Amethi (Lok Sabha constituency)

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India Uttar Pradesh districts 2012 Amethi.svg
Location of Amethi district in Uttar Pradesh
Existence1967–present
Current MPSmriti Irani
PartyBJP
Elected Year2019
StateUttar Pradesh
Assembly ConstituenciesTiloi, Salon, Jagdishpur, Gauriganj, and Amethi[1]

Amethi is a Lok Sabha constituency which covers the entire Amethi district and was created in 1967.[2] The seat has almost always been held by the Indian National Congress (INC), save for a half-dozen years in the late 1970s and late 1990s. Rahul Gandhi held the seat for the longest period, from 2004 to 2019, and the seat had also been held by his mother, father, and uncle.[3]

Its first member of parliament (MP) was Vidya Dhar Bajpai of INC, who was reelected in 1971. In the 1977 election, Ravindra Pratap Singh of the Janata Party became its MP. Singh was defeated in 1980 by Sanjay Gandhi of the INC. He died in a plane crash later that year,[4] and a 1981 by-election was won by his brother, Rajiv Gandhi.[5] Gandhi represented the constituency until 1991, when he was assassinated by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).[6][7][8] The by-election held that year was won by Satish Sharma of the INC, who was reelected in 1996. Sanjay Singh of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) defeated Sharma in the 1998 election. The wife of Rajiv Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi, then represented the constituency from 1999 to 2004.[9] She was succeeded by her son Rahul Gandhi.[10] Amethi has thus been represented by four members of the Nehru–Gandhi family.[3] However, this safe congress bastion was breached by Smriti Irani of BJP in 2019 general elections.

Assembly segments[edit]

Presently, Amethi Lok Sabha constituency comprises five Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) segments: Tiloi, Salon, Jagdishpur, Gauriganj and Amethi. This constituency is surrounded by Bara Banki and Faizabad in the north, Rae Bareli to the west, Sultanpur to the east and Pratapgarh to the south.[1]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Keys:

Election Member Party
1967 Vidya Dhar Bajpai Indian National Congress
1971
1977 Ravindra Pratap Singh Janata Party
1980 Sanjay Gandhi Indian National Congress
1981 (By-election) Rajiv Gandhi
1984
1989
1991
1991 (By-election) Satish Sharma
1996
1998 Sanjay Sinh Bharatiya Janata Party
1999 Sonia Gandhi Indian National Congress
2004 Rahul Gandhi
2009
2014
2019 Smriti Zubin Irani Bharatiya Janata Party

Election results[edit]

General election 1967[edit]

Vidya Dhar Bajpai of the INC won the first election in 1967 and became Amethi's first MP.[11]

1967 Indian general election: Amethi[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Vidya Dhar Bajpai 63,231 35.81
BJS Gokul Prasad Pathak 59,566 33.74
Independent A. Wahid 22,333 12.65
SSP A. P. Pandey 17,213 9.75
Swatantra Party R. H. Singh 9,883 5.60
Margin of victory 3,665 2.07
Turnout 188,666 37.34
INC win (new seat)

General election 1971[edit]

Bajpai held the seat and represented the constituency in the Fifth Lok Sabha.[12]

1971 Indian general election: Amethi[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Vidya Dhar Bajpai 96,312 62.13 +26.32
BJS Gokul Prasad Pathak 21,335 13.76 −19.98
NCO Wast Nabvi 19,051 12.29 N/A
Bharatiya Kranti Dal Kailash Nath Singh 11,787 7.60 N/A
Ram Rajya Parishad Basudev Shastri 6,541 4.22 N/A
Margin of victory 74,977 48.37 +46.30
Turnout 160,395 30.05 −7.29
INC hold Swing +26.32

General election 1977[edit]

Ravindra Pratap Singh of the Janata Party represented the constituency in the Sixth Lok Sabha.[13]

1977 Indian general election: Amethi[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Janata Party Ravindra Pratap Singh 176,410 60.47 N/A
INC Sanjay Gandhi 100,566 34.47 −27.66
Independent Abdul Wahid 8,450 2.90 N/A
Independent Badri Narain 6,306 2.16 N/A
Margin of victory 75,844 26.00 −22.37
Turnout 302,826 48.59 +18.54
Janata Party gain from INC Swing

General election 1980[edit]

Sanjay Gandhi of the INC won the election, but he died in a plane crash later in the year forcing a by-election in 1981.[4]

1980 Indian general election: Amethi[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Sanjay Gandhi 186,990 57.11 +26.64
Janata Party Ravindra Pratap Singh 58,445 17.85 −42.62
JNP(S) Mohd. Isa 41,734 12.75 N/A
Independent Mahavir Prasad 12,295 3.76 N/A
Independent Satya Narain Jaiswal 7,339 2.24 N/A
Margin of victory 128,545 39.26 +13.26
Turnout 338,531 50.10 +1.51
INC gain from Janata Party Swing +5.33

By-election 1981[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi, Sanjay's brother, won the by-election and represented the constituency in the Seventh Lok Sabha.[5][15]

1981 By-election: Amethi[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Rajiv Gandhi 258,884 84.18 +27.07
Lok Dal Sharad Yadav 21,188 6.89 N/A
Margin of victory 237,696 77.29 +38.03
Turnout 307,523
INC hold Swing +27.07

General election 1984[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi held the seat and represented the constituency in the Eighth Lok Sabha.[16]

1984 Indian general election: Amethi[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Rajiv Gandhi 365,041 83.67 −0.51
Independent Maneka Gandhi 50,163 11.50 N/A
Margin of victory 314,878 72.17 −5.12
Turnout 446,289 60.25
INC hold Swing −0.50

General election 1989[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi won a third term in the election and represented the constituency in the Ninth Lok Sabha.[17]

1989 Indian general election: Amethi[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Rajiv Gandhi 271,407 67.43 −16.24
Janata Dal Rajmohan Gandhi 69,269 17.21
BSP Kanshi Ram 25,400 6.31
Margin of victory 202,138 50.22 −21.95
Turnout 425,746 46.78
INC hold Swing −16.24

General election 1991[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi won the election, but he was assassinated later in the same year forcing a by-election.[8][18]

1991 Indian general election: Amethi[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Rajiv Gandhi 187,138 53.23 −14.20
BJP Ravindra Pratap 75,053 21.35
Janata Dal Naeem 54,680 15.55 −1.66
Margin of victory 112,085 31.88 −18.34
Turnout 376,202 40.97 −5.81
INC hold Swing −14.20

By-election 1991[edit]

Satish Sharma of the INC won the election and represented the constituency in the Ninth Lok Sabha.[15]

1991 By-election: Amethi[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Satish Sharma 178,996 53.88 +0.65
BJP M. M. Singh 79,687 23.99 +2.64
Independent R. Singh 47,033 14.16
Margin of victory 99,309 29.89 −1.99
Turnout 332,195
INC hold Swing +0.65

General election 1996[edit]

Satish Sharma held the seat and represented the constituency in the Tenth Lok Sabha.[19]

1996 Indian general election: Amethi[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Satish Sharma 157,868 38.81 −15.07
BJP Raja Mohan Singh 117,725 28.94 +4.95
SP Choudary Mohd. Isa 79,285 19.49
Independent Karnandan Singh Akela 13,277 3.26
Margin of victory 40,143 9.97
Turnout 426,913 38.71
INC hold Swing

General election 1998[edit]

Sanjay Singh of the BJP won the election and represented the constituency in the Eleventh Lok Sabha.[20]

1998 Indian general election: Amethi[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
BJP Dr. Sanjay Sinh 205,025 35.08
INC Satish Sharma 181,755 31.10
BSP Mohd. Naim 151,096 25.85
SP Shiv Prasad 29,888 5.11
Margin of victory 23,270 3.98
Turnout 597,556 53.73
BJP gain from INC Swing

General election 1999[edit]

Sonia Gandhi, the widow of Rajiv Gandhi, won the election and represented the constituency in the Thirteenth Lok Sabha.[9]

1999 Indian general election: Amethi[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Sonia Gandhi 418,960 67.12
BJP Dr. Sanjay Sinh 118,948 19.06
BSP Paras Nath Maurya 33,658 9.43
SP Kamarujjama Fauzi 16,678 6.81
Independent Mohammad Israr 7,098 2.79
Margin of victory 300,012 48.06
Turnout 638,178 57.46
INC gain from BJP Swing

General election 2004[edit]

Rahul Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi's son, won the seat and represented the constituency in the Fourteenth Lok Sabha.[10][22]

2004 Indian general election: Amethi[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Rahul Gandhi 390,179 66.18
BSP Chandra Parkash Mishra 99,326 16.85
BJP Ram Vilas Vedanti 55,438 9.40
Independent Sri Ram 12,320 2.09
AD Udai Raj Maurya 11,280 1.91
Margin of victory 290,853 49.33
Turnout 589,596 44.50
INC hold Swing

General election 2009[edit]

Rahul Gandhi held the seat and represented the constituency in the Fifteenth Lok Sabha.[23]

2009 Indian general election: Amethi[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Rahul Gandhi 464,195 71.78
BSP Asheesh Shukla 93,997 14.54
BJP Pradeep Kumar Singh 37,570 5.81
JPS Bhuwal 10,396 1.61
Independent Swami Nath 9,642 1.49
Margin of victory 370,198 57.24
Turnout 646,650 45.16
INC hold Swing

General election 2014[edit]

Rahul Gandhi won a third term as MP in the Sixteenth Lok Sabha.[10]

2014 Indian general election: Amethi[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
INC Rahul Gandhi 408,651 46.71 -25.07
BJP Smriti Zubin Irani 300,748 34.38 +28.57
BSP Dharmendra Pratap Singh 57,716 6.60 −7.94
AAP Dr. Kumar Vishvas 25,527 2.92 N/A
NOTA None of the Above 1,784 0.20 N/A
Margin of victory 107,903 12.33 −32.83
Turnout 874,625 52.38 +7.22
INC hold Swing −26.82

General election 2019[edit]

Smriti Irani from the BJP won in the Seventeenth Lok Sabha.[26]

2019 Indian general election: Amethi
Party Candidate Votes % ±
BJP Smriti Zubin Irani 468,514 49.71 +15.33
INC Rahul Gandhi 413,394 43.86 -2.85
IND. Dhruv Lal 7,816 0.83 New
BMP Afajal Varis 6,183 0.66 +0.48
IND. Ram Sajiwan 5,616 0.60 +0.33
NOTA None of the Above 3,940 0.42 +0.22
Margin of victory 55,120 5.85 -6.48
Turnout 942,956 54.08 +1.70
BJP gain from INC Swing +3.00

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Assembly constituencies-Post delimitation" (PDF). Chief Electoral Office, Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 April 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Amethi: Gandhis to face first real fight". Hindustan Times. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Rahul Will Lose Heavily in Amethi: Kumar Vishwas". The New Indian Express. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Three attempts were made to kill Sanjay Gandhi: WikiLeaks". The Times of India. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Assassination in India; Rajiv Gandhi: A Son Who Won, Lost and Tried a Comeback". The New York Times. 22 May 1991. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  6. ^ Sharma, Rajeev (20 February 2014). "LTTE's messages show why Rajiv Gandhi's murder should be re-probed (Part-1)". Firstpost. Network 18. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  7. ^ "1991: Bomb kills India's former leader Rajiv Gandhi". BBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Seven convicted over Rajiv Gandhi assassination set to be freed". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  9. ^ a b "An Amethi first in 10 years for Sonia". The Telegraph (Calcutta). 19 April 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "Does polls verdict signal decline of Gandhi dynasty?". The Hindustan Times. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  11. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 168. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  12. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 181. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  13. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 185. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  14. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1980 to the Seventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 219. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d "Details of Lok Sabha By- Elections since 1952" (Excel). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  16. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 215. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 265. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  18. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 280. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  19. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1996 to the Eleventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 423. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  20. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 246. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  21. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 238. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  22. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 309. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  23. ^ a b "Constituency Wise Detailed Results" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 153. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  24. ^ "Constituencywise-All Candidates". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014.
  25. ^ "Parliamentary Constituency wise Turnout for General Election - 2014". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  26. ^ "Amethi Lok Sabha Results". NDTV. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Medak
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1984-1989
Succeeded by
Fatehpur

Coordinates: 26°10′N 81°49′E / 26.16°N 81.81°E / 26.16; 81.81