ANSEL

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ANSEL
Alias(es)ISO-IR 231
StandardANSI/NISO Z39.47 (withdrawn)
ClassificationExtended ASCII, 8-bit encoding
ExtendsUS-ASCII
ExtensionsMARC Extended Latin, GEDCOM ANSEL

ANSEL, the American National Standard for Extended Latin Alphabet Coded Character Set for Bibliographic Use, was a character set used in text encoding. It provided a table of coded values for the representation of characters of the extended Latin alphabet in machine-readable form for thirty-five languages written in the Latin alphabet and for fifty-one romanized languages. ANSEL adds 63 graphic characters to ASCII,[1] including 29 combining diacritic characters.

The initial revision of ANSEL was released in 1985, and before 1993 it was registered as Registration #231 in the ISO International Register of Coded Character Sets to be Used with Escape Sequences.[2] The standard was reaffirmed in 2003 although it has been administratively withdrawn by ANSI effective 14 February 2013.[3]

The requirement of hardware capable of overprinting accents doomed this from ever becoming a popular extended ASCII.

Code page layout[edit]

The following table shows ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003).[3] Non-ASCII characters are shown with their Unicode code point. A combining diacritic precedes the spacing character on which it should be superimposed[1] (in Unicode the combining diacritic is after the base character).

ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003)
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
0x NUL SOH STX ETX EOT ENQ ACK BEL  BS   HT   LF   VT   FF   CR   SO   SI  
1x DLE DC1 DC2 DC3 DC4 NAK SYN ETB CAN  EM  SUB ESC  FS   GS   RS   US 
2x  SP  ! " # $ % & ' ( ) * + , - . /
3x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; < = > ?
4x @ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O
5x P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ \ ] ^ _
6x ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o
7x p q r s t u v w x y z { | } ~ DEL
8x
9x
Ax Ł
0141
Ø
00D8
Đ
0110
Þ
00DE
Æ
00C6
Œ
0152
ʹ
02B9
·
00B7

266D
®
00AE
±
00B1
Ơ
01A0
Ư
01AF
ʼ
02BC
Bx ʻ
02BB
ł
0142
ø
00F8
đ
0111
þ
00FE
æ
00E6
œ
0153
ʺ
02BA
ı
0131
£
00A3
ð
00F0
ơ
01A1
ư
01B0
Cx °
00B0

2113

2117
©
00A9

266F
¿
00BF
¡
00A1
Dx
Ex ◌̉
0309
◌̀
0300
◌́
0301
◌̂
0302
◌̃
0303
◌̄
0304
◌̆
0306
◌̇
0307
◌̈
0308
◌̌
030C
◌̊
030A
◌︠
FE20
◌︡
FE21
◌̕
0315
◌̋
030B
◌̐
0310
Fx ◌̧
0327
◌̨
0328
◌̣
0323
◌̤
0324
◌̥
0325
◌̳
0333
◌̲
0332
◌̦
0326
◌̜
031C
◌̮
032E
◌︢
FE22
◌︣
FE23
◌̓
0313

Use[edit]

GEDCOM[edit]

The GEDCOM specification for exchanging genealogical data refers to ANSEL (ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1985) as a valid text encoding for GEDCOM files and extends it with additional characters which are shown in the following table.[4][5]

Hex Unicode Glyph Description
0xBE 25A1 empty box
0xBF 25A0 black box
0xCD 0065 e midline e
0xCE 006F o midline o
0xCF 00DF ß es zet
0xFC 0338  ̸  diacritic slash through char

MARC21[edit]

The Extended Latin character set from MARC 21 is synchronized with ANSEL[2] but additionally supports the eszett (ß) character at C7 and the euro sign (€) at C8.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Extended Latin Alphabet Coded Character Set for Bibliographic Use (PDF) (National information standard specification). 1993 (R2003). Bethesda, Maryland: NISO Press. 3 May 1993. ISBN 1-880124-02-5. ISSN 1041-5653. OCLC 25546245. OL 12137795M. ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  2. ^ a b "International Register Of Coded Character Sets To Be Used With Escape Sequences (Registration Listing Ordered By Registration Number)". International Register Of Coded Character Sets To Be Used With Escape Sequences. Information Technology Standards Commission of Japan. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Project Overview: ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003) Extended Latin Alphabet Coded Character Set for Bibliographic Use (ANSEL) (Inactive)". National Information Standards Organization. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  4. ^ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Family History Department (2 December 1995). "Appendix D: ANSEL Character Set". The GEDCOM Standard Release 5.5 (Information standard specification). Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. pp. 87–89.
  5. ^ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Family History Department (4 November 1993). The GEDCOM Standard Release 5.3 (Information standard specification). Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. pp. 67–72.
  6. ^ "MARC 21 Specifications for Record Structure, Character Sets, and Exchange Media: Code Table Extended Latin (ANSEL)". Library Standards at the Library of Congress. Library of Congress. December 2007.

External links[edit]