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The Reading, Guildford and Reigate Railway opened the station in 1849 as "Chilworth and Albury", although the village of Albury is over 1.2 miles (2 km) away.
British Railways destaffed the station in November 1967. The signalling controls were handed over to the two nearest manned signal boxes at Shalford and Gomshall, for control of the track in between. The Signal box was then officially closed. The original Victorian footbridge and road crossing gates from the station were removed, and sold for £1 to the artist David Shepherd. They were transported on BRS low loader trucks to Somerset, for re-use on the East Somerset Railway, Cranmore. The station is 39 miles 15 chains (63.1 km) from Charing Cross, and has two platforms, which can each accommodate a six-coach train.