This is a good article. Click here for more information.

Nico Rosberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Nico Rosberg
Nico Rosberg 2016.jpg
Rosberg in 2016
BornNico Erik Rosberg
(1985-06-27) 27 June 1985 (age 35)
Wiesbaden, West Germany
Formula One World Championship career
NationalityGermany German
Active years20062016
TeamsWilliams, Mercedes
Car number6
Entries206 (206 starts)
Championships1 (2016)
Wins23
Podiums57
Career points1594.5
Pole positions30
Fastest laps20
First entry2006 Bahrain Grand Prix
First win2012 Chinese Grand Prix
Last win2016 Japanese Grand Prix
Last entry2016 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix
2016 position1st (385 pts)

Nico Erik Rosberg (born 27 June 1985) is a German-Finnish former racing driver who won the 2016 Formula One World Championship driving for Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. The only child of Keke Rosberg (the 1982 Formula One World Champion) and his German wife Sina Rosberg, he was raised primarily in the principality of Monaco.

Rosberg began competitive go-kart racing at the age of six and achieved early success, winning regional and national French championships, before moving to European-based series and world championships. At the age of 16, he progressed to car racing, winning nine races to claim the 2002 Formula BMW ADAC Championship with VIVA Racing. He subsequently moved to the higher-tier Formula 3 Euro Series with Team Rosberg in 2003 and 2004 before winning the inaugural GP2 Series championship with ART Grand Prix in 2005.

Rosberg first drove in Formula One with Williams from 2006 to 2009 and achieved two podium finishes for the team in 2008. For 2010, he moved to Mercedes, partnering fellow German and seven-time world champion Michael Schumacher. Rosberg took his first career win at the 2012 Chinese Grand Prix. He was the teammate of former karting friend and eventual six-time World Drivers' Champion, Lewis Hamilton, from 2013 to 2016, twice finishing runner-up to his teammate before a title win in 2016.

Rosberg announced his retirement from motor racing five days after clinching his maiden title, citing wanting to spend more time with his family and not wanting his driving ability to atrophy as the main factors behind his surprise decision. Overall he competed in 206 Grands Prix, winning 23, securing 57 podium finishes, 30 pole positions, and amassing 1594.5 championship points. In retirement, Rosberg moved into driver management, television punditry, and became an eco-entrepreneur. He was awarded the Laureus World Sports Award for Breakthrough of the Year and was inducted into the FIA Hall of Fame in 2017.

Personal background and education[edit]

The principality of Monaco, where Rosberg was raised.

Rosberg was born on 27 June 1985 at the Red Cross Hospital in Wiesbaden, Hesse, West Germany,[1][2] the only child of the Finnish racing driver Keke Rosberg, who won the 1982 Formula One World Championship,[1][3] and his German wife Gesine Gleitsmann "Sina" Dengel, an interpreter.[4] Because his father is Finnish and his mother is German, Rosberg is a dual citizen of both countries,[1] competing with a Finnish racing license until the conclusion of his first season in the Formula 3 Euro Series.[5] He switched to a German license to obtain major sponsorship agreements more easily.[1]

He grew up in a stable household.[6] Rosberg was raised in the Wiesbaden district of Nordenstadt in the first four weeks of his life,[2][7] before living between the principality of Monaco and the Spanish island of Ibiza.[8] He was educated at the International School of Nice and the International School of Monaco.[1][9] Rosberg was encouraged to pursue ventures in academia and sports.[10] He was a conscientious, quick learner and was taught five languages: English, French, German, Italian and Spanish.[a][12] Rosberg cherished studying mathematics and science, passing all of his examinations except history.[13] He graduated with an average grade of 1.2 in 2002.[14]

Rosberg married interior designer and long-term partner Vivian Sibold at a civil ceremony in Monaco on 11 July 2014.[15] They have two children, Alaïa (born 2015) and Naila (born 2017),[16] and run a creamery shop in Ibiza.[15] He is a fan of the German football club FC Bayern Munich,[17] played for the Monaco national tennis team,[18] and formerly competed in triathlon events; these skills allowed him to save a five-year-old child from drowning in Monaco.[19] Rosberg has a YouTube vlogging channel[20] and hosts the podcast "Beyond Victory" in which he discusses human performance and development with his guests.[21]

Karting (1991–2001)[edit]

At the age of four, Rosberg had his first driving experience when his father took him to a go-kart track in Ibiza for a holiday. He steered a Jeep, and his father controlled its speed with the accelerator and the brake pedals. Rosberg began competitive racing at the age of six and decided to aim for a career in Formula One motor racing after he observed his father competing in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft in 1995.[16][22] His parents, who did not discourage their son's career choice, consented on the condition that he maintained good grades at school. Rosberg's competitive mindset, and his early achievements in go-karting helped him to better his driving ability and to convince his father to manage him.[12]

In 1996, Rosberg won the Côte d'Azur Mini-Kart Regional Championship[16] and the Trophee Jérôme Bernard and the Trophee de France in 1997.[23] Aged 12, he was the youngest champion of a French national karting series.[24] Rosberg finished second in the French Manufacturers' Trophy and the Côte d'Azur Regional Championship that same year.[25] He progressed to the European karting championships a year later after moving from France to Italy so he could compete in international events.[26] Competing in the 100 Junior category in a CRG kart, Rosberg finished fifth at the 28° Torneo Industrie, seventh in the Trofeo Andrea Margutti,[26][27] and crashed out in the 1998 Green Helmet Trophy Cadets class of the European Championship for Cadets.[28] In 1999, he was runner-up in the Italian Junior Karting Championship[23] and was fourth in the ICA Junior CIK-FIA European Championship, again driving a CRG.[27]

Rosberg's father asked CRG executive Dino Chiesa in late 1999 to establish a separate karting team for his son and fellow driver Lewis Hamilton for a period of two to three years. Rosberg raced for TeamMBM.com (Mercedes-Benz McLaren) for the 2000 season.[b][26] He was runner-up in the European KF1 Championship and finished ninth in the Formula A World Cup.[23][27] In 2001, Rosberg placed tenth in the South Garda Winter Cup and sixteenth in the Formula Super A World Championship.[27] He concluded his karting career with a third-place finish in the latter series at a race in Kerpen.[25]

Junior car career (2001–2005)[edit]

Rosberg in his 2002 Formula BMW ADAC title-winning campaign

At the age of 16, Rosberg progressed to car racing, competing in three races for the 2001 Formula BMW Junior Cup Iberia finishing in 18th in the Drivers' Championship with 38 points.[30] For his first full season of car racing, he drove for VIVA Racing in the 2002 Formula BMW ADAC Championship,[31] winning the drivers' title with nine victories from twenty races and accumulating 264 points.[22][30] For winning the title, Rosberg drove a Williams FW24 at a test session at the Circuit de Catalunya on 3 December.[32] At the time, he became the youngest person ever to drive a Formula One car.[33]

The 2003 season saw Rosberg progress to the higher-tier Formula 3 Euro Series with Team Rosberg. Driving a Dallara F303-Opel car, he won once at the Bugatti Circuit and took five podium finishes to place eighth in the Drivers' Championship with 45 points. He was second in the Rookie Cup to Christian Klien.[31] In November 2003, Rosberg was given a test in a Formula 3000 car at the Circuito de Jerez by Paolo Coloni, the team owner of Scuderia Coloni, as preparation for future Formula One testing with Williams.[34][35] That same month, he entered the Macau Grand Prix and the Korea Super Prix with Carlin Motorsport,[36] finishing 11th in Korea.[30] Rosberg tested twice more for Williams in a modified FW25A car at the Circuit de Catalunya in December and January 2004 for them to evaluate his ability as a test driver.[37][38]

He remained with Team Rosberg for the 2004 Formula 3 Euro Series.[31] Before that, Rosberg won two rounds of the Spanish Formula 3 Winter Series at the Circuito de Albacete as preparation.[39] He won the season's first two races at the Hockenheimring and his campaign faltered through incidents and accidents: he took one other victory at the Nürburgring and three podium finishes.[31] Rosberg finished fourth in the Drivers' Championship with 70 points[31] and was sixth at the Masters of Formula 3.[40] He later crashed while leading the Macau Grand Prix in November and was second at the Bahrain Superprix a month later.[40]

In the off-season, he passed an interview for acceptation into Imperial College London,[41] a university where several Formula One designers were educated, to study aeronautical engineering.[42] Rosberg chose not to further his education so as to be able to commit to his racing career;[22] the university would have allowed him to combine the course with his racing.[43] Rosberg's father did not overturn the decision.[44] For the inaugural GP2 Series season in 2005, Rosberg wanted to drive for BCN Competicion due to its form in the 2004 International Formula 3000 Championship.[45] ART Grand Prix founders Nicolas Todt and Frédéric Vasseur later persuaded him to sign a contract with their team by using a sales presentation;[45] he paid around £850,000 to drive for the team.[46]

Rosberg clinched his first series victory in the sprint race at the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours and then won the feature events at Silverstone Circuit and the Hockenheimring from pole position.[31][47] Rosberg took the Drivers' Championship lead with a third-place finish in the feature race at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps after previous leader Heikki Kovalainen placed eighth.[48] He maintained the points lead during the season-ending Bahrain International Circuit round, winning both races to claim the first GP2 Series title with 120 points.[49]

Formula One career[edit]

Williams (2005–2009)[edit]

2005[edit]

In April 2005, Rosberg was signed by Williams as its second test driver.[50] He and fellow driver Nelson Piquet Jr. were analysed extensively before Rosberg was selected.[51] He worked with Williams's test and reserve driver Antônio Pizzonia and continued to focus on the GP2 Series.[50][52] After race driver Nick Heidfeld was injured in a bicycle accident in September, Rosberg was shortlisted by Williams as his potential replacement for the season's two final races, the Japanese Grand Prix and the Chinese Grand Prix.[53] The team opted for Pizzonia because they did not want to risk delaying Rosberg's career by one to two years if he had a poor performance.[54]

2006–2007[edit]

Bernie Ecclestone, Formula One's commercial rights owner, said to Williams's team principal and founder Frank Williams that he thought it would be advantageous to sign Rosberg as part of his desire to bring energetic drivers to the sport.[55] Williams told Rosberg in October 2005 that he was assured of a role on the team as either a racer or test driver for 2006 after British American Racing's Jenson Button was released from a contract with the team.[56] Autosport reported Rosberg signed a contract that month to race for Williams in 2006 so that the team could provide him with as much car acclimatisation as possible.[57] The following month, Rosberg signed a five-year contract with Williams, being selected by Frank Williams for his driving ability, his knowledge of Formula One technology, and for articulately communicating data to engineers.[58] He was told of the news by his father in advance.[59]

Rosberg was paid £500,000 by Williams and was the first son of a former world champion to race in Formula One since Damon Hill in 1999.[43][60] To prepare for the season, he achieved the highest score ever in Williams's Engineering Aptitude Test, which tests a new driver's knowledge of car mechanics and engineering aspects of Formula One,[c][22][41] and ceased reading the news to avoid becoming angered by negative publicity.[61] He was assigned race engineer Tony Ross.[8] At the season-opening Bahrain Grand Prix, Rosberg scored his first career points with a seventh-place finish[31] and set the race's fastest lap, becoming at the time the youngest driver in history, aged 20 years, 8 months and 13 days, to achieve this feat.[d][33] One week later, at the Malaysian Grand Prix, he attained a season-best start of third before his engine failed after seven laps.[63] He scored points once more during the season when he placed seventh at the European Grand Prix[31] as he made driver errors from inexperience and drove an unreliable car.[64] Rosberg was outpaced by his teammate Mark Webber,[31] with whom he had a good relationship.[10] He finished with four points for 17th in the Drivers' Championship.[31]

Rosberg driving at the 2007 British Grand Prix

For 2007, Rosberg was partnered by the more experienced Alexander Wurz.[65] He and his father mutually agreed to stop working with each other,[66] and began to work with a sports psychologist.[67] Rosberg was optimistic heading into the season, citing his experience from the year before that would make Williams, which had switched engine suppliers from Cosworth to Toyota, more competitive.[65] Rosberg's performances improved greatly from 2006 due to Williams restructuring itself and employing more experienced and capable personnel,[68] making his FW29 car reliable and more efficient with the installation of a less complex seamless transmission.[69] He had more confidence in setting up the car to his liking, extracting additional speed and balance consistently.[68] Rosberg also gained experience in controlling his emotions without losing speed,[64] frequently qualified better than Wurz and took points seven times with a season-best of fourth at the season-ending Brazilian Grand Prix.[31] Rosberg scored 20 points for ninth in the Drivers' Championship.[69]

His performances throughout the season enhanced his reputation, and he was linked to several teams for 2008.[24][69] After the season ended, the McLaren team shortlisted Rosberg as one of three drivers to replace the outgoing two-time world champion Fernando Alonso.[70] They approached Frank Williams in late 2007 to discuss an offer of "majestic proportions" to purchase Rosberg's contract, which he immediately rejected the proposal and extended the latter's contract to the end of 2009 on the basis of the team's Constructors' Championship finishing position. Rosberg later told Williams of his desire to remain with them on the condition that he would be provided with a competitive car.[e][71]

2008–2009[edit]

Rosberg driving in the 2008 Monaco Grand Prix

The 2008 season was the first in which Rosberg was the more experienced driver on his team, being partnered by Williams test driver Kazuki Nakajima.[69] He stated his confidence the Williams team would finish fifth or higher in the Constructors' Championship and had improved his technical skills.[72] Rosberg began the season with a third-place finish at the Australian Grand Prix, the first podium finish of his career.[44] Afterwards, his campaign faltered because the FW30 car lacked outright performance and Williams did not develop the car fast enough for it to be competitive.[73] Rosberg was occasionally outperformed by his teammate Nakajima, and driver errors lost him chances to score more points;[74] he was able to adapt to a ban on traction control from Formula One.[75] He improved the best result of his career with a second at the inaugural Singapore Grand Prix 14 races later, and finished 13th in the Drivers' Championship with 17 points.[31]

Rosberg competing at the 2009 British Grand Prix

Rosberg was again partnered with Kazuki Nakajima for the 2009 season.[76] He said that he was confident that Williams could challenge for podium finishes over the course of the year after a good pre-season testing period.[77] Rosberg lost five percent of his body weight to compensate for the introduction of the kinetic energy recovery systems that increased the car's minimum weight limit to 605 kg (1,334 lb).[78] He had an improved season: the Williams FW31 was one of three cars to have a speed advantage early on because it featured a double diffuser system, however, the team could not sustain the car's pace of development. Rosberg finished 16 out of the season's 17 rounds; the exception was the Brazilian Grand Prix.[42] He was consistent in attaining top-eight point-scoring finishes, achieving a season-best result of fourth at the German Grand Prix and the following Hungarian Grand Prix. Rosberg scored 34.5 points for seventh place in the Drivers' Championship.[31]

Mercedes (2010–2016)[edit]

2010–2012[edit]

Rosberg at the start of the 2010 Malaysian Grand Prix

In mid-to-late 2009, Mercedes-Benz vice-president of motorsport Norbert Haug discussed with Rosberg the possibility of driving for the manufacturer in 2010 pending its acquisition of Brawn GP.[79] Rosberg also talked to McLaren and Williams about potential employment; he was skeptical because Williams was mulling over whether Renault or Cosworth should be the team's engine supplier.[80] On 29 October, he confirmed his departure from Williams at the conclusion of the season[81] and was officially released from his contract with the team on 1 January 2010.[82] One week later Mercedes purchased 75 percent of Brawn GP and entered Formula One under its own name; Rosberg was announced as its first driver in November 2009.[83] He was partnered with the seven-time world champion Michael Schumacher[84] and was assigned car No. 4 after Schumacher requested No. 3 for superstitious reasons.[85]

Rosberg was mentored by Mercedes team principal Ross Brawn[86] although he was apprehensive given the history of Brawn and Schumacher's relationship at Ferrari.[87] He was told of the news by Brawn and feared Mercedes would favour Schumacher. The fears materalised when Rosberg's strategy was discussed with just Schumacher and told the strategist of it, which made him feel better able to express his feelings and vulnerability to the team.[88] Rosberg finished in third place at the Malaysian Grand Prix, the Chinese Grand Prix, and the British Grand Prix.[31] He scored championship points in all but four of the season's rounds; he generally finished higher than he qualified and did so against his teammate Schumacher fifteen times to four during the season.[31][42] He was better able to cope with a terminal understeer that affected the MGP W01's handling than Schumacher due to Mercedes forgoing much development work on the car because of Brawn GP's focus on the 2009 championship. The car was five-tenths of a second slower on most circuits.[84] Rosberg was seventh in the final Drivers' Championship standings with 142 points.[31] His performances during the season enhanced his reputation as a consistent and fast driver.[42]

Rosberg testing at the Circuito de Jerez in February 2011

Rosberg remained with Mercedes for 2011 and was again joined by Michael Schumacher.[86] He stated that his objective for the season was to claim his first career victory and knew it would not be straightforward due to other teams' advantages.[89] Rosberg had a mixed season: he led the Chinese Grand Prix and the Belgian Grand Prix, but the MGP W02 wore the Pirelli-specification tires quickly and made the car noncompetitive.[31] He was able to maintain a consistent performance in every qualifying session and began higher than his teammate Schumacher sixteen times to three during the year.[90] Rosberg finished no higher than fifth in the season's 19 rounds and was seventh in the Drivers' Championship standings with 89 points.[31]

Rosberg driving at the 2012 Malaysian Grand Prix

The press linked Rosberg to Ferrari in place of the poor performing Felipe Massa for 2012.[91] In November 2011, he signed a contract extension to remain at Mercedes until after 2013. An important factor in Rosberg's decision was the Mercedes team undergoing a technical restructure, which saw the appointments of Bob Bell as technical director and Geoff Willis as head of technology in mid-2011.[92] Other reasons included his belief Mercedes would be able to improve their performance and have a potential for race victories.[93] For the third consecutive year, Rosberg stated his objective was to earn a race victory and improve en route to a championship win: "I am convinced that I can win with this team. Of course I respect what others hope for and think. But ultimately I'll give full throttle and power."[94]

Three-time world champion Niki Lauda began to advise Rosberg.[95] At the Chinese Grand Prix, the season's third round, he took the first pole position of his career and his maiden career victory.[9] He then challenged Red Bull Racing driver Mark Webber for the victory at the Monaco Grand Prix three races later before he settled for a second-place finish.[96] Rosberg had accumulated more championship points than any other driver in the season's previous four races and emerged as an unlikely contender for the Drivers' Championship.[97] Notwithstanding this, he took one further top five finish during the season.[31] However, he struggled to generate temperature into the rear tires on the Mercedes F1 W03 regardless of the climatic conditions, and the car was suited to circuits with slow-speed corners.[98] He was ninth in the Drivers' Championship with 93 points.[31]

2013–2016[edit]

Rosberg took the third victory of his career at the 2013 British Grand Prix

Before the 2013 season, Rosberg was joined at Mercedes by the 2008 world champion Lewis Hamilton, who replaced the retired Michael Schumacher.[99] He was granted equal status by Mercedes and received no preferential treatment alongside Hamilton.[100] During the pre-season period, Rosberg visited the Mercedes factory in Brackley, England, and displayed a fascination with the F1 W04's technological development and assisted the team in the car's development. He said his challenge for the season was to begin it better than the year before and acknowledged the difficulty of the task: "The factory is a stronger team than it's ever been and it's making big steps. I have no doubts that a better car will come out of that."[29]

Rosberg challenged his teammate Hamilton during the season qualifying higher eight times and finishing more often.[101] At the Malaysian Grand Prix, the season's second race, a minor controversy was created when Mercedes invoked team orders on him to stay behind Hamilton.[102] Unhappy over the decision,[31] Rosberg led every lap to win the Monaco Grand Prix from pole position to become the first son of a world champion driver in history to win the event.[103] He then won the British Grand Prix for his third career victory after Red Bull driver Sebastian Vettel retired from the lead with a broken gearbox.[104] Thereafter, Rosberg earned points in nine of the season's ten final rounds with consecutive podium finishes—[105] second at the Indian Grand Prix and third at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. He finished sixth in the Drivers' Championship with 171 points and three pole positions.[101] Rosberg's results over the season earned him additional respect within the Formula One community.[31]

Rosberg continued to drive for Mercedes in 2014 with Lewis Hamilton again as his teammate.[106] He was regarded as a favourite for the Drivers' Championship because of the team's development of the F1 W05 Hybrid car and adaptation to the technical regulations mandating the use of turbo-hybrid engines in pre-season testing at the Bahrain International Circuit and the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya.[86][107] Rosberg said that Mercedes was ready to challenge for the championship and sought the cooperation of the team members: "There's so much that's different this season. It's really a matter of practising to integrate it all, and making it sub-conscious. The more you have to think, that's when things are going to go wrong."[106]

Rosberg during practice for the 2014 Singapore Grand Prix

At the season-opening Australian Grand Prix, Rosberg led every lap from third place to win the race and take the lead of the Drivers' Championship.[108] He took four second place finishes, but Hamilton's four straight victories lost Rosberg the championship lead. Rosberg won the Monaco Grand Prix for the second year in a row to regain the point lead after taking pole position in contentious circumstances.[109] He then won in Austria and in Germany,[31] and it appeared he would win the championship after he and Hamilton made contact in Belgium,[31] until a short circuit on his car in Singapore nullified his points lead.[110] Rosberg took four consecutive podium place finishes[105] and won the Brazilian Grand Prix to ensure the championship would be decided at the season-ending Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.[111] To win the title, he needed to win the race, and Hamilton finish third or lower.[111] An energy recovery system failure meant Rosberg scored no points, and he finished second in the Drivers' Championship with 317 points.[112]

Having signed a contract worth a reported €55 million with Mercedes that was due to expire at the conclusion of 2016, Rosberg continued to drive for the team in 2015.[f][114] During the off-season he sought to correct a body deficiency, which caused him to hold his breath against g-forces in high-speed corners, since he did not want to limit the flow of oxygen to his brain and muscles.[g][115] Rosberg said the experience of challenging for the Drivers' Championship gave him more motivation to beat his teammate Hamilton in 2015 and wanted to improve his driving and win the championship.[116] After four top-three podium finishes in the first four races,[105] he won in Spain, Monaco and Austria.[117] These three victories came as Rosberg's overall performance lowered because he focused more on the race than qualifying, and Sebastian Vettel of Ferrari threatened his hold on second in points.[117] Thereafter retirements in Italy and Russia and two errors on a wet track at the United States Grand Prix stopped him from taking the championship,[118] but won the season's final three rounds in Mexico, Brazil and Abu Dhabi with six consecutive pole positions to finish runner-up in the Drivers' Championship with 322 points.[105]

Before the 2016 season Rosberg stopped reading the news and studied sleep with a jet-lag doctor as he focused on his family and winning the next event.[119] He altered his racing gloves to improve his starts,[120] removed paint from his helmet to make it 80 g (2.8 oz) lighter,[121] employed a mental trainer to increase his aggression, and spent his spare time go-karting to maintain his ability.[122] Rosberg eschewed Facebook for five months, studied philosophy, meditated to stay concentrated, and received detailed technical input from Mercedes's mechanics at its headquarters in Brackley, England.[123] He worked with his sports psychologist for up to eight hours per week with two hours of mental discipline every two days.[67] Rosberg said he was confident of driving a competitive car and wanted to maintain his form by beating his teammate Lewis Hamilton more regularly.[124]

Rosberg competing at the 2016 Monaco Grand Prix

He carried over his form from the 2015 season, winning the first four races to lead Hamilton by 43 championship points. Rosberg and Hamilton made high-speed contact at the Spanish Grand Prix after which Hamilton took the championship lead from Rosberg over the next eight races after sub-par results from the former.[125] During a mid-season interval, he changed his diet to remove sugars from his body and abstained from alcohol.[123] Rosberg mulled over how to further better his performance; to avoid the strain of starting a diet,[126] he refrained from cycling, losing 1 kg (2.2 lb) of muscle in both his legs.[127] This allowed him to win in Belgium, Singapore and Japan, and he took three second-place finishes in succession to enter the season-ending Abu Dhabi Grand Prix leading Hamilton by 12 points.[125]

To win the championship, Rosberg needed to finish no worse than third, even if Hamilton won.[128] He won the Drivers' Championship by five points with a second-place finish after he withstood Hamilton's attempts to back him into the chasing pack and encourage drivers to pass Rosberg to claim the title for himself. Rosberg became the second son of a former world champion to win the title after Damon Hill replicated his father Graham Hill in winning it in 1996.[129] He published a limited-edition book entitled Finally about the 2016 season on 24 December 2016.[130] Overall Rosberg competed in 206 races: he won 23, achieved 30 pole positions, gained 57 podium finishes, and scored 1594.5 championship points.[33]

Retirement from motor racing (2016–present)[edit]

Rosberg holding the 2016 Formula One World Drivers' Championship trophy

Rosberg, who had signed a two-year contract extension with Mercedes to 2018 in mid-2016,[131] began to contemplate retirement from motor racing when he considered the possibility of a championship win after the 2016 Japanese Grand Prix.[125] He discussed it twice with his wife Vivian before the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix[123] and decided to commit to retiring before the race commenced.[127] Afterwards, Rosberg told Vivan and manager Georg Noite that he would retire before telephoning the Mercedes team principal Toto Wolff about it.[123] He did not tell Wolff in person because he was apprehensive about Wolff's reaction.[132] At a FIA Prize Giving Ceremony in Vienna on 2 December 2016, five days after winning the championship, he made public his decision to retire.[133] Rosberg said he had reached the "pinnacle" of his career;[133] he did not want his driving skills to atrophy[134] and wished to spend more time with his young family.[133] He was the first reigning champion to retire from Formula One since Alain Prost in 1993.[133] Williams driver Valtteri Bottas replaced Rosberg at Mercedes.[135]

In retirement, Rosberg's love of engineering and innovation saw him become an eco-entrepreneur.[136] He used his celebrity to advance the industry,[134] and began with a fact-finding visit to Silicon Valley,[136] where he tested and observed the construction of electric and self-autonomous vehicles.[137] In July 2017, he visited the headquarters of the all-electric Formula E racing series,[138] and became fascinated in the e-mobility movement.[139] Rosberg announced in April 2018 he had become a long-term investor and shareholder in Formula E.[139] Focusing primarily in Europe,[20] Rosberg has invested in multiple start-up technology companies[140] and launched the Greentech Festival with the entrepreneurs Sven Krüger and Marco Voigt in February 2019 to showcase worldwide sustainable technologies at that year's Berlin ePrix.[141] He replaced Frank Thelen as an investor on the German television programme Die Höhle der Löwen in late 2019.[142]

In October 2017, Rosberg joined Team Rosberg as an adviser for its ADAC GT Masters sports car championship team in 2018.[143] He also joined the management team of the racing driver Robert Kubica that September. Rosberg assisted in Kubica's desire to return to Formula One after a severe 2011 rally accident left the latter with partial movement in his right arm.[144] He reduced his involvement with Kubica in April 2018 to focus on his business career.[145] Since the 2018 season, Rosberg has analysed select Formula One races for Sky Sports F1 in the United Kingdom, RTL in Germany, and Sky Italia in Italy.[146] He impressed viewers for conveying digestible information to them.[12] That same year, Rosberg co-founded the Rosberg Young Drivers Academy with karting mentor Dino Chiesa to scout and support young go-kart drivers.[147] In April 2019, Rosberg declined an offer from the Head of Audi Motorsport Dieter Gass to drive an RS5 DTM as a wild-card entrant in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters because he did not feel fit enough to return to racing.[148]

Personality and driving style[edit]

Journalists describe Rosberg as an articulate man,[31] who speaks with "Germanic precision" and has "more than a hint of canny PR-iness, distributing praise with diligent equality and seasoning his narrative with caveats when required."[29] He has avoided the use of appearing to be courageous to impress others,[149] and some saw him as detrimental to Formula One's goal to attract new fans due to a perceived lack of personality and his commitment to fitness.[150] Nicknamed "Britney" after the singer Britney Spears by his colleagues at Williams for sporting blonde hair,[17][149] Rosberg is shy in private,[1] reserved, quiet,[10] and has a dry and sarcastic wit, which has occasionally "played out with a deft finesse."[45] He has been called charming,[8] shrewd,[45] intelligent, focused, and photogenic.[6] Rosberg prefers to be challenged for structuring,[121] and is an avid reader of books that further his knowledge.[151] His wealthy and cosmopolitan Monegasque upbringing,[10] coupled with his polyglotism led him to describe himself as an "International German."[8]

Rosberg practising for the 2014 British Grand Prix

Throughout his career, Rosberg had a strong work ethic, talking to engineers and mechanics, and approached each circuit with the care of a cartographer.[7] Formula One pundits regarded Rosberg as "among the most promising emergent stars of what some already call 'the Lewis generation'."[44] The media and fans compared him initially to the 1982 world champion, his father Keke.[10] That comparison lessened as his career progressed; he refused to discuss the comparison with the press and the difficulty in attempting to achieve as much success as his father was rarely mentioned.[152] During the period Rosberg was Michael Schumacher's teammate at Mercedes, he was highly cautious about what he said to the off-track press, fearing that they could misinterpret his words.[153]

Rosberg had a scientific driving style;[154] he sought to fine-tune his car in specific detail and adapted his driving ability around the changes, especially over a single lap.[155] He shared his father's preference of oversteer over understeer and lacked a flamboyant driving technique.[151] Rosberg's qualifying preparations would be compromised in the event that he leaned towards a race setup; he analysed the situation and attempted to optimise his driving style to win races.[156] He occasionally used more of the circuit, using his car's ride over a bumpy track to ask the car to take as much as possible. Rosberg was sometimes unable to cope with the stress of extra complications, causing him to overdrive in the process, but was adept at managing technical issues on his car.[154] Will Buxton, a motorsport commentator and pundit, described him as "quick from the outset" and a driver who "was so impressive; seemingly effortlessly rapid and blessed with a precision that was metronomic."[45]

Helmet design and car number[edit]

For the 2014 season, the FIA created a new sporting regulation to allow a driver to select a unique car number for use throughout his Formula One career.[157] Rosberg selected number six because it was his wife and father's lucky number.[158] He also changed the colour of his helmet after eight years from yellow to dark grey. The overall design included chrome, some Buddhist influence, clean lines, and personal symbols; it was designed by Jens Munser.[h][158][160]

Endorsements and philanthropy[edit]

Creative Artists Agency (CAA), through its sports division CAA Sports, represents Rosberg's commercial ventures.[161] From 2010 to 2015, he was associated with the jewellery and watch brand Thomas Sabo, and the luxury travel accessory maker Tumi.[162] Rosberg signed numerous endorsement contracts; some of the companies with which he has done business are the watchmakers Rolex, International Watch Company and Oris,[131][163][164] the luxury fashion house Hugo Boss, the toy car company Hot Wheels, the railway company Deutsche Bahn, and the media broadcasters Sky Sports and RTL,[163] As a result of Rosberg's endorsement money and Mercedes salary, he was listed as one of the world's highest-paid athletes by Forbes in 2016.[162]

Rosberg is an ambassador for Mercedes-Benz,[139] Laureus,[165] the investment bank UBS, the hotel chain Kempinski,[21] the Tribute to Bambi Foundation,[166] and the electric car manufacturer Schaeffler Group.[141] He is part of the alcohol brewing company Heineken's anti-drink-drive campaign.[167] He accumulated €160,900 for the Laureus Sport for Good Foundation as part of a campaign called #DriveForGood in which €100 was donated for every kilometre he led in a Formula One race from the 2015 Chinese Grand Prix to the season-ending 2015 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.[165] In 2012, Rosberg teamed with the children's aid organisation Ein Herz für Kinder (German: A Heart of Children) and has raised capital for the charity through various events.[168] Rosberg has worked for the Viva con Agua de Sankt Pauli charity,[51] which supplies water and basic sanitation to individuals in developing countries.[169] In June 2020, he donated €10,000 to the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund to aid their efforts in public education on racism and ending segregation in response to the killing of George Floyd.[170]

Achievements and recognition[edit]

On 5 June 2011 Rosberg received the Lorenzo Bandini Trophy, which honours a recipient "for their dedication to motor racing, spirit of competition and achievements".[171] At the 2014 Brazilian Grand Prix, he won the inaugural FIA Pole Trophy for winning more pole positions than any other driver during the 2014 season with 11.[31] Rosberg won the DHL Fastest Lap Award because he recorded seven fastest laps, more than any other driver during the 2016 season.[172]

Rosberg won the Bambi Best Sportsman Award in 2014,[166] the Autosport International Racing Driver Award in 2016,[173] the 2017 Laureus World Sports Award for Breakthrough of the Year,[174] the DMSB Cup from the German Motor Sport Federation (German: Deutscher Motor Sport Bund; DMSB) that same year,[175] and the 2018 Special Prize Entrepreneur of the Year at the GreenTec Awards.[21] Rosberg was inducted into the FIA Hall of Fame in December 2017.[176]

Racing record[edit]

Career summary[edit]

Season Series Team Races Wins Poles F/Laps Podiums Points Position
2001 Formula BMW Junior Cup Iberia 3 0 0 0 0 38 18th
2002 Formula BMW ADAC VIVA Racing 20 9 5 1 13 264 1st
2003 Formula 3 Euro Series Team Rosberg 20 1 1 2 5 45 8th
Masters of Formula 3 1 0 0 0 0 N/A NC
Macau Grand Prix Carlin Motorsport 1 0 0 0 0 N/A NC
Korea Super Prix 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 11th
2004 Formula 3 Euro Series Team Rosberg 19 3 2 2 5 70 4th
Macau Grand Prix 1 0 0 0 0 N/A NC
Masters of Formula 3 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 6th
Bahrain Superprix 1 0 0 0 1 N/A 2nd
2005 GP2 Series ART Grand Prix 23 5 4 5 12 120 1st
Formula One BMW Williams F1 Team Test driver
2006 Formula One WilliamsF1 Team 18 0 0 1 0 4 17th
2007 Formula One AT&T Williams 17 0 0 0 0 20 9th
2008 Formula One AT&T Williams 18 0 0 0 2 17 13th
2009 Formula One AT&T Williams 17 0 0 1 0 34.5 7th
2010 Formula One Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team 19 0 0 0 3 142 7th
2011 Formula One Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team 19 0 0 0 0 89 7th
2012 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team 20 1 1 2 2 93 9th
2013 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team 19 2 3 0 4 171 6th
2014 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team 19 5 11 5 15 317 2nd
2015 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team 19 6 7 5 15 322 2nd
2016 Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team 21 9 8 6 16 385 1st
Sources:[30][105]

Complete Formula 3 Euro Series results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap; small number denotes the finishing position)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 DC Points
2003 Team Rosberg Dallara F303/005 Spiess-Opel HOC
1

Ret
HOC
2

3
ADR
1

Ret
ADR
2

2
PAU
1

15
PAU
2

17
NOR
1

8
NOR
2

Ret
LMS
1

1
LMS
2

11
NÜR
1

Ret
NÜR
2

3
A1R
1

8
A1R
2

3
ZAN
1

18
ZAN
2

8
HOC
1

7
HOC
2

14
MAG
1

6
MAG
2

Ret
8th 45
2004 Team Rosberg Dallara F303/006 Spiess-Opel HOC
1

1
HOC
2

1
EST
1

Ret
EST
2

4
ADR
1

5
ADR
1

Ret
PAU
1

Ret
PAU
2

Ret
NOR
1

4
NOR
1

17
MAG
1

6
MAG
2

2
NÜR
1

1
NÜR
2

3
ZAN
1

Ret
ZAN
2

DNS
BRN
1

4
BRN
2

11
HOC
1

8
HOC
2

8
4th 70
Source:[177]

Complete GP2 Series results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap; small number denotes the finishing position)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 DC Points
2005 ART Grand Prix IMO
FEA

8
IMO
SPR

Ret
CAT
FEA

9
CAT
SPR

4
MON
FEA

3
NÜR
FEA

3
NÜR
SPR

4
MAG
FEA

7
MAG
SPR

1
SIL
FEA

1
SIL
SPR

4
HOC
FEA

1
HOC
SPR

4
HUN
FEA

5
HUN
SPR

2
IST
FEA

17
IST
SPR

3
MNZ
FEA

2
MNZ
SPR

2
SPA
FEA

3
SPA
SPR

5
BHR
FEA

1
BHR
SPR

1
1st 120
Source:[178]

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap; small number denotes the finishing position)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 WDC Pts
2006 Williams F1 Team Williams FW28 Cosworth CA2006 2.4 V8 BHR
7
MAL
Ret
AUS
Ret
SMR
11
EUR
7
ESP
11
MON
Ret
GBR
9
CAN
Ret
USA
9
FRA
14
GER
Ret
HUN
Ret
TUR
Ret
ITA
Ret
CHN
11
JPN
10
BRA
Ret
17th 4
2007 AT&T Williams Williams FW29 Toyota RVX-07 2.4 V8 AUS
7
MAL
Ret
BHR
10
ESP
6
MON
12
CAN
10
USA
16
FRA
9
GBR
12
EUR
Ret
HUN
7
TUR
7
ITA
6
BEL
6
JPN
Ret
CHN
16
BRA
4
9th 20
2008 AT&T Williams Williams FW30 Toyota RVX-08 2.4 V8 AUS
3
MAL
14
BHR
8
ESP
Ret
TUR
8
MON
Ret
CAN
10
FRA
16
GBR
9
GER
10
HUN
14
EUR
8
BEL
12
ITA
14
SIN
2
JPN
11
CHN
15
BRA
12
13th 17
2009 AT&T Williams Williams FW31 Toyota RVX-09 2.4 V8 AUS
6
MAL
8
CHN
15
BHR
9
ESP
8
MON
6
TUR
5
GBR
5
GER
4
HUN
4
EUR
5
BEL
8
ITA
16
SIN
11
JPN
5
BRA
Ret
ABU
9
7th 34.5
2010 Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team Mercedes MGP W01 Mercedes FO 108X 2.4 V8 BHR
5
AUS
5
MAL
3
CHN
3
ESP
13
MON
7
TUR
5
CAN
6
EUR
10
GBR
3
GER
8
HUN
Ret
BEL
6
ITA
5
SIN
5
JPN
17
KOR
Ret
BRA
6
ABU
4
7th 142
2011 Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team Mercedes MGP W02 Mercedes FO 108Y 2.4 V8 AUS
Ret
MAL
12
CHN
5
TUR
5
ESP
7
MON
11
CAN
11
EUR
7
GBR
6
GER
7
HUN
9
BEL
6
ITA
Ret
SIN
7
JPN
10
KOR
8
IND
6
ABU
6
BRA
7
7th 89
2012 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W03 Mercedes FO 108Z 2.4 V8 AUS
12
MAL
13
CHN
1
BHR
5
ESP
7
MON
2
CAN
6
EUR
6
GBR
15
GER
10
HUN
10
BEL
11
ITA
7
SIN
5
JPN
Ret
KOR
Ret
IND
11
ABU
Ret
USA
13
BRA
15
9th 93
2013 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W04 Mercedes FO 108F 2.4 V8 AUS
Ret
MAL
4
CHN
Ret
BHR
9
ESP
6
MON
1
CAN
5
GBR
1
GER
9
HUN
19
BEL
4
ITA
6
SIN
4
KOR
7
JPN
8
IND
2
ABU
3
USA
9
BRA
5
6th 171
2014 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid Mercedes PU106A Hybrid 1.6 V6 t AUS
1
MAL
2
BHR
2
CHN
2
ESP
2
MON
1
CAN
2
AUT
1
GBR
Ret
GER
1
HUN
4
BEL
2
ITA
2
SIN
Ret
JPN
2
RUS
2
USA
2
BRA
1
ABU
14
2nd 317
2015 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W06 Hybrid Mercedes PU106B Hybrid 1.6 V6 t AUS
2
MAL
3
CHN
2
BHR
3
ESP
1
MON
1
CAN
2
AUT
1
GBR
2
HUN
8
BEL
2
ITA
17
SIN
4
JPN
2
RUS
Ret
USA
2
MEX
1
BRA
1
ABU
1
2nd 322
2016 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W07 Hybrid Mercedes PU106C Hybrid 1.6 V6 t AUS
1
BHR
1
CHN
1
RUS
1
ESP
Ret
MON
7
CAN
5
EUR
1
AUT
4
GBR
3
HUN
2
GER
4
BEL
1
ITA
1
SIN
1
MAL
3
JPN
1
USA
2
MEX
2
BRA
2
ABU
2
1st 385
Source:[105]

Driver failed to finish the race but was classified since he had completed more than 90% of the race distance.
Half points awarded because less than 75% of race distance was completed.

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rosberg was deliberately not taught his father's native Finnish for career developmental reasons.[11]
  2. ^ Neither Mercedes-Benz nor McLaren officially recognised TeamMBM.com, and its website was a holding page.[29]
  3. ^ The test, which was written up by the technical director Sam Michael, focused on driving with understeer and oversteer, adjusting the differential and solving issues with the car.[41]
  4. ^ The record for the youngest Formula One driver to record a fastest lap is currently held by Max Verstappen, who set the fastest lap of the Brazilian Grand Prix when he was aged 19 years and 44 days.[62]
  5. ^ Rosberg's father was not enthusiastic about his son being teammates with Lewis Hamilton because the latter had outperformed him in karting and the Formula 3 Euro Series.[69]
  6. ^ The leaked Panama Papers revealed that the contract was constructed with the law firm Mossack Fonseca administered company to restrict "liability law" risks and allow Rosberg to operate internationally. Neither Daimler nor Rosberg committed malice.[113]
  7. ^ Rosberg studied the "marginal gains" theory employed by sports coaches Clive Woodward and Dave Brailsford.[115]
  8. ^ Association football's world governing body FIFA asked Rosberg's manager Georg Nolte to ask his client to change the design of his helmet to celebrate the German national team's winning the 2014 FIFA World Cup due to a copyright violation.[159]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Päätalo, Juha (1 October 2005). "Shedding a father's shadow: the new GP2 champion's route to the top". Helsingin Sanomat. Archived from the original on 19 March 2008. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  2. ^ a b Streubig, Olaf; Wenzel, Werner (29 November 2016). "Formel-1-Weltmeister Nico Rosberg kommt zum Feiern nach Wiesbaden" [Formula 1 World Champion Nico Rosberg comes to Wiesbaden to celebrate]. Wiesbadener Kurier (in German). Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  3. ^ Weaver, Paul (25 November 2016). "Lewis Hamilton v Nico Rosberg: how friendship turned to fiercest of rivalries". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  4. ^ López Jordà, Toni (22 November 2014). "Fórmula 1: Rosberg o cuando 'Barbie' saca el genio" [Formula 1: Rosberg or when 'Barbie' brings out the genius]. La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  5. ^ Vrignaud, Stéphane (30 July 2016). "Lewis Hamilton sur la nationalité de Nico Rosberg: une polémique inutile et pas nouvelle" [Lewis Hamilton on the nationality of Nico Rosberg: a useless controversy and not new] (in French). Eurosport. Archived from the original on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  6. ^ a b Allen, James (3 July 2014). "A Day in the Life of Nico Rosberg". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  7. ^ a b Weaver, Paul (3 December 2016). "Nico Rosberg drew the best from himself before bowing out as a F1 champion". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 December 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d Baldwin, Alan (18 November 2014). Ferris, Ken (ed.). "Rosberg plays it clever and consistent". Reuters. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  9. ^ a b Cary, Tom (15 April 2012). "Chinese Grand Prix 2012: Nico Rosberg claims maiden F1 win as Jenson Button and Lewis Hamilton complete podium". The Sunday Telegraph. Archived from the original on 16 April 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d e McKay, Peter (28 May 2006). "F1's next big thing arrives in Nico time, and he's quick". The Sun-Herald. p. 104. Retrieved 3 October 2019 – via Gale OneFile: News.
  11. ^ Hust, Fabian (2 December 2005). "Rosberg: "Die Finnen sind sauer, weil Nico deutsch ist"" [(Keke) Rosberg: "The Finns are angry because Nico is German"] (in German). motorsport-total.com. Archived from the original on 14 May 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  12. ^ a b c "Nico Rosberg – 2016". Formula One. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  13. ^ Mott, Sue (11 March 2006). "Rosberg the star attraction is quick to grow into leading role". The Daily Telegraph. p. 018. Retrieved 3 October 2019 – via Gale OneFile: News.
  14. ^ "Nico Rosberg – racer". Speedweek. Archived from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  15. ^ a b Allen, James (12 July 2014). "Nico Rosberg Ties The Knot With Long-Term Girlfriend". James Allen on F1. Archived from the original on 17 July 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  16. ^ a b c "Nico Rosberg – F1 World Champion – 2016". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. Archived from the original on 8 October 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  17. ^ a b Tremayne, David (6 June 2009). "Rosberg: 'It's a mess. Where the hell are we going?'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  18. ^ Gatto, Luigi (10 December 2017). "Nico Rosberg: 'Magical and legendary to watch Roger Federer at Wimbledon'". Tennis World USA. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  19. ^ "German hero in Nico Rosberg: F1 driver rescued drowning boy in Monaco". Zee News. 2 April 2016. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  20. ^ a b Woolley, Suzanne (2 July 2018). "The F1 Champion Who Became an Elon Musk-Worshipping Tech Investor". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on 29 October 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  21. ^ a b c "Ex-F1 world champion Nico Rosberg is now the brand ambassador of Kempinski Hotels". Esquire Middle East. 2 October 2019. Archived from the original on 9 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  22. ^ a b c d Pearson, Graham. "Nico Rosberg: Rivalry and Title Destiny". Yachting Lifestyle 365. Archived from the original on 6 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  23. ^ a b c "Le Kart Tremplin la F1". Kart Mag (in French) (March/April 2015 ed.) (176): 49. Retrieved 2 October 2019 – via Issuu.
  24. ^ a b Longmore, Andrew (26 August 2007). "Nice one, son". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  25. ^ a b "Nico Rosberg". Commission Internationale de Karting. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  26. ^ a b c Karpov, Oleg; Khorounzhiy, Valentin (12 March 2016). "Retro: When Hamilton and Rosberg got along as teammates". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  27. ^ a b c d "Throwback Thursday – Nico Rosberg in 2001". Karting Magazine. Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  28. ^ "1998". Commission Internationale de Karting. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  29. ^ a b c Codling, Stuart (March 2013). "Nico's Next Move". F1 Racing (United Kingdom ed.). 205: 97–99. ISSN 1361-4487. OCLC 476470071.
  30. ^ a b c d "Nico Rosberg". Driver Database. Archived from the original on 30 June 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "Nico Rosberg". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  32. ^ "Date set for Rosberg Jr test". Autosport. 31 October 2002. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  33. ^ a b c "Nico Rosberg". Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  34. ^ Edworthy, Sarah (13 March 2006). "Rosberg has Williams in raptures". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 July 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  35. ^ "Keke työskentelee Nicon F1-paikan eteen" [Keke is working in front of Nico's F1 slot] (in Finnish). MTV3. 7 November 2003. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  36. ^ "Piquet and Rosberg in new teams for East". Autosport. 2 October 2003. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  37. ^ "Williams to test Piquet and Rosberg teens". Cape Argus. 27 October 2003. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  38. ^ "Testing time". The Daily Telegraph. 17 January 2004. p. G06. Retrieved 2 October 2019 – via Gale OneFile: News.
  39. ^ "2004 Spanish F3 Winter Series". The GEL Motorsport Information Page. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  40. ^ a b Altieri, Devin (18 November 2014). "Hamilton and Rosberg, Formula 1's fractured fraternity". BBC Autos. Archived from the original on 19 November 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  41. ^ a b c Cooper, Steve (January–February 2006). "Нико Росберг: новая надежда Williams" [Nico Rosberg: a new hope Williams]. F1 Racing (in Russian): 76–82.
  42. ^ a b c d "Encyclopedia: Drivers: Nico Rosberg". GrandPrix.com. Archived from the original on 6 December 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  43. ^ a b Gordon, Moira (19 March 2006). "Father's day is passing". Scotland on Sunday. p. 23. Retrieved 3 October 2019 – via Gale OneFile: News.
  44. ^ a b c Henry, Alan (22 March 2008). "Rising Rosberg primed to emerge from old friend's slipstream". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  45. ^ a b c d e Buxton, Will (18 November 2014). "Riddle of Rosberg; Complicated and mercurial, Rosberg remains undeniably gifted behind the wheel". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on 21 November 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  46. ^ Rae, Richard (29 January 2006). "Son also rises; Interview". The Sunday Times. p. 12. Retrieved 5 October 2019 – via Gale Academic OneFile.
  47. ^ "Hall of Fame: 2005 Season". FIA Formula 2. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  48. ^ Cameron, David (10 September 2005). "Kovalainen Spins, Rosberg Grins". Autosport. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  49. ^ "Rosberg wraps up GP2 championship". BBC Sport. 30 September 2005. Archived from the original on 13 October 2005. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  50. ^ a b "Rosberg to join Williams test strength". Crash.net. 22 April 2005. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  51. ^ a b Myers, Rebecca (20 August 2017). "I'm in pole position to change the world". The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on 9 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  52. ^ "Rosberg to test for Williams, Minardi opt for Chinese driver". The Star. 24 April 2005. Archived from the original on 8 April 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  53. ^ Henry, Alan (15 September 2005). "Keke Rosberg's son may get Williams drive". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  54. ^ Noble, Jonathan (8 October 2005). "Rosberg on Williams' Shortlist". Autosport. Archived from the original on 2 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  55. ^ McRae, Donald (7 March 2006). "New kid on the grid follows his father's formula". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  56. ^ "Rosburg ready for big time". Irish Examiner. 14 October 2005. Archived from the original on 3 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  57. ^ "Rosberg Handed Second Williams Seat". Autosport. 20 October 2005. Archived from the original on 3 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  58. ^ Garside, Kevin (4 November 2005). "Rosberg given drive by Williams". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  59. ^ "Papa war so stolz, daß er durch keine Tür mehr paßte" [Dad was so proud that he did not fit through any door]. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). 3 November 2005. Archived from the original on 16 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  60. ^ Eason, Kevin (4 November 2005). "Rosberg on same track as his father at Williams; Motor racing". The Times. p. 97. Retrieved 3 October 2019 – via Gale Academic OneFile.
  61. ^ Nimmervoll, Christian (3 February 2006). "Rosberg will 2006 keine Zeitungen mehr lesen" [Rosberg will not read any more newspapers in 2006] (in German). motorsport-total.com. Archived from the original on 3 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  62. ^ Kelly, Sean (14 November 2016). "Stat Wrap: 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix". Channel 4 F1. Archived from the original on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  63. ^ Noble, Jonathan (19 March 2006). "Engine blow-up ends Rosberg's fairy tale". Autosport. Archived from the original on 8 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  64. ^ a b Rae, Richard (9 March 2008). "Nico Rosberg puts faith in Williams's progress". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  65. ^ a b "Rosberg hopeful ahead of new season". Autosport. 2 February 2007. Archived from the original on 3 October 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  66. ^ Weeks, Jim (10 November 2017). "Nico Rosberg quit F1. Now he wants to win as a tech entrepreneur". Wired. Archived from the original on 9 July 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  67. ^ a b Baldwin, Alan (13 July 2019). Davis, Toby (ed.). "Motor racing-Rosberg happy to see Hamilton break all records". Eurosport. Reuters. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  68. ^ a b Knutson, Dan (30 November 2007). "Rising star Rosberg opening eyes in F1". ESPN. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  69. ^ a b c d e Jones, Bruce (2008). Grand Prix 2008. London, England: Carlton Books. pp. 22–24. ISBN 978-1-84732-104-6.
  70. ^ "Williams warn McLaren off Rosberg". BBC Sport. 4 November 2007. Archived from the original on 5 November 2007. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  71. ^ Noble, Jonathan (29 February 2008). "Williams surprised to keep Rosberg for '09". Autosport. Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  72. ^ "Rosberg will Heidfeld den Rang ablaufen" [Rosberg wants to run Heidfeld out of the rank] (in German). motorsport-total.com. 9 March 2008. Archived from the original on 4 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  73. ^ Elizade, Pablo (25 November 2008). "Rosberg ready to re-think future after '09". Autosport. Archived from the original on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  74. ^ "Careful Nico..." GrandPrix.com. 25 November 2008. Archived from the original on 30 December 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  75. ^ Scriven, Adam (11 May 2008). "Rosberg set to shine again; Spreadwise Formula One". Racing Post. p. 111. Retrieved 4 October 2019 – via Gale OneFile: News.
  76. ^ Baldwin, Alan (2 October 2008). Mehaffey, John (ed.). "Williams stick with Rosberg and Nakajima". Reuters. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  77. ^ Noble, Jonathan (20 March 2009). "Rosberg hopeful of podium finishes". Autosport. Archived from the original on 22 March 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  78. ^ Priess, Jesko (8 March 2010). "Nico Rosberg, nächster Schumi" [Nico Rosberg, next Schumi]. GQ (in German). Archived from the original on 4 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  79. ^ Cary, Tom (15 September 2009). "Jenson Button's future unsure as Brawn target Nico Rosberg". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 23 September 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  80. ^ "Rosberg names Brawn and McLaren as 2010 options". Motor1.com. 21 September 2009. Archived from the original on 4 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  81. ^ "Rosberg confirms Williams exit for 2010". CNN. 29 October 2009. Archived from the original on 31 October 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  82. ^ Panzariu, Ovidiu (4 November 2009). "Williams Will Only Let Nico Rosberg Go on January 1". Auto Evolution. Archived from the original on 4 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  83. ^ "Mercedes confirm Rosberg capture". BBC Sport. 23 November 2009. Archived from the original on 27 November 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  84. ^ a b Hughes, Mark (January 2011). "Reputations gained and on the wane: perceptions of Mercedes F1 teammates Michael Schumacher and Nico Rosberg shifted in opposite directions in 2010". Racer (225): 22–25. Retrieved 5 October 2019 – via EBSCO Academic Search.
  85. ^ "Michael Schumacher swaps racing numbers with team-mate Nico Rosberg for luck". The Daily Telegraph. 20 January 2010. Archived from the original on 24 January 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  86. ^ a b c Straw, Edd (13 March 2014). "Mercedes' dynamic duo". Autosport. 215 (11): 14–21. Retrieved 6 October 2019 – via Gale General OneFile.
  87. ^ Pattni, Vijay (12 February 2012). "Top Gear chats to Nico Rosberg". Top Gear. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  88. ^ Smith, Luke (17 May 2020). "Rosberg feared 'God'-like Schumacher would manipulate Mercedes". motorsport.com. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  89. ^ Noble, Jonathan (6 January 2011). "Rosberg convinced he will win in 2011". Autosport. Archived from the original on 5 October 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  90. ^ "Rosberg not afraid of Schumacher resurgence". ESPN. 15 February 2012. Archived from the original on 2 November 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  91. ^ "Rosberg set to replace Massi at Ferrari". Asian News International. 5 November 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2019 – via Gale OneFile: News.
  92. ^ Noble, Jonathan; O'Leary, Jamie (10 November 2011). "Mercedes technical restructure key to Nico Rosberg's decision to re-sign". Autosport. Archived from the original on 12 November 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  93. ^ Pino, Allievi (7 November 2011). "Ho battuto Schumi ma non sono contento" ["I beat Schumi but I'm not happy"]. La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). Archived from the original on 5 October 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  94. ^ "Rosberg convinced he can win with Mercedes". The Hindu. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 9 March 2012. Archived from the original on 5 October 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  95. ^ "Mum, Dad & Niki". Auto Auction (1608): 23. 11 September 2014. ISSN 1320-2073. Retrieved 8 October 2019 – via MasterFILE Complete.
  96. ^ Hackbarth, Frederik (27 May 2012). "Zeitgewinn an der Box reichte nicht – Rosberg: Wir hatten das schnellste Auto" [Time saving at the box was not enough – Rosberg: We had the fastest car]. Motorsport Magazin (in German). Archived from the original on 5 October 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  97. ^ Noble, Jonathan; Freeman, Glenn (8 June 2012). "Rosberg confident Mercedes can unlock secrets of 2012 Pirellis". Autosport. Archived from the original on 8 June 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  98. ^ "Brawn puts final pieces in place at Mercedes" (PDF). Autosport. 209 (9): 10–11. 30 August 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 October 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  99. ^ Baldwin, Alan (5 October 2012). "Nico Rosberg reveals he encouraged Lewis Hamilton to join McLaren". The Independent. Reuters. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  100. ^ Noble, Jonathan (28 September 2012). "Nico Rosberg will have equal status with Lewis Hamilton in 2013". Autosport. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  101. ^ a b Masefield, Fraser (17 January 2014). "F1 2013 Head-to-Head: Lewis Hamilton vs. Nico Rosberg at Mercedes". Bleacher Report. Archived from the original on 17 January 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  102. ^ Codling, Stuart (2017). "Rivlaries: Lewis Hamilton vs. Nico Rosberg". Speed Read F1: The Technology, Rules, History and Concepts Key to the Sport. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Motorbooks. p. 78. ISBN 978-0-7603-5562-6.
  103. ^ Spurgeon, Brad (26 May 2013). "As His Father Did, Rosberg Wins Monaco Grand Prix". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  104. ^ "British Grand Prix: Nico Rosberg keeps victory after reprimand". Belfast Telegraph. 30 June 2013. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  105. ^ a b c d e f "Nico Rosberg – Grands Prix started". StatsF1. Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  106. ^ a b Johnson, Daniel (8 March 2014). "Mercedes's Formula One title hopeful Nico Rosberg admits Lewis Hamilton rivalry is increasingly 'heated'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 September 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  107. ^ Gill, Pete; Galloway, James; Wise, Mike (3 March 2014). "What we've learnt at Bahrain Test Two". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  108. ^ "Rosberg wins Australian Grand Prix". Hürriyet Daily News. Agence France-Presse. 16 March 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  109. ^ Pugmire, Jerome (25 May 2014). "Rosberg wins Monaco GP to take F1 lead from Mercedes teammate Hamilton as their rift deepens". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  110. ^ Benson, Andrew. "Nico Rosberg retirement due to foreign substance – Mercedes". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 1 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  111. ^ a b "Nico Rosberg sets up last-day title showdown with Lewis Hamilton after Brazil win". South China Morning Post. 11 November 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  112. ^ Taylor, Hannah (23 November 2014). "Hamilton becomes two-time World Champion as Rosberg encounters ERS issues". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  113. ^ Lukas Strozyk, Jan (6 April 2016). "Transferverhandlungen mit der Briefkastenfirma Spitzensportler im Visier" (in German). Tagesschau. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  114. ^ Esler, William (16 July 2014). "Nico Rosberg agrees new multi-year contract extension with Mercedes". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 17 July 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  115. ^ a b Roberts, James (April 2015). "Three Pointed Star". F1 Racing (230): 80–85. ISSN 1361-4487. OCLC 476470071. Retrieved 6 October 2019 – via EBSCO Academic Search.
  116. ^ Weaver, Paul (12 March 2015). "Nico Rosberg targets toppling Mercedes team-mate Lewis Hamilton this season". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 12 March 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  117. ^ a b Cooper, Adam (7 December 2015). "Can Nico Rosberg Challenge Lewis Hamilton in 2016? Mercedes F1's No. 2 Finishes Behind Teammate for the Second Straight Year". Autoweek. 65 (23): 0064. Retrieved 6 October 2019 – via Gale General OneFile.
  118. ^ "How Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg move forward after "Hat-Gate" F1 incident". motorsport.com. 28 October 2015. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  119. ^ Parker, Sean (26 April 2018). "Nico Rosberg says deleting Facebook helped him become F1 champ". Wheels24. Archived from the original on 13 February 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  120. ^ "Nico Rosberg on how to beat Hamilton, F1 retirement and more". F1: Beyond The Grid (Podcast). Formula One. 24 October 2018. Archived from the original on 6 June 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  121. ^ a b Schauhuber, Martin (6 April 2020). "Nico Rosberg in der Langfassung: Von Angst, Erfülltheit und Zielen" [Nico Rosberg in the long version: Of fear, fulfillment and goals]. Der Standard (in German). Archived from the original on 9 April 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  122. ^ Holder, Jim (1 January 2018). "The racers who beat Lewis Hamilton". Autocar. Archived from the original on 11 July 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  123. ^ a b c d McEvoy, Jonathan (10 February 2017). "Beating Lewis took everything I had – Rosberg". Independent Online. Archived from the original on 5 October 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  124. ^ Clarkson, Tom (14 March 2016). "CAR interviews Nico Rosberg, CAR+ April 2016". Car. Archived from the original on 29 September 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  125. ^ a b c Rowlinson, Anthony (January 2017). "I Didn't Want to go Through That Again!". F1 Racing (United Kingdom ed.) (251): 52–62. ISSN 1361-4487. OCLC 476470071.
  126. ^ Schwartz, Nick (17 November 2017). "Nico Rosberg explains how losing a kilogram of leg muscle helped him win 2016 F1 title". USA Today. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  127. ^ a b Larkham, Lewis (3 November 2017). "Nico Rosberg 'messed' with Lewis Hamilton's head en route to 2016 F1 title". ESPN. Archived from the original on 4 November 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  128. ^ Dale, Will (22 November 2016). "F1: How Nico Rosberg and Lewis Hamilton can clinch the 2016 title in Abu Dhabi". Fox Sports Australia. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  129. ^ Pugmire, Jerome (27 November 2016). "Like father, like son: Another Rosberg wins F1 title". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  130. ^ Smith, Luke (24 December 2016). "Nico Rosberg launches book, 'Finally', profiling F1 title victory". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  131. ^ a b Tillard, Patrick. "Nico Rosberg is back in business". Gentlemen's Journal. Archived from the original on 20 April 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  132. ^ Elizade, Pablo; Noble, Jonathan (2 December 2016). "Rosberg admits he couldn't tell Wolff about F1 exit in person". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 5 December 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  133. ^ a b c d Curtis, Ben; Brown, Oliver (2 December 2016). "Nico Rosberg announces shock F1 retirement days after world title win: 'I am on the peak, so this feels right'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  134. ^ a b Ahmed, Murad (14 October 2018). "The financial challenges sports stars face after the game". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 18 September 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  135. ^ Silvestro, Brian (17 January 2017). "Mercedes F1 Picks Valtteri Bottas to Replace Nico Rosberg for 2017 F1 Season". Road & Track. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  136. ^ a b Majendie, Matt (13 February 2019). "Nico Rosberg: How gas-guzzling F1 champion turned into an eco warrior". CNN. Archived from the original on 13 February 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  137. ^ Dalleres, Frank (11 October 2018). "Nico Rosberg on his new life as a tech investor: "I struggle to invest in some boring s**t. For me it's important that they're cool."". City A.M. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  138. ^ Smith, Sam (11 February 2018). "Smith: Why Nico Rosberg Would Be Ideal Formula E Team Boss". e-racing365. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  139. ^ a b c Holmes, Elena (10 April 2018). "Nico Rosberg invests in Formula E". SportsPro. Archived from the original on 19 April 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  140. ^ Wood, Alex; Dawkins, David (7 June 2019). "Life In The Fast Lane With Nico Rosberg". Forbes. Archived from the original on 6 September 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  141. ^ a b Ellis, Catherine (5 February 2019). "Formula One champion Nico Rosberg launches new sustainable tech festival". TechRadar. Archived from the original on 6 February 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  142. ^ Lückerath, Thomas (18 December 2019). "Nico Rosberg ist der Neue bei "Die Höhle der Löwen"" [Nico Rosberg is the new one at "The Lion's Den"] (in German). DWDL.de. Archived from the original on 3 January 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  143. ^ Anderson, Ben; Newbold, James (27 October 2017). "F1 champion Nico Rosberg to take role with dad Keke's GT team". Autosport. Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  144. ^ Benson, Andrew (15 September 2017). "Robert Kubica: World champion Nico Rosberg working to help Pole return to F1". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  145. ^ Noble, Jonathan; Sharaf, Dominik (20 April 2018). "Rosberg steps back from Kubica management role". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  146. ^ Marx, Jens (21 March 2018). "Rosberg: "Muss sich keiner warm anziehen"" [Rosberg: "No one has to dress warmly"]. Südwest Presse (in German). Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  147. ^ Freeman, Glenn (23 April 2018). "2016 Formula 1 world champion Nico Rosberg creates driver academy". Autosport. Archived from the original on 24 April 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  148. ^ Thukral, Rachit; Haidinger, Sven (8 April 2019). "Rosberg turned down DTM wildcard chance". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 13 April 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  149. ^ a b Brown, Oliver (25 November 2016). "Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg – once kindred spirits who have become the ultimate odd couple". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 18 December 2019. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  150. ^ Vertruno, Jim (29 October 2016). "Nico and Keke Rosberg cut different paths on the track". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 18 December 2019. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  151. ^ a b McKay, Peter (29 March 2009). "Rosberg in fast lane, steering towards fame and riches". The Sunday Age. p. 6. Retrieved 4 October 2019 – via Gale OneFile: News.
  152. ^ Spurgeon, Brad (28 November 2015). "As Rosberg Surges in Formula One, Questions Abound". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  153. ^ Noble, Jonathan (25 March 2010). "Rosberg careful of Schumacher remarks". Autosport. Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  154. ^ a b Anderson, Ben (10 November 2016). "The Method Behind The Mastery – The Scientist – Nico Rosberg" (PDF). Autosport: 14–15. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  155. ^ Hughes, Mark (26 November 2014). "Lewis Hamilton v Nico Rosberg: A subtle difference in driving style as well as set-up". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  156. ^ Roberts, James (October 2015). "Faster than a speeding Lewis (No, really...)". F1 Racing (United Kingdom ed.) (236): 41–44. ISSN 1361-4487. OCLC 476470071. Retrieved 7 October 2019 – via ESBCO Academic Search.
  157. ^ "Motor racing: Numbers up for 2014 Formula 1 drivers". The Straits Times. Agence France-Presse. 11 January 2014. Archived from the original on 8 October 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  158. ^ a b Reyer, Maria (20 March 2014). "Rosberg: Wenn der Helm zum Kunstwerk wird" [Rosberg: When the helmet becomes a work of art] (in German). motorsport-total.com. Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  159. ^ Tong, Andrew (17 July 2014). "German Grand Prix 2014: Nico Rosberg's tribute helmet to Germany's World Cup win gets red card". The Independent. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  160. ^ Seiwert, Robert (31 January 2014). "Mercedes: Rosberg-Verlobte löst Helm-Problem – Back in black" [Mercedes: Rosberg fiancee solves helmet problem – Back in black]. Motorsport Magazin (in German). Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  161. ^ "Nico Rosberg appoints CAA Sports". Sport Industry Group. 11 May 2017. Archived from the original on 8 October 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  162. ^ a b Wilson, Bill (27 November 2016). "Nico Rosberg: F1 champion ready to rev up sponsor deals". BBC News. Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  163. ^ a b Holmes, Elena (26 March 2018). "Nico Rosberg keeps time with Rolex". SportsPro. Archived from the original on 4 June 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  164. ^ "Oris cements its parnership with Williams F1 team". The Star. 27 March 2013. Archived from the original on 20 April 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  165. ^ a b Merzbach, Claudia (2 December 2015). "Nico Rosberg's #DriveForGood Campaign raises €160,000 for Laureus" (Press release). Daimler. Archived from the original on 9 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  166. ^ a b "Nico Rosberg bringt die BAMBI-Trophäen nach Berlin" [Nico Rosberg brings the BAMBI trophies to Berlin] (in German). Bambi Awards. 16 November 2018. Archived from the original on 9 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  167. ^ "Nico Rosberg: Growing evidence of positive impact of anti-drink driving messages". ITV News. 8 June 2018. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  168. ^ "Rosberg beneficomostra la piccola Alaïa" [Rosberg benefits little Alaïa]. La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). Gasport. 5 December 2015. Archived from the original on 9 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  169. ^ Noble, Jonathan (6 March 2017). "Rosberg helps charity with signed prints of iconic F1 photo". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 9 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  170. ^ "Nico Rosberg cobra posição contra racismo e doa R$ 57 mil para fundo educacional" [Nico Rosberg takes a stand against racism and donates R $ 57,000 to an educational fund] (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. 4 June 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  171. ^ "Nico Rosberg wins 2011 Bandini Trophy". ESPN. 2 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
    "Grapevine: Rosberg receives Bandini Trophy". Autosport. 6 June 2011. Archived from the original on 12 August 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  172. ^ "Nico Rosberg collects the 2016 DHL Fastest Lap Award". Sky Sports. 28 November 2016. Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  173. ^ Adam, Mitchell (4 December 2016). "Autosport Awards 2016: Nico Rosberg wins International Racing Driver". Autosport. Archived from the original on 8 October 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  174. ^ "Rosberg wins 'Breakthrough of the Year' Laureus award". Fox Sports Asia. 15 February 2017. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  175. ^ La Selle, Rob (9 June 2017). "DMSB: Auszeichnung für Formel-1-Champion Nico Rosberg" (in German). Speedweek. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  176. ^ "Formel 1: FIA nimmt Michael Schumacher, Nico Rosberg und Co. in "Hall of Fame" auf" [Formula 1: FIA picks up Michael Schumacher, Nico Rosberg and Co. in "Hall of Fame"] (in German). RTL. 5 December 2017. Archived from the original on 8 October 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  177. ^ "Nico Rosberg Formula 3 Euro Series". Motorsport Stats. Archived from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  178. ^ "Nico Rosberg Career Season 2005". Motorsport Stats. Archived from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Timo Glock
Formula BMW ADAC
Champion

2002
Succeeded by
Maximilian Götz
Preceded by
Vitantonio Liuzzi
(F3000)
GP2 Series
Drivers' Champion

2005
Succeeded by
Lewis Hamilton
Preceded by
Lewis Hamilton
Formula One World Champion
2016
Succeeded by
Lewis Hamilton
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Lewis Hamilton
Lorenzo Bandini Trophy
2011
Succeeded by
Bruno Senna
Preceded by
Inaugural
FIA Pole Trophy
2014
Succeeded by
Lewis Hamilton
Preceded by
Lewis Hamilton
DHL Fastest Lap Award
2016
Succeeded by
Lewis Hamilton
Preceded by
Lewis Hamilton
Autosport
International Racing Driver Award

2016
Succeeded by
Lewis Hamilton
Preceded by
Jordan Spieth
Laureus World Breakthrough of the Year
2017
Succeeded by
Sergio García
Records
Preceded by
Fernando Alonso
21 years, 321 days
(2003 Canadian GP)
Youngest driver to set
fastest lap in Formula One

20 years, 258 days
(2006 Bahrain Grand Prix)
Succeeded by
Max Verstappen
19 years, 44 days
(2016 Brazilian GP)