Asus Tinker Board

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ASUS Tinker Board
Tinker-board.jpg
Type90MB0QY1-M0EAY0
Release dateApril 19, 2017
Introductory priceabout US$59.99
Operating systemTinkerOS (a Debian Linux derivative), Armbian (Debian or Ubuntu derivative), Android
System on a chipRockchip RK3288
CPU1.8 GHz 32-bit quad-core ARM Cortex-A17
Memory2GB Dual-Channel DDR3
StorageMicroSDHC UHS-1 slot
GraphicsARM Mali-T760 M4 GPU – supports 1080 & 4K
WebsiteASUS specifications page

The ASUS Tinker Board is a single-board computer launched by ASUS in early 2017. Its physical size and GPIO pinout are designed to be compatible with the second and third-generation Raspberry Pi models. The first released board features 4K video, 2GB of onboard RAM, gigabit Ethernet and a Rockchip RK3288 processor running at 1.8 GHz.[1]

Specifications[edit]

Model Tinker Board Tinker Board S Tinker Board R2.0 Tinker Board S R2.0 Tinker Edge T Tinker Edge R Tinker Board 2 Tinker board 2S
Release Date April 2017 January 2018 October 2021 November 2019[2] November 2020
SoC Rockchip RK3288 Rockchip RK3288-CG.W NXP i.MX 8M Rockchip RK3399Pro OP1 (Rockchip RK3399)
Architecture ARMv7-A (32-bit) ARMv8 (64-bit)
CPU Quad core 1.8 GHz ARM Cortex-A17 (up to 2.6 GHz turbo clock speed) Quad-Core Quad core 1.5[3] GHz ARM Cortex-A53 Hexa core. 2x Cortex-A72 cores up to 1.8 GHz, 4x Cortex-A53 cores @ 1.4 GHz Hexa core. 2x Cortex-A72 cores up to 2 GHz , 4x Cortex-A53 cores @ 1.5 GHz
GPU 600 MHz Mali-T760 MP4 GPU GC7000 Lite 3D GPU 800 MHz Mali-T860 MP4 GPU
Coprocessor N/A Google Edge TPU

4 TOPS of performance

NPU

3 TOPS of performance

N/A
RAM 2GB dual channel LPDDR3 1GB LPDR4 4 GB dual channel LPDR4 for system,

2 GB LPDDR3 for NPU

2GB/4GB dual-channel LPDDR4 RAM options
Storage removable MicroSD slot (supporting SD 3.0 ) 16GB eMMC + removable MicroSD slot (supporting SD 3.0) Micro SD(TF) slot 16/32 eMMC + Micro SD(TF) slot 8GB eMMC 16GB eMMC + removable MicroSD slot (supporting SD 3.0) Removable MicroSD slot 16GB eMMC + removable MicroSD slot
Video output 1 x full size HDMI 1.4

1 x MIPI-DSI (compatible with the Raspberry Pi 7" display and others)

1 x HDMI 2.0 (4K-capable)

1 x MIPI-DSI (4 lane)

1 x DisplayPort 1.2 via USB Type-C

Video input 1 x 15-pin MIPI-CSI camera 2x MIPI-CSI camera MIPI CSI-2 (2 lane) camera
Audio RTL ALC4040 HD CODEC, Play: 24bit/192 kHz, Record: 24bit/96 kHz

3.5 mm audio jack (supporting line out and microphone in)

RTL ALC4040 HD CODEC, Play: 24bit/192 kHz, Record: 24bit/96 kHz

3.5 mm audio jack (supporting line out and microphone in, Plug-in Detection and Auto-Switch)

  • 1 x HDMI audio output
  • RTL ALC4030U CODEC with 1 x 3.5mm audio jack (with mic and plug-in detection)
  • 1 x S/PDIF TX pin
  • 1 x PCM/I2S pins (from GPIO)
3.5 mm audio jack 1 x HDMI audio output

1 x S/PDIF TX pin (from GPIO)

1 x PCM/I2S pins (from GPIO)

Other IO 40-pin header with:
  • up to 28 x GPIO pins
  • up to 2 x SPI bus
  • up to 2 x I2C bus
  • up to 4 x UART
  • up to 2 x PWM
  • up to 1 x PCM/I2S
  • 2 x 5V power pins
  • 2 x 3.3V power pins
  • 8 x ground pins

1 x 2-pin contact pin :

  • 1 x PWM
  • 1 x S/PDIF
40-pin header with:
  • up to 28 x GPIO pins
  • up to 2 x SPI bus
  • up to 2 x I2C bus
  • up to 4 x UART
  • up to 2 x PWM
  • up to 1 x PCM/I2S (Enhanced I2S pin with Slave mode)
  • 2 x 5V power pins
  • 2 x 3.3V power pins
  • 8 x ground pins

1 x 2-pin contact pin :

  • 1 x PWM
  • 1 x S/PDIF

1 x 2-pin Power-on Header

40-pin header with:
  • up to 28 x GPIO pins
  • up to 2 x SPI bus
  • up to 2 x I2C bus
  • up to 4 x UART
  • up to 2 x PWM
  • up to 1 x PCM/I2S
  • 2 x 5V power pins
  • 2 x 3.3V power pins
  • 8 x ground pins

1 x 2-pin Power-on Header

1 x 2-pin eMMC recovery header

1 x 2-pin contact pin :

  • 1 x PWM
  • 1 x S/PDIF
40-pin header with:
  • up to 28 x GPIO pins
  • up to 2 x SPI bus
  • up to 2 x I2C bus
  • up to 4 x UART
  • up to 2 x PWM
  • up to 1 x PCM/I2S (Enhanced I2S pin with Slave mode)
  • 2 x 5V power pins
  • 2 x 3.3V power pins
  • 8 x ground pins
40-pin header with:
  • up to 28 x GPIO pins
  • up to 2 x SPI bus
  • up to 2 x I2C bus
  • up to 4 x UART
  • up to 2 x PWM
  • up to 1 x PCM/I2S (Enhanced I2S pin with Slave mode)
  • 2 x 5V power pins
  • 2 x 3.3V power pins
  • 8 x ground pins

mPCIe Card & nanoSIM card slot for 4G/LTE

40-pin header with:
  • up to 28 x GPIO pins
  • up to 2 x SPI bus
  • up to 2 x I2C bus
  • up to 2 x UART
  • up to 3 x PWM
  • up to 1 x S/PDIF TX
  • up to 1 x PCM/I2S (Enhanced I2S pin with Slave mode)
  • 2 x 5V power pins
  • 2 x 3.3V power pins
  • 8 x ground pins

1 x 2-pin Recovery header

1 x 2-pin Power-on header

1 x 2-pin Reset header

1 x 2-pin Debug UART header

1 x 2-pin DC Fan header

1 x 2-pin RTC Battery header

USB 4 x USB 2.0 ports 2 x USB 3.0, 1x USB-C 3 x USB 3.0 ports, 1x USB-C 3 x USB 3.2 Gen1 Type A ports

1 x USB 3.2 Gen1 Type C (OTG & DisplayPort 1.2)

Wired

Network

Gigabit LAN (not shared with USB bus)
Wireless Network 802.11 b/g/n Wi-Fi, with IPEX antenna header 802.11 b/g/n/ac Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g/n/ac Wi-Fi Wi-Fi 5 (802.11ac dual-band Wi-Fi) on module
Bluetooth Bluetooth 4.0 + EDR Blutetooth 4.2 + EDR Bluetooth 4.1 Bluetooth 4.2 Bluetooth 5.0
Power Micro-USB; due to Micro-USB power delivery limitations, powering over GPIO is suggested [4][5] 5V/2.5~3A Micro USB (supports low power voltage detection) 12V - 19V DC-in barrel connector
Form Factor 8.55 cm x 5.4 cm (3.37 x 2.125 inch)
Weight 55g
Operating Systems
  • Debian 10 Linux
  • Android 11
  • Debian 9 Linux
  • Android 10
Notes Specification sourced from Asus[9][10] [11] Specification sourced from Asus[12][13][14] [15] [16] [17][18][19][20] Specification sourced from Asus[21][22]


History[edit]

ASUS's intent to release a single-board computer was leaked shortly after CES 2017[23] on SlideShare.[24] ASUS originally planned for a late February 2017 release, but a UK vendor broke the embargo and began advertising and selling boards starting on 13 February 2017, before ASUS's marketing department was ready.[25] ASUS subsequently pulled the release; the Amazon sales page was changed to show a 13 March 2017 release date, but was later removed entirely.[26] However, as of 24 March 2017, the Tinker Board again became available on Amazon. ASUS assured reviewer websites that the board is now in full production.[27]

Benchmarks[edit]

In January 2017 tests showed the Tinker Board has roughly twice the processing power of the Raspberry Pi Model 3 when the Pi 3 runs in 32-bit mode.[28] Because the Pi 3 has not released a 64-bit operating system yet, no comparisons are available against a Pi 3 running in 64-bit mode.[needs update]

In March 2017 benchmark testing found that while the WLAN performance is only around 30Mbit/s, the gigabit ethernet delivers a full 950Mbit/s throughput.[27] RAM access tested using the mbw benchmark is 25% faster than the Pi 3. SD card (microSD) access is about twice as fast at 37MiB/s for buffered reads (compared to typically around 18MiB/s for the Pi 3[29]) due to the Tinker Board's SDIO 3.0 interface, while cached reads can reach speeds up to 770MiB/s.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tinker Board - Review|AIoT & Industrial Solution|ASUS United Kingdom".
  2. ^ Shilov, Anton. "ASUS & Google Team Up for 'Tinker Board' AI-Focused Credit-Card Sized Computers". www.anandtech.com. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  3. ^ TINKER_EDGE_T_QSG (Quick Start Guide) for English
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-09-19. Retrieved 2020-06-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "1. Check power supply, check SD card and check other people experiences".
  6. ^ "LibreELEC (Leia) v8.95.2 BETA".
  7. ^ a b "ELAR Systems".
  8. ^ "Supported hardware - DietPi.com Docs". Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  9. ^ "FAQ-Tinkerboard_20170425" (PDF). asus.com. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  10. ^ "Tinker Board | Single-board Computer". ASUS United Kingdom. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  11. ^ "Tinker Board S | Single-board Computer". ASUS United Kingdom. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  12. ^ "Tinker Board R2.0". tinker-board.asus.com. Retrieved 2022-01-02.
  13. ^ "Tinker Board S R2.0". tinker-board.asus.com. Retrieved 2022-01-02.
  14. ^ "Tinker Board". tinker-board.asus.com. Retrieved 2022-01-02.
  15. ^ Aufranc, Jean-Luc (2019-05-29). "ASUS Tinker Edge T & CR1S-CM-A SBC to Feature Google Coral Edge TPU & NXP i.MX 8M Processor". CNX Software - Embedded Systems News. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  16. ^ Aufranc, Jean-Luc (2019-05-31). "ASUS Tinker Edge R Pico-ITX Board to Feature Rockchip RK3399Pro SoC". CNX Software - Embedded Systems News. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  17. ^ "Tinker Board". tinker-board.asus.com. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  18. ^ Nerces (2020-11-19). "Tinker Board 2 : Asus dévoile son nouveau concurrent au Raspberry Pi". Clubic.com (in French). Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  19. ^ Nov 2020, Matthew Humphries 23; noon (2020-11-23). "Asus Announces Tinker Board 2 and 2S Single-Board Computers". PCMag UK. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  20. ^ "Asus launches second generation Tinker Board single-board computer". New Atlas. 2020-11-24. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  21. ^ "Tinker Board 2". tinker-board.asus.com. Retrieved 2021-03-21.
  22. ^ "Tinker Board 2S". tinker-board.asus.com. Retrieved 2021-03-21.
  23. ^ "A Motherboard Manufacturer's Take On A Raspberry Pi Competitor". 21 January 2017.
  24. ^ "ASUS Tinker Board". 15 December 2016.
  25. ^ "Review: The Asus Tinker Board (Updated)". 15 February 2017.
  26. ^ "In the lab: Asus' Tinker Board SBC". 24 February 2017.
  27. ^ a b c "Tinker Board im Test: Hardware Top, Software Flop (link in German)".
  28. ^ "ASUS Tinker Board is a Raspberry Pi 3 Alternative based on Rockchip RK3288 Processor". 5 January 2017.
  29. ^ "Raspberry Pi microSD card performance comparison - 2015".

External links[edit]