St Catherine's Chapel is on St Catherine's Hill in the far north of the secular parish and is a ruin by the North Downs Way.
|Area||4.93 km2 (1.90 sq mi)|
|Population||359 (Civil Parish 2011)|
|• Density||73/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference||SU992476|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
Artington is a village and civil parish in the borough of Guildford, Surrey, England. It covers the area from the southern edge of the built-up centre of Guildford and steep Guildown, the start of the Hog's Back and part of the North Downs AONB, to New Pond Farm by Godalming and the edge of Peasmarsh. It contains Loseley Park, a country estate with dairy, and the hamlet of Littleton.
Geography and history
Artington encompasses several farms on the west bank of the River Wey, from 1 mile (1.6 km) to 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Guildford town centre, above the ford from which came the name of Guildford. It is crossed by the North Downs Way and Portsmouth Road. A holy well lies by the ford, while the ruins of the 13th-century St Catherine's Chapel, Guildford lie just above Portsmouth Road, the main route south.
To the west and also directly south of the Pilgrims' Way are listed Braboeuf Manor (University of Law, Guildford), the manor house of which was rebuilt in the late 16th-century, its front dating to the 19th-century, and Mount Browne Surrey Police training headquarters. The 2011 census gave a population of 359 for the parish, an increase of 35 over 10 years, more than 10%.
Artington Manor was granted to the More family, later the More-Molyneux family who still own and run Loseley Park. Artington Manor Farm was the manor house, and underwent reconstruction mostly during the 18th century; it is architecturally Grade II listed. The estate is open for tours.
Braboeuf Manor is a campus of The College of Law mentioned above and, having much greater lands, including Millmead, Guildford, was held first by Stephen de Turnham, assigning part to his daughter Alice de Bendeng then was held for centuries by various listed descendants named de Braboeuf, then further named family relatives.[n 1]
Until shortly after 1911, the area extended over the Guildown and into Guildford Park, the area around Guildford railway station in the north and the Hog's Back marked the southern limits of Windsor Great Park, the main royal demesne in England.[n 2]
Artington has at its periphery on the Portsmouth Road the first purpose-built park and ride facility in Guildford, initially operating from a temporary car park, but later being expanded into a permanent car park with waiting room.
In 2011, 26 people commuted to work by public transport (an increase from 15 in the previous census), with 98 taking motor vehicles and 35 travelling by other means or working from home.
Guildford Railway station is on the same bank directly in Guildford town centre and Shalford railway station (with Reading to Gatwick Airport trains) lies less than 300m east of the eastern boundary.
The place is beholden on adjoining Guildford for most of its amenities, other than the farm produce of the Loseley estate, for instance, it has no functional church within its bounds. The United Reformed Church operates on Portsmouth Road just north of its border and the Church of St Nicholas, Guildford has a church parish that extends into the area in Anglicanism, the civil parish is also partly within St Michael's church Peasmarsh's purview.
Littleton is the western settlement between Guildown hill to the north and Godalming to the south, strung along Littleton Lane.
Littleton is now a hamlet, which consists of Loseley House, Orange Court, Orange Court Farm, and a few cottages. Due to the ruin of St Catherine's Chapel mentioned and like the rest of Artington civil parish, it falls within the ecclesiastical parish of St Nicholas, Guildford and the Artington civil parish.
At the time of the Domesday Book Littleton was held by Wulwi or Wulfwi, a huntsman, who it records held it in Anglo-Saxon King Edward the Confessor's time, had two households described as a villager and a cottager and the place only rendered £1 from its assets including a ploughland for two plough teams and 2 acres (0.81 ha) of meadow.
Littleton is home to Loseley Park and Loseley House, [n 3], a fine Elizabethan stately home built in 1562 by Sir William More (a direct ancestor of the current owner) at the request of Queen Elizabeth I.
Loseley was recorded separately in the Domesday Book but owing to its park (in other words enclosure) for many centuries of Loseley House it did not experience significant population growth. At Domesday it was held of Earl Roger of Shrewsbury, as tenant-in-chief, by Turold nephew of Wigot, its adult householders comprised 7 [male] villagers, 2 slaves and 1 [male] cottager. It consisted of two ploughlands (for four plough teams) and had meadow of 5 acres (2.0 ha).
Demography and housing
The proportion of households in Artington who owned their home outright was 7.3% below the regional average. The proportion who owned their home with a loan was 5.8% lower than the regional average; providing overall a greater proportion than average of rented residential property relative to the average in Surrey, the district and the national average.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||shared housing|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
Mount Browne was home to the Dowager Marchioness of Sligo.[n 4]
Artington is in Guildford, which since its inception has fluctuated between political parties. Local government is administered by Guildford Borough Council and Surrey County Council.
At Surrey County Council, one of the 81 representatives represents the area within the Shalford division.
At Guildford Borough Council small wards of the borough are deemed appropriate to be best represented under the current constitution of councillors by two councillors.
Notes and references
- ^ In brief: Danhurst, Jenyn, Loxley, Kemp and Wight, the last of whom Albert Wight (d.1905) married Jane More-Molyneux of Loseley
- ^ Taken from Artington: this old Farnham road is the "Strata de Geldedone" referred to in the Pipe rolls of 1189 as the southern boundary of the purlieu of Windsor Forest
- ^ Open to visitors see Loseley Park
- ^ This source is for the year 1911. No other inhabitants are named, when mentioning residents the source is restricted to those who had the most land and/or nobility at the time.
- ^ a b c d e f g Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- ^ a b c d e f H.E. Malden, ed. (1911). "Parishes: Artington (Guildford St Nicholas)". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029535)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
- ^ Official Website Loseley Park
- ^ Artington Manor Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029538)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- ^ Peasmarsh, St Michael The Church of England
- ^ Church of England website
- ^ Domesday site – Littleton
- ^ Domesday site – Loseley
- ^ Electoral Divisions Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine Surrey County Council. Retrieved 6 November 2013
- ^ a b Your local councillors Guildford Borough Council. Retrieved 20 November 2013
- ^ Your Councillor Surrey County Council. Retrieved 6 November 2013
- Media related to Artington at Wikimedia Commons
- Surrey County Council. "Artington". Exploring Surrey's Past. Retrieved 28 December 2017.