Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly

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Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
उत्तर प्रदेश विधानसभा
17th Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
TBD, BJP
Since 2017
Yogi Adityanath, BJP
Since 2017
TBD, SP
Since 2017
Structure
Seats 404 (403 + 1 Nominated)
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Political groups

Government (325)

Opposition (78)

Other (1)

Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
2017
Next election
2022
Meeting place
Vidhan Sabha Lucknow.jpg
Vidhan Bhavan, Lucknow
Website
http://www.uplegisassembly.gov.in

The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश विधान सभा) is the lower house of the bicameral legislature (or say Vidhan Sabha is the lower house of Vidhan Bhavan) of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It has a total of 403 members excluding one Anglo-Indian member who is nominated by the Governor. Till 1967, it had a strength of 431 members including one nominated Anglo-Indian member. According to the recommendation of the Delimitation Commission, which is appointed after every Census, it was revised to 426. After reorganization of the State on 9 November 2000, the strength of the Legislative Assembly has become 404 including one nominated member to represent the Anglo-Indian community.[1] The Term of the Vidhan Sabha is five years unless dissolved earlier. The election is held on the principle of "one adult one vote".

History[edit]

Pre-independence[edit]

The Legislative Assembly for the United Provinces was constituted for the first time on 1 April 1937 in accordance with the Government of India Act, 1935. The strength of the Assembly as stipulated under the Act of 1935 was 228 and its term was five years. Purushottam Das Tandon and Abdul Hakim were elected the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker respectively on 31 July 1937.[2]

Post-independence[edit]

After Independence, the Legislative Assembly met for the first time on 3 November 1947. At its meeting on 4 November 1947, the Legislative Assembly adopted a resolution for the use of Hindi for the transaction of all its business and proceedings and accordingly all the business of the House was thereafter transacted in Hindi.

On 25 February 1948, the Assembly passed a resolution requesting the Governor to submit to the Governor General the request of the Assembly to the effect that the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad and the Oudh Chief Court be amalgamated.

Another important Resolution passed by the House on 18 October 1948 congratulated the Government of India, the military commanders and the soldiers on their successful police action against the Hyderabad State.[3]

Post-republichood[edit]

The first session of the U. P. Legislature (a provisional legislature) under the new Constitution, began on 2 February 1950 with an address by the Governor to both the Houses assembled together in the Assembly Hall. Prior to the commencement of the session, the Governor administered the oath to P. D. Tandon and Chandra Bhal respectively in their respective chambers, thereafter all other members present took oath or made affirmation, as required by the Constitution, in their respective Houses.

An important legislative measure passed in 1950 was the U. P. Language (Bills and Acts) Act, 1950, which provided that the language to be used in Bills and Acts shall be Hindi in Devanagri script. In 1951, the U. P. Official Language Act was passed adopting Hindi in Devanagri script as the language to be used for official purpose of the State.

On 11 August 1950 the Speaker, Purshottam Das Tandon, resigned from his office. On 21 December 1950 the Deputy Speaker, Nafisul Hasan, was elected the Speaker. Hasan replied to the congratulatory speeches on the occasion, he declared that unlike his predecessor, he would not be taking part in politics as long as he remained the Speaker.[citation needed]

Hargovind Pant was elected the Deputy Speaker on 4 January 1951.[4]

After the first elections[edit]

The newly elected Assembly of Uttar Pradesh met on 19 May 1952. On 20 May 1952, Atma Ram Govind Kher was elected the Speaker. Govind Kher speaking on the occasion, said that of the two different conventions set by his two predecessors in office in the matter of taking part in politics he would like to follow neither but would strive to follow a middle course in this regard. He said that he would not take part in active politics nor hold any office in the Congress Party to which he belonged, but at the same time he would continue to be a member of that party and take part in non-controversial activities, particularly relating to social and developmental work.[5]

Uttar Pradesh Assembly Election Results[edit]

Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) Election Result.[6]
Party Years
2017 2012 2007 2002 1996 1993 1991 1989 1985 1980
Apna Dal (Soneylal) 9 1 3
Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha (HMS) 1 1
Akhil Bhartiya Lok Tantrik Congress (ABLTC) 1 2
Akhil Bhartiya Shivsena – Rashtrawadi (SHS) 1
All India Indira Congress (TIWARI) AIIC(T) 4
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 19 80 206 98 67 67 12 13
Bahujan Kranti Dal (GP) BKKGP 8
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 312 47 51 88 174 177 221 57 16 11
Communist Party of India (CPI) 1 3 4 6 6 7
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) 2 4 1 1 2 2
Indian National Congress (INC) 7 28 22 25 33 28 46 94 269 309
Indian National Congress (INC) (U) 13
Indian Congress (J) (ICJ) 5
Ittehad-E-Millait Council (IEMC) 1
Jan Morcha (JM) 1
Janata Dal (JD) 7 27 92 208
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 1 2
Janata Party (JP / JNP) 1 34 1 20 4
Janata Party (Secular) - Ch. Charan Singh – JNP(SC) 59
Janata Party (Secular) Raj Narain – JNP(SR) 4
Lok Dal (LKD) 84
Lok Dal (B) (LKD)(B) 2
Nirbal Indian Shoshit Hamara Aam Dal 1
Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) 1
National Loktantrik Party (NLP) 1
Peace Party (PECP) 4
Quami Ekta Dal (QED) 2
Rashtriya Swabhimaan Party (RSBP) 1
Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD) 1 9 10 14
Rashtriya Kranti Party (RTKP) 4
Rashtriya Parivartan Dal (RPD) 2 1
Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) SJP(R) 1 1
Samajwadi Party (SP) 47 224 97 143 110 109
Social Action Party (SAP) 2
Shoshit Samaj Dal (SSD) 1 1 1
Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party 4
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (UKD) 1
Uttar Pradesh United Democratic Front 1
Independent (IND) 3 6 9 16 13 8 7 40 23 17
Total Seats 403 403 403 403 424 425 425 425 425 425

Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly terms[edit]

Following are the dates of constitution and dissolution of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. First sitting date and date of completion of term for each Vidhan Sabha can be different from the constitution and dissolution dates (respectively).[7]

Vidhan Sabha Constitution Dissolution Days
1st 20 May 1952 31 March 1957 1,776
2nd 1 April 1957 6 March 1962 1,800
3rd 7 March 1962 9 March 1967 1,828
4th 10 March 1967 15 April 1968 402
5th 26 February 1969 4 March 1974 1,832
6th 4 March 1974 30 April 1977 1,153
7th 23 June 1977 17 February 1980 969
8th 9 June 1980 10 March 1985 1,735
9th 10 March 1985 29 November 1989 1,725
10th 2 December 1989 4 April 1991 488
11th 22 June 1991 6 December 1992 533
12th 4 December 1993 28 October 1995 693
13th 17 October 1996 7 March 2002 1,967
14th 26 February 2002 13 May 2007 1,902
15th 13 May 2007 9 March 2012 1,762
16th 8 March 2012 11 March 2017 1,829

Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Constituencies[edit]

Members of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ It stayed at 403 + 1 in the delimitation of 2008 which incorporated the 2001 census data. "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). The Election Commission of India. 
  2. ^ http://www.uplegassembly.nic.in/UPLL.html
  3. ^ http://www.uplegassembly.nic.in/UPLL.html
  4. ^ http://www.uplegassembly.nic.in/UPLL.html
  5. ^ http://www.uplegassembly.nic.in/UPLL.html
  6. ^ "UP Election Results". 
  7. ^ "Vidhan Sabha terms". U.P. Assembly website. Retrieved Jan 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°50′37″N 80°56′39″E / 26.84361°N 80.94417°E / 26.84361; 80.94417