Beaucroissant

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Beaucroissant
Beaucroissant during the foire de Beaucroissant event, in 2007
Beaucroissant during the foire de Beaucroissant event, in 2007
Coat of arms of Beaucroissant
Coat of arms
Beaucroissant is located in France
Beaucroissant
Beaucroissant
Coordinates: 45°20′29″N 5°28′15″E / 45.3414°N 5.4708°E / 45.3414; 5.4708Coordinates: 45°20′29″N 5°28′15″E / 45.3414°N 5.4708°E / 45.3414; 5.4708
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement Grenoble
Canton Rives
Intercommunality Bièvre Est
Government
 • Mayor (2011–2020) Georges Sivet
Area1 11.18 km2 (4.32 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 1,522
 • Density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 38030 /38140
Elevation 332–753 m (1,089–2,470 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Beaucroissant is a French commune in the Isère department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of south-eastern France.[1]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Manants or Manantes.[2]

Geography[edit]

Beaucroissant is located some 32 km south by south-east of Bourgoin-Jallieu and 25 km north-west of Grenoble. Access to the commune is by the D1085 road from La Frette in the north-west which passes through the commune just north of the village and continues east to Moirans. The D519 comes from Izeaux in the west and passes through the commune turning north to join the A48 autoroute at Exit Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 9 . A railway from Le Grand-Lemps passes through the commune with a station in the village and continues north-east to Rives. Apart from the village there is the hamlet of Le Mollard. Apart from the large urban area of the village and Le Mollard the commune is mainly farmland.[3][4]

Toponymy[edit]

Beaucroissant appears as Beaucroißant on the 1750 Cassini Map[5] and as Beaucroissant on the 1790 version.[6]

History[edit]

The Beaucroissant Fair, painting by Théodore Ravanat collection of the Musée dauphinois

The commune is famous for its annual fair which has continued since 1219 due to the pilgrimage of Our Lady of Parménie.[7] The history of the village and the Fair is linked with the Parménie hill that dominates the commune with its 749-metre altitude.

The origin of the Beaucroissant fair dates back to 14 September 1219 when the Saint Laurent lake (above the Bourg d'Oisans) overflowed causing a terrible flood that inundated Grenoble and had many victims. Starting from 14 September 1220, organised by the bishop of Grenoble, survivors commemorated this event with a pilgrimage to Parménie. They were so numerous that a village was needed to accommodate them. The assembly attracted many merchants so the Fair of Beaucroissant was begun.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Beaucroissant
The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.

Blazon:
Party per bend sinister, at 1 Azure a cow's head caboshed Argent; at 2 Vert a horse's head Argent; in chief Gules, a crescent Argent from which spread nine rays the same.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[8]

From To Name Party Position
2008 2011 Pierre Fouque
2011 2020 Georges Civet

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2012 the commune had 1,522 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
627 721 725 836 816 405 925 926 926
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
868 869 867 831 875 888 889 848 832
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
836 834 763 710 720 739 653 653 705
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2007 2012 -
752 725 1,003 1,052 1,195 1,247 1,390 1,522 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Beaucroissant

Economy[edit]

The Beaucroissant Fair, which takes place twice a year, is the main economy of the commune. In 2015 it took place on 25 and 26 April and on 11, 12, and 13 September together with the cattle fair on Friday 11 September.

Sites and Monuments[edit]

  • A Composite Church contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
  • The Priory of Our Lady of Parménie was a Chartreuse of women in the 13th century. It was burnt down in the 15th century, rebuilt in the 17th century, burnt down in 1944, then restored.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]