauber F1 Team announces Felipe Nasr as its driver for 2015". Sauber. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  38. ^ "Ferrari sign Esteban Gutierrez as test driver". BBC Sport. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  39. ^ Noble, Jonathan (26 March 2015). "Adrian Sutil becomes Williams Formula 1 reserve driver". Autosport.com. Haymarket Media. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  40. ^ "Will Stevens secures Manor Formula 1 race seat". autosport.com. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  41. ^ Freeman, Glenn (9 March 2015). "Roberto Merhi to race for Manor F1 team in Australian Grand Prix". Autosport.com. Haymarket Media Group. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  42. ^ "Max Chilton and Alex Buncombe have completed Nissan's squad for the Nissan GT-R LM NISMO". Endurance-info.com. 2 March 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  43. ^ "Jules Bianchi's promising F1 career ends in tragedy after earlier hopes of joining Ferrari's ranks". abc.net.au. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 17 July 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  44. ^ "Jules Bianchi's prognosis unclear after F1 crash". Sydney Morning Herald. AFP. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  45. ^ Collantine, Keith (7 October 2014). "Bianchi suffered brain injury in crash". F1 Fanatic. Keith Collantine. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  46. ^ "Kobayashi joins Japanese Super Formula for 2015". ESPN F1. ESPN. 31 January 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  47. ^ a b "Germany dropped from 2015 calendar". formula1.com. 20 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
  48. ^ Noble, Jonathan (23 July 2014). "Mexico to return to Formula 1 calendar in 2015". Autosport.com. Haymarket Media. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  49. ^ Collantine, Keith (24 July 2014). "Video reveals planned changes to Mexico's F1 track". F1 Fanatic (Keith Collantine). Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  50. ^ "New Jersey Formula One race shelved until at least 2016". autoweek.com. 28 July 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  51. ^ Sylt, Christian (24 December 2013). "New Jersey Grand Prix organizers in breach of contract says Ecclestone". Auto Week. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  52. ^ "Hockenheim handed reprieve". PlanetF1.com. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2010. 
  53. ^ "German GP at Nürburgring still uncertain". GPUpdate (JHED Media BV). 13 January 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  54. ^ "Hockenheim says 'nothing fixed' for 2015". GPUpdate (GPUpdate). 15 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  55. ^ Galloway, James (21 January 2015). "Bernie Ecclestone says German GP not certain to take place in 2015". Sky Sports F1 (British Sky Broadcasting Plc). Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  56. ^ "Hockenheim rules out hosting German GP". GP Update (GP Update). 17 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
  57. ^ "Nürburgring will not stage German GP". GPUpdate (JHED Media BV). 19 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
  58. ^ "Ecclestone rules out 2015 Indian GP". The Hindu. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  59. ^ Benson, Andrew (6 January 2015). "Korea dropped from 2015 calendar". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  60. ^ Collins, Sam (5 March 2013). "Renault RS34 – the future of Formula 1". Racecar Engineering (Chelsea Magazines Ltd.). Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  61. ^ a b "World Motor Sport Council 2015 – Mexico". FIA.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  62. ^ Saward, Joe (8 July 2014). "Changing the F1 engines of today". joeblogsf1. WordPress. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  63. ^ Noble, Jonathan; Scarborough, Craig (20 June 2014). "Formula 1 chiefs move to avoid ugly noses in 2015". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  64. ^ "Formula 1 races to start early after Jules Bianchi crash". BBC Sport. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  65. ^ Noble, Jonathan (18 February 2015). "F1 helmet design changes in-season to be banned". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  66. ^ Collantine, Keith (2014-11-25). "Hamilton won't have number one on his car in 2015". F1 Fanatic. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  67. ^ Allen, James (13 December 2014). ""Never give up": Caterham and former Marussia F1 teams still hoping for F1 reprieve". James Allen on F1 (James Allen). Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  68. ^ "Marussia comeback blocked by Force India no vote". BBC Sport. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  69. ^ "Marussia future under threat as rival teams turn down 2014 car use request". Sky Sports. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  70. ^ "Sauber confirms van der Garde lawsuit". GPUpdate (GPUpdate). 5 March 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  71. ^ Collantine, Keith (10 March 2015). "Sauber will not risk safety after van der Garde ruling". F1 Fanatic. Keith Collantine. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  72. ^ "Van der Garde settles dispute with Sauber". Reuters. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  73. ^ "Fernando Alonso says locked steering caused Barcelona crash". Sky Sports. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  74. ^ "McLaren: wind to blame for Alonso crash". Formula One (Formula One). 23 February 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  75. ^ "Alonso, Bottas cleared to race in Malaysia". Fox Sports. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  76. ^ a b "Race 1". Formula1.com. Formula One Administration. 15 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  77. ^ "Daniel Ricciardo already onto second F1 engine". Autosport. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  78. ^ "Horner says Renault 100hp behind Mercedes". GP Update (GP Update). 15 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  79. ^ "Red Bull issues quit threat over F1 regulations". ESPN F1. 15 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  80. ^ "Renault threatens to quit Formula One as engine stoush continues". Reuters (ABC Online). 27 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  81. ^ "Australian GP: Honda detunes McLaren's F1 engine for reliability". Autosport. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  82. ^ Benson, Andrew (4 February 2015). "Marussia team could make Formula 1 return this season". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  83. ^ "FIA miffed over Manor Marussia F1 team's absence in Australia". Autoweek (Crain Communications). GMM. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  84. ^ Rose, Gary (14 March 2015). "Australian Grand Prix qualifying – As it happened". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  85. ^ "Raikkonen: SF15-T gives Ferrari 'something to work with'". ESPN F1 (ESPN). 4 February 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015. "For sure it's much better than what we had last year", Raikkonen said. 
  86. ^ "Toto Wolff Q&A: Montreal proved we're no idiots". 7 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. Q: Do you feel that the race result restored the balance of the team after the Monaco incident? TW: I must say that after Monaco it was very difficult for the team to handle that situation after the massive media hype. We were exposed to massive criticism. It looked as if all the previous race wins and both title wins of 2014 were suddenly forgotten and a bunch of idiots were managing the team. Today's result makes that all a thing of the past. 

External links