Barrett M82

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Barrett M82
M82A1 barrett.jpeg
The M82A1 semi-automatic sniper system
Type Anti-materiel semi-automatic sniper system
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1989–present
Used by See Users
Production history
Designer Ronnie Barrett
Designed 1980; 38 years ago (1980)
Manufacturer Barrett Firearms Manufacturing
Unit cost $8900
Produced 1982–present
Specifications
Weight 29.7 lb (13.5 kg) to 30.9 lb (14.0 kg)
Length 48 in (120 cm) to 57 in (140 cm)
Barrel length 20 in (51 cm) to 29 in (74 cm)

Cartridge
Action Recoil-operated
rotating bolt
Muzzle velocity 853 m/s (2,799 ft/s)
Effective firing range 1,800 m (1,969 yd)
Feed system 10-round detachable box magazine
Sights MIL-STD-1913 rail

The Barrett M82, standardized by the U.S. military as the M107, is a recoil-operated, semi-automatic anti-materiel sniper system developed by the American Barrett Firearms Manufacturing company. Despite its designation as an anti-materiel rifle, it is used by some armed forces as an anti-personnel system. The M107 variant is also called the Light Fifty for its .50 BMG (12.7×99mm NATO) chambering and significantly lighter weight compared to previous applications and the 15% heavier base M82 model [1] [2]. The weapon is found in two variants, the original M82A1 (and A3) and the bullpup M82A2. The M82A2 is no longer manufactured, though the XM500 can be seen as its successor.

Overview[edit]

Barrett Firearms Manufacturing was founded by Ronnie Barrett for the sole purpose of building semi-automatic rifles chambered for the powerful 12.7×99mm NATO (.50 BMG) ammunition, originally developed for and used in M2 Browning machine guns. The weapon was first sold to the Swedish Army in 1989. In 1990, the United States armed forces purchased the M82A1 during operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm in Kuwait and Iraq. About 125 rifles were initially bought by the United States Marine Corps, and orders from the Army and Air Force soon followed. The M82A1 is known by the US military as the SASR—"Special Applications Scoped Rifle", and it was and still is used as an anti-materiel rifle and explosive ordnance disposal tool.

The original Barrett M82

In 2006, Barrett completed development of the XM500, which has a bullpup configuration similar to the M82A2.[citation needed] Barrett M82 rifles were bought by various military and police forces from at least 30 countries, such as Belgium, Chile, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Indonesia, Italy, Jamaica, Mexico, the Netherlands,[3] and others.

The Barrett M82A1 rifle was used in 2002 as a platform for the experimental OSW (Objective Sniper Weapon) prototype. This weapon was fitted with a shorter barrel, and fired 25mm high-explosive shells developed for the 25×59 mm OCSW (Objective Crew Served Weapon) automatic grenade launcher. The experimental OSW showed an increased effectiveness against various targets, but the recoil was beyond human limitations. This weapon, also known as the Barrett "Payload Rifle", has now been designated the XM109.

M82 to M107[edit]

The XM107 was originally intended to be a bolt-action sniper rifle, and the rifle Barrett M95 was originally selected by the U.S. Army in a competition between such weapons. However, under the trials, the decision was made that the U.S. Army did not, in fact, require such a weapon.

Then the Army decided on the Barrett M82, a semi-automatic rifle. In summer 2002, the M82 finally emerged from its Army trial phase and was approved for "full materiel release", meaning it was officially adopted as the Long Range Sniper Rifle, Caliber .50, M107. The M107 uses a Leupold 4.5–14×50 Mark 4 scope.

Overwatch being provided by an army sergeant during a high-level meeting in Baghdad

The Barrett M107 is a .50 caliber, shoulder-fired, semi-automatic sniper rifle. Like its predecessors, the rifle is said to have manageable recoil for a weapon of its size owing to the barrel assembly that itself absorbs force, moving inward toward the receiver against large springs with every shot. Additionally, the weapon's weight and large muzzle brake also assist in recoil reduction. Various changes were made to the original M82A1 to create the M107, with new features such as a lengthened accessory rail, rear grip, and monopod socket. Barrett has recently been asked to develop a lightweight version of the M107 under the Anti-Materiel Sniper Rifle Congressional Program, and has already come up with a scheme to build important component parts such as the receiver frame and muzzle brake out of lighter-weight materials.

The Barrett M107, like previous members of the M82 line, is also referred to as the Barrett "Light Fifty". The designation has in many instances supplanted earlier ones, with the M107 being voted one of 2005's top 10 military inventions by the U.S. Army.[4]

Technical description[edit]

A U.S. Army sniper using an M107
Demonstration of an M82 during a training course at Hurlburt Field, Florida
A U.S. Coast Guard TACLET marksman using an M107 from a helicopter
M82A2

The M82 is a short-recoil semi-automatic firearm. When the gun is fired, the barrel initially recoils for a short distance (about 1 in (25 mm)), while being securely locked by the rotating bolt. After the short travel, the lower part of accelerator arm, held by receiver upper part, is already hinged in bolt carrier and the middle portion strikes it back to the barrel by a rod place in bolt carrier, transferring part of the recoil energy of the barrel to the bolt to achieve reliable cycling and unlock it from barrel. The bolt is unlocked by turning in the curved cam track in the bolt carrier. Then, the barrel is stopped by the combined effect of the accelerator, buffer spring and the muzzle brake and the bolt continues back, to extract and eject a spent case.[clarification needed] On its return stroke, the bolt strips the fresh cartridge from the box magazine and feeds it into the chamber and finally locks itself to the barrel. The striker is also cocked on the return stroke of the bolt. The gun is fed from a large, detachable box magazine holding up to 10 rounds, although a rare 12-round magazine was developed for use during Operation Desert Storm in 1991.

The receiver is made from two parts (upper and lower), stamped from sheet steel and connected by cross-pins. The heavy barrel is fluted to improve heat dissipation and save weight, and fitted with a large and effective reactive muzzle brake. On the earlier models, the muzzle brakes had a round cross-section; later M82 rifles are equipped with two-chamber brakes of rectangular cross-section.

M82A1 rifles are fitted with scope mount and folding backup iron sights, should the glass scope break. The U.S. military M82 rifles are often equipped with Leupold Mark 4 telescopic sights. The M82A1M (USMC M82A3) rifles have long Picatinny accessory rails mounted and US Optics telescopic sights. Every M82 rifle is equipped with a folding carrying handle and a folding bipod (both are detachable on the M82A3). The M82A3 is also fitted with a detachable rear monopod under the butt. The buttpad is fitted with a soft recoil pad to further decrease the felt recoil. M82A1 and M82A3 rifles could be mounted on the M3 or M122 infantry tripods (originally intended for machine guns) or on vehicles using the special Barrett soft-mount. The M82A1 can be fitted with a carry sling, but according to those who carried it in the field, the M82 is too uncomfortable to be carried on a sling due to its excessive length and weight. It is usually carried in a special carry soft or hard case.

The M82A2 differed from M82A1 mostly in its configuration; the pistol grip along with trigger was placed ahead of the magazine, and the buttpad placed below the receiver, just after the magazine. An additional forward grip was added below the receiver, and the scope mount was moved forward.

The maximum effective range of the M107 is 1,830 metres (2,000 yd). The maximum range of this weapon (specifically the M107 variant) is 4,000 metres (4,400 yd), as quoted in the owner's manual. Fifty caliber (and larger) rounds have the potential to travel great distances if fired in an artillery-like fashion, necessitating the observance of large safety margins when firing on a range.

Users[edit]

German Army M107 (designated G82) with Zeiss 6–24×72 scope.[5]
An M82A1 of the Israel Defense Forces
Norwegian M82 (foreground) in a long range fire fight in Afghanistan.

Awards and recognition[edit]

On February 26, 2016, Tennessee named the Barrett Model M82 as its official state rifle.[28][29][30][31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://barrett.net/firearms/model82a1#specfications
  2. ^ https://barrett.net/firearms/m107a1/#specifications
  3. ^ The weapon is in use by Dutch marines, as part of ISAF.Bemmel, Noël van (2009-08-11). "Met aangepaste Vikings en een reuzengeweer de Chora-vallei in". de Volkskrant. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
  4. ^ Police Precision Rifle Press Releases Archived October 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine..
  5. ^ "Telescopic Sights 6–24 x 56; 6–24 x 72" (PDF). Carl Zeiss Optronics. Carl Zeiss AG. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-31.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-20. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
  7. ^ "50 JAHRE JAGDKOMMANDO - DOPPELADLER.COM". www.doppeladler.com.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Gander, Terry (2006). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2006–2007. London: Jane's Information Group. p. 22. ISBN 0-7106-2755-6.
  9. ^ Ruční Zbraně AČR (in Czech). Ministerstvo obrany České republiky – AVIS, 2007. pp. 70–73. ISBN 978-80-7278-388-5. Accessed April 5, 2010.
  10. ^ Disarmament.un.org[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Georgian Army". Georgian Army. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
  12. ^ Redaktion Heer. Scharfschützengewehr G82 Archived February 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (in German). Deutsches Heer, 30 July 2007. Accessed April 5, 2010.
  13. ^ Swami, Praveen (April 8, 2009). "Mumbai Police modernisation generates controversy". The Hindu. p. 1 ("front page"). Retrieved April 5, 2010.
  14. ^ http://www.indomiliter.com/barret-m82a1-kenyang-pengalaman-tempur-dipercaya-kopassus-sebagai-senapan-anti-material/ - indomiliter.com, 15 June 2015
  15. ^ The Engineering Corps Prepares for 2011 Archived January 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. IDF Spokesperson, 25 January 2011.
  16. ^ Shea, Dan (Spring 2009). "SOFEX 2008". Small Arms Defense Journal, p. 29.
  17. ^ Kahwaji, Riad (November 13, 2007). "Lebanon: Foreign Arms Vital to Hizbollah Fight". Defense News.
  18. ^ "Stambaus kalibro snaiperio šautuvas BARRETT 82 A-1" (in Lithuanian). Lithuanian Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 28 July 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
  19. ^ Thompson, Leroy (December 2008). "Malaysian Special Forces". Special Weapons. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
  20. ^ Force, New Zealand Defence (18 October 2017). "Defence Force buying two new weapons".
  21. ^ "Specijalne-jedinice.com - Antimaterijalne puške "Barrett"". specijalne-jedinice.com.
  22. ^ Противтерористичка јединица-ПТЈ (4 February 2013). "PTJ snajperski par Barrett M82A1 call. 50 BMG" – via YouTube.
  23. ^ http://specijalne-jedinice.com/img/dummies/barrett/10.JPG
  24. ^ 군사세계. "유용원군사세계 - bemil.com". bemil.chosun.com.
  25. ^ HF3A (21 October 2008). "國軍狙擊手VS巴瑞特M107(一)Taiwan-Sniper" – via YouTube.
  26. ^ Donald Trump approves deal for US to sell sniper rifles to Ukraine, angering Russia, telegraph.co.uk (21 December 2017)
  27. ^ "North American anti-materiel rifles with Houthi forces in Yemen". The Hoplite. November 19, 2015.
  28. ^ Van Huss, James (Micah) (February 26, 2016). "HJR0231" (PDF). Tennessee General Assembly.
  29. ^ Stockard, Sam (24 February 2016). "Rutherford County home to official state firearm". The Murfreesboro Post. Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Retrieved 12 March 2016. The Barrett .50 resolution passed the House in 2015 sponsored by Rep. Micah Van Huss, R-Johnson City, a former Marine who carried it while serving in Iraq from 2006 to 2010.
  30. ^ Sher, Andy (24 February 2016). "Tennessee names the Barrett .50 caliber as the state's official rifle". Chattanooga Times Free Press. Retrieved 12 March 2016. Senate Democratic Caucus Chairman Jeff Yarbro of Nashville cast the lone dissenting vote against making the Barrett rifle the state's official gun.
  31. ^ Smith, Aaron (26 February 2016). "Tennessee names .50 caliber Barrett as the state rifle". CNNMoney. Retrieved 12 March 2016.

External links[edit]