List of Aztec gods and supernatural beings

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This is a list of deities from the Aztec culture, its religion and mythology. Many of these deities are sourced from the Florentine Codex (Bernardino de Sahagún), the Codex Borgia (Stefano Borgia), and informants.



Ahuiateteo[edit]

Ahuiateteo, gods of excess and pleasure.[1]


Star gods[edit]


  • Mayahuel, goddess of Agave. She is also known as the "Woman of the 400 Breasts". (Mother of the Centzontotochtin)[2]
  • Patecatl, god of healing, patron god of doctors and peyote (Father of the Centzontotochtin)
  • Ixtlilton, god of medicine and healing.

Centzontotochtin[edit]


Cinteteo[edit]

Gods of medicine[edit]

  • Cipactonal, god of astrology and calendars associated with daytime
  • Oxomo, goddess of astrology and calendars associated with nighttime

  • Cihuateteo, were the malevolent spirits of women who died in childbirth. Cihuateteo were likened to the spirits of male warriors who died in violent conflict, because childbirth was conceptually equivalent to battle in Aztec culture.
  • Tzitzimitl, were female deities, and as such related to fertility, Tzitzimitl were associated with the Cihuateteo and other female deities such as Tlaltecuhtli, Coatlicue, Citlalicue and Cihuacoatl. The leader of the tzitzimimeh was the goddess Itzpapalotl who was the ruler of Tamoanchan - the paradise where the Tzitzimimeh lived.
  • Civateteo, vampire goddesses, the malevolent spirits who died in childbirth. Civateteo lurk in temples or lie in wait at crossroads, and are ghastly to behold. Civateteo are possibly forms of Cihuateteo.

  • Cihuacoatl, goddess of childbirth and picker of souls.
  • Coatlicue, goddess of fertility, life, death and rebirth
  • Chimalma, goddess of fertility, life, death and rebirth
  • Xochitlicue, goddess of fertility, life, death and rebirth
  • Itzpapalotl, death goddess, obsidian butterfly, leader of the Tzitzimitl
  • Toci, is the goddess of healing. She has also been under the name of "Teteoinnan".
  • Temazcalteci, goddess of maternity associated with Toci.
  • Quilaztli, Aztec patron of midwives. Also known as Coaciuatl (Cihuacoatl), serpent woman, Quauhciuatl, eagle woman, Yoaciuatl, warrior woman, and Tzitziminciuatl, devil woman. (Individual honorary classes for women)

  • Chantico, goddess of fires in the family hearth and volcanoes
  • Huehuecoyotl, god of old-age, origin, and deception.[3] He is also the patron of wisdom which is followed by tricks and foolings.
  • Huehueteotl, god of old-age and origin

Ehecatotontli[edit]

Xiuhtotontli[edit]


Underworld gods[edit]

  • Mictlantecuhtli, god of the Underworld. (Mictlan)
  • Mictecacihuatl, goddess of the Underworld. (Mictlan)
  • Acolmiztli, god of the Underworld. (Mictlan) Maybe a form of Mictlantecuhtli. He is mostly known as Acolmiztli, however on the actual page, he is known as Acolnahuacatl.
  • Techlotl, god who lived in one of nine layers of the underworld. This one was associated with owls like Chalchiuhtecolotl.
  • Nextepeua, god who lived in one of nine layers of the underworld
  • Micapetlacalli, goddess who lived in one of the layers of the underworld (the wife of Nextepeua)
  • Iixpuzteque, god who lived in one of nine layers of the underworld
  • Nesoxochi, goddess of fear, goddess who lived in one of the nine layers of the underworld (wife of Iixpuzteque)
  • Tzontemoc, god who lived in one of nine layers of the underworld
  • Chalmeccacihuatl, goddess who lived in one of the nine layers of the underworld (wife of Tzontemoc)
  • Xolotl, god of death and is associated with Venus as the Evening Star (Double of Quetzalcoatl)
  • Cuaxolotl, god who is assumed to the female counterpart of Xolotl with bonus fertility extras. Cuaxolotl appears to be a manifestation of Chantico, although there are several conflicting opinions.
  • Xmuzelncab, bee gods. They are possibly similar to the Mayan Ah-Muzen-Cab.[5]


  • Piltzintecuhtli, god of the visions, associated with Mercury (which is, obviously, the planet that is visible just before sunrise or just after sunset) and healing
  • Citlalicue, goddess of female stars in the Milky Way.
  • Citlalatonac, god of female stars in the Milky Way.
  • Mixcoatl, god of hunting, old god of hurricanes and storms, associated with the Milky Way.

- Amhimitl is Mixcoatl's harpoon (or dart) just like Xiuhcoatl is Huitzilopochtli's weapon.

  • Tonatiuh, god of sun, the sun.[2]
  • Nanauatzin, god who sacrificed himself in a fire so that the sun should continue to shine over the world. (Tonatiuh took his place)
  • Metztli, goddess of moon.
  • Tecciztecatl, represents the male aspect of the moon. Tecciztecatl is the son of Tlaloc and Chalchiuhtlicue.

  • Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, god of dawn (Venus), aspect of Quetzalcoatl
  • Xolotl, god of death and is associated with Venus as the Evening Star (Double of Quetzalcoatl)

(They have both Venus as association as symbol of twins)


Patterns of War; (1a) Tlaloc, (1b) Xiuhtecuhtli, (2a) Mixcoatl, (2b) Xipe-Totec.

Four Tezcatlipocas[edit]

  • Tezcatlipoca, creator god, lord of darkness, lord of the night, the ruler of the North. He is also known as the Smoking Mirror. (Black Tezcatlipoca)[6][7]
  • Quetzalcoatl, god of the life, the light and wisdom, lord of the winds and the day, the ruler of the West. (White Tezcatlipoca)[2]
  • Xipe-Totec, god of agriculture, fertility, seasons, metalsmiths, and disease, the ruler of the East. (Red Tezcatlipoca)[8][9]
  • Huitzilopochtli, god of war, sun, human sacrifice, the lord of the South. (Blue Tezcatlipoca)[10]

  • Tepeyollotl, god of the animals, darkened caves, echoes and earthquakes. Tepeyollotl is a variant of Tezcatlipoca and is associated with mountains.
  • Itzcaque, god who is a male representation of Tezcatlipoca in his capacity of starting wars for his own amusement.
  • Chalchiutotolin, god of cleanse of contamination. He absolves humans of guilt, and overcomes their fate. He is also a variant of Tezcatlipoca.
  • Ixquitecatl, god of sorcerers. He is possibly a variant of Tezcatlipoca.
  • Itztlacoliuhqui-Ixquimilli, god of frost, ice, cold, winter, sin, punishment and human misery. Itztlacoliuhqui-Ixquimilli is also the god of objectivity and blind-folded justice. Itztlacoliuhqui-Ixquimilli is a variant of Tezcatlipoca and is associated with the night and the north.
  • Macuiltotec, god of arsenal. He is mainly associated with weaponry and the rites of warfare. Maybe a form of Tezcatlipoca.
  • Itztli, god of stone and sacrifice. Itztli is a variant of Tezcatlipoca and shares qualities with Itztlacoliuhqui-Ixquimilli.
  • Atlatoman, patron goddess of those born with physical deformities or for those unfortunate Mexica who suffered from open sores. This deity was also thought to be the cause of these ailments. He is also a possible variant of Tezcatlipoca.
  • Chalchiuhtecolotl, nighttime god. Chalchiuhtecolotl is actually a real night owl. He is also a special manifestation of Tezcatlipoca.

Ball game gods[edit]

  • Amapan, deity of the tlachtli ballcourt, patron deities of Ullamaliztli (ball game)
  • Uappatzin, deity of the tlachtli ballcourt, patron deities of Ullamaliztli (ball game)
Five Tlaloquê depicted in the Codex Borgia.

Gods of sacrifice[edit]


  • Tlaloc, god of rain, lightning and thunder. Tlaloc is associated with fertility and agriculture.[2]
  • Tlaloque, gods of rain, weather, and mountains. Tláloc was also considered the ruler of this motley group.
  • Chalchiuhtlicue, goddess of running water, lakes, rivers, seas, streams and horizontal waters.[2]

- Acuecueyotl is Chalchiuhtlicue in disguise.

  • Chalchiuhtlatonal, god of water, related to Chalchiuhtlicue.
  • Atlaua, god of water, protector of archers and fishermen (The Aztecs prayed to Atlaua when there were deaths in water)
  • Opochtli, god of fishing and birdcatchers, apparently the discoverer of harpoons and the net
  • Huixtocihuatl, goddess of salt and patron of cultivated foods (including people in the salt trade).
  • Teotihuacan, the mysterious spider goddess.[11]
  • Teoyaomiqui, flower god of dead warriors.[12]
  • Atlacoya, goddess of drought.

Earth gods[edit]

Patterns of Merchants; (1a) Huehuecoyotl, (1b) Zacatzontli, (2a) Yacatecuhtli, (2b) Tlacotzontli, (3a) Tlazolteotl, (3b) Tonatiuh.

Art gods[edit]


  • Ayautheotl, the mysterious goddess of mist and haze. Ayautheotl is responsible for fame and vanity.
  • Ppillimtec, god of music and poetry.
  • Omacatl, god of feast and joy.
  • Chicomexochtli, god of painters.
  • Chiconahuiehecatl, the main creator god.
  • Coyotlinahual, god of featherworkers.
  • Xippilli, god of the verdant fields associated with summer.
  • Xochipilli, god of love, art, games, beauty, dance, flowers, maize, fertility, and song.
  • Xochiquetzal, goddess of fertility, beauty, female sexual power, protection of young mothers, pregnancy, childbirth, and women's crafts.
  • Xochitlicue, goddess of growthiness. Xochitlicue is the mother of the twin gods Xochiquetzal and Xochipilli.

Gods of travel[edit]


  • Yacatecuhtli, patron god of commerce and travellers (especially, business travellers)
  • Zacatzontli, god of roads 'sacbeob' (He can be a protector for merchants)
  • Tlacotzontli, is the god of roads
  • Malinalxochitl, goddess or sorceress of snakes, scorpions and insects of the desert.
  • Nappatecuhtli, patron god of mat-makers.
  • Ilamatecuhtli, goddess of weavers and patron goddess of weaver guilds
  • Cochimetl, god of commerce, barter and merchants



References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Aztec Pantheon". World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Ph. D., Anthropology; M. A., Anthropology; B. A., Humanities. "The 10 Most Important Aztec Gods and Goddesses". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  3. ^ a b "Aztec Gods or Deities". Aztec Calendar.
  4. ^ "Xiuhtecuhtli". World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  5. ^ "XMUZELNCAB". GodChecker.
  6. ^ "Tezcatlipoca". Mythopedia. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  7. ^ Willis, Roy G. (1993). World Mythology. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-8050-2701-3.
  8. ^ "Xipe Totec". Mythopedia. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  9. ^ "Xipe Totec". World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  10. ^ "Huitzilopochtli | Aztec god". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  11. ^ "TEOTIHUACAN". GodChecker.
  12. ^ "TEOYAOMIQUI". GodChecker.