List of Aztec gods and supernatural beings

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This is a list of deities from the Aztec culture, its religion and mythology. Many of these deities are sourced from the Florentine Codex and another Codex and informants.






  • Cipactonal, god of astrology and calendars associated with daytime
  • Oxomo, goddess of astrology and calendars associated with nighttime

  • Cihuateteo, were the malevolent spirits of women who died in childbirth.They were likened to the spirits of male warriors who died in violent conflict, because childbirth was conceptually equivalent to battle in Aztec culture.
  • Tzitzimitl, were female deities, and as such related to fertility, they were associated with the Cihuateteo and other female deities such as Tlaltecuhtli, Coatlicue, Citlalicue and Cihuacoatl. The leader of the tzitzimimeh was the Goddess Itzpapalotl who was the ruler of Tamoanchan - the paradise where the Tzitzimimeh resided.

  • Cihuacoatl, goddess of childbirth and picker of souls.
  • Coatlicue, goddess of fertility, life, death and rebirth
  • Chimalma, goddess of fertility, life, death and rebirth
  • Xochitlicue, goddess of fertility, life, death and rebirth
  • Itzpapalotl, obsidian butterfly, leader of the Tzitzimitl
  • Toci, goddess of healing
  • Temazcalteci, goddess of maternity associated with Toci

Patron of midwives. Also known as Coaciuatl (Cihuacoatl), serpent woman, Quauhciuatl, eagle woman, Yoaciuatl, warrior woman, and Tzitziminciuatl, devil woman. (Individual honorary classes for women)




  • Mictlantecuhtli, god of the Underworld. (Mictlan)
  • Mictecacihuatl, goddess of the Underworld. (Mictlan)
  • Techlotl, god who resided in one of nine layers of the underworld (associated with owls)
  • Nextepeua, god who resided in one of nine layers of the underworld
  • Micapetlacalli goddes who resided in one of the layers of the underworld (wife of Nextepeua)
  • Iixpuzteque, god who resided in one of nine layers of the underworld
  • Nesoxochi, goddes who resided in on of the nine layers of the underworld (wife of Iixpuzteque)
  • Tzontemoc, god who resided in one of nine layers of the underworld
  • Chalmeccacihuatl, god who resided in one of the nine layers of the underworld (wife of Tzontemoc)
  • Xolotl, god of death, associated with Venus as the Evening Star (Double of Quetzalcoatl


  • Piltzintecuhtli, god of the visions,associated with Mercury (the planet that is visible just before sunrise or just after sunset) and healing
  • Citlalicue, goddess of female stars (Milky Way).
  • Citlalatonac, god of female stars (Milky Way)
  • Mixcoatl, god of hunting, (old god of hurricanes and storms), associated with the milky way

- Amhimitl is Mixcoatls harpoon (or dart) just like Xiuhcoatl is Huitzilopochtli's weapon.

  • Tonatiuh, god of sun.
  • Nanauatzin, god who sacrificed himself in a fire so that the sun should continue to shine over the world (Tonatiuh took his place)
  • Metztli, goddess of moon.
  • Tecciztecatl, represents the male aspect of the moon. Tecciztecatl is the son of Tlaloc and Chalchihuitlicue .

  • Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, god of dawn (Venus) aspect of Quetzalcoatl
  • Xolotl, god of death, associated with Venus as the Evening Star (Double of Quetzalcoatl)
  • (They have both Venus as association as symbol of twins)

Patterns of War; (1a) Tlaloc, (1b) Xiuhtecuhtli, (2a) Mixcoatl, (2b) Xipe-Totec.
  • Four Tezcatlipoca's
    • Tezcatlipoca, god of providence, the darkness and the invisible, lord of the night, ruler of the North. (Black Tezcatlipoca)
    • Quetzalcoatl, god of the life, the light and wisdom, lord of the winds and the day, ruler of the West. (White Tezcatlipoca)
    • Xipe-Totec, god of force, lord of the seasons and rebirth associated with vegitation, ruler of the East. (Red Tezcatlipoca)
    • Huitzilopochtli, god of will and the war, patron of sun and fire, the lord of the South.

(Blue Tezcatlipoca)


  • Tepeyollotl, god of the animals, darkened caves, echoes and earthquakes. Tepeyollotl is a variant of Tezcatlipoca, associated with mountains
  • Itzcaque, god who representation of Tezcatlipoca in his capacity of starting wars for his own amusement.
  • Chalchiutotolin, god of cleanse of contamination, absolve human of guilt, and overcome their fate, variant of Tezcatlipoca
  • Ixquitecatl, god of sorcerers
  • Itztlacoliuhqui-Ixquimilli, god of frost, ice, cold, winter, sin, punishment and human misery. He is also the god of objectivity and blind-folded justice. He is a variant of Tezcatlipoca and associated with the night and the north.
  • Macuiltotec, god of arsenal, Mainly associated with weaponry and the rites of warfare, maybe a form of Tezcatlipoca.
  • Itztli, god of stone and sacrifice. He is a variant of Tezcatlipoca and shares qualities with Itztlacoliuhqui-Ixquimilli
  • Atlatoman, patron goddess of those born with physical deformities or for those unfortunate Mexica who suffered from open sores. This deity was also thought to be the cause of these ailments.
  • Amapan, deitie of the tlachtli ballcourt, patron deities of Ullamaliztli (ball game)
  • Uappatzin, deitie of the tlachtli ballcourt, patron deities of Ullamaliztli (ball game)
Five Tlaloquê depicted in the Codex Borgia.


  • Tlaloc,god of rain and lightning and thunder. He is a fertility god
  • Tlaloque, Tláloc was also considered the ruler of the Tlaloque - a motley group of rain, weather and mountain gods
  • Chalchiuhtlicue, goddess of water, lakes, rivers, seas, streams, horizontal waters and baptism.
  • Atlaua, god of water, protector of archers and fishermen (The Aztecs prayed to her when there were deaths in water)
  • Opochtli, god of fishing and birdcatchers discoverer of harpons and the net
  • Huixtocihuatl, goddess of salt and patron of cultivated foods and people in the salt trade
  • Atlacoya, goddess of drought.

  • Tlaltecuhtli, old god of earth (changed in the landscape and atmosphere)
  • Tlalcihuatl, old goddess of earth (changed in the landscape and atmosphere)
  • Tlaltecayoa, associated with the round earth
  • Coatlicue, goddess of Earth
  • Tlazolteotl, goddess of lust, carnality, sexual misdeeds.
  • Xipe Totec, god of force, patron of war, agriculture, vegetation, diseases, seasons, rebirth, hunting,

trades and spring, the lord of the East.

Patterns of Merchants; (1a) Huehuecoyotl, (1b) Zacatzontli, (2a) Yacatecuhtli, (2b) Tlacotzontli, (3a) Tlazolteotl, (3b) Tonatiuh.

  • Ppilimtec, god of music and poetry
  • Omacatl, god of feast and joy
  • Xippilli, god of the verdant fields associated with summer.
  • Xochipilli, god of love, art, games, beauty, dance, flowers, maize, fertility, and song.
  • Xochiquetzal, goddess of fertility, beauty, female sexual power, protection of young mothers, pregnancy, childbirth, and women's crafts.
  • Xochitlicue, goddes of growthiness, she is the mother of the twin gods Xochiquetzal an Xochipilli.

  • Yacatecuhtli, patron god of commerce and travelers, especially business travelers
  • Zacatzontli, god of roads 'sacbeob' (He can be a protector for merchants)
  • Malinalxochitl, goddess or sorceress of snakes, scorpions and insects of the desert.
  • Nappatecutli, patron god of mat-makers.
  • Ilamatecuthli- goddes of weavers and patron goddes of weaver guilds

References[edit]